Are you looking for adventure? Action? Excitement? Then this report is not for you. If you're looking for all that, go read Percy Jackson. But If you're looking for the ultimate science, keep reading. This report explains color, talks about Einstein, gives examples of matter that you may not have heard of before, and much more!

"We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them."

-Albert Einstein

Physics For You!

Short Explanations By Aydin Wilhelm

Table Of Contents

 

-Glossary

-LIGHT/COLOR

 

-Einstein

-Energy

-Matter

Pg. 6

 

Pg. 2

 

Pg. 4

 

Pg. 3

Pg. 5

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First of all, Plasma. Ionized Plasma is created when gas is heated to extreme temperatures and subjected to strong electromagnetic fields. This is the fourth state of matter. To put this into perspective, the Sun is made of Plasma. Think about how hot the Sun is. And if there are billions of stars in space, then there is a whole lot of Plasma in the universe.

First, matter. And I don't mean solids, liquids, and gasses. I'm talking about Plasma and Condensate. But today, I'm just going to talk about Ionized Plasma and Bose-Einstein Condensate.

Are you looking for adventure? Action? Excitement? Then this report is not for you. If you're looking for all that, go read Percy Jackson. But If you're looking for the ultimate science, keep reading. This report explains color, talks about Einstein, gives examples of matter that you may not have heard of before, and much more!

Then there is Condensate. Bose-Einstein Condensate is formed when a group of appropriate atoms is cooled close to absolute 0 (-459.67 Degrees Fahrenheit). It consists of bosons, which is a subatomic particle (Ex. Photon). They are mostly in their lowest energy state, since they have been subjected to extreme cooling.

 

Matter

Plasma

Condensate

2

And then there's color. Color is actually just our eyes recieving different intensities of light. If you look at the color wheel (shown below) you might notice that in the middle the colors all make white. In the second wheel, the colors shown make black. The image shown above shows a prism bending and slowing the white beam of light (which is made up of all the colors) to let us see the rainbow. What makes a post-it note yellow is light. The note is absorbing all the colors in the light accept yellow, which it is instead reflecting, making yellow reach our eyes (NOW do you get it?).

A beam of white light passing through a prism, making the light bend and make the rainbow.

 

Light/Color

Next, we have light. Light is what makes up the beautiful world around us. Light is what makes the Sun shine. Light makes your pencil look yellow, and your paper, white. Oh yes, there's much more to color and light than what meets the eye (Get it? Hopefully, you will soon.)

Speaking of the speed of light, did you know that light is able to travel through nothing-also known as space- and travels at what is currently accepted as 186,000 miles per SECOND? And you thought cheetas were fast!

Let's start here. I bet you've heard of reflection, but have you heard of refraction? Refraction is what causes objects to look disoriented in water. The speed of light isn't constant, and travels more slowly through glass and water.

3

Potential energy is when an object is in a position where, before it goes into movement, has energy stored inside it that will release when it goes into movement. For example, when you have a ball, and you hold it, say, 1 yd (3 ft) above the ground and keep it there, it has plenty of stored potential energy inside it. But when you release it, all of that potential energy is converted into kinetic energy as it falls. In fact, that leads right into the next paragraph.

The symbol for nuclear energy.

(I Didn't Make Anything About Chemical/Nuclear Energy Because I Don't Know That Much About It. Sorry!)

 

Energy

Ah, energy. Potential energy, kinetic energy, chemical energy, and nuclear energy. Energy is inside us at all times, one way or another. But energy isn't just what lets you run for a longer period. There's alot more to energy than drinking Gatorade and suddenly being able to tackle anyone on the football field.

Kinetic Energy is made when an object is in motion. Kinetic energy is really just potential energy, just converted into kinetic energy (as stated above). While that ball is in motion, it has plenty of kinetic energy, until the ball hits the ground and finally stops moving, which is when the ball has neither potential or kinetic energy.

4

 

"Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler."

 

Einstein

 

"The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and science."

These next paragraphs give some quotes from Einstein himself! Does NOT explain E=mc2.

 

"Try not to become a man of success, but rather try to become a man of value."

 

"Imagination is more inportant than knowledge."

 

"Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new."

5

 

Glossary

Sources

30-Second Quantum Theory Edited By Brian Clegg

30-Second Physics Edited By Brian Clegg

Electromagnetic Field - a field of force that consists of both electric and magnetic components, resulting from the motion of an electric charge and containing a definite amount of electromagnetic energy.

 Boson - a subatomic particle, such as a photon, that has zero or integral spin and follows the statistical description given by S. N. Bose and Einstein.

Subatomic - smaller than or occurring within an atom.

Photon - a particle representing a quantum of light or other electromagnetic radiation. A photon carries energy proportional to the radiation frequency but has zero rest mass.

 Absorb take in or soak up (energy, or a liquid or other substance) by chemical or physical action, typically gradually.

 Convert cause to change in form, character, or function.

 

Definitions From Google

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