Journey to Revolution

 

 

Table of Contents

 

 

 Page 1:                                                          Introduction

 Page 2:                                        French and Indian War

Page 3:                                                               Stamp Act

 Page 4:                                                   Boston Massacre

 Page 5:                                                    Boston Tea Party

 Page 6:                                                         Intolerable Acts

 Page 8:                                                               Conclusion

 Page 9:                                                                   Glossary

 Page 10:                                                                        Index

 

 

Enjoy the book!!!

 

 

 

Introduction

 

     

Do you know how the Revolutionary War started? It all started in 1754 when French and Indians fought against the British and the Colonists. The war lasted for a long, long 7 years. The war cost so much money, that King George had to tax the colonists. Although the tax was only 10 cents, the colonists got angry. There were taxes on paper, sugar and even the colonists beloved tea! "Bye Bye tea!" said the colonists. "Who cares." Trust me you didn't’t want to be at that tea party. The Sons and Daughters of Liberty took a stand and eventually a shot was fired. In the next couple pages of this book you will learn about the French and Indian War, the Boston Massacre, the Stamp act, and the Boston Tea Party, all causes of the American Revolution.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The French and Indian War

The French and Indian War was really a war between French and the British however the Indians helped the French with the war, and the colonists helped the British. The war lasted 7 years because it started the end of 1754 and ended the beginning of 1763. The British now call the war the Seven Years War. Both sides were fighting for control of most of North America. Although the French had a better army and the Native Americans knew how to fight in the woodlands, the British won the war. The French and indians fought together behind trees and rocks.When the war ended Britain and France signed the Treaty of Paris on February 10th 1763. After the war Britain and France became experts at wilderness fighting. In order to win the war in cost the British a lot of money, so King George and the British Parliament taxed the colonists. Britain thought that the colonists should help pay because it was their land they were fighting for. However the colonists did not agree. Some colonists wrote letters to King George and the Parliament complaining about the taxes. The colonists said, "No taxation, without representation!"

 

 

 

The Stamp Act

The British parliament passed the Stamp Act in 1765. The Act said that colonists in the colonies had to use a stamp on newspapers and legal documents. However the colonists refused to use the stamps. The colonists did not approve of the Stamp Act, so they sent representatives from nine colonies to hold a meeting and write some of their complaints against the British Government.They asked the Government to repeal the law.The colonists also agreed not to import goods from Britain. Manufacturers in Britian were unhappy because it ment they could not sell their goods in the colonies.It also meant they lost money. Manufacturers asked the Parliament to repeal the Stamp Act.

The colonists did not have any representatives in the British legislature, however they had their own legislature in the colonies. Then in 1766 the Parliament repealed the Stamp Act.

 

The Boston Massacre

 

On March 5th 1770 an angry mob of colonists were throwing snowballs at British soldiers. The soldiers were trying to quiet the angry mob but the colonists wouldn't stop. That got the soldiers very, very angry. Captain Thomas Preston, the leader of the soldiers, did not want them to fire. The captain said "Don't fire" there was a lot of confusion and one of the soldiers thought he said "fire." Soon after that a shot was fired many others were fired too. Sadly 5 colonists were killed and 11 colonists were wounded. Crispus Attacks was one of the colonists who died; he was known to be the first person to die for independance. Because 5 colonistas died, the rest of the colonists just got angrier, and angrier at the British soldiers. However the soldiers were angry too so that just got them to create taxes on other things. One colonist named PaulRevere was so angry he engraved a picture of the soldiers attacking the colonists and posted all over town. That engraving got some loyalists to be patriots.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Boston Tea Party

On December 16th, 1773 46 tons of tea were dumped into the Boston Harbor, by colonists dressed as Mohawk Indians, in the colony Massachusetts.The colonies were ruled by Britain at the time. The water turned brown after the colonists dumped the tea into Boston Harbor. The commotion lasted for about three hours. It was dangerous to be at the Tea Party, However very few people were hurt. While dumping tea into the Harbor the colonists shouted "Boston Harbor going to be a tea pot tonight"

There were no women at the Tea Party, just men. The colonists were protesting because they didn't like the tax on tea. They boarded British ships and started to dump the valuable tea into the harbor.

