Road to the Revolution

By Nate Tucker and Aidan Rosario

Table of contents

 

2 Introduction

 

3 The French and Indian War

 

4 The Stamp Act

 

5 The Boston Massacre

 

6 The Boston Tea Party

 

7 Intolerable Acts

 

8 Conclusion

 

9 Glossary

 

10 Index

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

 

The Revolutionary War all started in 1775 and it all started with the French and Indian War. The French and Indian War cost Great Britain a fortune so they taxed the colonists and the people of Boston. The war was between France and Great Britain. The people did not like that Britain was taxing them. The colonists thought that King George the third was very selfish. The king sent solders to the thirteen colonies to check if they were paying their taxes. The colonists put stamps on letters to show that they were paying their taxes. England put taxes on everything because of the French and Indian War. This made the colonists mad. The colonists protested to the government about the taxes. Finally, Great Britain took away all the taxes on everything expect for tea. This is called the Stamp Act. About 70 colonists dressed up as Mohawk Indians and went on the ship that holds all the tea in Boston. They went on the ship and dumped over 90,000 pounds and ran. One day a group of colonists told a British soldier that he should clean toilets. Soldiers misunderstood their general and shot at the colonists. This act is called the Boston Massacre. 

 

 

 

 

 

The French and Indian War

 

 

 

 

 The French and Indian War was a war between France and England. The Iroquois and Algonkian helped France and England with the war. France owned so much land. England wanted all of that land. that is what the war decided. People call the war the 7 year war because it was 7 years long. British eventally won the war. The war cost Great Britain a fortune so they had to tax the colonists. The French did not like that Britain  controlled their land.

 

  George Washington was a comander and leader. The Iroquois helped British win the war and the algonkian helped the French. The war took place in North America. King george was the King of England and very selfish at the end of the war British gained control of New France. The colonists made a statue of King George III. In 1757 William Pitt became the new British soldier. Spain joined France for the French and Indian War. Even with help from other countries, the Indians stilll could not beat the best and largest army in the world, Great Britain.

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                 

This is a picture of the French and Indian War.

The Stamp Act

 

 

   After the French and Indian War the British needed money. The war costs over 20 million dollars. The British decided to tax the colonists because of the war. This made the colonists mad. Whenever they sent a letter they had to put a stamp on it. The British put a tax on everything from tea to rugs to toys. The colonists put scary stamps on the letters, like with a skull with crossbone on it, and a knife on the letter. The Stamp Act was in 1765. The colonists said mean things to the British and fought for their rights.  The Stamp Act was very unpopular with the colonists.

 

   Some famous patriots like Paul Revere and Benjamin Franklin broke houses of British soldiers and wrecked their town. They wrote threatening letters to the British and the king. The king was scared of many things like Native Americans and even the patriots. King George III did not even go to Boston and the 13 colonies. He was to scared of the water and the ship. What a wimp. The British did not know what to do because the colonists really did not like the taxes. They were on strike. They threw snowballs and even ice balls at the British soldiers. The soldiers were tempted to fire their guns but the general said not to fire. Finally King George III and the British said that there will be no more taxes. But only one tax was still standing, the tax for tea.

 

This is a picture of one of the Patriot's stamp, during the Stamp Act.

The Boston Massacre

  

 

   The Boston Massacre all started when a Patriot told a British solider that he should clean toilets. The colonists kept on making insults to call the British soldiers. They even threw snowballs at the soldiers. This made the solders mad and upset them. The Boston Massacre was on King Street in Boston, Massachusetts. The act was also known as the incident on King Street. The solders wanted to fire their guns at the colonists but after all they do live in the colonies.

 

 

   The colonists kept on throwing snow balls at the British soldiers. More and more solders came, and that meant more and more snowballs. The colonists kept on yelling fire. Now the General of the Army came into the act. One solider misunderstand the general. He thought the general said fire but actually the colonists said fire and now half the British army was fire their guns at the empty handed patriots. 7 people died. 5 people got hurt. This act was called the Bloody Massacre or the Boston Massacre. 

