Civil War Booklet

 

 

                By: Logan Guenther

Definition of Civil War

 

Civil War- a war between citizens of the same country

Northern States

  • California
  • Oregon
  • Kansas
  • Iowa
  • Minnesota
  • Wisconsin
  • Illonois
  • Indiana
  • Michigan
  • Ohio 
  • New York
  • Pennslyvania
  • New Jersey
  • Conneticut
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont
  • New Hampshire
  • Massacusetts
  • Maine

Northern Nicknames

  • Union
  • Yankees

                         War Aims

1. The main goal of the north was to bring the southern states back into the union.

2. The North would blockade or close southern ports to prevent supplies from reaching the southand prevent the south from earning money with cotton production.

3. The North intended to gain control of the Mississippi River to cut southern supply lines and divide the Confederacy.

4.The North planned to take control of Richmond, Virginia the confederate capital. 

       

North Strategies

  The northern states tried to prevent southerners from getting the goods they needed during the war.  They shut down the ports along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico to prevent the south from shipping their cotton to Europe.  They also took over the Mississippi River with the plan to cut the confederacy in half, and strived to seize Richmond, the southern capitol.

                                                Northern Leaders

  • Abraham Lincoln
  •  Ulysses S. Grant
  • George Mcclellan
  • Robert Anderson
  • Nathaniel Banks
  • William Tecumseh Sherman
  • George Custer
  • Winfield Scott Hancock
  • Abner Doubleday
  • Ambrose Burnside
  • Arthur Macartur

 

 

The North

  • Benjamin Butler
  • Daniel Sickles
  • George Meade
  • George Thomas
  • Irvin Mcdowell
  • John Burford
  • John Pope
  • John Reynolds
  • Joseph Hooker
  • Joshua Chamberlain
  • Philip Sheridan
  • Olivier Howard
  • William Starke Rosecrans

North Strengths

  • large navy and fleet of trading ships
  • 70% of nations rail lines to transport food and troops
  • 4x free population to volunteer in army and work in factories
  • 90% of nations industry including factories to produce weapons and war supplies

North Weaknesses

  • few trained soldiers
  • traveled into unknown territories
  • long distances to transport troops and supplies
 

 

 
 
 

 

 
 

Southern States

  • Arkansas
  • Texas
  • Louisiana
  • Mississippi
  • Alabama
  • Georgia
  • Florida
  • South carolina
  • North carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia

Southern Leaders

  • Robert E. Lee
  • Stonewall Jackson
  • J.E.B. Stuart
  • Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • James Longstreet
  • Braxton Bragg
  • George Pickett
  • Bloody Bill Anderson
  • John Mosby
  • P.G.T. Beauregard
  • A.P. Hill
  • Kirby Smith
  • John Bell Hood
  • Albert Sidney Johnston
  • Barnard Bee
  • Joseph Johnston
  • Jubal Early
  • Lewis Armistead
  • Porter Alexander
  • Richard Ewell

War Aims

Their primary aim of the war was to win recognition as an independant nation.

The South

Southern Strategies     

The south decided to prepare and wait for the north to attack.  Their plan was to weaken the northern army, but this backfired.  They tried to cut off Europe's supply of cotton, thinking that Europe would help them in exchange for goods, but instead Europe chose to get their cotton from India and Egypt.  As a result, they didn't have money to pay for guns and maintain their armies. 

South Strengths

  • fight a defensive war - knew the territory they were fighting on
  • trained soldiers - hunting skills and attended military school
  • believed in the cause because it was for their independence

South Weaknesses

  • few railroads to transport troops and supplies
  • small population to volunteer for army and make supplies

 

 
 

 

Southern Nicknames

Confederacy

 

Rebels

Secession Events and Causes of the Civil War

What

On the day of LIncoln's inaugural address the commander of the fort Robert Anderson informed LIncoln that the base was low on supplies and the south ordered its surrender. Lincoln then told the governer of South Carolina that he was sending an unarmed expedition to send supplies to the base. The Confederacy then made the bold call and ordered the troops to start firing upon the fort. High seas didn't allow Union ships to come near the fort. The fort's battle was about 33 hours long and even though many shots were fired no one was killed.

