Step 2: Teach Lesson
Teacher explains that in some Spanish speaking countries, when 2 people have the same name, they often greet each other with the
word “Tocayo” (Toe-KIE-yo) for a boy, and “Tocaya” (Toe-KIE-ya) for a girl. Explain that in many languages a lot of names have
many nicknames. For example, the name Kathryn could have a nickname of Kate, Katie, Kathy, Kat, Katrina, etc… but she is still
Kathryn. So if a “Kate” meets a “Katie,” she can still say “Hey Tocaya!”
Explain that in multiplication, whole numbers often have multiple factor pairs. So if “2 x 10” meets “4 x 5,” they can say “Hey Tocayo,”
because they are both actually “20.”
Show the multiplication chart (Step 3). Point out to the student that there are many numbers that appear many times as an answer
with different factors, for example the number 12 appears 6 times!
Have the student name the different factor combinations that have a product of 12 using the multiplication chart and write them as
○ 2 times 6, 6 times 2, 1 times 12, 12 times 1, 3 times 4, and 4 times 3
Instruct the student to go to the whiteboard and whiteboard markers. Tell the student to look at the multiplication and find products
that appear multiple times on the chart and write all the factors from the chart and write them on their whiteboard.
○ Ex. 2 times 6, 1 times 12, 4 times 3, 3 times 4. Etc.
○ Once they have finished writing all the factors have them say the product for those factors.
○ Repeat at least 3 times
Hand the student the worksheet in Step 3 for independent practice.