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1  Hamilton County Historian  Labor and Livelihood on the Edge of the Adirondacks  Eliza Jane Darling  Woodswork
Contents  BASICS   SUBSISTENCE  Ira Bennett, Caroline   William Elias Williams  Unknown Hope Man  The People   s History S...
INDUSTRY  SCALING DOWN  Alice   William Wadsworth  Claude Polmateer, Jr.  Introduction.......................................
The People   s History Series This tutorial is one of a nine-part series entitled    A People   s History of Hamilton Coun...
Volume 1  Telling the Wild  An exploration of    a people   s history    through the history of the Town of Benson  Volume...
Hamilton County Hamilton County is a community in the Adirondack mountains in the far northern reaches of upstate New York...
Eglin House  The Town of Hope is one of Hamilton County   s oldest communities. It was settled in the 1790s, seceded from ...
Precarity Origin  History, Sociology, Labor Studies, Political Science, Anthropology Timeframe  1980s  Meaning  Labor cond...
Whocky Arnold   s Portable Sawmill at Hope Falls  American work changed in the 1970s. By the postwar era, many American wo...
SUBSISTENCE The Williams Farm  10
Anthropologists define a subsistence economy as one in which people consume what they produce rather than selling it. Much...
Fish Rock Quarry Near Hope  Adirondack scholars have a habit of writing our history as a one story rather than many. To a ...
Inroads Although Sir William Johnson had made forays into the town that would become Northampton as early as 1762, the Vil...
The earliest settlers of Hope were drawn to its flatlands, an amenity that grows increasingly scarce as the Adirondack mou...
Between Hope Falls and Maple Grove  The multitude of labors entailed in early Adirondack homesteading, particularly before...
Wadsworth Tourist Home with Farmland Behind  16  Craig Farm
Other details of early farming are ill-documented. What did Hope farmers do with the fruits of their labor  How much of th...
At least five factors must be accounted for when we consider the participation of Hope farmers in markets external to the ...
In general, these factors taken together speak to the likelihood that Hope was a relatively - though not completely - self...
Brownell   s Tannery   Sawmill at Hope Falls  INDUSTRY 20
Other forms of paid work came gradually to supplement the early subsistence economy of Hope. Agriculture itself became a f...
   Nature   s Dam    at Hope Falls  22
The mid-19th century would mark a turning point for the Town of Hope. During the 1850s, agriculture, which had dominated t...
The term    tanning    describes the process of turning the hides and skins of animals into leather, but there are subtle ...
Tannery Building at Hope Falls  The first known tannery at Hope dates to the mid-1840s, when Smith and Company owned both ...
Glove Country Glove work came later and endured longer. Beginning in the 1880s - just as the largely male tanning trade in...
Lumbering was another industry foundational to the early economy of Hope. As with all Hamilton County towns, the clearing ...
A tragic accident in Hope in the early 20th century pays testament to the precarity of wilderness work even for industrial...
The Town of Hope is thought to have hosted more than a dozen sawmills in its history, many located at its industrial cente...
Roadside Stand  SCALING DOWN 30
Farming, tanning, glove work and lumbering supported the lion   s share of workers in the Town of Hope in the first centur...
The Old Homestead  Polmateer   s De Luxe Cabin Rentals  32  The Belmont Hotel
There can scarcely be a better example of the significance of location to the economy of Adirondack towns than Hope - part...
Most accommodation businesses in the Hope Hotels, Inns   Boarding Houses  with earliest known dates of operation  Town of ...
The NuBell Club  Monk   s  The Old Homestead  Ashton  The Hope Diner  The Alpine  Wadsworth   s  Coloumbe   s  35
School at Hope Valley  The Public Sector  Hope Falls School  36
Public sector employment in Hope grew slowly as the town itself burgeoned, and generally fell into three categories  educa...
Fish Rock Quarry Near Hope  Commuter Town If the early decades of the 20th century brought population decline, they also b...
Aber and King conclude their chapter on Hope with the following proclamation     It is not impossible that some day, the p...
Conclusions Anyone who has ever put a shovel in the Adirondack dirt, even to plant so much as a daisy border in the garden...
Lessons learned from the deep history of agriculture could have told us this. The cultivation of plants and the domesticat...
1Bushman, Richard Lyman. 1998. Markets and Composite Farms in Early America. The William and Mary Quarterly 55 3   315-374...
In addition to materials from the Hamilton County Historian   s collection, images for this volume were generously provide...