Winner/Outcome

After the 33 hours of fighting in Charleston Harbor the south took control. The confederates hoisted their flag over the fort and all their guns in the harbor sounded a salute of triumphant. So after the battle the south took the lead in the civil war. Suprisingly even though there were many shots fired from both sides but, both sides had any casualties were recorded for either side.

When

The Battle of Fort Sumter occured on April 12th, 1861 and it ended on April 14th, 1861.

Why 

The battle of Fort Sumter was technically the first battle of the civil war. The south finally couldn't take what they could and could not do and left the Union. One of the last reasons that made them leave the Union and start the battle of Fort Sumter was president Lincoln being elected.  The sonfederacy was meaning to test Lincoln's vow to hold federal property.

North

    Leader for the Battle was Robert Anderson. For the Union  they were greatly outnumbered and had 85 soldiers in the Battle.

 

 

Battle of Fort Sumter

South 

Leader for the Battle was P.G.T Beauregard.

Their were about 500 confederate soldiers in the Battle of Fort Sumter.

Where

  • Fort Sumter
  • Charleston Harbor
  • South Carolina

What

The Battle of First Bull Run was supposed to be a day where the Union forces destroyed the Confederate troops with ease. The battle first began when a group of 30,000 union troops with no experience attacked a group of confederate forces who had less experience. The Union troops drove them back at first but the confederate troops rallied and held their ground with reinforcements from fellow troops led by Thomas Jackson. These new troops helped take control of the Unions right flank of troops. This took over the North's assualt and all Union troops fled back to D.C. 

 

Winner/Outcome

The winner of the Battle of First Bull Run was the Confederacy. When the Union's right side had been taken it ultimately ended their chances of winning and let the Confederacy take over from there. The North had 460 men killed and 1,124 wounded. The South had 387 men killed and 1,582 men wounded. So the battle ended in yet another defeat for the Union which would mean they would have to go back and change their plans if they wanted to win the war.

 

 

North

For the First Bull Run battle the North's leader was Irvin Mcdowell. The Union had about 28,450 men in this battle. For the North 460 men were killed and 1,124 were wounded.

    

 

 

When

The Battle of First Bull Run occured on July 21,1861. The battle ended a day later or July 22,1861.

 

Why

The battle of First Bull Run mainly happened because of influence on the North or Union. After the defeat in the Battle of Fort Sumter many people throughout the Northern states were eager for another fight that they hoped they would end up victorious. President Lincoln heard these rumors and signaled general Mcdowell to start his attack while the Confederate forces were offguard.

 

 

 

Battle of First Bull Run

Where

  • Northern Virginia
  • Manassas Junction
  • Bull Run

South

For the Battle of the First Bull Run the South's commanders were Joseph E. Johnston and P.G.T Beauregard. The Confederate force was consisted of 32,230 men. The south had 387 men killed and 1,582 men were wounded.

 

Why

The battle of Fort Donelson was caused mainly because the Union wanted to take control of the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers. The union forces just took over Fort Henry farther down the river and was trying to catch confederate forces offguard. The rivers are really important for the confederacy to move supplies and for trade as well, so the Union wanted to shut down key things that could help the confederacy win the war.

 

 

What

Union forces traveled along Tennessee and Cumberland rivers and the confederacy sent forces to try and protect their land. Union forces assembled a plan to move swiftly and move before confederate forces could attack. Union troops took gunboats down the river and moved towards Fort Donelson. Union forces made a couple of attcks on the fort. Thir first attempt ended in their retreat when reinforcements were sent to support the confederate forces. After this retreat Confederate forces drove the union back but, oddly enough confederate forces pulled back to their original territory. Union forces then fought back and took control of the battle.

 

Winner/Outcome

After the confederate forces turned back to their original groundworks it ultimately ended the battle for them. Union forces turned the tides and forced a confederate surrender. Confederate forces had the battle in their hands but made one mistake and gave their work to the Union. The Union had 507 men killed and 1,976 men wounded in the battle. The confederacy had 327 men killed and 1,127 men wounded in the battle.

 

When

The battle of Fort Donelson started on February 11, 1862. The battle ended 5 days later February 16, 1862.

