10 Significant Events of the 20th Century: 

 1) Historical Perspective:  How did the past event "mold" future events? Historical perspective also shows the negative/ positive effect through the eyes of multiple primary sources. How did the past event cause people to act in that particular era?

                                                                                                                                    

 

2) Continuity and Change: Did the past event change anything significant during the particular era? Did the past event decline progress within the community, or was it vice versa? Did it cause a turning point within the culture of Canada during that time?

                                                                                                                              

 

 

3) Historical Significance: Was the impact of the event on the majority of Canada? Were the effects long lasting as well as a major change in the social, political or economic field in Canada. Did the importance of the event shift for various people over time?

                                                                                                                               

 

 

4) Cause and Consequence: What was the cause of the past event; long term ideology, short-term motivations, e.t.c? What were the consequences of the event, were they long lasting, did they effect a major amount of people and did they influence future significant events?

 

                                                                                                                              

 

Criteria:  

Federal Immigration Act, 1900:

Historical Perspective:

The Federal Immigration act greatly benefitted the economic as well as the political field in Canada. In the late 19th century, Canada's prairie provinces were opened to settlement, although it was not until a market developed for the prairie agricultural output that serious settlement began. This increased the demand for farm goods, especially hard wheat, which inflicted with the election of Wilfrid Laurier, thus Laurier thought a compromise would be best.  In order to meet the needs of the public, they would make immigration easier from other countries, but he would also put a head tax so the government benefits greatly. These events caused by the Immigration act relate to historical perspective through its ability to shape future events as well as its contribution to the social standards saw fit in the 20th century. This is seen through the fact that the increase in the economy led to Canada becoming a first world country, which led to our technical revolution, overall allowing Canada to prosper in trade and give everyone the benefits deserved.

 

The Federal Immigration policy has molded future events, even to this day. When the first large-scale immigration happened, it caused a lot of growth within the prairie economies, leading to an abundance of success within the immigrant communities as well as the fact that the prairies economy was becoming one of the fastest growing economies. Inevitably, it led to the unity of Canada, yet it also caused a lot of hate towards immigrants, which eventually was shoved onto the Native Americans.  The unity of Canada is also a big event, caused by the immigration act, that molded Canada together as the Canadian transcontinental railway, which was made by immigrants, brought together every province as well as it allowed the immigrants to take over the western area, which possibly stopped the U.S.A from taking over Canada's main area of income (oil, agriculture, and diamonds)! The reason for the cultural hate was because by bringing in thousands of immigrants, the already existing Canadians couldn't find any jobs for themselves, and the fact that another different looking man was beating in intelligence just infuriated all of them. This led to laws being passed to decrease immigration and limit the freedoms that the immigrants had. This wasn't the end of it because since all the hatred was being put onto the immigrants, the only way for the immigrants to work effectively was to find their own stress outlet.So, they shifted all their negativity towards the Native Americans, causing massive arguments and small violent disputes within their communities, changing the social ethics during that time.

 

In conclusion, this shows that the federal immigration act was the most important event, as it caused further  consequences that led to Canada's lifestyle changing- economically and socially- which allowed us to contribute to world wars or other events that further solidified our independence from the British. Even though there was a negative view towards the Indians, if it weren't for the negative view, Canada would have never learned to overcome social problems- like with the Indians- which would have allowed no progress in Canada's social boundaries.

The Most Significant Event: 

The Most Significant Event:

Pictures:

Which lead to cultural disputes

But Canada learned from their mistakes

This lead to an

increase in farming

The Second Most Significant Event:

World War 1, 1914:

Cause and Consequence/ historical perspective:

World War 1 is full of cause and consequences, but before getting into the major part, consequences, it is important to know the cause. The two main reasons for the war are the alliances between countries and the assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand. When the Arch Duke was assassinated by a Serbian terrorist group, the Austria-Hungarian empire was furious, thus leading them to go extreme lengths by declaring war on Serbia. This unintentionally brought in the alliances of both countries, thus bringing in the alliances of the countries, overall ending up with a world war. Now, the reason for choosing cause and consequence for this event is because the first world war's consequences were long lasting, it affected all off Canada and it also affected future events, thus tying in with historical perspective.

