Why Did I Make This Booklet?
I made this booklet to explore the life and works of John Constable. I find his work very interesting and realistic. I like the way he portayed the countryside of his hometown. This booklet will give a summary of his life and show some of his major works.
John Constable was born in East Bergholt, a village on the River Stour in Suffolk. His parents name were Golding and Ann Constable. He was their second son, but their first was mentally handcpped, so John was expected to take over his father's businesses. When he was younger, he started sketching the countryside of Suffolk. In 1799, Constable started to persue his art career. He was inspired by the works of Thomas Gainsborough, Claude Lorrain, Peter Paul Rubens, Annibale Carracci and Jacob van Ruisdael. He liked painting landsacpes and was exhibiting paintings at the Royal Academy by 1803.
The Style of John Constable
John Constable was known for painting natural landscapes, with scenes of agricultural work throughout them. He is known for his romantic style due to idealizing these landscapes. HIs work reminded people of the simple, rural lifestyle that many people grew up in in England during the time he was painting. Most of his work was scenes of the English countryside, using focusing on a cottage/church or a body of water. He also used very broad brushstrokes, known as the Impasto technique, which was later devloped by Impressionists. He also made nature appear more realistic than ever before. He created depth in his paintings and used white highlights to make water seem flowing.
Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop's Ground, 1823
Oil on Canvas
Victoria and Albert Museum