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Written By Justin W

Look What Came From Italy

Gelato Recipe...................................................................................................................................page 22

Food...................................................................................................................................pages 4-5

Artists/Artwork...................................................................................................................................pages 14-15

How To Say It...................................................................................................................................page 21

Landmarks...................................................................................................................................pages 12-13

Introduction...................................................................................................................................page 3

Cars...................................................................................................................................pages 8-9

Dog Breeds...................................................................................................................................pages 17-18

Fashion Brands ...................................................................................................................................pages6-7

Inventions...................................................................................................................................pages 10-11

Conclusion...................................................................................................................................page 23

National Holidays...................................................................................................................................pages 19-20

Table Of Contents

  Did you know that some of the cars you might dream about owning comes from here. You probably also may not have known that one of your favorite foods came from that same place.  Well, if not there are still a lot of other cool things that came from Italy, and I’m going to tell you about them.  Italy is a boot shaped country bordering France and Switzerland.  And it has many cool tourist attractions people can visit.  So have some fun and enjoy the book.



Introduction

  Let’s start with gelato, gelato is pretty much Italian ice cream but is better for you.  It’s made with like the same ingredients as ice cream like, milk, cream, and sugar, and can be flavored with fruit, nut purees or many other things.  It's different from American ice cream because it contains less fat and has less air moving around inside of it. This allows it to have more flavor.  It can be made in any form such as, cone, cup, stick, sandwich, cake, and pie.

"There is nothing better to eat in Italy than Gelato" -Mrs. Pesce

  Food is a huge part of the Italian culture. They've invented foods we eat in America like pizza and  pasta. But also created foods you may have never heard of like gnocchi and tiramisu.  There are a ton of cool foods that came from Italy and this is where to learn about them.

Food

  Tiramisu is a coffee-flavoured custard dessert that originates from Italy.  It is made of ladyfingers dipped in coffee, layered with mascarpone cheese, eggs, and sugar. It can really be flavored with anything but usually with cocoa.  it was invented in the 1960's at a resteraunt called "Le Beccherie". You know how peole say looks can be decieving, well this looks just as good as it tastes.

  Gnocchi is a thick, small, soft dough dumpling. They are made from potatoes (which can be substituted for semolina, wheat flower, or breadcrumbs) egg, and sometimes chhese. They can be made made with or without the flavorings of herbs, vegetables, cocoa, or prunes. Gnocchi is eaten as a first course like soup or pasta. It's like eating a Tator Tot with filling in it.

  Gucci is an Italian fashion brand that sells all sorts of leather goods, apparel, and accessories for men and women. And let me tell you that stuff is expensive.  A pair of flip flops cost $210. 210! Now that's expensive. It was founded by Guccio Gucci in Florence 1921.  It has about 278 shops being directed world wide and in the year 2013 it was valued at 12.1 billion dollars. That costs more than it would take to buy the Golden State Warriors and Cleveland Caveliers combined. 

 While some of the Italian fashion brands are luxorious and expensive, fashion is still big in the country. From fancy clothes, to sports clothes, to even everyday clothes, Italy is a big fashion country and here are some of the brands.

Fashion Brands

  Fila was an Italian fashion brand that sold all sorts of clothing from a sweatshirt to a bathing suit. It isn't as expensive as Gucci but who needs expensive clothes.  But it is now owned and operated in South Korea. It was founded by the Fila brothers in Biella, Italy in the year 1911. It was originally made to sell clothing to the Italian Alps, but now sells sportswear to all men women children and athletes.

  Another fantastic Italian fashion brand is Louis Vuitton. You can probably guess this but it was founded by Louis Vuitton in 1854.  It is a very expensive fashion brand but unlike Gucci it sells a lot more proper clothing.  For example, a jacket costs $2,880! That is a lot of money! But either way people buy the clothing and it is a very successful company. Earlier this year there was an incident where a famous college athlete named LiAngelo Ball tried to steal a pair of glasses from Louis Vuitton and this brought the company much more fame. And for Liangelo, he was put in house arrest in China which is where this all happened.

  Lamborghini is an Italian manufacturer of sports cars, supercars, and SUV's based in Sant'Agata in Bologna, Italy. It was founded by Ferrucccio Lamborghini in 1963 to compete with other car brands like Ferrari. They've created a huge line of nice cars that are being inported and exported around the globe. Did you know that Ferruccios first vehicle was a tractor? And if you were willing to spend the money on a Lamborghini  they also export to America.

  Cars. Nice cars. Fast cars. These phrases might come to your mind when somebody mentions Italian vehicles. Italy manufactures some of the nicest cars in the world. And this right here is just a small step into the beauty of Italian cars.