 

The primary consequence of the war was that the country fundamentally changed. The war caused a high death toll, a long struggle, the rights of immigrants being revoked, many civil laws being rescinded, and even the great economy had started to fade. These were all the little consequences caused during the war, yet if put all together, it is seen that Canada as a whole lost a lot. This lead to another consequence that was the downfall of the economy; which can be seen through Borden’s efforts in the 1917 election, which carried the nation to victory in the short term, but fractured the country along regional, cultural, linguistic, and class lines. In fact, English and French relations were never lower, and accusations of French traitors and English militarists were not forgotten. Yet, after years of this non-progressiveness, the labour done by many caused a  push for more rights, first through negotiations, and then through strikes. Which, ultimately got back the social order needed for Canada's survival, except one thing was different; no races were segregated due to the new common enemy, the central power countries.

 

Another consequence was that the war changed the agreement between Canada and the British Commonwealth. As the British started to re-evaluate their current predicament, they found it wise to allow the already independent worthy Canada, to become independent with the treaty of Westminister. This was possibly the most long lasting effect as, throughout the 19th century, Canada was able to continue acts that may not have been sanctioned by the British, therefore pushing Canada to its social and economic boundaries, making Canada dozens of new allies.

 

The last major consequence due to the first world war is that despite the social and political challenges of the post-war, most Canadians also emerged from the struggle believing they had done important and difficult things together. Their primary fighting force at the front, the Canadian Corps, had achieved a first-class reputation as one of the most effective formations on the Western Fron and the country itself enjoyed an international standing that few observers in 1914 could have predicted.

 

The Second Most Significant Event:

Pictures:

Which helped Canada separate from Britain

Allowing us to create free trade!

Since Canada is loyal to Britain, they

are "forced" to join in.

The Third Most Significant Event:

Great Depression, 1831:

Continuity and Change:

The events that caused the great depression were minuscule, but when both the banks and the stock market crashed at the same time, the amount of money lost totaled in the billions! This lead to the change in the government income system, it significantly decreased progress within the country and it caused a turning point in the economic field; making it more the reason to use continuity and change as the primary criteria. 

 

The first part of criteria that puts it in third place is that the great depression caused how the government used taxes for the benefits of the people. Mackenzie King, prime minister during the beginning of it, refused to provide federal aid to the provinces, and only introduced moderate relief efforts. Once the government realized this was not going to solve the long-term complications, the Bennet government was put into place, which eventually led to a relief system for all provinces used to this day (also know as the "new deal"). This event is extremely important in Canadian culture as it allowed us to put in many support systems in case of another economic downfall, but it is only third because the immigration policy significantly increased our economy, thus if our economy wasn't so high we would have increased our debt a lot more than what previously happened. The war is also more important than the great depression because the first world war's debts actually caused a major part of the deficit in the great depression, thus making the war the primary source of negative outcomes, and more significant than the depression.

 

The other part of criteria that ranks this event as third on the significance scale is the fact that the decreased progress within the country caused a turning point in the economic field. Canada's economy at the time was just starting to shift from primary industry (farming, fishing, and logging) to manufacturing, but when the depression plunged, exports of raw materials plunged, and employment, and profits fell in every sector. This stopped Canada's progression into the socially/stable country it became near the end of the 20th century, and instead into a half poverty stricken company, hence the change part of the criteria. But, this change was not the only one; because the government realized their wrongings, the government attempted to uplift the people with two national corporations: (CRBC), and the

Bank of Canada. It was seen as a means to keep the country unified  in these hard economic times, and it was the cause of an increase in employment and productivity in change, hence more change. Yet, the change isn't as major as the change with the other two events as the other two events also unified and significantly affected economy and they increased ties with other countries.