 

North

In the battle of Fort Donelson the North had two leaders commanding their forces Andrew Hull Foote and Ulysesses S. Grant. The North had 24,531 men in this battle to fight for the Union's cause. 

 

    

 

 

Battle of Fort Donelson 

Where

  • Fort Donelson
  • Tennessee
  • Cumberland River

South

For the confederates they had three main commanders to lead their troops Gideon J. Pillow, John Buchanan Floyd, and Simon B. Buckner. The south had 16,171 men to fight for them in this battle.

 

What

The battle of Hampton Roads was a ocean battle in the southern ports of Virginia. The confederate forces took control of the battle quite early. The confederate ship CSS Virginia started off the confederate attack. The ship went straight for the Union ship USS Cumberland and ramed it with its iron ramb and put a hole in the ship, sinking it. After this the Virginia went back to work and targeted the nearby Union ship USS Congress. The Congress was able to manuever but was soon destoyed from the Virginia's gunfire. The congress surrendered and when confederate forces came aboard they were shot from Union forces on the beach. While this was happening the Union ship USS Moniter slipped into the waters unnoticed. The Virginia was targeting another boat but turned around and the Virginia and Moniter got into a slug fest both not making much damage. Both ships eventually ran low on ammo and both forces retreated.

 

Winner/Outcome

After the confederate ships seemed to be taking out all the Union forces the numbers seemed to make the battle more even. Once the USS Moniter came into the battle it and the CSS Virginia got into a firefight. Both forces didn't have much damage on each other and evebtually ran out of ammo. So, the first battle of the navy forces for both the Union and the Confederacy was a draw. The North had 261 men killed and 108 wounded. The south had 7 men killed and 17 men wounded.

 

When

The battle of Hampton Roads started on March 8, 1862. The battle ended a day later on March 9, 1862.

 

Why

The Battle of Hampton Roads was caused because Union ships were controlling nearby southern ports. The confederacy sent their ironclad ship the CSS Virginia to try and take back their ports. The south needs their ports for trade and for transporting their supplies. The south considered this a major event to take care of, so they sent their ironclad ship that destroyed a couple of Union ships. So the south basically started the Battle of Hampton Roads and wanted to take back their ports under seize.

 

 

North

For the Battle of Hampton Roads the Union had John L. Worden commanding their troops. The Union had 1,400 men in the battle of Hampton Roads.

    

 

 

Battle of Hampton Roads

Where

  • Hampton Roads
  • Norfolk
  • Richmond, Virginia

South

The South had Franklin Buchanan command their forces in this battle. The confederacy had only 188 men fight for them in the battle of Hampton Roads.

 

When

The battle of Shiloh began on Sunday April 6th, 1862. The battle of Shiloh ended a day later Monday April 7th, 1862.

 

What

Union forces coming off the victory of Fort Doneslon continued to move along the Tennessee river. Lead by General Grant they camped at Pittsburg Landing which was about 20 miles from Shiloh. Confederate forces knew they were moving in for an attack and suprsied Union forces. On the first day of the Battle confederate forces pushed Grant's men back to the river. On the second day however reinforcements from Nashville aided Gran't men and forced confederate forces to retreat to Corinth.

 

 

Winner/Outcome

When Union troops seemed to be defeated reinforcements came and won them the battle of Shiloh. Union troops lead by general Grant were getting pushed back but the aid of more troops and shelling from gunboats on the river helped them seize control and end the battle. The Battle of Shiloh was one of the bloodiest battles of the civil war. The Union recorded 1,754 men were killed and 8,408 were wounded. The confederacy recorded 1,728 men were killed and 8,012 were wounded.

 

Why

The Battle of Shiloh was caused because one of the North's primary goals of this war was to gain control of the Mississippi and Tennessee Rivers. If the North accomplished this goal it would split the South in half and would shut doen key routes of transporting both troops and supplies to the war. Fortunately for the South, Shiloh was along these rivers and the North planned to move along and take control of main points that the South was in control of. 

 

 

North

For Union forces Don Carlos Buell and Ulysses S. Grant commanded the troops in the Battle of Shiloh. Their were about 65,085 troops fighting for the Union in this battle.

