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Drug Book

By: Alicia Jones- Payne

Abilify (aripiprazole)

Pronunciation: AR i PIP ra zole

Classification: antipsychotic

IFU: Bipolar I Disorder

Action: It can treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, and Tourette syndrome. It can also treat irritability associated with autism.

Dosage: 2mg, 5mg, 10mg, 15mg, 20mg, 30mg

Route: Oral

Side effects: may cause dizziness /drowsiness, and may also cause tardive dyskinesia and extrapyramidal effects.

Interactions: avoid alcohol

Aciphex (rabeprazole)

Pronunciation: ra BEP ra zole

Classification: PPI (Proton-Pump Inhibitor)

IFU: GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease aka Acid Reflux)

Action: It can treat heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and esophageal damage. It can also treat conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome that cause excess stomach acid. This medication may be used with antibiotics to treat H pylori stomach infections and ulcers.

Dosage: 5mg, 10mg, 20mg

Route: Oral

Side effects: difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Call your doctor at once if you have: severe stomach pain, diarrhea that is watery or bloody; seizure 


Actiq (fentanyl citrate)

Pronunciation: FEN ta nil SIT rayt

Classification: opioid pain medication

IFU:

Action: It can treat severe pain.

Dosage: 200 mcg

Route: Oral

Side effects:  dry mouth, headache, dizziness, weakness, anxiety, nausea, vomiting, or constipation.

Interactions: A-Cof DH (guaifenesin / hydrocodone), A-G Tussin (chlorpheniramine / hydrocodone / pseudoephedrine), AccessPak for HIV PEP Expanded with Kaletra (emtricitabine / lopinavir / ritonavir / tenofovir)

Actonel (calcium carbonate and risedronate)

Pronunciation: KAL see um KAR bo nate and rye SED roe nate

Classification: osteoporosis

Action: Actonel is used to treat or prevent postmenopausal and steroid-induced osteoporosis.

Strengths: 35 mg

Route: Oral

Side effects: severe stomach/abdominal pain, black/tarry stools, vomit that looks like coffee grounds. A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare.

Interactions: amlodipine, Aspirin Low Strength (aspirin), Calcium 600 D (calcium / vitamin d)


Actos (pioglitazone)

Pronunciation: PYE o GLIT a zone

Classification: Thiazolidinedione

IFU: Type II diabetes mellitus

Action: Actos is for people with type 2 diabetes.

Dosage: 30 mg

Route: Oral

Strengths: 15 mg or 30 mg once daily.

Interactions: Arava (leflunomide), Aubagio (teriflunomide), gatifloxacin

Adderall XR (dextroamphetamine/amphetamine)

Pronunciation- Add-er-all

Classification- CNS Stimulant  

Action- Amphetamines are thought to block the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine into the presynaptic neuron and increase the release of these monoamines into theextraneuronal space.

IFU- ADHD

Side Effects- headache, weakness, sleep problems, fever

Interactions- Cymbalta, Effexor XR, Lexapro, Prozac

Route- P.O. 

Dosage- 5, 20, 15, 20, 25, 30 mg


Advair Diskus (fluticasone/salmeterol) 

Pronunciation- Ad-Vair Dis-Kus

Classification- Beta 2 Agonist/Corticosteroid 

IFU- Asthma, COPD

Side Effects- headache, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, stuffy nose

Interactions- Cymbalta, Lasix, furosemide, metformin

Action-It has different effects on clinical, physiologic, and inflammatory indices of asthma.

Route- Inhalation Powder

Strengths- 250/50 to 500/50


Aggrenox (aspirin/dipyridamole)

Pronunciation- Agg-Ren-Ox

Classification- Antiplatelet

IFU- Thrombotic Stroke Prevention

Side Effects- upset stomach, joint pain, drowsiness, headache

Interactions- Fish Oil, lisinopril, Norvasc, Aricept

Route- Capsule

Strengths- 25-200 mg

Alphagan P (brimonidine tartrate)

Classification- Alpha Agonist

IFU- Glaucoma

Side Effects- eye discomfort, blurred vision, nausea, sensitivity to light

Interactions- Cosopt, gabapentin, lisinopril, hydrochlorothiazide

Route- Ophthalmic Solution

Strengths- 0.1% to 0.15%

Aricept (donepezil)

Pronunciation- Ari-Sept 

Classification- Cholinesterase Inhibitor

IFU- Alzheimer’s Disease

Action- Its main therapeutic use is in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease where it is used to increase cortical acetylcholine. Donepezil is postulated to exert its therapeutic effect by enhancing cholinergic function.

Side Effects- nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, drowsiness, weakness

Interactions- Lexapro, aspirin, metoprolol, Seroquel

Route- Tablet

Dosage- 5, 10, 23 mg

Armour Thyroid (desiccated thyroid extract)

Pronunciation- Ar-mor Thy-roid 

Classification- Thyroid

IFU- Hypothyroidism

Action-  These hormones enhance oxygen consumption by most tissues of the body, increase the basal metabolic rate, and the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins.

Side Effects- allergic reactions, sensitivity to heat, severe dizziness

Interactions- metformin, aspirin, trazodone, Fish Oil

Route- P.O

Dosage- 15, 30 mg


Asacol (mesalamine)

Pronunciation- A-Sa-Col

Classification- Inflammatory bowel disease

IFU- Ulcerative Colitis

Action- Asacol (mesalamine) Delayed-Release Tablets contain acrylic based resin, Eudragit S (methacrylic acid and methyl methancrylate copolymer), which dissolves at pH 7 or greater and releases mesalamine in the terminal ileum and beyond for topical anti-inflammatory action in the colon.Side Effects- mild nausea, constipation, skin rash, tired feeling

Interactions- aspirin, simvastatin, Lasix, Lipitor 

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 800 mg

Asmanex Twisthaler (mometasone)

Pronunciation- As-Man-Ex

Classification- Corticosteroid

IFU- Asthma

Side Effects- headache, muscle pain, tired feeling, deepened voice

Action- n/a

Interactions- albuterol, Spiriva, lisinopril, aspirin

Route- Inhalant

Dosage- 110, 200, 220 mcg

Avalide (irbesartan/hydrochlorothiazide)

Pronunciation- Av-a-lide

Classification- ARB/Diuretic

IFU- Hypertension

Action- Irbesartan blocks the vasoconstrictor and aldosterone-secreting effects of angiotensin II by selectively binding to the AT1 angiotensin II receptor.