The Third Most Significant Event: Pictures:

                                                         

 

 

The war caused lots of debt

Assassination of the Duke caused a war

The government starts to help

The Fourth Most Significant Event:

Canada Gains Independence, 1918- 1931:

Historical Significance:

 Canada became independent for many reasons; the major reason being that the English loyalists within Canada finally realized that Britain would much more side with another country for diplomatic interests, than side with their own territory (Alaska Panhandle). This changed the opinion of the British population within Canada, and with the help of the french Canadians, Canada was able to separate from Britain regarding independence. Thus, for this reason, the criteria, the historical significance would be the best criteria because the impact was on all of Canada, the effects still affect us today on our economic as well as social field, and the event has shifted in significance over time.

 

 The independence act has affected every living soul in Canada whether we know it or not. As long as Canada regarded the king as their majesty, Canada was able to do anything they wanted, without the ruling of Britain. This affected each citizen as it meant there was no need to choose to help in Britain only wars- which kept international political affairs down between french Canadians and the English. It also meant that Canada need not send money to Britain, yet we can still make trades with their country and other countries Britain previously blocked us from doing so; benefitting Canada on an economic as well as social scale (by making allies with other countries.

 

Next, the independence act has benefitted us to this day as it allowed for constant trade with not only Britain but with America and other countries that were previously shunned from the Britain domain. This allowed huge agreements between Canada and other trading giants (U.S.A) to prosper, and because of the free trade agreement between the two countries listed above, it allowed Canada's manufacturing companies to outperform all predictions made in the 20th century, making Canada's economy big enough to support even more government facilities for the citizens, thus permanently increasing the lifestyle of the average Canadian to luxurious (compared to Africa or other countries back then.

 

Lastly, the independence act signifies historical significance fully as the last part of the criteria states that the significance shifts over time, and it has. As the years, went on, Canada prospered from the independence act, making it the most significant thing at the time. But after the great depression everyone was left in disarray, and all the work put into making a solid economy shattered. If it weren't for the strong base put in by the immigrants, Canada surely would have needed help from Britain. Thus, the significance of the independence act went down from first to second after the depression.

 

 Now, It is only fourth as Canada would never have gotten this far- in terms of development- without the immigrant economic boost or the war as both showed Canada as a highly evolving country, in turn helping Canada separate from Britain. The great depression also is more important as it taught Canada to take good care of their economy as well as find a way to prosper from even the worst of situations.

The Fourth Most Significant Event: Pictures:

The independence act came into act:

Canada now increases trade with the U.S.A

English and French relations increase

The Fifth Most Significant Event:

World War 2, 1939-1945:

Cause and Consequences:

World war 2 war was primarily caused by the treaty of Versailles. This treaty pushed Germans to the brink as it limited their freedoms by taking away land, money and even protection from their army. Now, cause and consequences were chosen for this event because this event taps into both future events caused by the consequence as well as how WW2 effects were long lasting.

 

 Firstly, the effects of WW2 were long lasting in two cases. First being, WW2 helped create penicillin- due to trials on soldiers- which allowed for the long lasting treatment of diabetes; which was a huge problem as 1% of the population had diabetes, meaning certain death. The other cases was that post WW2, a tremendous amount of children were born as soldiers realized they might not live as long as they thought. This, in turn, created a huge new generation that still exists to this day, and even when they die, their offspring will carry out the huge increase in population created.

 

Next being, the consequences of WW2 does tap into future events as troops were made up of black and aboriginal peoples, which advanced the cause of civil rights in Canada. This allowed for all cultures to work in harmony for the sake of one sole cause, allowing Canada to become a more diverse and accepting multicultural country in the late 1900's.

 

In conclusion, WW2 is ranked as the fifth most important event because even though it had huge effects on the well beings of the citizens, it didn't compare to the tragedies committed during the depression, nor did could its effects rival the valuable teachings taught by the immigrants, while the main moral of the second world war taught that war was not as patriotic everyone thought it to be.