    

 

 

Battle of Shiloh

Where

  • Shiloh
  • Tennessee

South

The confederacy had Albert Sidney Johnston and P.G.T Beauregard in charge of their troops for the Battle of Shiloh. Their were about 44,968 troops fighting for the confederacy in this battle.

 

 

Why

The Battle of Second Bull Run was caused when Union general George McClellan and his forces were nearly defeated. General Pope and his forces were trying to meet with McClellan to mount a counterattack and defeat the Confederate forces near them. Confederate General Robert Lee found out about this and moved to attack them before they met. He sent Stonewall Jackson and his forces to cut off Pope and hopefully stop them from meeting.

 

 

Winner/Outcome

After many flank's and attacks Confederate forces pushed Union troops back and forced them to retreat to Washington. Confederate forces hoped this would mean that the next incursion for them would be into Northern Territory. The Union had about 1,716 men killed in this battle and 8,215 wounded. The Confederacy had about 1,305 men killed in the Battle of Second Bull Run and 7,048 wounded.

 

North

The Union had John Pope in charge of their forces in the Battle of Second Bull Run. The Union had about 70,000 troops in this battle to fight for them.

    

 

 

What

Confederate forces led by Stonewall Jackson were sent By General Robert Lee to stop Union general John Pope from reaching fellow general George McClellan's almost defeated forces. Lee was planning on attacking Pope before he could get to McClellan but his planned was foiled when Pope and his forces hid in nearby Rappahannock. Lee then made a daring call and sent Jackson and his forces to flank the opposing forces. Pope's forces retreated but when Jackson's forces followed them, he made a bold decision as well when he had other Union forces make several attacks on Jackson. Lee arrived the next morning and Union and Confederate forces were all together. Lee's forces then went at a left flank and Forced Pope's forces to retreat.

 

When

The Battle of Second Bull Run began on August 28,1862. The Battle ended two days later on August 30,1862.

 

Battle of Second Bull Run

Where

  • Bull Run
  • Manassas Junction
  • Central Virginia

South

The Confederacy had Robert E. Lee in charge of their forces for this battle. The confederacy had 55,000 troops to fight in this battle for them.

 

 

Why

The Battle of Antietam was caused because with all the confederate victores, the British government was considering helping the confederacy in the remaining battles of the war. If the Confederacy was able to get the British to join their cause this could send a big lead for the south in the wr. With the British help they could have more supplies, troops, and money. The Confederacy realized this and Confederate president Jefferson Davis offered this attack on the Union to Robert Lee and they went through with it.

 

 

Winner/Outcome

When General Robert Lee sent his wounded men south to Potomac it spelled their defeat. The Union was able to break through since they had more men and forced the Confederate's to retreat which gave the Union another victory. The first day of the Battle was the Bloodiest day of the entire war. The Union recorded 2,108 men were killed and 9,540 were wounded. The Confederacy recorded 1,546 men were killed and 7,752 men were wounded. So after all the back and forth attacks the North finally pushed through and got the victory.

 

What

Leader of the Union forces for this battle George McClellan waited many a days before he began his attack. On the first day of the battle it was the single bloodiest day of the entire war. McClellan's forces began ther attack and tried to flank Confederat general Robert Lee's forces on his left side. Attacks continued to go back and forth for both sides. Both sides lost many men but neither army was completely destroyed. That night both sides tended to their wounded soldiers. That morning while fighting continued General Robert Lee sent his wounded south to Potomac and eventually the Union drove the Confederates to retreat.

 

 

When

The Battle of Antietam started on September 16th, 2862. The battle then ended 2 days later on September 18th, 1862.

 

North

The Union forces in this battle were lead by George B. McClellan. The Union had about 87,000 troops to fight for them in the Battle of Antietam.

    

 

 

Battle of Antietam

Where

  • Maryland
  • Sharpsburg
  • Antietam

South

The Confederate forces were lead by Robert E. Lee in the Battle of Antietam. The Confederacy had about 45,000 troops fighting for them in this battle.