Side Effects- headache, dry cough, runny nose, sore throat

Interactions- atenolol, aspirin, Lyrica, omeprazole

Route- P.O.

Dosage- 150/12.5 mg to 300/25 mg

Avapro (irbesartan)

Pronunciation- Av-A-Pro

Classification- ARB

IFU- Hypertension

Side Effects- heartburn, tiredness, dizziness

Interactions- aspirin, metoprolol, Fish Oil, Lasix

Action- Angiotensin's attachment to the receptors causes the blood vessels to narrow (vasoconstrict), which leads to an increase in blood pressure (hypertension ). Irbesartan blocks the angiotensin receptor. By blocking the action of angiotensin, irbesartan dilates blood vessels and reduces blood pressure.

Route- Tablet

Dosage- 150, 300 mg



Avelox (moxifloxacin)

Pronunciation- Av-Ehh-Lox

Classification- Quinolone antibiotic

IFU- Bacterial Infection

Action- The bactericidal action of moxifloxacin results frominhibition of the topoisomerase II (DNA gyrase) and topoisomerase IV required for bacterial DNA replication, transcription, repair, and recombination.

Side Effects- nausea, headache, mild skin itching

Interactions- aspirin, metformin, prednisone, Lipitor

Route- Tablet, Injection

Dosage- 400 mg


Avodart (dutasteride)

Pronunciation- A-Vo-Dart

Classification- 5 Alpha Reductase Inhibitor

IFU- BPH

Action- Dutasteride inhibits the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT is the androgen primarily responsible for the initial development and subsequent enlargement of the prostate gland.

Side Effects- sexual problems, impotence, breast tenderness

Interactions- aspirin, Lipitor, Nexium, lisinopril

Route- Capsule

Dosage- 0.5 mg

Benicar HCT (olmesartan/hydrochlorothiazide)

Pronunciation- Ben-E-Car

Classification- ARB/Diuretic

IFU- Hypertension

Action- Benicar HCT blocks the vasoconstrictor effects of angiotensin II by selectively blocking the binding of angiotensin II to the AT1 receptor in vascular smooth muscle. Angiotensin II is a potent vasoconstrictor that increases blood pressure in the body

Side Effects- joint pain, dry cough, stomach pain, diarrhea

Interactions- Cymbalta, Lyrica, tramadol

Route- Tablet

Dosage- 40/12.5 mg to 40/25 mg

Benzaclin (clindamycin, benzoyl peroxide)

Pronunciation- Ben-Za-Clin

Classification- Topical Antibiotic

IFU- Acne

Side Effects- mild burning, dryness, itching, redness

Action- Benzoyl peroxide and clindamycin exhibit antimicrobial effects against Propionibacterium acnes, the predominant organism in sebaceous follicles and comedones

Interactions- Lamictal, Lexapro, Topamax

Route- Topical Gel

Dosage- 2.5 g


Boniva (ibandronate)

Pronunciation- Bon-E-Va

Classification- Bisphosphonate

IFU- Osteoporosis

Side Effects- chest pain, difficulty swallowing, muscle pain

Action- 

The action of ibandronate on bone tissue is based on its affinity for hydroxyapatite, which is part of the mineral matrix of bone. Ibandronate inhibits osteoclast activity and reduces bone resorption and turnover.

Interactions- aspirin, Lyrica, Nexium

Route- Injection

Dosage- 150 mg

Buspar (buspirone)

Pronunciation- Bu-Spar

Classification- Neurotransmitter agonist/Antagonist

IFU- Anxiety

Side Effects- dizziness, headache, nausea, dry mouth

Action- n/a

Interactions- Abilify, Cymbalta, Prozac

Route- Tablet

Dosage- 15 mg


Celebrex (celecoxib)

Pronunciation- Cell-E-Brex

Classification- COX 2 Inhibitor

IFU- Arthritis

Side Effects- chest pain, weakness, coughing up blood

Interactions- aspirin, gabapentin, lisinopril, Lyrica

Action- Celebrex has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties. The mechanism of action of CELEBREX is believed to be due to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, primarily via inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Celecoxib is a potent inhibitor of prostaglandin synthesis in vitro.

Route- Capsule

Strengths- 200, 400 mg

Celexa (citalopram)

Pronunciation- Cell-Ex-A

Classification- SSRI

IFU- Depression

Action- The mechanism of action of citalopram HBr as an antidepressant is presumed to be linked to potentiation of serotonergic activity in the central nervous system (CNS) resulting from its inhibition of CNS neuronal reuptake of serotonin (5-HT).

Side Effects- drowsiness, sleep problems, mild nausea

Interactions- Ativan, Klonopin, metformin, Neurontin

Route- Tablet

Dosage- 10, 20, 40 mg



Cheratussin AC (codeine/guaifenesin)

Pronunciation- Cher-A-Tuss-In AC

Classification- Antitussive/Expectorant

IFU- Cough Suppressant Expectorant

Side Effects- dizziness, warmth, constipation, skin rash

Interactions- Norco, lisinopril, Benadryl, gabapentin

Route- Liquid

Dosage- 10, 100 mg



Cialis (tadalafil)

Pronunciation- Cee-All-Is

Classification- PDE 5 Inhibitor

IFU- Erectile Dysfunction

Side Effects- headache, memory problems, muscle pain

Interactions- lisinopril, tamsulosin, tramadol

Action- n/a

Route- P.O.

