Anna Hauser
F Block
12/01/16
Revolution to Constitution
Scrapbook
1754-1787
1754 French and Indian War Begins
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VuQ5SzExJNc
The French and Indian War is also known as the Seven Years War. The French and
Indian war began because of France’s expansion into the Ohio River valley, which
brought conflict with the claims of the British Colonies. The French and Indian
War consisted of a series of battles which led to the British declaration of war in
1756.
1763 The Treaty of Paris ends French power in North
America
The signing of the Treaty of Paris
ended the French and Indian War. in the Treaty of Paris, France lost their claims to
Canada and Louisiana was given to Spain. Britain was given Spanish Florida,
Upper Canada, and various French Holdings overseas The treaty insert supremacy
of Britain and strengthened the Thirteen American colonies by getting rid of their
European Rivals to the North and South.
1765 The Stamp Act Congress sends the Declaration of
Rights and Grievances to the king
The Stamp Act Congress was a meeting held between October 7th and 25th 1765
in New York City. attendees of the meeting consisted of representatives from nine
of the British colonies. the objective of the meeting was to devise a unified protest
against new British taxation the Stamp Act was made to raise revenue from the
American colonies by Duty and all newspapers and legal or commercial
documents. the Stamp Act was the first direct tax end it was introduced by direct
order from Colonial legislature. the Declaration of Rights and grievances declared
that colonists were subjects of British king, therefore they had the same rights as
British subjects living in Britain The Declaration of Rights and grievances also
declare that they were free from taxes except those to which they had given their
consent to. the document was rejected because it was called an “ inappropriate
document”.
1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fjnEC76NvIM
Events that led up to the Battle of Lexington and Concord were the Sugar Act the
Stamp Act and Townshend Acts causing resentment among colonist who protested
against “ no taxation without representation”. The battle marked the beginning of
the American Revolution and was fought on April 19th, 1775 on the night of April
18th hundreds of British troops March from Boston to Concord in order to sieze
supply of weapons. a confrontation on Lexington Town green started off the
fighting. In the end 3500 militiamen firing constantly for 18 miles only killed or
wounded about 250 Redcoats, compared to 90 on their side.
1776 The Second
Continental Congress
issued the Declaration of
Independence
The Second Continental Congress
served as the government of the
Thirteen American colonies and
later the United States The
Congress and people that
represented were divided on the
question of Independence even
after a year of open Warfare
against Britain factors like Thomas
Paine's Common Sense begin to
strengthen call for separation. on
July 4th, 1776 Congress. voted to
approve the Declaration of Independence.
1776 Battle of Trenton
George Washington lead his army across the Delaware River, they camped out in
Pennsylvania and were short on food, ammunition, and supplies. Washington
divided his men and sent columns under General Nathaniel Greene and General
John Sullivan. Colonel Knox fired cannons well well attempted to Rally his
troops. the Hessians quickly surrendered. 22 were killed, 92 were wounded, 918
were captured and 400 escaped. the Americans only had two frozen to death and
five wounded.
1777 The Continental Congress Adopts the Articles of
Confederation
The Articles of Confederation was the first written
Constitution of the United States. Under the Articles,
States remained independent with Congress serving
as last resort on appeal of disputes. Congress had the
authority to make treaties and alliances, maintain
armed forces, and coin money. the central
government lacked ability to Levy taxes and regulate
commerce which led to the Constitutional
Convention in 1787 4 creation of new federal laws.
1778 France and the United States Signed a Treaty of
Alliance
The Treaty of Alliance provided for military alliance against Great Britain
stipulating that the absolute independence of the United States be recognized as a
condition for peace and that France will be permitted to conquer the British West
Indies.
1781 The British Surrender to the Americans at Yorktown
General Cornwallis by 8000 British troops to Yorktown comma they expected help
from British ships coming in from New York City, but they never came. George
Washington had help from the French navy, and they kept British ships from
entering through the York River in Chesapeake Bay. the Army continued a Siege
of Yorktown And surrendered the town. The Siege cut off supplies and after a
while the British ran out of food and ammunition and they could not continue
fighting. The British surrender meant to end up fighting and the beginning of
American independence.
1783 the Treaty of Paris formally Ends the War and
Recognizes the United States as an Independent Nation
The Treaty of Paris was negotiated
between the United States and Great
Britain. The treaty ended the
Revolutionary war and recognized
American Independence. The
Continental Congress name a
five-member commission to negotiate
the treaty. The members chosen word
John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, and Henry Laurens.
however, Laurens was captured by British warship and was held in the Tower of
London until the end of the war and Jefferson did not leave the United States in
time to take part in the negotiations. Therefore the treaty was negotiated by Adams,
Franklin, and Jay. notable achievements of the Treaty of Paris were British
recognition of American independence, the securing of Americans Fisherman's
right of access to the Grand Banks off the coast of Newfoundland and other
traditional Fisheries in Canadian Waters comma and Great Britain ceding to the
United States all Territory between the Allegheny Mountains on the East and the
Mississippi River on the west thereby doubling the size of the new nation. the US
agreed to use its powers to end the persecution of loyalists by state and local
governments and to restore their property confiscated during the war.
1783 George Washington Retires from the Continental
Army
On December 23rd 1973, George Washington resigned as Commander in chief of
the Continental Army and went back to his home at Mount Vernon, Virginia.
Washington was granted powers equivalent to those of a dictator and could have
easily taken solitary control of the new nation, during the Revolutionary War.
Many people wanted Washington to become the new nations king .Washington
declined the offer and resigned his military position at the end of the war, which
surprised the Republican foundations of the new nation. George Washington's
resignation was extremely brief. In 1788 George Washington was elected to the
first two terms as president of the United States.
1787 The Constitutional Convention Creates a New Plan of
Government, The Constitution of the United States
On May 25th, 1787 the
Constitutional
Convention met to face a
difficult task,
overthrowing the new
American government
which was defined by
the Article of
Confederation. 55
delegates including
George Washington,
James Madison, and
Benjamin Franklin
convened in Philadelphia
to compose the new US
Constitution. the
delegates came up with a
new federal system
characterized by a
complicated system of
checks and balances,
after three months of
debate. More populated States sought proportional legislation and smaller States
wanted equal representation which was solved by the Connecticut Compromise. on
September 25th, 1789 the first Congress of the United States adopted 12
amendments to the US Constitution and sent them to the states for ratification the
US Constitution is the oldest written national constitution in operation in the world.
Bibliography
1. "History.com." History.com
. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.
2. "Stamp Act Congress." Stamp Act Congress ***
. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.
3. YouTube
. YouTube, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.