 

 

Why

The Battle of Fredericksburg was caused because of President Lincoln. Previous leader of the entire Union armies George B. McClellan was testing Lincoln's patience on previous cases. Their were many battles that McClellan didn't follow Lincoln's orders all the way through. The last one that caused this was the Union victory over Antietam and didn't finish off the Confederate forces. Lincoln took him out of control and replaced him with Ambrose Burnside who knew Lincoln wanted results and tried to finish off the confederate forces at the Battle of Fredericksburg.

 

 

What

Even though the Union had a larger army in this battle it didn't matter how many troops they had. Lee and his forces were entrenched on a number of hills. Burnside ordered several assualts on the hills but more and more Union troops fell. The Union's plan was to try and destroy the left side of the Confederate forces but it was too strong to overcome. They managed to take somewhat of control over the right flank but with no reinforcements and little troops remaining they couldn't hold it. The Confederacy had no problem holding off the remaining Union troops.

 

Winner/Outcome

After many attempts from the Union they couldn't stop the Confederacy and take their position. They may have had more troops but the higher ground seemed affective and gave the Confederates the Victory. The Battle of Fredricksburg was one of the largest and deadliest battles of the Civil War. The Union and Confederate causualties are unknown but there were about 13,353 total Union troops either killed, wounded, missing, or captured and only 4,576 Confederate soldiers.

 

When

The Battle of Fredericksburg started on December 11th,1862. The battle ended four days later on December 15th,1862.

 

North

For the Battle of Fredericksburg the Union had General Ambrose E. Burnside in charge of their forces. The Union had about 100,007 men fighting for them in this battle.

    

 

 

Battle of Fredericksburg

Where

  • Fredericksburg
  • Virginia

South

For this battle the Confederacy had General Robert E. Lee in charge of their troops. The Confederacy had 72,497 soldiers fighting for them in the Battle of Fredericksburg.

 

What

After Union General Ambrose Burnside resigned his command Joseph Hooker became the new leader over the Army of Potomac. Hooker rebuilt the army from the previous battle and launced a campaign against confederate general Robert Lee. Lee struck before Hooker could manage a counterattack. Lee divided his troops for the assualt. Lee's troops flanked Hooker from the right and from behind and his troops stood no chance. They were surrounded and forced Hooker and his men to retreat.

 

Winner/Outcome

After General Hooker and his men were surrounded it meant an obvious defeat for the Union. Lee and his forces were too much for the Union troops to fight off and handle. When they were flanked from many directions they couldn't defend all sides. This battle proved that strategy was important and planning as well instead of just going in blind a plan can lead you to vicoty as it did the Confederacy. The Union recorded 1,694 men killed and 9,672 men wounded. The Confederacy recorded 1,724 men killed and 9,233 wounded.

 

Why

The Battle of Chancellorsville was caused when Union General Hooker was put in command of the army of Potomac. He was replacing general Ambrose Burnside who had resigned command. He was told to get his forces back together and go after the remaining forces of Confederate General Robert Lee. President Lincoln wanted results especially since his previous generals either failed him or didn't follow his orders. Hooker knew this and wanted to bring a Union victory back.

 

 

North

After General Ambrose Burnside resigned command over the Army of Potomac General Joseph Hooker was put in charge and lead the Union troops in this battle. Their were about 97,382 Union troops in the Battle of Chancellorsville.

    

 

 

When

The Battle of Chancellorsville started on April 30th, 1863. The battle ended many days later on May 6th, 1863.

 

Battle of Chancellorsville

Where

  • Chancellorsville
  • Virginia 

South

The Confederacy had Robert E. Lee in charge of their forces for this battle. Their were about 57,352 soldiers fighting for the Confederacy in the Battle of Chancellorsville.

 

What

The Union had been laying seige to Vickburg for several weeks. The Union had trouble taking control of Vicksburg because of defenses, rough terrain, and confederate countermoves to stop them from taking control of Vicksburg. Union forces lead by General Ulysses Grant had been weakening confederate forces several times. When they took control up front it forced confederate general John Pemberton to pull his troops back to Vicksburg itself. Confederate forces fought back hard, it took 3 days before Union forces took control, and th Union was too much to handle for the Confederacy and Pemberton.

 

Why

The Assualt on Vicksburg was caused because the North wanted to take control of the Mississippi and Tenessee Rivers. If the North took control of the rivers it would split the southern states in half. It would also shut down transportation of supplies and troops to the south. So the North's was working on taking over the river and Vicksburg was a major place along the rivers that was under confederate control.

