countries in addition to the more obvious groups – women, African
Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans – it also includes the
physically disabled, gays and lesbians, and the elderly. Moreover, it's an
issue in Canada, Australia, South Africa, Japan, and Europe as well as
the United States"; also dealing with attitudes and perception which
needs to understand what the role of perception in an organization is. It
is very important in establishing different role of perceptions like −
• Understanding the tasks to be performed.
• Understanding associated importance of tasks allotted.
• Understanding preferred behavior to complete respective tasks.
• Clarifying role perceptions.
For example, every member in a group has to be clear regarding the role
allotted to them. Programmer writes the code, tester checks it, etc.
Also the order of needs which could be defined by Douglas McGregor,
the eminent social psychologist, divides management style into two
contrasting theories −Theory X and Theory Y Theory X considers that
people dislike work, they want to avoid it and do not take