Canadian History 

by: Fritz Sarigumba










My family and I arrive in Canada from ukraine. It took us months to get here. Our first stop is at Quebec City, After that, we heard an announcer saying " families who are going to prairies will travel by train over there" and he pointed the train not too far from where we are standing. We immediately  went to train station. It approximately took 8 hours of travel. Finally we arrived in Manitoba safely.

It is already fall here and it is cold, we immediately plan our dream house because we know that in coming months the winter will take over. We know this because ukraine has winter time too. The only resources that we have is a sod. Luckily, I have 2 sons 14 years of age which means that they can help us digging and building our temporary sod house. The place that the government give us  is so wide and you can even see if there's a thunder storm coming. There are also families building a sod house not too far from where we live.

After 3 weeks, our sod house is done. It is really hard to make this house. We face a lot of challenges, everything in praries is extreme. The land was flat and treeless and the sky seemed to go on forever. On a tall-grass prairie, the grass sometimes grew to be more than 6 feet tall.

It is winter already and luckily we have our house finished. Winter here is so cold and long. The Blizzards are so strong that it trap our livestocks.

Building a home and establishing a farm was a challenge for us and also for the most families living in here but the free land, abundant wildlife, and richness of the soil made the challenge hard to resist.


 Journal in 1902








The Allies' Triumph

Troops were given detailed information on the terrain and the location of enemy strong points, and were shown models and maps of the battlefield based on aerial photographs of the ridge.

On the next three days, the canadian corps captured all german defense who are left.  The swift victory was achieved primarily through an excellent artillery preparation and creeping barrage. Also, effective infantry tactics (“leaning on the barrage”), poor German defensive plans, the sleet as cover, and the use of underground caves and tunnels contributed to the success. 

The fighting left 3,598 Canadians dead, and another 7,000 wounded. There were an estimated 20,000 casualties on the German side.The Canadian Corps had achieved the greatest single Allied advance on the Western Front, to that point in the war.

April 13 1917, is the victorious day for the allies. The allies once again successfully defeat the german aggressions In the battle of Vimy Ridge on Vimy Northern France.

It's the first time in world war 1, the four canadian divisions attacked together as the canadian corps. They were led by Sir Arthur William Currie, who was the first Canadian-appointed commander of the Canadian Corps  April 9, 1917, Clark Johnson, one of the soldiers of canadian corps that captured german soldiers in vimy ridge says "It is Easter Sunday and there is sleet storm happening, we keep forward and took nearly all of it objectives on schedule that day." 








In 1980, referendum taking place in Quebec, Pierre Trudeau was the Prime Minister. Trudeau wasn't happy of Levesque of his plan about the referendum. Trudeau was a strong believer that all provinces must remain together  as a federation and support each other as not wanting to separate to each other.

Trudeau stated that he would raise the issue of amending the Canadian Constitution if the majority is No in the referendum.  

On 1980 referendum, there were 1,478,200 voted for yes to negotiations with 40.5% and there were 2,171,913, voted for no to negotiations with 59.5%. Since mOst quebec voted for No regarding to separation, trudeau processed of patriating the Canadian Constitution.

Despite of the loss the PQ government was re-elected in the 1981 provincial election. The federal government of Trudeau renewed its efforts to patriate the Canadian Constitution and succeeded.



The Quebec Referendum was led by Prime Minister Rene Levesque a leader and founder of the Parti Quebecois Party. Rene Levesque wanted Quebec to be separated from Canada. Levesque wanted this separation because he believes that Quebec was being mistreated due to the French language. Also, He believes that Quebec was a distinct province within Canada that lacked attention and support from the Federal Government as well as the rest of the Candinas provinces and citizens. Lastly, he believes that French Language and culture was being ignored by the federal government.


Quebec Referendum 1980

World War II    Propaganda

To encourage every Canadians to join or support the WAR





Sifton's greatest accomplishment was the organization of a massive immigration into the Canadian West. From 1880 to 1891 over one million Canadians and immigrants had left Canada for the United States. A born organizer, he eliminated the bureaucratic fumbling that frustrated settlers trying to buy land, simplified procedures, centralized decisions, and orchestrated a massive publicity campaign in Europe and North America. He dispatched lecturers to fall fairs in the United States and distributed pamphlets and ads in thousands of American newspapers. Sifton's campaign stands as the greatest and most successful public relations campaign in Canadian history, bringing more than two million newcomers to Canada between 1896 and 1911. 
Sifton resigned from the federal cabinet on February 27, 1905, following a dispute with Laurier over school policy for the new provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan.
Sifton died on April 17, 1929, in New York, where he had gone to consult a specialist in heart disease. 

Many considered him ruthless and unprincipled, but Sifton was a man of exceptional achievement. He had a deep and persistent faith in Canada's future, and he left an imposing monument in the settlement and development of one of the world's greatest agricultural areas, the Canadian West.

Clifford Sifton, lawyer, politician, newspaper publisher, and office holder was born in a farmhouse near Arva, Canada West (Ontario), on March 10, 1861. 
Clifford attended two Methodist institutions, Wesley College in Winnipeg and Victoria College in Cobourg, Ontario and Clifford graduated in 1880 as the gold medalist.
Clifford won his first provincial election in Brandon North as a Liberal in 1888.As attorney general of Manitoba, 1891-1895, he inherited the volatile, complex school issue that turned on the rights guaranteed to French and Catholic Manitobans to support their own schools. His passionate opposition to religious instruction in the schools brought him to national prominence. The issue was tearing Manitoba apart and presenting an intractable thorn in the side of the French and Catholic prime minister, Wilfrid Laurier.