The settlers moved west to farm land and raise cattle. Their crops and cattle traveled on the trains to be sold at the markets. Some settlers moved west for religious freedom such as the Mormons in Utah.
The Chinese, or Coolies, faced discrimation while working on the railroads. Long hours, cold weather, low or no pay and food. They tried to find gold and have laundry businesses. The Exclusion Act did not allow Chinese immigrants into America.
After losing the Mexican War, the Mexican Americans' home lands were deemed null and void by a United States treaty. They no longer owned any homestead/property.