What Your 2nd Grader Should Learn in 2nd Grade
skills your 2nd grader should know before advancing to the next grade.
Reads more complex words such as two syllable words.
Reads words with common prefixes and suffixes. For example: pre
, re
, un
and able
, ad
and er.
Reads and spells grade appropriate irregularly spelled words.
Reads a variety of texts including fiction, non-fiction, fables and poetry.
Understands the structure of a story and specifically the purpose of a beginning
(introducing the text) and ending (concluding the text).
Understands the most important details of a text: it’s main purpose and the “who”,
“what,” “where,” “when,” “why,” and “how” of a text.
Talks about characters’ responses, main events, the lessons in texts, and important
ideas or concepts.
Begins to make connections within and between texts.
Compares at least two different versions of the same story such as, two versions of
classic fairy tale.
Reads at grade-level with correct accuracy, pace, expression and comprehension.
Self-corrects mistakes and re-reads when necessary.
Read and comprehend main ideas.
Retell what happened in a story including main ideas, details about characters, setting
and events.
Self-select just-right reading materials.
Make connections to their own background knowledge.
Read silently.
Writes a variety of types of texts including:
Opinion Pieces: Students state their opinions and provide reasons to support it
and provide a conclusion.
Narrative Pieces: Students write about an event, describing actions, thoughts and
feelings and provide a conclusion.
Informative/explanatory Pieces: Students introduce a topic, use facts and
definitions to develop points, and provide a conclusion.
Revises and edits his/her writing in order to improve it.
Uses digital tools (with the aid of the teacher) to publish his/her writing.
Researches topics for research and writing projects.
Write in complete sentences with appropriate punctuation.
Use capital letters correctly.
Use and understand contractions.
Write stories with a beginning, middle and end.
Be able to do basic research from a non-fiction book.
Understand and use first-person and third-person point of view.
Edit his or her own writing for spelling and punctuation.
Adds and subtracts numbers from 1-20 using mental strategies and ultimately, by the
end of the year, adds two 1 digit numbers from memory.
Add two and three digit numbers.
Subtract two and three digit numbers.
Know the order of addition and subtraction operations.
Know the addition and subtraction fact families.
Write numbers in word form.
Learns the difference between odd and even numbers.
Begins learning the foundations of multiplication by adding the same number to itself,
(for example, 4+4) and grouping together the same number of objects to add up to more.
Understands and can break down a 3-digit number into groups of hundreds, tens and
Reads, writes and counts up to 1000, including being able to count by 5’s 10’s and
Compares 3-digit numbers, using the signs: >, < and =.
Practices adding together up to four 2-digit numbers by skip counting and adding smaller
part of the numbers together.
Measures objects and uses different units of measurement. (For example, inches and
Be able to measure length, weight and passage of time.
Estimates an object’s measurement and measures how much longer one object is than
Tells time using analog and digital clocks.
Tell time to the nearest five minutes.
Understand money including coins & bills, counting, adding and subtracting money.
Begins to solve world problems involving money.
Creates picture and bar graphs, and answers questions about the data represented in
the graphs.
Recognizes triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes and their defining
characteristics, such as the number of angles and faces.
Breaks up shapes into halves, thirds and fourths and uses smaller shapes to create
larger ones.
Use tally marks to count by five.
Start learning multiplication and division fact families.
Recognize patterns.
Round whole numbers to the nearest 10.
Know place value to the thousands.
Recognize two-dimensional geometric figures.
Solve one step word problems.
Uses observation and experimentation to learn about her world. Asks scientific questions
and finds the answers to her questions.
Collects and uses data to support experiments and what s/he learns.
Records his/her observations both through writing and talking and uses his/her
observations to explain and make conclusions.
Reads about different scientific concepts.
Conduct experiments and make predictions.
The cycle of life: Plants and animals have predictable life cycles.
Seasons: The four seasons, including their characteristics.
Matter: Materials come in solid, liquid, and gas forms, and matter can change states.
The human body: The skeletal, muscular, digestive and nervous systems, and how to
take care of the body.
Insects: The parts of the insect — abdomen, thorax and head — and their life cycles.
Electricity and magnetism: Electric currents and circuits, how batteries work, and the
push and pull of magnets.
Earth and space: The properties of suns, moons, planets, and stars and their locations
and movements.
Social Studies
Learns about the history of his/her community and family.
Compares his/her own community with others, specifically with an appreciation for
valuing difference and multiculturalism.
Gains a deeper understanding of geography and specifically that of North America,
using maps to locate and identify different types of places, such as bodies of water,
mountains, the equator, etc.
Learns more about government, its roles and how its officials are chosen.
Learns about important historical figures.
Uses reading, writing and art to deepen his understanding of concepts and portray what
s/he has learned.
Learns about American holidays and important days and events.
Learn about the 7 continents
Learn about the 5 oceans
View complete easy-to-use lesson plans in our Lesson Plan Library on our
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