Use Your Head:
A Parental Guide to Understanding Early Childhood Brain Development
How the environment affects an epigenome
The environment is going to play a huge role in aiding, or hindering the development of a child's epigenome, but also their temperament, or the patterns of arousal and emotionality that represent consistent and enduring characteristics in an individual. Keep in mind that this will only affect some of the traits developed, as others are more affected by genetics than the environment. In this context the environment refers to the exposure of a child to the outside world, and the traits they develop on their own from that exposure. More so, it refers to how the child interacts with the environment, and how to a bigger extent, how the environment interacts with them. So how do we know which factors are environmental? Well, the previous slide stated that environmental factors are more associated with nurturing, so environmental factors are going to refer to the traits that children develop over time. Basically the traits that aren't crucially affected by genetics.
- A childs outgoing nature could be a product of the exposure of their environment, as some parents would encourage their child to have high levels of socializing. Works the other way around too, as those who aren't encouraged to socialize a'lot are more likely to not be very outgoing.
- Physical ability can be a product of environmental exposure as children who have higher levels of physical activity are more likely to be more physically and emotionally healthy, whihc can then affect their overall behavior and personality.
- Education is a huge example. Children who receive an education are further exposed to their environment, and socialize even more.