Dosage- 5, 10, 20 mg

Concerta (methylphenidate)

Classification- CNS Stimulant

Pronunciation- Con-Ser-Ta

IFU- ADHD

Side Effects- stomach pain, numbness, sweating

Interactions- clonidine, Cymbalta, Lexapro, Lamictal

Action- The potential mechanism of action for methylphenidate in ADHD involves the blockade of dopamine reuptake and possibly norepinephrine and serotonin. The most common side effects associated with methylphenidate include headache, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, dizziness, and insomnia.

Route- P.O.

Dosage- 18, 27, 36, 54 mg

Coreg (carvedilol)

Pronunciation- Cor-Eg

Classification- Beta Blocker

IFU- Hypertension

Side Effects- nausea, dizziness, dry eyes, joint pain

Interactions- digoxin, Norvasc, omeprazole, Plavix

Route- P.O.

Action-  This drug works by blocking the action of certain natural substances in your body, such as epinephrine, on the heart and blood vessels. This effect lowers your heart rate, blood pressure, and strain on your heart. Carvedilol belongs to a class of drugs known as alpha and beta blockers.

Dosage- 3.125 mg



Cosopt (dorzolamide/timolol)

Pronunciation- Co-Sopt

Classification- Beta blocker/carbonic anhydrase inhibitor

IFU- Glaucoma

Side Effects- blurred vision, sore throat, nausea, dry eyes

Interactions- Alphagan, Lasix, metoprolol

Route- Ophthalmic Solution

Action-  

Mechanism Of Action. COSOPT is comprised of two components: dorzolamide hydrochloride and timolol maleate. Each of these two components decreaseselevated intraocular pressure, whether or not associated with glaucoma, by reducing aqueous humor secretion.

Strengths- 25 mg

Coumadin (warfarin)

Pronunciation- Coo-Muhh-Din

Classification- Vitamin K Antagonist

IFU- Anticoagulation

Side Effects- black or bloody stool, joint pain, severe headache

Interactions- aspirin, furosemide, omeprazole

Action- Warfarin acts by inhibiting the synthesis of vitamin K-dependent clotting factors, which include Factors II, VII, IX, and X, and the anticoagulant proteins C and S. Vitamin K is an essential cofactor for the post ribosomal synthesis of the vitamin K-dependent clotting factors

Route- P.O.

Dosage- 2, 2.5, 3, 4 mg



Depakote Er (divalproex sodium)

Pronunciation- Day-Pah-Coat

Classification- Neurologic

IFU- Seizure, bipolar, migraine

Side Effects- diarrhea, constipation, hair loss, vision changes

Action- Divalproex sodium dissociates to the valproate ion in the gastrointestinal tract. The mechanisms by which valproate exerts its therapeutic effects have not been established

Interactions- Lamictal, Cymbalta, Lyrica, Seroquel

Route- P.O.

Dosage- 250, 500 mg



Desyrel (trazodone)

Pronunciation- Des-E-Rel

Classification- Antidepressant

IFU- Depression, Insomnia

Side Effects- headache, muscle ache, dry mouth, numbness

Interactions- Lexapro, Lasix, Prozac

Action- the mechanism of DESYREL (trazodone hydrochloride) 's antidepressant action in man is not fully understood. In animals, DESYREL (trazodone hydrochloride) selectively inhibits serotonin uptake by brain synaptosomes and potentiates the behavioral changes induced by the serotonin precursor, 5-hydroxytryptophan.

Route- P.O.

Dosage- 50, 150, 400 mg

Detrol LA (tolterodine)

Pronunciation- Det-rol

Classification- Urinary Antispasmodic

IFU- Incotinence

Side Effects- headache, constipation, tiredness

Interactions- metoprolol, Cymbalta

Action- Tolterodine acts as a competitive antagonist of acetylcholine at postganglionic muscarinic receptors. Both urinary bladder contraction andsalivation are mediated via cholinergic muscarinic receptors.

Route- P.O.

Dosage- 2 mg

Diabeta, Micronase (glyburide)

Pronunciation- Dy-A-Beeta, My-Cro-Nase

Classification- Sulfonylurea

IFU- Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Side Effects- mild itching, skin rash, blurred vision, mild nausea

Interactions- aspirin, Celexa, Lasix

Action- Lowers blood sugar by stimulating the release of insulin from the pancreas and increasing the sensitivity to insulin at receptor sites. May also decrease hepatic glucose production

Route- P.O.

Dosage- 1.25, 2.5, 5 mg

Diovan HCT (valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide)

Pronunciation- Dy-O-Van

Classification- ARB/Diuretic

IFU- Hypertension

Side Effects- stomach pain, back pain, headache, dry cough

Action- Valsartan blocks the vasoconstrictor and aldosterone-secreting effects of angiotensin II by selectively blocking the binding of angiotensin II to the AT1 receptor in many tissues, such as vascular smooth muscle and the adrenal gland. Its action is therefore independent of the pathways for angiotensin II synthesis.

Interactions- aspirin, atenolol, metoprolol

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 80/12.5 mg, 160/12.5 mg, 160/25 mg, 320/12.5 mg, 320/25 mg


Dyazide, Maxzide (triamterene/hydrochlorothiazide)

Pronunciation- Die-A-Zide, Max-Zide

Classification- K Sparing/Thiazide Diuretic

IFU- Hypertension/Edema

Side Effects- stomach pain, dry mouth, blurred vision

Interactions- atenolol, omeprazole, lisinopril

Action- Dyazide is a diuretic/antihypertensive drug product that combines natriuretic and antikaliuretic effects

Route- P.O.