Cars

  Enzo Ferrari was a very successful man.  He created a sports car company called Ferrari in 1939.  He created the first Ferrari in 1940, At first it wasn't such a huge thing but over time people started getting into it. Today it is one of the most achieving Italian car brands ever. In 2014 Brand Finance rated it the world's most powerful brand. But unfortunately for the company when Enzo Ferrari died in 1988, Fiat purchased 50% of the company

  Maserati is a luxurious vehicle manufacturer established on December 1, 1914 in Bologna Italy. Their tagline is,"Luxury, sports and style cast in exclusive cars". And the brands mission statement is,"Build ultra-luxury performance automobiles with timeless Italian style, accommodating bespoke interiors, and effortless, signature sounding power". It's symbol is a trident and is now producing cars in Modena.

  Wouldn't it be cool if Italy invented basketball. Well they didn't. But they did invent banks. Banks are financial institutions that collect, distribute and save money for citizens. The idea of banking started when the early Assyrian and Babylonian farmers would loan grain to each other and then over time get the grain back with a little more than they had before. Pretty much grain trading back then is the banking interest system now. But it really wasn't a public institution for everybody. Modern banking started in the early Renaissance Italy for the rich people who could afford it.

You probably didn't know that Italy invented the telephone, battery, and radio, but they invented those three and many others.  Do you want to also here something crazy, they invented jeans. Bet you didn't know that. But here are some Italian inventions and some facts about them. 

Italian Inventions

  A radio is a piece of technology that uses sound waves to carry information from one place to another.  Radios have an antenna to convert electrical currents into sound,  Radios started being made around World War 1 when armies tried to amplify sound so everyone could here. Those didn't work too well though and they stopped using them.  Later Italy came out with an almost perfected radio and released it to the whole world.  Over time it evolved and soon became into what radios are today.

  A telephone is communication device that allows to people to speak and here each other from great distances. Depending on how far you are and if you are speaking to someone internationally or not it could cost money. Innocenzo Manzetti was tracked back to be the person who actually invented the telephone. Although he wasn't pattented for it people still get credit. And yes, he was Italian


  The Leaning Tower Of Pisa is, probably as you can guess located in Pisa, Italy and is one of the biggest tourist spots in the world.  It stands 60 meters tall and until 1990 it stood at a 10 degree angle. You might ask why it's leaning. Well on the blueprints it was supposed to stand totally vertical but during the construction the soil failed them and wasn't strong enough in parts and just tilted it over. They decided to just leave it and from there that's how it is today.

Italy is also home to some of the worlds most famous landmarks ranging back to Ancient Rome and the Medieval Times.  I'm sure you've heard of many of them like the Tower of Pisa and the Colleseum but this chapter will give you a little bit more intel about Italian landmarks.

LandMarks

  The colosseum is another world landmark and huge tourist attraction spot. It is located in the center of Rome and started being constructed in 70 A.D. That's almost 2000 years ago. It's 157 feet tall (47 meters) and 1788 ft around (504 meters). It's the largest amphitheter ever built in Rome.  There are 4 main floors and each floor has 80 arches going around the building. Do you want to hear something crazy? Over 4 million tourists visit the colosseum a year, making it the worlds 37th most visited location.

  This landmark is a huge part of the culture in Venice. It's really a bunch of different systems but I'm highlighting on the world famous Canal Grande. It forms one of the many major traffic corridors in Italy. There are no solid ground roads in Venice, only water ways. People travel around by water bus and water taxi. They pretty much take a ferry everywhere they go. It follows the course of an ancient river and spills into the lagoon. Back when it was first made it was most likely used for trading only and now some people take it everywhere they go.

  Italy is home to many artists who've created many beautiful pieces of artwork from sculptors to painters. You've probably heard of many art peices from Italian artists such as the Mona Lisa and the statue of David, and there is probably also some you haven't heard about like Perseus, and The Creation of Adam. But either way this is a great place to learn about some of the most famous art pieces in the world made by Italians.

  The Mona Lisa itself was painted in Paris, France but the artist who created this beauty was a natural born Italian. His name was Leonardo da Vinci. Da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452, in Anchiano, Italy, and died on May 2, 1519, in Clos Lucé, Amboise, France. He painted the Mona LIsa sometime between 1503-1519. He used oil and painted on a wood panel, and some people consider the Mona Lisa as the best painting of all time. It's rumored that her eyes follow you as you walk. I don't know if it's true but if you want to find out, then go and see it.



Artwork/Artists

  Another Italian piece of artwork is Perseus. It's real name is called Perseus With The Head Of Medusa but most people just call it Perseus. It was created by  Benvenuto Cellini from 1545-1554. He made it out of bronze, and it represents Perseus' and  Andromeda's journey to kill Medusa. You can find it in Loggia Dei Lanzi of the  Piazza della Signoria in Florence, Italy.

  The sculpture David was made by an Italian and in Italy. It represents David the biblical hero, and soon it was symbolized as the defense of civil liberties embodied in the Republic Of Florence. The person who made it was named Michelangelo who created the statue out of marble. It was sculpted between 1501-1504. Another interesting fact about the statue is that it is completely naked. But I guess that was the style back then.