 

 

When

This was one of the most remarkable battles because of how long the battle was fought. The Assualt on Vicksburg started on May 18th, 1863. The assualt didn't end till a month later on July 4th, 1863.

 

Winner/Outcome

Once Union General Ulysses Grant was able to push confederates back to Vicksburg the battle seemed to be over for the Confederacy. Confederate forces however fought back it took three day before Grant and his troops could take complete control of Vicksburg. Once Confederate General John Pemberton and his forces were going to be defeated he surrendered Vickburg which gave the Union the victory. The Union recorded 806 men killed and 3,940 wounded. The Confederacy recorded 805 men killed and 1,938 wounded.

 

North

For the Assualt on Vicksburg the Union had General Ulysses S. Grant in charge of the Union troops. Their were about 77,000 Union troops fighting in the Assualt on Vicksburg.

    

 

 

Assualt on Vicksburg

Where

  • Vicksburg
  • Mississippi
  • Mississippi River

South

The Confederacy had General John C. Pemberton in charge of the confederate troops in the Assualt on Vicksburg. Their were a total of 33,000 confederate troops fighting in this battle.

 

 

What

The Battle of Gettysburg had fighting in all three days it went on. The First day went to the Union. Union troops ambushed Confederate troops off guard even though they were outnumbered. The troops held as long as they could until they fell back to cemetary ridge which was a group of hills south of Gettysburg. The second day the Confederate troops launced a big assualt on the hills. The Union position was saved by a counterattack. On the Third and final day of the Battle of Gettysburg General Robert Lee decided to launch an attack. 14,000 Confederate soldiers marched towards the Union's position. They were easy targets for the Union and half didn't make it back.

 

Winner/Outcome

After Confederate troops fell back when they lost half there troops on their last day assualt the Union took control. The Confederate forces were outnumbered and had to fall back. General Lee told his troops the Battle was lost because of him. The Union had te high ground which proved that the high ground was crucial if it was near to win a battle. The Union recorded 3,155 men were killed and 14,529 men were wounded. The Confederacy recorded 3,903 men were killed and 18,735 men were wounded.

 

Why

The Battle of Gettysburg was caused when Union General Joseph Hooker was taken out of command by President Lincoln when he didn't follow his orders. Lincoln had told Hooker to go after Confederate General Robert Lee's remaining forces but he refused. Lincoln then took him out of command and replaced him with General George Meade. Meade was told to go after General Lee's army and they met later which started the Battle of Gettysburg.

 

North

For the Battle of Gettysburg the Union had George G. Meade in charge of their forces. Meade was put in charge after Hooker didn't follow Lincoln's orders to go after Lee'f forces. Their were about 93,931 troops fighting for the Union in the Battle of Gettysburg.

    

 

 

When

The Battle of Gettysburg started on Wednesday July 1st, 1863. The Battle ended 2 days later on Friday July 3rd, 1863.

 

Battle of Gettysburg

Where

  • Gettysburg
  • Pennyslvania

South

The Confederacy had General Robert E. Lee in charge of their forces in the Battle of Gettysburg. The Confederacy had about 71,699 troops fighting for them in this battle.

 

 

Surrender at Appomattox

 After many defeats Confederate General Robert E. Lee moved his army west of Virginia. He was hoping to get together with confederate forces that could stop the Union army that was chasing him. The Union army however didn't let that by and blocked Lee and his armies escape. Lee and his troops surrendered on April 9th, 1865. Lee and his army surrendered in a small Virginia village which was called Appomatox Court House.

Surrender at Appomattox and Terms of Surrender

Terms of Surrender

After General Robert Lee and his troops surrendered the Union made terms they would have to follow. The first term they would have to follow was the confederate soldiers had to lay down their arms but then were free to go home. The second term was that the Union allowed them to keep their horses. The Union even ordered three days worth of food sent to Lee's troops.

Why was he Important?