Dosage- 25 mg

Effexor (venlafaxine)

Pronunciation- Eff-Ex-Or

Classification- SNRI

IFU- Depression

Side Effects- vision changes, dry mouth, nausea, vomiting

Action- The exact mechanism of the antidepressant action of venlafaxine in humans is unknown, but is thought to be related to the potentiation of serotonin and norepinephrine in the central nervous system, through inhibition of their reuptake.

Interactions- aspirin, Topamax, tramadol

Route- P.O.

Dosage- 37.5, 75 mg



Elavil (amitriptyline)

Pronunciation- Ell-A-Vill

Classification- TCA

IFU- Depression

Side Effects- nausea, nightmares, constipation, dry mouth

Interactions- gabapentin, tramadol, lisinopril

Action- Its mechanism of action in man is not known. It is not a monoamine oxidase inhibitor, and it does not act primarily by stimulation of the central nervous system. Amitriptyline inhibits the membrane pump mechanism responsible for uptake of norepinephrine and serotonin in adrenergic and serotonergic neurons.

Route- P.O.

Dosage- 10, 20 mg

Flonase (fluticasone)

Pronunciation- Flow-Nase

Classification- Corticosteroid

IFU- Allergic Rhinitis

Side Effects- redness, sores, nausea, vomiting

Interactions- albuterol, ibuprofen

Route- Nasal Spray

Action-  The exact mechanism of action of fluticasone is not known; however, it stimulates glucocorticoid receptors in humans that produces a potent anti-inflammatory response.

Dosage- 50 mcg

Flovent HFA (fluticasone)

Classification- Corticosteroid

IFU- Asthma

Side Effects- headache, sinus pain, stuffy nose

Interactions- albuterol, Proair HFA

Route- HFA

Dosage- 44, 110, 220 mcg

Focalin XR (dexmethylphenidate)

Pronunciation- Fo-Cah-Lin

Classification- CNS Stimulant

IFU- ADHD

Side Effects- nervousness, weight loss, headache

Action- Dexmethylphenidate hydrochloride, the active ingredient inFocalin XR, is a central nervous system stimulant.

Interactions- clonidine, tramadol, Intuniv

Route- P.O.

Dosage- 5, 15, 25, 35, 40 mg

Fosamax (alendronate)

Pronunciation- Fo-Sa-Max

Classification- Bisphosphonate

IFU- Osteoporosis

Side Effects- mild nausea, gas, constipation, vomiting, bloating

Interactions- aspirin, Lasix

Action- FOSAMAX (alendronate sodium) is a bisphosphonate that acts as a specific inhibitor of osteoclastmediated bone resorption. Bisphosphonates are synthetic analogs of pyrophosphate that bind to the hydroxyapatite found in bone

Route- P.O.

Dosage- 5, 10, 35, 40 mg



Glucotrol (glipizide)

Pronunciation- Gloo-Co-Trol

Classification- Sulfonylurea

IFU- Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Side Effects- mild nausea, diarrhea, skin rash

Interactions- aspirin, Zoloft, lisinopril

Action- The primary mode of action of GLUCOTROL in experimental animals appears to be the stimulation of insulin secretion from the beta cells of pancreatic islet tissue and is thus dependent on functioning beta cells in the pancreatic islets.

Route- P.O.

Dosage- 5mg

Glycolax (polyethylene glycol 3350)

Pronunciation- Gly-Co-Lax

Classification- Osmotic Laxative

IFU- Laxitive

Side Effects- bleeding from rectum, bloody stools

Action- Polyethylene glycol 3350 is an osmotic agent which binds water and causes water to be retained within the stool

Interactions- albuterol, Lasix, trazodone

Route- Powder

Dosage- 17, 119, 238, 255, 510, 527, 850 g

Humalog (insulin lispro)

Pronunciation- Hoo-Ma-Log

Classification- Insulin

IFU- Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Side Effects- confusion, weakness, sweating

Interactions- aspirin, furosemide, metformin

Action- Regulation of glucose metabolism is the primary activity of insulins and insulin analogs, including insulin lispro.

Route- Injection

Dosage- 3ml, 10ml

Humulin (Insulin NPH)

Pronunciation- Hoo-Mew-Lin

Classification- Insulin

IFU- Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Side Effects- confusion, sweating, tremor, weakness

Interactions- aspirin, atenolol, Lasix

Action- Humulin R U-100 is human insulin with a short duration of action. Withsubcutaneous use, the pharmacologic effect of Humulin R U-100 begins approximately 30 minutes (range: 10 to 75 minutes) after administration of doses in the 0.05 to 0.4 units/kg range.

Route- Injection

Dosage- 3ml, 10ml

Keflex (cephalexin)

Pronunciation- Keff-Lex

Classification- Cephalosporin Antibiotic

IFU- Bacterial Infection

Side Effects- fever, sore throat, seizure

Action-  It acts by inhibitingbacterial cell wall synthesis, lack of bacterial cell wall results in death due to lysis of bacteria.

Interactions- Lasix, metformin

Route- Capsule

Dosage- 250 mg

Keppra (levetiracetam)

Pronunciation- Kepp-Ra

Classification- Antiepileptic

IFU- Seizure

Side Effects- bruising, fever, chills, body aches

Action- The exact mechanism by which levetiracetam acts to treat epilepsy is unknown. However, the drug binds to a synaptic vesicle glycoprotein, SV2A, and inhibits presynaptic calcium channels reducing neurotransmitter releaseand acting as a neuromodulator.

