The Articles of Confederation

 

VS.

 

 

The Constitution

 

The Articles of Confederation

What were the branches of government created by the Articles of Confederation?

The branch of government under the Articles of Confederation was unicameral, consisting of a single legislative body called the Congress of the United States. The men who wrote the document favored a government that had no executive leader such as a president, no court system, and a Congress with limited powers. Therefore, the states had a lot of power to make their own decisions.

 

unicameral - (of a legislative body) having a single legislative chamber.

legislative body - having the power to make laws.

The Articles of Confederation were the first written constitution of the United States. This document was written to give the 13 colonies a unified government. The Articles came into action on March 1, 1781 after all 13 states ratified them.

ratify - sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.

Judicial Branch

 

Judges and Courts 

Branches of Government Created by the Constitution 

The Constitution of the United States was created to replace the Articles of Confederation. This document established America's national government and set fundamental laws. It also gave certain basic rights to every United States citizen. Finally, on May 29, 1790, the Constitution was ratified.

The Constitution

Executive Branch

 

President of the United States 

Legislative Branch

 

Congress 

Legislative Branch-

 

Judicial Branch-

Executive Branch-

The Judicial Branch consists of judges and courts. These judges do not make the laws, rather their job is to just interpret the laws made by congress. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country. The members of the Supreme Court are all nominated by the President of the United States. Around 7,500 requests are sent to the Supreme Court each year but they only consider about 150 cases important enough to review.

 

The leader of the Executive branch is the President of the United States. One of the main powers of the president is to sign legislation (laws) from Congress into law or veto it. A veto means that, even though Congress voted for the law, the President does not agree with it. The job of the Executive branch is to enforce and implement the laws set in place by the Legislative branch.

The Legislative branch is also known as Congress. There are two parts that make up Congress: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives consists of 435 total representatives and the Senate has 100 members. Each state has a different number of representatives based on their population, but every state has two, and only two, senators no matter what. The job of this branch of the government is to write up and vote on laws. Other powers of the Legislative branch include: declaring war, confirming presidential appointments, and investigating power in other branches.

How were the states represented under the Articles of Confederation?

Under the Articles, each state was given 1 representative to vote on major issues regardless of their population. Every state was considered equal.

1 representative

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 representative

How are the states represented under the Constitution?

The Constitution declares that each state shall have 2 senators, regardless of size, and the number of Representatives in each state will depend on their population.

 

x 27 representatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

x 12 representatives

+ 2 senators

 

+ 2 senators

 

Powers given to the national government under the Articles of Confederation

 

The Articles of Confederation created a national government with a unicameral legislature who had the power to make war and peace, send and receive ambassadors, make treaties, borrow money, set-up a monetary system, establish post offices, establish a navy, raise an army by asking states for troops, fix uniform standards of weights and measures, and settle disputes among states.

 

FUN FACT: under the Articles of Confederation, Canada was offered admittance into the United States if they chose to do so.

Powers given to the national government under the Constitution

 

 

The Constitution created a national government with a bicameral legislature who has the power to levy and collect taxes, borrow money, regulate commerce, coin money and regulate the value of it, establish post offices, establish a court system, declare war, maintain an army and navy, make laws, and maintain state militias.

bicameral - (of a legislative body) having two branches or chambers.

 

 

Overall...

The Articles of Confederation provided the newly founded United States with a very weak government. But thankfully our founding fathers drafted up a new document that would help our country thrive for years, the Constitution of the United States.

Similarities and differences between the two documents

Works Cited

 

"Articles of Confederation vs. the Constitution." Articles of Confederation vs. the Constitution. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016.

 

Bri32, By, and By Ruthcachola. "High School American Government." High School American Government. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016.

 

By Section. "Index Page - The U.S. Constitution Online - USConstitution.net." Index Page - The U.S. Constitution Online - USConstitution.net.

     N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016.

 

"Congress for Kids: [Constitution]: Introduction to the Constitution." Congress for Kids: [Constitution]: Introduction to the Constitution. N.p.,  

     n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016.

 

"The Constitution." The Judicial Learning Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016.

 

"Ducksters: Education Site." Ducksters: Education Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016.

 

"Free Image on Pixabay - Law, Justice, Court, Judge, Legal." Free Photo: Law, Justice, Court, Judge, Legal. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016.

     <https://pixabay.com/p-1063249/?no_redirect>.

 

"Free Image on Pixabay - Map, New, York, State, Geography." Free Vector Graphic: Map, New, York, State, Geography. N.p., n.d. Web. 28

     Oct. 2016. <https://pixabay.com/en/map-new-york-state-geography-43774/>.

 

"Free Image on Pixabay - One, Usa, Banknote, Business, Money." Free Photo: One, Usa, Banknote, Business, Money. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct.   

     2016. <https://pixabay.com/p-69528/?no_redirect>.

 

 History.com Staff. "Articles of Confederation." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 28 Oct. 2016.

 

 "New Jersey Senate." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016.

     <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Jersey_Senate>.

 

 N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016. <https://c1.staticflickr.com/3/2587/3892569217_d77b99d603_b.jpg+>.

 

N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016. <https://c1.staticflickr.com/7/6224/6263542143_28e02e831e_b.jpg>.

 

N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016. <https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Articles_of_confederation_and_perpetual_union.jpg>.

 

N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016. <https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/Jay's-treaty.jpg>.

 

N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016. <https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d2/Wilson-war-message-1917.jpg>.

 

N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016.

    

     <https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/09/Seal_of_the_United_States_Department_of_the_Navy.svg/2000px-

    

     Seal_of_the_United_States_Department_of_the_Navy.svg.png>.

 

N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016.

 

    <https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/19/Emblem_of_the_United_States_Department_of_the_Army.svg/2000px-

    

     Emblem_of_the_United_States_Department_of_the_Army.svg.png>.

 

N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Down_Arrow_Icon.png+>.

 

N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016. <https://images2.alphacoders.com/184/184252.jpg+>.

 

N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016. <https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a7/USPresidentialSeal.jpg>.

 

"Stick Figure Person." Stick Figure Person. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016. <http://www.clipartbest.com/stick-figure-person>.

 

"UH - Digital History." UH - Digital History. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016.

 

"United States Congress." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016.

    

     <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Congress>.

 

"US Constitution." Flickr. Yahoo!, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016. <https://www.flickr.com/photos/thorne-enterprises/498309798>.

 

"Utah State OpenCourseWare." — Free Online Course Materials. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2016.