 

 

 

The Fifth Most Significant Event: Pictures:

 

Treaty of Versailles caused WW2

Which created penicillin and the baby boom

Which led to a more diverse culture

The Sixth Most Significant Event:

Post-War Boom Times, 1945-1959:

Continuity and Change:

 

The baby boom set Canada on the population increase it needed, yet who would have thought death would be the cause of life? The only reason the baby boom happened is because when the soldiers had come back from their rigorous journey, they realized they might die soon, and so to prolong their family tree, the majority of soldiers had children; hence the huge increase in children. This is a perfect event to be examined using the criteria, continuity, and change because the event caused enormous changes within the era as well as both a decline and incline in progress. 

 

Firstly, the baby boom caused enormous changes within society as a whole. The increase in population caused many Canadian families moved to suburban communities to escape the crowding in the cities. Increased labor cause amazing economic progress which contributed to newer and better products on the market. But there was also a downside in the baby boom; it caused a huge gap between ages, overall making new cultures that rampaged through Canada like a wild fire, causing more idiotic crimes done by idiotic adolescents.

 

 The other part of the criteria that places this event as the sixth significant is that the baby boomers caused both a decline as well as an incline in progress. This is quite easy to justify as, during the early years of the new born children, they caused a huge upscale in the dependency load of Canada. This made projects that would benefit Canada in the long run non-existent as the government funding was all being put into new education, homes, e.t.c. The point at where the progress inclines is when they children turn 13 as back then, they could get a job. They didn't need a taxpayer to take care of them now, instead they benefitted society by paying bills and becoming something in life. Once all the baby boomers reached young adulthood, they became a huge source for Canada as now the majority of the population was supporting the government, allowing for the programs that would push Canada as number one in every field to happen.

 

 

In conclusion, the baby boomers were exactly what Canada needed to look like a nation. Canada has money, power, technology, but they still lacked population until 1945. Still, the reason it is 6th most significant is because the increase is a benefit Canada needed, but it wasn't as important as creating multicultural ties (found in the fifth event) because that allowed Canada to run peacefully without any huge hate fueled crimes coming to life; thus keeping it from becoming more important than the fifth event, and so on.

The Sixth Most Significant Event:

The Sixth Most Significant Event: Pictures:

Which caused a huge ethnic diversity

Post WW2 caused lots of babies

The Seventh Most Significant Event:

The Quiet Revolution, 1960:

Historical Perspective:

 

The Quiet Revolution was started due to an imbalance of powers between the french Canadians and the English in the government. The revolution changed how the whole government system works as well as it showed how bigotry was still common in french grounds; thus it would only be fit to evaluate the revolution under the terms of Historical Perspective as the consequences listed above fall into its category.

 

Firstly, the government system change was caused by the french revolution as it showed the french wanted equal recognition in the country. After the war, the french province completely modernized itself from its old extremely catholic ways. Still, many Quebeckers felt that the change wasn't happening fast enough, thus an openly separatist Quebec government, led by Premier Rene Levesque who was elected in 1976, which caused a referendum on separation from Canada was held in 1980. It failed, but the dynamic of Canadian-Quebec relations had forever been changed, causing major change on how the government treated Quebec.

 

Next, the event showed how bigotry was still a little bit of the norm as Quebec only tried to leave Canada as their heritage was threatened. This was because everyone believed Quebec to be a very traditional place, but with a new generation of Quebecers coming along, the province really became modernized, leading to a false bigoted claim.

 

In conclusion, the quiet revolution fixed all cultural mishaps stuck in the crevasses of Canada. Still, the revolution didn't have any economic or political changes, as its only purpose was to make Quebec get the recognition they deserve, which did happen and post the revolution Quebec was restored to order.

The Seventh Most Significant Event: Pictures:

Which led to the government giving more rights

Led to referendum

The Eighth Most Significant Event:

A Good Constitution, 1980:

Historical Significance:

Pierre Trudeau believed that much of Canada’s French-English tension could be alleviated under a new constitution that both protected Quebec’s French language and culture while also respecting the principle that all citizens were equal under the law. This created a social controversy that lasted for 2 years, but it finally paid off when the constitution revitalised the bilingual nation throughout the country, hence the reason for choosing historical significance as the evaluator.

