What is the Constitution and the Articles of Confederation?

They are both documents written to form an American government and state basic laws and freedoms.

 

The Articles of Confederation was drafted in 1781 and it was the document of the first American government after the Revolutionary War.

It consisted of one branch of government, and that branch had power to control foreign affairs, money, and declare war.

 

The constitution was drafted in 1787 because the Articles of Confederation didn’t work as good as it was supposed too.

 

The new government under the constitution consisted of three branches instead of one to make sure power would stay in balance.

The Executive branch consists of the president and the people who work with him

  • The Legislative branch consist of congress. Congress is the House of Representatives and Senate. These are the people that can pass laws, but for a law to be passed the house and senate have to both aprove it then it is sent to the preident who will aprove it or veto it..



The Judicial branch consists of the court system. Its job it to interpret the Constitution and review laws.

Constitution

  • Each state has two votes from the Senate and the amount of votes the House of Representatives gets depends on the state's population

  • Over 50% of congress passing a law will then go to the president to get a signature to pass legislation

Articles of Confederation

  • Each state has one vote regardless of size

  • 9/3 of the states had to vote the same to pass legislation

  • How the states were represented

Articles of Confederation

  • Asked states for tax money

  • Most control was given to states

 

Constitution

  • Could tax individuals

  • Could regulate trade

  • Congress could raise an army

  • Federal laws and federal court

Government powers

Similarities and differences

 

  • Established by same people

  • Official governments of united states

  • Every state had to obey by the documents

 

  • 1 branch vs 3 branches

  • Main power to federal gov instead of states

  • All states had to agree to pass an amendment opposed to ¾ of states to pass an amendment



Fedral-  relating to a form of government in which power is shared between government and individual states

Veto- The power the president has to deny a bill from passing

Interpret- To understand and explain the meaning of somthing

Legislation- Laws rules and regulations

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"Balance Scale." Flickr. Yahoo!, n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2016.

 
 

"Comparison of Constitution and Articles of Confederation." — Free Online Course Materials. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2016.

 
 

"History of the United States Congress." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2016.

 
 

"Military Career of George Washington." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2016.

 

"Supreme Court of the United States." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2016.

 

"United States Congress." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2016.

 
 

"United States Congressional Apportionment." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2016.

 

"United States Congressional Apportionment." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2016.

 

Neonblondie17, By. "Differences and Similarities of the Constitution and the Articles of Confederation." High School American Government. N.p., 04 Oct. 2013. Web. 18 Oct. 2016.