The western frontier is changing for the Native Americans and Mexicans as new settlers are moving into their "neighborhood" and bringing changes that will last forever.

Who are the West's Newest Neighbors?

The Winners and Losers

by Mrs. Durham

 

 

Table of Contents

 

Manifest Destiny................................................................................. 1

 

The Settlers.......................................................................................... 2

 

All Aboard the Transcontinental Railroad........................................... 3

 

Going for the Gold with the Miners..................................................... 4

 

The Native Sons....................................................................................5

 

Who are the 'Coolies'?..........................................................................6

 

Exodusters' New Life.......................................................................... 7

 

Mexican-American War.......................................................................8

 

Glossary.............................................................................................. 9

 

Index....................................................................................................9

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manifest Destiny set the plans in motion.  From railroads, boomtowns and the negative effects on the lives of the native land owners, America's "breadbasket" was changed forever.

 

The End

The settlers moved west to farm land and raise cattle.  Their crops and cattle traveled on the trains to be sold at the markets. Some settlers moved west for religious freedom such as the Mormons in Utah.

Transcontinental Railroad owners used federal land grants to take or purchase land.  They created jobs but did not pay or treat the workers regularly, especially the Chinese immigrants.  Towns were created along their routes. 

 

Not everyone was so fortunate.

 

 

 Thousands of men moved their

families to the west coast in search of gold and silver.  They hoped to become rich in a short amount of time in the gold and silver mines.  Boomtowns rose up quickly and disappeared as soon as the mines dried up. Most of the prospectors died in the mine blasts, cave-ins and from illnesses while finding themselves homeless and penniless.

The Native Americans were moved from their homelands onto federal reservations which were not good for farming crops.  The bison were killed by hired gunman from the railroad owners.  Some of the Native Americans resisted the relocations and other mistreatments.  However, some tribes were massacred at Sandy Creek, Wounded Knee and at Little Big Horn (Custer's Last Stand) by federal soldiers.

The Chinese, or Coolies, faced discrimation while working on the railroads. Long hours, cold weather, low or no pay and food.  They tried to find gold and have laundry businesses.  The Exclusion Act did not allow Chinese immigrants into America.

Following the Civil War, many African Americans moved west to own their own land.  One group known as the Exodusters moved to Nicodemus, Kansas.

After losing the Mexican War, the Mexican Americans' home lands were deemed null and void by a United States treaty. They no longer owned any homestead/property. 

 

Home Sweet Home

 

 

C                                                                                                     S

Chinese... 6                                                                                     Settlers...2

Coolies... 6

                                                                                                        T

E                                                                                                      Transcontinental Railroad...3

Exodusters... 8                                                                                  

 

G                                                                                                    

Gold rush...4                                                                                     

 

M

Manifest Destiny...1

Mexican-Americans...9

 

N

Native-Americans....5

 

Index