APES Biome Book

By. Trevor Kurre

Tundra Biome

 

Biotic Factors: 

Plants- Arctic Moss, Arctic Willow, Pasque Flower

Animals- Caribou, Snowy Owl, Grizzly Bear

 

Abiotic Factors: 

Average precipitation- 6-10 inches

Average temperature- 16 degrees Fahrenheit

Soil type- Permafrost 

 

Human Interaction: Humans do in the tundra biome and exploit it by drilling for oil as well as hunting. The main threats to the tundra are global warming, changes in biodiversity, and pollution. There are organizations that actively promote the protection of the tundra such as The Arctic Council and The World Wildlife Fund. 

 

Sources:

Biotic/Abiotic factors, Map- http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/tundra.htm

Human interaction- http://biome--tundra.weebly.com/human-influences.html

Climatogram- http://tundrabiome6.weebly.com/climatogram.html

 

Taiga Biome

 

Biotic Factors:

Plants- Douglas- Fir, Jack Pine, Siberian Spruce

Animals- American Black Bear, Bald Eagle, Gray Wolf

 

Abiotic Factors:

Average precipitation- 12-33 inches

Average temperature- 30 degrees Fahrenheit

Soil types- Psodosols, Permafrost

 

Human Interaction: Millions of humans live in taiga biomes. The tiaga biome is exploited for lumber, which is a great threat to the wildlife. In Canada, 50% of the tiaga allows deforestation while 8% of the land is protected from deforestation.

 

Sources:

Biotic/Abiotic factors, Map- http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/taiga.htm

Human interaction- https://taigaenvironments.wordpress.com/2012/04/04/human-impacts-solutions/

Climatogram- http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/ecosystems/coniferous_woodland_rev1.shtml 

Soil type- https://www.britannica.com/science/taiga

 

Grassland Biome

 

Biotic Factors:

Plants- Milkweed, Indian Grass, Purple Coneflower

Animals- Bumble Bee, Badger, Coyote

 

Abiotic Factors:

Average precipitation- 10-30 inches

Average temperature- 20-70 degrees Fahrenheit

Soil types- Black soil, Clay soil, Lateric, Loess

 

Human Interaction: Many humans live in the grassland biome. Humans exploit the grasslands by farming and urban development, and hunting. The grasslands are protected by farmers rotating crops to restore nutrients in the soil, controled dry season burnings to restore calcium in the soil, and planting trees to prevent erosion.

 

Sources:

Biotic/Abiotic factors, Map-http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/grasslands.htm  

Human Interaction-http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment /habitats/grassland-threats/

Climatogram- http://worldbiomestask.weebly.com/climate.html

Soil type- http://peopleof.oureverydaylife.com/grassland-soil-types-10637.html

Deciduous Forest Biome

 

Biotic Factors:

Plants- White oak, American beech, Guelder rose

Animals- Bald eagle, Least weasel, Duckbill platypus

 

Abiotic Factors:

Average precipitation- 14-18 inches

Average temperature- 70 degrees Fahrenheit

Soil type- Alfisols

 

Human Interaction: Humans live in the desiduous forest biome and exploit it by hunting and deforestation. Deforestation destroys many habitats, and hunting greatly reduces the biome's biodiversity. The forest is protected by hunting restrictions and sanctuaries in national parks.

 

Sources:

Biotic/Abiotic factors, Map- http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/deciduous_forest.htm 

Human interaction- http://www.brighthub.com/environment/science-environmental /articles /65454.aspx

Climatogram- http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/ecosystems/deciduous_woodlands_rev1.shtml 

Soil type- https://php.radford.edu/~swoodwar/biomes/?page_id=94

Chaparral Biome

 

Biotic Factors:

Plants- Fairy duster, King protea, Torrey pine

Animals- Black-tailed jackrabbit, Puma, Spotted skunk

 

Abiotic Factors:

Average precipitation- 10-17 inches

Average temperature- 30-100 degrees Fahrenheit

Soil types- Serpentine soil, Gabbro soil, Alluvial

 

Human interaction: Humans that live in the chaparral biome exploit it by hunting and urban development. Urban development causes erosion by removing plants that were once there, and hunting reduces the biome's biodiversity. The chaparral biome is actively protected by hunting laws to prevent over hunting and reserves.

