World Geography Project on Canada's Population Patterns

Canada Population Patterns


Lexi B., Anika F., Ben A.,  Cameron M.

  • Most immigrants came to Canada in search of political and religious freedom.

  • Loyalists fled to Canada from America after the Revolutionary War.

  • One-third of Canadians identify as being mixed ethnic origins.

  • 1 million people identify as Native American, Inuit, or mixed European and Native American ancestry.

  • 90% of their population live along the U.S. - Canada border.

  • Most of the population lives in urban areas

  • Toronto is the most populated city in Canada


Facts From Textbook and Outside Sources


  • Average population density is about 8 people per square mile.

  • In the past 100 years, most internal migration has been west to the Prairie Provinces.

  • More densely populated areas are clustered near waterways and in places that support agriculture.

  • Due to the discovery of oil and natural gas in the west in the 1960’s many people have migrated to the west.

  • Cities

    • Toronto-Industrial and financial center

    • Montreal- Industrial and shipping center

    • Vancouver- Handles almost all trade between canada and Asia

    • Edmonton- grew with the development of the petroleum industry


  • Annual births: 377,636

  • Immigration to Canada: 248,748 was the new permanent residents in 2011.



Facts From Textbook and Outside Sources


This relates because it shows the population distribution of people in Canada. The darker colors get (on the key) the more people per square mile.


This shows how most of the people in Canada are in Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia, and Alberta. This is an issue because they could have more people in the other areas but the climate will not allow for it. This relates to this chapter because is showing a pattern in the population.


  • The northern part of Canada very cold and covered in forest so 90% of the population lives along the U.S./ Canada border.

  • Upwards of 90% of northern Canada is uninhabitable.

  • Even in the areas that are considered “uninhabitable” can drop to temperatures below

-40º C



Connection to last unit:

This connects to last unit because we talked about different weather, climate and land features and how it affects the country. In this situation the cold climate and Dense forest affects where the majority of the population lives. It also relates because you could use GIS to show where the population lives and how the different land features affect that.




Connections to Land and Climate

1) Toronto, Canada’s exact location of 43.6532° N, 79.3832° W and has the largest population out of all of Canada’s cities. Toronto’s population is, 2.615 million.


2)Canada’s population density is 8 people per square mile.


3)Urbanization is a big vocab word for canada’s population patterns because a lot of the population lives in Canada’s urban areas down by the border.





3 Vocab Words