Civil War Booklet
By: Logan Guenther
Definition of Civil War
Civil War- a war between citizens of the same country
- South carolina
- North carolina
- Robert E. Lee
- Stonewall Jackson
- J.E.B. Stuart
- Nathan Bedford Forrest
- James Longstreet
- Braxton Bragg
- George Pickett
- Bloody Bill Anderson
- John Mosby
- P.G.T. Beauregard
- A.P. Hill
- Kirby Smith
- John Bell Hood
- Albert Sidney Johnston
- Barnard Bee
- Joseph Johnston
- Jubal Early
- Lewis Armistead
- Porter Alexander
- Richard Ewell
Their primary aim of the war was to win recognition as an independant nation.
The south decided to prepare and wait for the north to attack. Their plan was to weaken the northern army, but this backfired. They tried to cut off Europe's supply of cotton, thinking that Europe would help them in exchange for goods, but instead Europe chose to get their cotton from India and Egypt. As a result, they didn't have money to pay for guns and maintain their armies.
- fight a defensive war - knew the territory they were fighting on
- trained soldiers - hunting skills and attended military school
- believed in the cause because it was for their independence
- few railroads to transport troops and supplies
- small population to volunteer for army and make supplies
Secession Events and Causes of the Civil War
The Battle of Second Bull Run was caused when Union general George McClellan and his forces were nearly defeated. General Pope and his forces were trying to meet with McClellan to mount a counterattack and defeat the Confederate forces near them. Confederate General Robert Lee found out about this and moved to attack them before they met. He sent Stonewall Jackson and his forces to cut off Pope and hopefully stop them from meeting.
After many flank's and attacks Confederate forces pushed Union troops back and forced them to retreat to Washington. Confederate forces hoped this would mean that the next incursion for them would be into Northern Territory. The Union had about 1,716 men killed in this battle and 8,215 wounded. The Confederacy had about 1,305 men killed in the Battle of Second Bull Run and 7,048 wounded.
The Union had John Pope in charge of their forces in the Battle of Second Bull Run. The Union had about 70,000 troops in this battle to fight for them.
Confederate forces led by Stonewall Jackson were sent By General Robert Lee to stop Union general John Pope from reaching fellow general George McClellan's almost defeated forces. Lee was planning on attacking Pope before he could get to McClellan but his planned was foiled when Pope and his forces hid in nearby Rappahannock. Lee then made a daring call and sent Jackson and his forces to flank the opposing forces. Pope's forces retreated but when Jackson's forces followed them, he made a bold decision as well when he had other Union forces make several attacks on Jackson. Lee arrived the next morning and Union and Confederate forces were all together. Lee's forces then went at a left flank and Forced Pope's forces to retreat.
The Battle of Second Bull Run began on August 28,1862. The Battle ended two days later on August 30,1862.
Battle of Second Bull Run
- Bull Run
- Manassas Junction
- Central Virginia
The Confederacy had Robert E. Lee in charge of their forces for this battle. The confederacy had 55,000 troops to fight in this battle for them.
After Union General Ambrose Burnside resigned his command Joseph Hooker became the new leader over the Army of Potomac. Hooker rebuilt the army from the previous battle and launced a campaign against confederate general Robert Lee. Lee struck before Hooker could manage a counterattack. Lee divided his troops for the assualt. Lee's troops flanked Hooker from the right and from behind and his troops stood no chance. They were surrounded and forced Hooker and his men to retreat.
After General Hooker and his men were surrounded it meant an obvious defeat for the Union. Lee and his forces were too much for the Union troops to fight off and handle. When they were flanked from many directions they couldn't defend all sides. This battle proved that strategy was important and planning as well instead of just going in blind a plan can lead you to vicoty as it did the Confederacy. The Union recorded 1,694 men killed and 9,672 men wounded. The Confederacy recorded 1,724 men killed and 9,233 wounded.
The Battle of Chancellorsville was caused when Union General Hooker was put in command of the army of Potomac. He was replacing general Ambrose Burnside who had resigned command. He was told to get his forces back together and go after the remaining forces of Confederate General Robert Lee. President Lincoln wanted results especially since his previous generals either failed him or didn't follow his orders. Hooker knew this and wanted to bring a Union victory back.
After General Ambrose Burnside resigned command over the Army of Potomac General Joseph Hooker was put in charge and lead the Union troops in this battle. Their were about 97,382 Union troops in the Battle of Chancellorsville.
The Battle of Chancellorsville started on April 30th, 1863. The battle ended many days later on May 6th, 1863.
