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Reasons why children and young people may need to be looked after by going into care


Health and Social Care

Unit 10 

Hannah Louise Trueman

There are many different reasons why children and young people may need to go into care. It can also have many different effects on individuals and they may deal with it in different ways depending on the reason they have gone into care and may need looking after and support. 

There are two different groups of why children and young people may go into care. These are either child or young person- related reasons or family related reasons.

Introduction

Behavioural needs and risks 


A child may need to go into care because of their behavioural needs they could be putting other people at risk by controlling in a violet way they could become naughty and uneasy to be able to control by their parents or guardians. 


Learning difficulties 


A young person may need to go into care because of their learning difficulties their parents may not be able to cope with their learning difficulty and they may need some extra care to help that young individual.


Disability


If an individual has a disability this mean that it will only get worse or that it won’t get better or won’t change their parents at home might not be able to give them the care and support that they need and might think it’s best for them to be put into a care environment so they can get the right amount of care they may need. 


Health problems 


A young person may have an underlying health problem that they might have to deal with this could also be a reason why they need to be looked after so they can get help with the care they need depending on how serious the health problem is. 


Offences 


A young person might commit an offence if they are unable to control for some reason their parents might have no other opinion but to put them into care so they can be looked after and get the help that they need so they do not offend again. 






Child or young person-related reasons.

Family related reasons


Bereavement 

An individual might go into care because of a family bereavement which means a sudden death this could be of a parent. This would then mean the child or children will need to then be put into care. 


Parental illness 

An individual might need to go into acre or needed to be looked after if their family member is seriously ill this could mean they are ill in hospital and can physically not look after their child. 


Parental incapacity 

This is where the parents are not capable of looking after their children this could be physically or emotionally they may not be emotionally stable or they could not be physical fit to do their job as a parent and keep that child safe. Therefore that child will then need to be put into care to be looked after. 


Suspected or actual maltreatment 

This means that the child is suffering from abuse or neglect this could be physical or emotional ill-treatment. This then means that the child will automatically need to be put into care so they are safe of harm.

Family related reasons

There are legal routes into care this is The Children Act 1989/2004. This is a law that was put into place to protect children and the welfare of them. There is two dates 1989 and 2004. This is because the law was updated in 2004 to protect children even more. 


The other main section that is about looking after children is section 20. The case in this is that if a parent dies, the local authority has a duty to help that child and support them into suitable living. If a parent gives their consent the child can also be accommodated under this section. If the local authority are concerned about a child’s welfare and feel that they might be at risk they may decide to remove that child from that situation. If the parent however disagrees with what the authority has said. They believe that the parents should no longer have responsibilities for that child, they can find the imposition of a section 31 care order. It’s the local authority’s duty to then take over the parental responsibilities for that child.

The Children Act 1989/2004

A quantitative study of 278 children referred and accepted by the Option Two service between 2000 and 2006 and a comparison group of 89 children referred to Option Two but not accepted as the service was full. Information on care entry and associated costs was compared for these two groups. It's important to note that the group not receiving Option Two did receive other services, so that it was not a comparison of Option Two with "no service" but a comparison with other services.


While Option Two did not reduce the proportion of children who entered care - about 40% of both groups did so - it did significantly reduce the time children spent in care. This is because Option Two children took longer to enter care, when they did enter care they tended to stay there for a shorter time, and a higher proportion of them returned home - 17% returned home compared to 7% of the comparison group children. Consequently, only a quarter of Option Two children were in care at the end of the study, compared to a third of children in the comparison group.”


"Options for children in care." Community Care, 17 Jan. 2008. General OneFile, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=ITOF&sw=w&u=yal_jisc&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CA174602801&asid=f01f5c27c825195978565e102772376e. Accessed 12 Sept. 2017.