Interactions- baclofen, Cymbalta, trazodone

Route- Injection

Strengths- 500 mgK

Klonopin (clonazepam)

Pronunciation- Klo-No-Pin

Classification- Benzodiazepine

IFU- Anxiety

Side Effects- headache, blurred vision, nausea, constipation

Interactions- Flexeril, Lamictal, Lexapro

Action- Clonazepam exerts its antiseizure and antipanic effects is unknown, although it is believed to be related to its ability to enhance the activity of gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA), the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system.

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 0.5 mg, 1 mg, 2 mg

Lamictal (lamotrigine)

Pronunciation- Lam-ic-tal

Classification- Antiepileptic

IFU- Seizure, bipolar, migraine

Side Effects- blurred vision, back pain, tremors

Interactions- Abilify, trazodone

Action- Lamotrigine is a member of the sodium channel blocking class of antiepileptic drugs. It is a triazine derivate that inhibits voltage-sensitive sodium channels,leading to stabilization of neuronal membranes.

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 25mg

Levaquin (levofloxacin)

Pronunciation- Lee-Va-Quin

Classification- Quinolone Antibiotic

IFU- Bacterial Infection

Side Effects- nausea, vomiting, headache, constipation

Interactions- albuterol, aspirin, prednisone

Action-levofloxacin and other fluoroquinolone antimicrobials involves inhibition of bacterial topoisomerase IV and DNA gyrase (both of which are type II topoisomerases), enzymes required for DNA replication, transcription, repairand recombination.

Route- Tablet, Injection

Strengths- 250, 500, 750 mg

Levitra (vardenafil)

Pronunciation- Lev-e-tra

Classification- PDE 5 Inhibitor

IFU- Erectile Dysfunction

Side Effects- headache, heartburn, nausea, back pain

Interactions- amlodipine, lisinopril, trazodone

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 5, 10, 20 mg

Lexapro (escitalopram)

Pronunciation- Lex-A-Pro

Classification- SSRI

IFU- Depression

Side Effects- sleep problems, weight changes, mild nausea

Action- The mechanism of antidepressant action of escitalopram, the S-enantiomer of racemic citalopram, is presumed to be linked to potentiation of serotonergic activity in the central nervous system (CNS) resulting from its inhibition of CNS neuronal reuptake of serotonin (5-HT).

Interactions- Ambien, aspirin, Lamictal

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 5, 10, 20 mg

Lidoderm (lidocaine)

Pronunciation- Lid-O-Dern

Classification- Analgesic

IFU- Neuralgia

Side Effects- chest pain, cold, confusion, pale skin

Interactions- albuterol, aspirin

Route- Patch

Strengths- 700 mg



Lovenox (enoxaparin)

Pronunciation- Lov-Ehh-Nox

Classification- Low-molecular-weight Heparin

IFU- DVT

Side Effects- nausea, fever, diarrhea, swelling

Interactions- aspirin, Colace, Fish Oil, Lipitor

Action-  Enoxaparin is used to prevent and treat deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, and is given as a subcutaneous injection. Enoxaparin binds to and accelerates the activity of antithrombin III. By activating antithrombin III, enoxaparin preferentially potentiates the inhibition of coagulation factors Xa and IIa.Jun 13, 2005

Route- Injection

Strengths- 100mg/1ml to 300mg/3ml

Lumigan, Latisse (bimatoprost)

Pronunciation- Loom-I-Gan

Classification- Prostaglandin Analogue

IFU- Glaucoma

Side Effects- dry eyes, watery eyes, dizziness

Interactions- Latisse, Xalatan, 

Route- Ophthalmic Solution

Strengths- 0.01%

Lunesta (eszopiclone)

Pronunciation- Loo-Nes-Ta

Classification- Nonbenzodiazepine Hypnotic

IFU- Insomnia

Side Effects- headache, mild skin rash, dry mouth

Interactions- Ambien, Cymbalta, Klonopin

Action- n/a

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 1, 2, 3 mg

Lyrica (pregabalin)

Pronunciation- Lihh-Rihh-Ca

Classification- Neurologic

IFU- Neuropathic Pain

Side Effects- blurred vision, constipation, weight gain

Interactions- aspirin, baclofen, clonazepam

Action- n/a

Route- Capsule

Strengths- 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, 225, 300 mg


Microzide, Esidrex (hydrochlorothiazide)

Pronunciation- My-Cro-Zide

Classification- Thiazide Diuretic

IFU- Hypertension/Edema

Side Effects- eye pain, dry mouth, muscle pain

Action- The exact mechanism of the antihypertensive effect of hydrochlorothiazide is not known. 

Interactions- Ambien, Cymbalta, Lasix, Lipitor

Route- Capsule

Strengths- 12.5 mg



Mirapex (pramipexole)

Pronunciation- Mi-ra-pex

Classification- Dopamine Agonist

IFU- Parkinson’s Disease

Side Effects- dry mouth, stomach pain, headache, blurred vision

Action- The precise mechanism of action of pramipexole as a treatment for Parkinson's disease is unknown

Interactions- aspirin, Lasix, Lipitor

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5 mg

Mobic (meloxicam)

Pronunciation- Moe-bic

Classification- NSAID

IFU- Osteoarthritis

Side Effects- chest pain, weight gain

Interactions- Ambien, Cymbalta, Flexeril

Action-  Meloxicam blocks cyclooxygenase (COX), the enzymeresponsible for converting arachidonic acid into prostaglandin H2—the first step in the synthesis of prostaglandins, which are mediators of inflammation.