  A St. Brenard is a very large working dog from the Western Alps, Switzerland, France and, Italy. St. Brenards are loved many people especially for their crazy rescue stories, and enourmous size. The average height for a St. Brenard is 28-38 inches and the average weight is 140-260 pounds. Their fur can either smooth or rough and their tail is usually long, heavy, and hanging low. These adorable dogs require a lot of care. Because ofthere fast bone growth rate they need a lot of food and exercise.

  Have you ever wanted a really cute dog? Well you should consider getting a puppy or dog that is Italian. There are so many adorable Italian dog breeds and most of them are being sold in the United States. 

Dog Breeds

An Italian dog. Breed unknown

An Italian St. Brenard

  As I was saying Italy has breeded many adorable dogs, but I haven't told you that they breeded the Cane Corso. Male Cane Corsi are usually about 25-27.5 inches tall, while on the other hand female Cane Corsi usually are ranging from 23.5-26 inches in height. These dogs can be rough and mean, but with supervision they will probably be nice to children and other dogs. And their weight comes proportional to size.

  Another Italian dog breed is called Spinone Italiano.  They were breeded to be all around hunters but can also turn out to be your best friend. This dog breed isn't very active and just a quick walk or letting them wander in the yard will keep them happy. They're usually expected to live for 10-12 years, and they only bark whenever they feel it is absolutely necessary. Spinone's are usually are about 23-27 inches tall and weigh around 56 pounds.

Picture taken of a Cane Corso

Spinone Italiano lying in the grass.


  Liberation day, or Festa Della Liberazione, is celebrated annually on April 25. It marks the Mussolini's Italian Social Republic and the end of the Nazi occupation in Italy during the time of World War II. To celebrate this holiday, Italians watch marching bands and concerts. They also have food festivals and many other ways to gather publically. Schools, banks, post offices, and government buildings are closed on this day.

  Italian national holidays are a big part of their culture. People look foward to these holidays all year long. Some of them are similar to American holidays and some aren't. None the less, they have some of the most fun and entertaining holidays around, so here are some Italian Holidays.

National Holidays

    International Workers Day is known in other countries as Labor Day. In Italian it is Festa Dei Lavoratori is celebrated anually on May 1. Some people like to call it May Day. People attend concerts and catch up with friends and family, also people protest to improve workers conditions. Isn't that so nice, they try and make life better for random people? Transportation isn't shut down but if you go during this time you should probably check to make sure it is open first.

  Another Italian holiday is called Republic Day or Festa Della Repubblica. It's celebrated every year on June second. It celbrates the day in 1946 when Italy voted to abolish the monarchy and become a republic. Scools, banks and pretty much everything is shut down in Italy on June 2. People go to official ceremonies and the military has a march. And the most important thing they do is laying wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier.

Thanks/Thank You

Please

Did you see the game on sunday?

Hi/Hello

How are you

Bye/Farewell

Fish

English

dog

Addio

Cioa

Come Va

Grazie


Hai visto il gioco di domenica?

Per Favore


Pesce


cane

Italian

Pronounciation

(Aw-de-oh)

(Per-Fa-vore-ay)

(Chow)

(Gra-see-uh)

(Cu-may-va)

(Hi Vist-oy il Sho-coy Deh Doh- min-a-ka)

(pesh-eh)

(Ka-nae)

How To Say It

   Ingredients  needed: 

 2 cups of milk

 4 eggs

 1 cup of heavy cream

  1/2 cup of sugar

 

Tools needed:


large bowl

 whisk

 saucepan

 wooden spoon

 fridge

 ice cream maker



  Step 2, crack the eggs and put the yolk and sugar into a large bowl and beat it until frothy. Gradually, pour warm milk into the bowl as you are whisking. When you are done whisking return the mixture to the saucepan. Cook it over medium heat as you're mixing with the wooden soon until the mixture gels. If lumps on the eggs begin to show remove it from heat immediately.

Gelato Recipe

  Step 1, in the saucepan mix the milk and cream. After that, heat it up until foam starts forming around the edges. When you see the foam remove it from the heat.

  Step 3, pour the mixture through a strainer into the bowl. After you've done this chill the bowl and chill it for several hours or overnight. 

  Final step, enjoy your tasty homemade gelato!!

  Step 4, When the mixture is done chilling, pour it into an ice cream maker and freeze according to the manufacturers directions. When it is done put it into a sealed container and freeze until it's firm. If it is too firm you can transfer it into a fridge until the consistancy suites you.

Frothy: full of or covered with a mass of small bubbles

  As you've just read there are probably alot of things from Italy you haven't heard of, Whether it's the food you didn't know about or the fashion or even anything. I really had a great time researching and writing about this topic and I hope you had a fun time reading about it. If you ever want to learn more about Italy you can always find another book or look it up. It's been a plesure,

                                                                      -Justin W.

Conclusion