That made the British very, very angry! The British were so angry that they soon imposed new laws.One of the laws said that until the ruined tea that the colonists dumped in the harbor, was paid for, Boston harbor was closed.The colonists complained so strongly the government ended a few taxes, however they kept the tax on tea.

 

 

 

 

 

The Intolerable Acts

 

The laws the British made were really called the Coercive acts. The colonists that the laws were so harsh that they called them the Intolerable Acts. The acts were a result of the Boston tea Party. The first act was called the Boston Port act. The British closed the Boston Harbor because they were so upset that the colonists dumped the tea into the harbor. That act caused many colonists to lose money. The hated it! Another act was called the Quartering Act. King George forced the soldiers to stay in the patriot's houses. That act was not good for the colonists, nor, the soldiers. Poor soldiers, the colonists treated them horribly. The laws kept coming and coming, there were so many of them. Great Britain banned all the town meetings! Something had to be done. On September 5th that year people from all the 13 colonies held a secret meeting called the Continental Congress. Soon after that the Revolutionary War officially began.

 

 



 

 

 

Conclusion

 

All those events that you just read about led to the Revolutionary War. The war began on April 19th, 1775, the Battle of Lexington and Concord.The Battle of Lexington and Concord was actually the first military engagement of the revolutionary war. The winds were calm so it was easy to fight. The colonists had no government at the beginning of the war. Soon after that, the Continental Congress was formed.George Washington was the leader of the colonies' troops. On July 4th, 1776 the Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independance. In Yorktown, Virginia the Battle of Yorktown ended when the British surrendered. A big turn around! The militia won the war! The British sang a song when the patriots won, this is the song: "If ponies rode men, and grass ate cows, and cats should be chased by the mouse, if summers were spring and the other way around, then all the world would be upside down." It was October 19th, 1781 when Britain surrendered.They sang this song because since the colonies won and everyone knew, they thought the world was upside down.America officially began in 1783 when the Treaty of Paris was signed.Signing the treaty meant that Britain agreed that the United States was officially an independent country.The 13 colonies now became the First States of America.

 



 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

 

Revolutionary War- The Revolutionary War was a war between the British and the Americans. The Americans wanted freedom from the British.

 

British-The people of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

 

Colonists- Many people living in the colony

 

King George- 1738-1820 he was the King of Great Britain. Many patriots hated him.

 

Tax- Money that is paid to the government. Patriots were fighting for no taxes.

 

Sons and Daughters of Liberty- Patriots who believe strongly that the king is wrong. They take many stands against taxes.

 

Parliament- The British government.

 

Manufactures- To produce something.

 

Repeal- To take away

 

Ligature- A unifying bond or link.

 

Captain Thomas Preston- A British leader in Boston at the time of the Revolutionary War

 

Crispus Attacks- A black man who was killed in the Boston Massacre. He is known for dying for freedom.

 

Paul Revere- A man famous for his night horseback ride to warn people that the British were coming.

 

Engraving- A print that is engraved in a block or other surface.

 

Loyalists- A group of colonists that remained loyal to the king.

 

Patriots- Colonists who broke away from King George 111

 

Mohawk- People of the Iroquois who live along the Hudson River.

 

Protesting- to complain strongly

 

Coercive- using force to make someone do something

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary Source: wikipedia

 

 

 

 

 

Index

 

 Tea party:  1,5,6

 

King George: 1,2,6

 

British: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7

 

Colonists:1,2,3,4,5,6,7

 

Continental Congress: 6,7

 

Treaty: 2,7

 

Mohawk Indians:2,5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

           George Washington                                         King George III

 The two Georges!

 

 This is Paul Revere on his Midnight ride to warn Patriots that the British were coming

 

 

 

Crispus Attucks

 

The Declaration of Independance