Route- Oral Suspension

Strengths- 7.5mg/5ml

Motrin (ibuprofen)

Pronunciation- Moe-trin

Classification- NSAID

IFU- Inflammation

Side Effects- upset stomach, mild itching, bloating

Interactions- aspirin, lisinopril, metformin

Route- Suspension

Strengths- 200, 300, 400 mg

Neurontin (gabapentin)

Pronunciation- New-Ron-Tin

Classification- Neurologic

IFU- Neuropathic Pain/Seizure

Side Effects- blurred vision, headache, dry mouth

Interactions- Ambien, Cymbalta, Lasix, Lipitor

Action- The precise mechanisms by which gabapentin produces its analgesic and antiepileptic actions are unknown. Gabapentin is structurally related to the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) but has no effect on GABA binding, uptake, or degradation.

Route- Capsule, Tablet

Strengths- 100, 300, 400 mg


Nexium (esomeprazole)

Pronunciation- Nex-E-Um

Classification- PPI

IFU- GERD

Side Effects- headache, diarrhea, nausea

Action- Esomeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor that suppressesgastric acid secretion by specific inhibition of the H+/K+-ATPase in the gastric parietal cell.

Interactions- Crestor, Cymbalta, Lipitor

Route- Injection

Strengths- 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40 mg

Niaspan (niacin)

Pronunciation- Ny-As-Pin

Classification- Nicotinic Acid

IFU- Hyperlipidemia

Side Effects- mild dizziness, muscle pain, leg cramps

Interactions- amlodipine, furosemide, Lipitor

Action- n/a

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 500 mg

Norvasc (amlodipine besylate)

Pronunciation- Nor-Vasc

Classification- CCB

IFU- Hypertension

Side Effects- headache, tired feeling, stomach pain

Action- Amlodipine is a dihydropyridine calcium antagonist (calcium ion antagonist or slow-channel blocker) that inhibits the transmembrane influx of calcium ions into vascular smooth muscle and cardiac muscle.

Interactions- aspirin, atenolol, Lasix, Lipitor

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 2.5, 5, 10 mg



Oxycontin (oxycodone)

Pronunciation- Oxy-Con-Tin

Classification- Opioid

IFU- Analgesic

Action- Oxycodone hydrochloride is a full opioid agonist and is relatively selective for the mu receptor, although it can bind to other opioid receptors at higher doses. The principal therapeutic action of oxycodone is analgesia.

Side Effects- dry mouth, sweating, itching

Interactions- Ambien, Cymbalta, fentanyl

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 60, 80, 160 mg

Patanol (olopatadine)

Pronunciation- Pat-A-Nol

Classification- Allergy

IFU- Allergic Conjunctivitis

Side Effects- blurred vision, headache, back pain

Action- n/a

Interactions- N/A

Route- Ophthalmic Solution

Strengths- 0.1%


Paxil (paroxetine)

Pronunciation- Pax-il

Classification- SSRI

IFU- Depression

Side Effects- vision changes, loss of appetite, sleep problems, sweating

Interactions- Abilify, Adderall, Ambien 

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 10, 20, 30, 40 mg


Penicillin VK (penicillin)

Pronunciation- Pen-Ihh-Cill-In

Classification- Penicillin Antibiotic

IFU- Bacterial Infection

Side Effects- nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain

Action-  Penicillin acylates the active site of Bacillus stearothermophilus D-alanine carboxypeptidase. Penicillin kills susceptible bacteria by specifically inhibiting the transpeptidase that catalyzes the final step in cell wall biosynthesis, the cross-linking of peptidoglycan.

Interactions- albuterol, lisinopril, Norco

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 125mg/5ml

Premarin (conjugated estrogens)

Pronunciation- Pre-Mair-In

Classification- Estrogen

IFU- Vasomotor Symptoms

Side Effects- mild nausea, freckles, breast pain

Action- n/a

Interactions- aspirin, Celebrex, clonazepam

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 1.25 mg

Prevacid (lansoprazole)

Pronunciation- Pre-Va-Cid

Classification- PPI

IFU- GERD

Side Effects- muscle cramps, cough, seizure

Interactions- aspirin, Cymbalta, Lipitor

Route- Capsule, Tablet

Action- Prevacid (lansoprazole) belongs to a class of antisecretory compounds, the substituted benzimidazoles, that suppress gastric acid secretion by specific inhibition of the (H+, K+)-ATPase enzyme system at the secretory surface of the gastric parietal cell.

Strengths- 15, 30 mg

Prilosec (omeprazole)

Pronunciation- Pry-Lo-Sec

Classification- PPI

IFU- GERD

Side Effects- fever, stomach pain, headache

Interactions- Cymbalta, Lasix, Lipitor

Action-  It suppresses stomach acid secretionby specific inhibition of the H+/K+-ATPase system found at the secretory surface of gastric parietal cell

Route- Capsule, Granule

Strengths- 20 mg

Proair, Proventil, Ventolin HFA (albuterol)

Pronunciation- Pro-Air

Classification- Beta 2 Agonist

IFU- Bronchospasm/Asthma

Side Effects- headache, cough, muscle pain, diarrhea

Interactions- Advair Diskus, amlodipine, aspirin

Route- Aerosol

Strengths- 90, 180 mcg


Prozac (fluoxetine)

Pronunciation- Pro-Zac

Classification- SSRI

IFU- Depression

Side Effects- cold symptoms, mild nausea, upset stomach

Interactions- Abilify, Adderall, Flexeril

Action- It is used for the treatment of major depressive disorder, obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD), bulimia nervosa, panic disorder, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

Route- Capsule

Strengths- 10, 15, 20, 40, 60 mg



Pulmicort Respules (budesonide)

Pronunciation- Pulm-E-Cort

Classification- Corticosteroid

IFU- Asthma

Side Effects- runny nose, sore throat, nosebleed, headache

Interactions- albuterol, ibuprofen, omeprazole

Action- Glucocorticoid steroids such as cortisol or budesonide have potent anti-inflammatory actions that reduces inflammation and hyper-reactivity (spasm) of the airways caused by asthma. 