Abraham Lincoln was an important part of the Civil War because he was dedicated to saving the Union. Abraham Lincoln wanted to bring the Southern states back and stop slavery which was the cause of the civil war. Abraham Lincoln was also important in the war itself. Abraham Lincoln got rd of many generals in the civil war. The change of generals lead to Union victories. I believe that Abraham Lincoln may not admit this but he knew when he made certain decisions what happnened after he knew. When Lincoln passed the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 he not only freed slaves but he won the Union the war. Slaves then either left the south or stayed their but were free. If slaves went to the North after they were free they joined the Union military. It gave the North more troops who helped with their war efforts to win and many knew the south very well which helped in war tactics and strategies. So Abraham Lincoln won't just be remembered for being honest but he will be remembered for freeing slaves, winning the civil war for the Union, and for having smart decisions that led to many victories.

 

Important Person of the Civil War

Abraham Lincoln

Why was he important?

Robert E. Lee was the most important Confederate General. Lee won many battles and and pushed the Confederacy to try and win the war. Lee used many tactics and strategies with his battle attacks and defenses. Lee was part of most of the Civil War battles not because he could win them but he made sure to use great strategy and made many smart moves which lead to victories. Lee was probably the most talked about Confederate general because of his war wins and tactics. Lee was known to continue to fight on even when he knew the battle was lost. No other general has been remembered so much for both his wins and loses. Lee took many risks in battle as well. He would split up his forces to flank the enemies but he would give himself the lower amount of troops. General Robert E. Lee was a smart and well respected general and will be rememebered as someone who was important in the Civil War.

Important Person of the Civil War

Robert E. Lee

African Americans

Before the civil war began African Americans made up more than 30 percent in the confederacy. Many lived on plantations and worked on farms. Ohters were nurses in the military and by the end of the war about one sixth of the enslaved population fled to northern territories. Southerners refused to let african americans join the military. Towards the end of the war though many believed that African Americans can be great for the military and those who joined would earn their freedom. The south then passed a law enlisting African Americans. The war ended before any were called to battle. In the North however African Americans weren't permitted as soldiers. Although the Union army didn't accept them the Union navy did. Many African Americans helped greatly because of their knowledge of the South.

Women

While the Civil War was going on women in the North and South became teachers and office workers. Some even managed farms. Lots of women lost husbands, brothers, fathers, and sons because of the war. Women did many jobs that helped soldiers and their sides armies. Women would roll bandages, wove blankets, and made ammunition. They raised money for supplies and would gather food, clothing, and medicine for the troops. Almost every women kept the war in their minds and was touched by some way. Women who lived in the south and was in the way of marching paths lost crops and homes. Some women served as spies in the war. Some women even disguised themselves as men and joined the military. Thousands of women surved as nurses in the war.

Children

Children weren't uncommon in the war. Many children joined the armies and fought alongside their elders and family members. Some kids stayed home to take care of their households while their fathers were away. Some children even protected homefronts during the war. Others who were part of the war wondered what they were doing to children's future when they were part of the war. Some kids even took jobs to supoport their families. They would even take their father or even brother's jobs when they went to join the military.

Soldiers

A soldier didn't have an easy and luxurious life. When soldiers talked to their families they described how they saw and felt. When the war started men from the North and South rushed to volunteer. Soldiers normally lived in camps.  In these camps however they would do drills, have bad food, marches, and have lots of rain. Both sides suffered many losses with the new weapons of the Civil War. Many soldiers deserted because of horror, hunger, and sickness. About 1 out of 11 Union soldiers deserted and about 1 out of 8 Confederate soldiers deserted.

Life During the Civil War

What Happened After the War

The results of the Civil War were devastating to both the North and the South. The Civil War was the most devastating conflict in American History. The war caused billions of dollars of damage mostly in the south. The South's economy was effected in collapse. Two thirds of the transportation system was destroyed and left in ruins, many bridges were left fallen, and railroad tracks were left for miles. After all the fighting more than 600,000 soldiers died from both the North and the South. The Civil war didn't just have devastation consequences, the North's victory saved the Union. The federal government was strengthened and was more powerful than any of the states. The war also freed millions of slaves. The only thing was if the southern states would rejoin the Union or not. Another huge question was what would freed slaves be in southern states? Both were answered but that was after the war was over and the reconstruction process started to begin.

 

 

Results of the War