 

Sources:

Biotic/Abiotic factors, Map- http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/chaparral.htm 

Human interaction- http://www.chaparralconservancy.org/about/ 

-https://sites.google.com/site/chaparralbiome117/enviromental-problems

Climatogram- https://plot.ly/~alysak47/101/chaparral-biome-climatogram/

Soil type- http://www.ehow.com/list_6962327_chaparral-soil-types.html

 

Desert Biome

 

Biotic Factors:

Plants- Barrel cactus, Joshua tree, Brittle bush

Animals- Armadillo lizard, Bobcat, Cactus wren

 

Abiotic Factors:

Average precipitation- 1 inch

Average temperature- 64 degrees Fahrenheit

Soil type- Aridisols

 

Human Interaction: Humans that live in the desert biome exploit this biome by digging for oil, hunting, and mining. Deserts can be protected by planting sand-fixing bushes and trees, driving off-road vehicles only on trails to prevent erosion, and plant leguminous plants to restore nitrogen in the soil.

 

Sources:

Biotic/Abiotic factors, Map- http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/desert_climate_page.htm

Human Interaction- http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/habitats/desert-threats/

-https://sites.google.com/site/desertbiomeofawesomness/environmental-problems

Climatogram- http://deserttawanbanyatpiyaphod.weebly.com/climate.html

Soil type- http://soils4teachers.org/deserts

Savanna Biome

 

Biotic Factors:

Plants- Acacia senegal, Boabab, Jarrah tree

Animals- Lion, Koala bear, Emu

 

Abiotic Factors:

Average precipitation- 10-30 inches

Average temperature- 68-86 degrees Fahrenheit

Soil type- Porous

 

Human Interaction: People who live in the savanna biome exploit it by farming and hunting. Farmers protect this biome by rotating cropt to restore nutrients in the soil, controlled seasonal burnings to restore calcium in the soil, and planting trees and grass to prevent erosion.

 

Sources:

Biotic/Abiotic factors, Map- http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/savanna_climate_

page.htm

Human Interaction- https://sites.google.com/a/chs.coppellisd.com/grassland-savanna/home/human-impact

-http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment /habitats/grassland-threats/

Climatogram- http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/ecosystems/savannah_grassland_rev1.shtml

Soil type- http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/exhibits/biomes/grasslands.php

Rainforest Biome

 

Biotic Factors:

Plants- Jambu, Bengal bamboo, Durian

Animals- Bengal tiger, Slender loris, Linne's sloth

 

Abiotic Factors:

Average precipitation- 50-260 inches

Average temperature- 68-93 degrees Fahrenheit

Soil type- Oxisols, Ultisols

 

Human Interaction: Humans who live in the rainforest biome exploit it by farming and deforestation. Even though it rains often in the rainforest, this still causes severe erosion. There are many organizations that actively protect the rainforest biome such as Rainforest Action Network, Rainforest Partnership, and Rainforest Trust.

 

Sources:

Biotic/Abiotic factors, Map- http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/rainforest.htm

Human interaction- http://www.ran.org/?gclid=CKqSscbHt9ACFUVYDQodziUMKw 

-https://rainforestpartnership.org/?gclid=CKGW1vPHt9ACFVlMDQodB6oMSQ

-https://www.rainforesttrust.org/?gclid=CJDS_obIt9ACFdRMDQodymsKrQ 

Climatogram- http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/ecosystems/tropical_ rainforests_rev1.shtml

Soil type/Human interaction- http://soils4teachers.org/tropical

Alpine Biome

 

Biotic Factors:

Plants- Bear grass, Moss campion, Alpine phacelia

Animals- Alpaca, Yak, Snow leopard

 

Abiotic Factors:

Average precipitation- 30 centimeters

Average temperature- 10-15 degrees Celcius

Soil type- Gelisols

 

Human Interaction: People who live in the alpine biome exploit it by mining for fossil fules. This brings carbon that has been stored for years underground to the serface to be burned and added to the atmosphere. This causes global warming that is damaging to the alpine biome. 

 

Sources:

Biotic/Abiotic factors, Map- http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/alpine.htm

Human Interaction- https://www.britannica.com/place/Alps/Human-impact-on-the-Alpine-environment

Climatogram- http://apesmountains.weebly.com/abiotic-descriptors-of-ze-alpine-biome.html

Soil type- http://soils4teachers.org/alpine