Route- Respules

Strengths- 0.25mg/2ml, 0.5mg/2ml, 1mg/2ml

Relpax (eletriptan) 

Pronunciation- Rel-Pax

Classification- Serotonin 5 HT1 Receptor Agonist

IFU- Migraine, Headache

Side Effects- mild headache, dry mouth, warmth, redness

Interactions- Cymbalta, tramadol, trazodone

Action- Treat migraines 

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 20, 40 mg


Requip (ropinirole)

Pronunciation- Re-Quip

Classification- Dopamine Agonist

IFU- Parkinson’s Disease

Side Effects- mild nausea, anxiety, agitation

Action- The precise mechanism of action of ropinirole as a treatment for Parkinson's disease is unknown

Interactions- Ambien, aspirin, clonazepam

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 2 mg

Singulair (montelukast)

Pronunciation- Sing-U-Lair

Classification- Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist

IFU- Asthma

Side Effects- headache, tooth pain, tired feeling, fever

Action- Montelukast blocks the action of leukotriene D4 on the cysteinyl leukotriene receptor CysLT1 in the lungs and bronchial tubes by bindingto it. 

Interactions- Advair Diskus, albuterol, aspirin

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 5, 10 mg

Skelaxin (metaxalone)

Pronunciation- Skell-Ax-In

Classification- Muscle Relaxant

IFU- Musculoskeletal Pain

Side Effects- headache, nausea, vomiting

Action-  Its exact mechanism of action is not known, but it may be due to general central nervous system depression.

Interactions- Ambien, Celebrex, Cymbalta

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 400, 800 mg

Soma (carisoprodol)

Pronunciation- So-Ma

Classification- Muscle Relaxant

IFU- Skeletal Muscle Relaxant

Side Effects- depression, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting

Interactions- Adderall, Ambien, clonazepam

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 250, 350 mg



Spiriva Handihaler (tiotropium)

Pronunciation- Spi-Rihh-Va

Classification- Anticholinergic

IFU- COPD

Side Effects- dry mouth, constipation, upset stomach

Action- Tiotropium is a long-acting, antimuscarinic agent, which is often referred to as an anticholinergic. It has similar affinity to the subtypes of muscarinic receptors, M1 to M5. In the airways, it exhibits pharmacological effects through inhibition of M3-receptors at the smooth muscle leading to bronchodilation.

Interactions- Advair Diskus, albuterol

Route- Inhalation Powder

Strengths- 18 mcg

Tenormin (atenolol)

Pronunciation- Ten-Or-Min

Classification- Beta Blocker

IFU- Hypertension

Side Effects- tired feeling, nausea, slow heart rate

Action-  It works by blocking the action of certain natural chemicals in your body, such as epinephrine, on the heart and blood vessels

Interactions- aspirin, Crestor

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 25, 50, 100 mg

Tessalon Perles (benzonatate)

Pronunciation- Tess-A-Lon

Classification- Antitussive

IFU- Cough

Side Effects- headache, drowsiness, skin rash

Interactions- tizanidine

Action- It has an anesthetic (numbing) action similar to that of benzocaine and numbs the stretch sensors in the lungs. It is the stretching of these sensors with breathing that causes thecough.

Route- Capsule

Strengths- 100, 600 mg


Topamax (topiramate)

Pronunciation- To-Po-Max

Classification- Antiepileptic

IFU- Seizure

Side Effects- tired, weight loss

Action- The precise mechanisms by which topiramate exerts its anticonvulsant and migraine prophylaxis effects are unknown

Interactions- Flexeril, Klonopin, Lexapro

Route- Tablet, Capsule

Strengths- 25, 50, 100, 200 mg

Toprol XL (metoprolol succinate)

Pronunciation- To-Prol

Classification- Beta Blocker

IFU- Hypertension

Action- n/a

Side Effects- dry mouth, anxiety, sleep problems

Interactions- aspirin, Crestor

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 25, 50, 100, 200 mg

Triesence, Trivaris (triamcinolone)

Pronunciation- Tri-Es-Ence

Classification- Corticosteroid

IFU- Ocular Inflammation

Side Effects- nausea, bloating, acne, scaling

Interactions- estradiol, nebivolol, Topamax

Route- Injection

Strengths- 1 to 4 mg

Trileptal (oxcarbazepine)

Pronunciation- Tri-Lept-Al

Classification- Antiepileptic

IFU- Partial Seizure

Side Effects- headache, trouble concentrating, mild nausea

Action- The precise mechanism by which oxcarbazepine and MHD exert their antiseizure effect is unknown

Interactions- Abilify, Ambien, Topamax

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 150, 300, 600 mg

Trinessa (norgestimate/ethinyl estradiol)

Pronunciation- Tri-Ness-A

Classification- Triphasic Oral Contraceptive

IFU- Oral Contraceptive

Side Effects- vomiting, headache, stomach cramping

Interactions- clonazepam, metformin, Xanax

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 0.035mg/0.180mg

Tussionex (chlorpheniramine/hydrocodone)

Pronunciation- Tuss-Shun-Ex

Classification- Antihistamine/Antitussive

IFU- Upper Respiratory System

Side Effects- mood changes, anxiety, sweating, mild itching

Action-  The precise mechanism of action of hydrocodone and other opiates is not known

Interactions- gabapentin, tramadol, Xanax

Route- Suspension

Strengths- 5ml

Valium (diazepam)

Pronunciation- Val-E-Um

Classification- Benzodiazepine

IFU- Anxiety

Side Effects- tired feeling, fatigue, constipation

Interactions- baclofen, lisinopril, tramadol

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 2, 5, 10 mg

Vesicare (solifenacin)