 

The reason the constitution was significant is because the constitution built upon the principles of freedom. It allowed all citizens to have the right to speak either French or English, while a new charter of rights finally enshrined the basic civil rights of all Canadians, including freedom of speech, religion, and movement. Overall, this affected everyone in Canada as now everyone had the right to speak french, allowing for the language to prosper in provinces like B.C or Alberta. This also made a huge effect as it  showed Canada as a peaceful place, making it the ideal place for refugees and other immigrants to come for a new life, in fact after the charter was put in, over 50 thousand immigrants came the next year.

 

As seen, the constitution puts our rights permanently in the book, and even though it helped bring in more immigrants, this constitution was the consequence of the Quiet Revolution, making the Seventh event the primary and more significant source in history.

The Eighth Most Significant Event: Pictures:

The freedom act led to an increase in immigrants which produced more income for the government

The Ninth Most Significant Event:

Canada's First Nuclear Machines, 1947:

Cause and Consequences/ historical perspective:

In 1944, approval was given to proceed with the construction of  a test reactor at Chalk River, Ontario on September 5th, and in 1947 the first reactor in Canada was a success. This deserves to be under the cause and consequence section because the consequences were everlasting during the 20th century, and it even affected further nuclear events in the future, which also relate to historical perspective.

 

Firstly, the consequences of making the first nuclear reactor were everlasting because after the first nuclear reactor was built, and was successful, an additional 18 were created, resulting in 20% of hydroelectricity being from the nuclear reactors. This indirectly also comes into play on how the first nuclear event caused future nuclear reactors as the electrical engineers saw their efficiency as well as effectiveness in producing electricity. The nuclear reactor is also significant as it increased science funding from the government, which in turn help create projects like the Anik-A1 to help citizens with everyday tasks.

 

In conclusion, the first nuclear reactor was important for the scientific development within the country, but this event only furthered our scientific developments which wouldn't be possible without a stable economy to support it, which could only have happened if the immigrants came and the free trade acts had happened.

The Ninth Most Significant Event:

Pictures:

This first reactor led to 6 more being created, which equaled over 30% of electricity in Canada in 1990

The Tenth Most Significant Event:

Avro Arrow, 1959:

Historical Perspective:

The "Avro Arrow" project was an amazing project that could have revolutionized the aerospace project. It was so advanced that even the Americans couldn't face the technology of that caliber. Thus, instead of taking it as a challenge, America bullied Canada by saying they wouldn't pay for the planes, thus resulting into too high of a cost for the planes. Thus, historical perspectives would be the best criteria as the Avro Arrow project displays the molding of future events, as well as the mixed reactions of the Canadian citizens.

 

Firstly, the Avro Arrow project molded future projects as its demise was the sole consequence of what built NASA up to where it is today. After the Avro Arrow project was cancelled, everyone that worked on the project either retired or went to NASA. This allowed NASA to advance on project Mercury, creating the first ever spacecraft for America, which eventually led to Canada's contribution in Nasa, and then the Canadian Space Agency.

 

 

The Avro Arrow also relate to historical perspective as the Avro Arrow was the epitome of mixed reactions. Starting with the owner of the plane project, he, in turn was so disappointed he fired 14 thousand employees. Also, the majority of the population felt the same, and even some resorted to blind hatred against America by believing false rumors. It was only the government and businessmen that found cancelling the project would be smart as they found the cost of nuclear-tipped missile.

 

In conclusion, the Avro Arrow is the last significant event, as like the nuclear reactor, it is a scientific marvel in its time. In 1959, not one aircraft could break the sound barrier, but this aircraft could. Yet, it isn't as significant as the other events as those involved a direct link with a massive amount of people and they all involved the well-being of Canada, still it is significant as it shows that Canada is a country that can stand on its own and that it has earned its spot as a high economic country. 

The Tenth Most Significant Event: Pictures:

This sparked controversy

Was shut down due to costs

But it put Canada on the technological map