Battle of Chancellorsville
The Confederacy had Robert E. Lee in charge of their forces for this battle. Their were about 57,352 soldiers fighting for the Confederacy in the Battle of Chancellorsville.
Surrender at Appomattox
After many defeats Confederate General Robert E. Lee moved his army west of Virginia. He was hoping to get together with confederate forces that could stop the Union army that was chasing him. The Union army however didn't let that by and blocked Lee and his armies escape. Lee and his troops surrendered on April 9th, 1865. Lee and his army surrendered in a small Virginia village which was called Appomatox Court House.
Surrender at Appomattox and Terms of Surrender
Terms of Surrender
After General Robert Lee and his troops surrendered the Union made terms they would have to follow. The first term they would have to follow was the confederate soldiers had to lay down their arms but then were free to go home. The second term was that the Union allowed them to keep their horses. The Union even ordered three days worth of food sent to Lee's troops.
Why was he Important?
Abraham Lincoln was an important part of the Civil War because he was dedicated to saving the Union. Abraham Lincoln wanted to bring the Southern states back and stop slavery which was the cause of the civil war. Abraham Lincoln was also important in the war itself. Abraham Lincoln got rd of many generals in the civil war. The change of generals lead to Union victories. I believe that Abraham Lincoln may not admit this but he knew when he made certain decisions what happnened after he knew. When Lincoln passed the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 he not only freed slaves but he won the Union the war. Slaves then either left the south or stayed their but were free. If slaves went to the North after they were free they joined the Union military. It gave the North more troops who helped with their war efforts to win and many knew the south very well which helped in war tactics and strategies. So Abraham Lincoln won't just be remembered for being honest but he will be remembered for freeing slaves, winning the civil war for the Union, and for having smart decisions that led to many victories.
Important Person of the Civil War
Why was he important?
Robert E. Lee was the most important Confederate General. Lee won many battles and and pushed the Confederacy to try and win the war. Lee used many tactics and strategies with his battle attacks and defenses. Lee was part of most of the Civil War battles not because he could win them but he made sure to use great strategy and made many smart moves which lead to victories. Lee was probably the most talked about Confederate general because of his war wins and tactics. Lee was known to continue to fight on even when he knew the battle was lost. No other general has been remembered so much for both his wins and loses. Lee took many risks in battle as well. He would split up his forces to flank the enemies but he would give himself the lower amount of troops. General Robert E. Lee was a smart and well respected general and will be rememebered as someone who was important in the Civil War.
Important Person of the Civil War
Before the civil war began African Americans made up more than 30 percent in the confederacy. Many lived on plantations and worked on farms. Ohters were nurses in the military and by the end of the war about one sixth of the enslaved population fled to northern territories. Southerners refused to let african americans join the military. Towards the end of the war though many believed that African Americans can be great for the military and those who joined would earn their freedom. The south then passed a law enlisting African Americans. The war ended before any were called to battle. In the North however African Americans weren't permitted as soldiers. Although the Union army didn't accept them the Union navy did. Many African Americans helped greatly because of their knowledge of the South.
While the Civil War was going on women in the North and South became teachers and office workers. Some even managed farms. Lots of women lost husbands, brothers, fathers, and sons because of the war. Women did many jobs that helped soldiers and their sides armies. Women would roll bandages, wove blankets, and made ammunition. They raised money for supplies and would gather food, clothing, and medicine for the troops. Almost every women kept the war in their minds and was touched by some way. Women who lived in the south and was in the way of marching paths lost crops and homes. Some women served as spies in the war. Some women even disguised themselves as men and joined the military. Thousands of women surved as nurses in the war.
Children weren't uncommon in the war. Many children joined the armies and fought alongside their elders and family members. Some kids stayed home to take care of their households while their fathers were away. Some children even protected homefronts during the war. Others who were part of the war wondered what they were doing to children's future when they were part of the war. Some kids even took jobs to supoport their families. They would even take their father or even brother's jobs when they went to join the military.
A soldier didn't have an easy and luxurious life. When soldiers talked to their families they described how they saw and felt. When the war started men from the North and South rushed to volunteer. Soldiers normally lived in camps. In these camps however they would do drills, have bad food, marches, and have lots of rain. Both sides suffered many losses with the new weapons of the Civil War. Many soldiers deserted because of horror, hunger, and sickness. About 1 out of 11 Union soldiers deserted and about 1 out of 8 Confederate soldiers deserted.
Life During the Civil War