Pronunciation- Ves-E-Care

Classification- Urinary Antispasmodic

IFU- Overactive Bladder

Side Effects- dry mouth, dry eyes, fever, sore throat

Action- Solifenacin is a competitive muscarinic receptor antagonist. Muscarinic receptors play an important role in several major cholinergically mediated functions, including contractions of urinary bladder smooth muscle and stimulation of salivary secretion

Interactions- metformin, Nexium, trazodone

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 5 mg

Viagra (sildenafil)

Pronunciation- Vy-Ag-Ra

Classification- PDE 5 Inhibitor

IFU- Erectile Dysfunction

Side Effects- headache, back pain, nasal congestion

Interactions- amlodipine, Lipitor, Cialis

Action-  When sexual stimulation causes local release of NO, inhibition of PDE5 by sildenafil causes increased levels of cGMP in the corpus cavernosum, resulting in smoothmuscle relaxation and inflow of blood to the corpus cavernosum

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 25, 50, 100 mg

Wellbutrin XL (bupropion)

Pronunciation- Well-Bu-Trin

Classification- Antidepressant

IFU- Depression

Side Effects- loss of interest in sex, dry mouth, stomach pain

Interactions- Adderall, Klonopin, Lamictal

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 300 mg

Xalatan (latanoprost)

Pronunciation- Za-La-Tan

Classification- Prostaglandin Analogue

IFU- Glaucoma

Side Effects- headache, blurred vision, watery eyes

Action- Latanoprost is a prostanoid selective FP receptor agonist that is believed to reduce the intraocular pressure (IOP) by increasing the outflow of aqueous humor.

Interactions- Latisse, Lumigan

Route- Ophthalmic Solution

Strengths- 0.005%

Xanax (alprazolam)

Pronunciation- Zan-ex

Classification- Benzodiazepine

IFU- Anxiety

Side Effects- blurred vision, headache, feeling tired

Interactions- gabapentin, Norco, tramadol

Action- Alprazolam is used to treat anxiety and panic disorders. It belongs to a class of medications called benzodiazepines which act on the brain and nerves (central nervous system) to produce a calming effect. It works by enhancing the effects of a certain natural chemical in the body (GABA)

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2 mg

Xopenex HFA (levalbuterol)

Pronunciation- Zo-Pen-Ex

Classification- Beta 2 Agonist

IFU- Bronchospasm/Asthma

Side Effects- sore throat, cough, runny nose

Interactions- Cymbalta, Flonase, ibuprofen

Action- Activation of beta2-adrenergic receptors on airway smooth muscle leads to the activation of adenylate cyclase and to an increase in the intracellular concentration of cyclic-3', 5'-adenosine monophosphate (cyclic AMP

Route- Aerosol

Strengths- 90 mcg

Zithromax (azithromycin)

Pronunciation- Zith-Ro-Max

Classification- Macrolide Antibiotic

IFU- Bacterial Infection

Side Effects- mild diarrhea, vaginal itching, mild headache

Interactions- amoxicillin, Lipitor, albuterol

Action- Azithromycin prevents bacteria from growing by interfering with their protein synthesis. It binds to the 50S subunit of the bacterial ribosome, thus inhibiting translation of mRNA. Nucleic acid synthesis is not affecte

Route- Injection

Strengths- 200mg/5ml



Zoloft (sertraline)

Pronunciation- Zo-Loft

Classification- SSRI

IFU- Depression

Side Effects- dry mouth, mild nausea, tired feeling

Interactions- Ativan, Lipitor, lisinopril

Action- Simvastatin is used along with a proper diet to help lower "bad" cholesterol and fats (such as LDL, triglycerides) and raise "good" cholesterol (HDL) in the blood

Route- Tablet, Oral Concentrate

Strengths- 25, 50 mg


Zyloprim (allopurinol)

Pronunciation- Zy-Lo-Prim

Classification- Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitor

IFU- Gout

Side Effects- fever, sore throat, skin rash

Interactions- Coumadin, lisinopril

Action- The action of ZYLOPRIM (allopurinol) differs from that of uricosuric agents, which lower the serum uric acid level by increasing urinary excretion of uric acid. ZYLOPRIM (allopurinol) reduces both the serum and urinary uric acid levels byinhibiting the formation of uric acid.

Route- Tablet

Strengths- 100, 300, 500 mg

Abilify (aripiprazole)

Pronunciation: AR i PIP ra zole

Classification: antipsychotic

IFU: Bipolar I Disorder

Action: It can treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, and Tourette syndrome. It can also treat irritability associated with autism.

Dosage: 2mg, 5mg, 10mg, 15mg, 20mg, 30mg

Route: Oral

Side effects: may cause dizziness /drowsiness, and may also cause tardive dyskinesia and extrapyramidal effects.

Interactions: avoid alcohol

Abilify (aripiprazole)

Pronunciation: AR i PIP ra zole

Classification: antipsychotic

IFU: Bipolar I Disorder

Action: It can treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, and Tourette syndrome. It can also treat irritability associated with autism.

Dosage: 2mg, 5mg, 10mg, 15mg, 20mg, 30mg

Route: Oral

Side effects: may cause dizziness /drowsiness, and may also cause tardive dyskinesia and extrapyramidal effects.

Interactions: avoid alcohol

Aciphex (rabeprazole)

Pronunciation: ra BEP ra zole

Classification: PPI (Proton-Pump Inhibitor)

IFU: GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease aka Acid Reflux)

Action: It can treat heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and esophageal damage. It can also treat conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome that cause excess stomach acid. This medication may be used with antibiotics to treat H pylori stomach infections and ulcers.

Dosage: 5mg, 10mg, 20mg

Route: Oral

Side effects: difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Call your doctor at once if you have: severe stomach pain, diarrhea that is watery or bloody; seizure