Buenos Aires Is the capital of the Argentine Republic and the main urban nucleus of the country. It is located in the central region of the country, on the western shore of the Rio de la Plata, on the Pampas plain.
Buenos Aires is a cosmopolitan city and a major tourist destination worldwide. Its complex infrastructure makes it one of the most important metropolis in America and is an alpine-class global city, given its influences in commerce, finance, fashion, art, gastronomy, education, entertainment and mainly in its culture.
To the south you can see the building of the former Congress of the Nation, where the National Academy of History currently operates. And finally, towards the northwest can be observed the Headquarters of Government of the City, advancing toward the Avenue of May.
The most important tourist places are in the historical center of the city, a sector formed practically by the districts of Monserrat and San Telmo. The city began a construction around the Plaza de Mayo, and the administrative institutions of the Colony were installed in the area. To the east of the Plaza can be observed the Pink House, current headquarters of the Executive Power of Argentina, in its old place was the Fort. To the north of the Plaza is the Metropolitan Cathedral, which occupies the same place from the colony, and the building of the Bank of the Argentine Nation, whose plot was in an initial property of Juan de Garay. Another important colonial institution was the Cabildo, located towards the west, that is not conserved in its original form and that part of its structure was demolished for the opening of the Avenue of May and the diagonal Julio A. Roca.
Congress of the Nation
The trends now guide fashion in Argentina to continue the increasingly intense search for originality. After a strong crisis and in a totally globalized economy, the salary is not enough, it is necessary to find new forms of progress. This begins the independent design, calling the small unique garments made by fashion professionals or artists at the price of any recognized brand. In addition pioneering brands such as El Poeta Celoso invade the market with the design in print on demand in bulk, through catalogs for resellers, and reaching the whole country thanks to new means of shipping, communications and online sales, and The latest technologies in digital printing. It becomes, in this way, the kings of the avant-garde of clothing, collaborating with the evolution of national fashion.
The culture of the City of Buenos Aires shares many characteristics with the culture of the zone of the River of the Silver. Not only do they share idiomatic characteristics, but they share the diverse roots that shaped the culture of the region. The diversity is given by the large number of immigrants who arrived in the region during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, which made Buenos Aires a cultural melting pot.
Popular music in the first decades of the twentieth century was the Tango, which although began to decline from the second half of that century, resurfaced in recent years in its classic style and combined with electronic music. The most famous exponent is the singer Carlos Gardel, recognized not only locally, but also internationally, both in his time and today. But do not forget the great orchestras, such as that of Aníbal Troilo, Mariano Mores and Osvaldo Pugliese, or great lyricists like Enrique Santos Discépolo and Homero Manzi.
The filleting is an artistic style of painting and drawing typically porteño, characterized by lines that become spirals, strong colors, the recurrent use of symmetry, three-dimensional effects through shadows and perspectives, and an overloaded surface use. Its decorative repertoire includes mainly stylizations of leaves, animals, cornucopias, flowers, pennants, and precious stones. It is often presented in contexts related to tango, design and advertising.
The lunfardo emerged in Buenos Aires developed and extended since the mid-nineteenth century in the poor areas of the City of Buenos Aires, Rosario and Montevideo with the great contribution of Italian immigration. The most closed lunfardo began as a prison language of the prisoners, so that the guards did not understand them, in the late nineteenth century. Many of their expressions came with European (mainly Italian) immigrants.
During the month of February the carnival celebrations are held during the four weekends, where the different murgas take part in the parades and dances. Since 1997 the activities developed by these groups are considered Cultural Heritage of the City, and thanks to that there are in 2006 103 murgas, that group to more than 14,000 people. It is estimated that in 2005 attended these celebrations 800,000 people, distributed in the 43 corsos performed in different neighborhoods.
Each murga has its colors and its name, accompanied by the name of the neighborhood where they were created. The murgas porteñas use in their representations different means of artistic expression: the music, the poetry, the theater and the plastic arts. The rehearsals for the carnival intensify since the month of January, where it begins to be practiced in squares, clubs or gyms.
Each performance consists of three stages: an entrance parade, a central number of songs and the parade of retreat. The parade of entrance is headed by a banner, in which they appear the name of the murga, the year of its foundation and year of the carnival.