This is a famous picture of the Boston Massacre.

The Boston Tea Party

  

 

   There now was only one tax, the tax on tea. Even though all the taxes were gone, except for tea, the Patriots still did not even want the tax for tea. But this time the British were not going to give up the tax for tea. King George III said that the British were nice enough to give up the tax for everything else. The colonists were mad about the tax problem; they thought King George III was selfish and mean. They wanted to show King George III that they did not need tea and they did not want it so they wanted to do something mean something clever and sneaky.

 

 

   The Patriots finally thought of a way. On a dark night at midnight the mightiest patriots Paul Revere and Benjamin Franklin waked over 100 colonists to go on the British ship. The patriots dressed up as Mohawk Indians. The British ship they were going on held almost all the tea in Boston. When they went on the ship Paul Revere said don't damage anything only dump the tea. That is exactly what they did. They dumped over 90,000 pounds of tea into the Boston Harbor.  When the British came back one and a half hours later, every single colonist jumped off the boat into the Boston Harbor. At first the British thought the Indians did this because the Patriots dressed up as the Indians, but after they knew it was the colonists who did it. King George III closed down Boston Harbor for almost a month. The King of England was mad and surprised at the Tea Act. The colonists called this act the Boston Tea Party

This picture is of when the Patriots dumped 90,000 pounds of tea into the Boston Harbor.

 

 Intolerable Acts

 

 

  The Intolerable Acts was right after the Boston Tea Party. Some people call the Intolerable Acts, the Coercive Acts. The Intolerable Acts were harsh laws passed by the British Parliament in 1775. The British wanted to punish the American colonists for the Boston Tea Party. The colonists dumped 90,000 pounds of tea in the Boston Harbor, because of the tax on tea that King George III and Great Britain decided.

 

  Because of this, the British did many things.  They closed Boston Harbor and no longer allowed the colnies to have a say in their colonial government.  They also forced the colonists to house British soldiers yet again.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conclusion

 

But how would the British punish the Patriots? The British were going to atattack the colonists.The colonists found out that the British were going to attack them. They had to alarm the patriots in some way. Sibyil Ludington voluntered to tell all the patriots before a certaint time. She did it. Paul Revere told the colonists that the British were coming. This was right before the first battle called the Battle of Lexington and Concord. The British were very, very mad.

 

The American Revolution had many wars in it.  There were small battles that let up to the American Revolution. For example, the Boston Massacre all started when a colonist started throwing snow balls at soldiers and told them that they should clean toilets. Here are some of the small battles the Patriots fought in, the Battle of Oriskany, Battle of Brooklyn, and the Battle of White Plains.These battles were some of the final battles in the war.

 

About three fourths of the battles the British won. In the last battles the Redcoats or the Lobsterbacks were lead by general Charles Cornwallis. The very last battle of the American Revolution was the Battle of Yorktown. The battle took place in Virginia. The Patriots wanted the French to help them with the war by sending soldiers and money. The French said "only if you win a war. We only want to join the side that will win the war." The Patriots did not think that they could win the battle, but they kept on fighting and they won the war. Cornwallis surrendered to the Patriots on October 19, 1781. The French sided with the colonists.

This picture is in Yorktown when there was a war there.

Glossary

 

  • Patriot { people who are against the British and taxes.}

  • Iroquois { a Native American tribe.} 
  •  Colonies{ the place where colonists live.}
  • Colonists{ people that live in the colonies.}
  • Algonkian{ a Native American tribe.}
  • Soldier{someone who works and fights in the military.}
  • Taxed{ paying extra for something.}
  • Goverment{ a group of people who control a community.}

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Index

 

American Revolution, 1

 

Battle of Yorktown, 8

Benjamin Franklin,1

Boston Massacre, 4

 

Boston Tea Party,3

Britain,1,2,8

colonies,1,2,3,8

Goverment, 3, 5, 7

King George III,1,3,5,6,7

Paul Revere, 2, 5,7,8

 

Stamp Act, 3