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Part  140  Elemental Geosystems  2  The Water, Weather, and Climate Systems  Chapter 5  Atmospheric Water and Weather    1...
mosphere At  ph  er  e  os  Li thos  p he r e  Biosphere  H yd  r
5  Atmospheric Water and Weather  142  Elemental Geosystems  Cold air reaches the dew-point temperature and forms a valley...
geosystemsnow  On the Front Lines of Intense Weather  W  e frequently see images of violent weather and floods that evoke ...
144  Elemental Geosystems  W  phenomena and their relationship to human activities ater is everywhere in the atmosphere, i...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             145        Figure 5.1    Surface tension of water. Surface tension ...
146  Elemental Geosystems  by the time they reach their greatest density. However, when water has cooled to the point of g...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             147 Latent heat of melting  80 calories  absorbed   Animation  Wate...
148  Elemental Geosystems        Figure 5.5    Global water vapor in the atmosphere. High watervapor content is lighter an...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             149  Cooler air    lesser maximum water vapor possible Water vapor ...
150  Elemental Geosystems  Specialized Expressions of Humidity There are several specific ways to express humidity and rel...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             151  Maximum specific humidity  grams of water vapor per kilogram o...
152  Elemental Geosystems  Two generalizations predict the warming or cooling of an ascending or descending parcel of air....
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             153  dry adiabatic lapse rate, we determine the temperature of the ...
154  Elemental Geosystems     ottoms of clouds. Figure 5.14 shows an example of a risb ing air parcel that cools at the DA...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             155  Given the presence of saturated air, cloud-condensation nuclei...
156  Elemental Geosystems  clouds can extend beyond low altitudes into middle and high altitudes  illustrated at the far r...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             157  in the north and the San Joaquin Valley in the south, and is l...
158  Elemental Geosystems  Criticalthinking 5.3 Identify Two Kinds of Fog  I  n Figure CT 5.3.1, can you tell which two ki...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             159        Figure 5.20    Principal air masses affecting North Amer...
160  Elemental Geosystems 0 0        Figure 5.21    Lake-effect snowbelts of the  600 MILES  300  300 600 KILOMETERS ALBER...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             161  Low pressure  Warm air Plowed fields  b  Convectional lifting ...
162  Elemental Geosystems  Altitude  m   Windward 2  C MAR 8  C  5  C Condensation level  11  C  DAR  Leeward  2500 2000  ...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             163  km 9  Cirrus  30,000 ft   Cumulonimbus  8 7 6   20,000 ft   5 ...
164  Elemental Geosystems  km 9  Cirrus  30,000 ft   Cirrostratus  8  Altostratus  7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0   20,000 ft  Warm air m...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             165  and strengthen. This process usually begins along the polar fr...
5.1  Air Mass Model  The life cycle of a midlatitude cyclone has four stages that unfold at the meeting point between cold...
Conveyor Belt Model  Three conveyors of air and moisture, one aloft and two initially along the surface, interact to produ...
168  Elemental Geosystems        Figure 5.29    NWS weather installation and ASOS weather-instrument station.  Bobb   Chri...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             169 60    1  1  Beaufort Sea  1  40    20  10  Portland  Winnipeg F...
170  Elemental Geosystems        Figure 5.31    Global lightning strikes, 1998 to 2012.   a  Lightning Imaging Sensor-Opti...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             171  diameter and weight fell in Vivian, South Dakota, in July 2010...
172  Elemental Geosystems     henomenon  a derecho with an eyelike structure   similar p to a hurricane that spun off 18 t...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             173 C A N A D A  Table 5.1    The Enhanced Fujita Scale EF-Number  ...
174  Elemental Geosystems  Table 5.2    Tropical Cyclone Classification Designation  Winds  Features  Tropical disturbance...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             175   a  Precipitation data for Super Typhoon Lekima. Note the lack...
176  Elemental Geosystems  f cusstudy 5.1    Natural Hazards  Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy  Development, Effects, and Link...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             177  Wind Speed  miles per hour  0  20  40  Wind Speed  miles per h...
178  Elemental Geosystems 120    140    160   180   160    140   120   100    80    60    40    ARCTIC OCEAN  20    0    2...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             179  Formation Areas and Storm Tracks    The map in Figure 5.37a sh...
180  Elemental Geosystems  THEhumanDENOMINATOR 5  Weather  WEATHER IMPACTS HUMANS  HUMANS IMPACT WEATHER      Frontal acti...
ed  s n  ts  Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             181  keylearningconceptsreview Weather is the short-te...
182  Elemental Geosystems  dry adiabatic rate  DAR   p. 152   moist adiabatic rate  MAR   p. 153    5.  What is humidity  ...
Chapter 5    Atmospheric Water and Weather             183   21.   22.   23.   24.   happens to them as they migrate to lo...