The Basis of the Revolution

Writen by Carly Hanifin and Hallie Rackoff

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Table of Contents

1) Introduction.............................................................. 3

 

2) The French and Indian War........................................ 5

 

3) The Stamp Act........................................................... 7

 

4) The Boston Massacure................................................ 9

 

5) The Boston Tea Party................................................. 11

 

6) The Intorlerable Acts..................................................13

 

7) Conclusion................................................................. 15

 

8) Glossary................................................................... 17

 

9) Index....................................................................... 18

 

Introduction

In the middle of the 1700's the French didn't want the British to take their land away.  To prevent that the French built Fort Duquesne. Meanwhile the British were getting more worried about there safety. The colonist gathered together to discuss how to protect themselves. Benjamin Franklin had the idea that the colonist should join together under one government. The colonies agreed with the plan but none of them approved of it.

 Many events led up to the American Revolution. The first event that took place was the French and Indian War. In England it is called the Seven Years War. The second event that took place was The Stamp Act. After the Stamp Act the Boston Massacre Struck. Later on tea was dumped into the Boston harbor causing the Boston Tea Party. Last but not least The Intolerable Acts took place. It was the start of the events causing the American Revolution.

 

Benjaman Franklin in his well dressed uniform

A group of colonists gathered in a tavern

The French and Indian war

 In the 1750's Britain controlled the 13 colonies, what is now the USA. France controlled eastern Canada, most of the Great Lake region and much of the area west of the Appalachian Mountains. Both countries wanted the  land near the Ohio River Valley. The French and Indian War was a battle between the British and American colonist against the French and Indians. The war took place in 1754 and 1763. That is why in Britain they call it the seven years war.

 

George Washington led the British into battle. At first it was difficult for the British because the French had a stronger army and the natives knew how to fight in the woodlands. By the end of 1757 the British gained ground because they collected more money and better supplies and weapons then the French. They were also experts at fighting in the woodlands. In 1760 the British captured all of New France. The war ended and the British gained control of all of New France. Britain and France signed the Treaty of Paris on February 10, 1763. Britain now controlled all of New France.

British aim musket at Indians

George Washington

The Stamp Act

The Stamp Act started by the British government in 1765. This was because the French and Indian war cost a lot of money. The solution was to tax the colonist on any paper items. This included newspapers, playing cards, and contracts. To show the item had been taxed they put a stamp on the corner of the item. Even though the colonists paid their taxes they didn't like the British telling them what to do.

 

The colonists thought they should only obey their own legislatures. The American colonists ask the British government to repeal the law. Workers in the colonies agreed not to import goods from Great Britain. Since the colonists didn't import goods from Britain, the British weren't getting the amount of money they wanted. So the British government took away the law and taxed other items like tea.

A photo of a stamp that would be placed on a paper object.

A sheet of stamps

The Boston Massacre

Do you believe to Boston Massacre started with a snowball fight? In 1770, a British man named Hugh White hit a boy who had said that he should clean toilets for a living. The boy ran off and came back with a angry mob of colonists who started throwing snowballs with rocks at the British troops.

 

Captain Thomas Preston didn’t order his men to shoot their guns, however the confusion in the crowd led to five colonists being killed. Including Crispus Attucks, a former African American slave. There were only two soldiers who were quilty of the killings. However, they weren't punished badly. The only good thing about the Boston Massacre is that it cause the people who were loyal to Britain to become Patriots who were fighting for freedom.

Crispus Attucks

The first shot of the Bloody Boston Massacre

The Boston Tea Party

The Boston Tea Party took place in 1773.  Many of the taxes before had ended however; the British still had a tax on tea. The colonists were angry about that. On the night of December 13, 1773 about 60 angry colonists dressed up as Native Americans and boarded ships in Boston Harbor. While they were on board, they dumped more than 300 chests of tea into the Harbor!

 

The British government soon made new laws. One of the new laws was that Boston Harbor would be closed until the colonists paid the debt for the tea that was ruined. Although the new laws angered the colonists, it made colonies work together to end the British rule. Representatives from the 13 colonies met to discuss the laws in Philadelphia on September 5, 1774. This meeting became known as the First Continental Congress.

 

Boston Tea Party strikes Boston Harbor                      The first Contenental Congress

The Intolerable Acts

 After the Boston Tea Party British Parliament passed four terrible acts in 1774. The first act was because of the Boston Tea Party. It stated Boston Harbor would be closed until the American colonists paid for the ruined tea. The second law was that Massachusetts would be placed under Military rule. The third law said colonists should protect British Officials that were accused of crimes in the colonies. The last law that was put into play was all colonists had to let British soldiers stay at their homes. 

 

The colonist called these laws Intolerable which means unbearable and in Britain they call them coercive which means forceful. The British government thought that the strict and horrible laws would bring the colonies under control. Instead the colonies joined together to fight against British rule. The colonies set up the Second Continental Congress which issued the Declaration of Independence.

A copy of the Declaration of Independance

Some of the Intolerable Acts

Conclusion

After all these obstacles the colonists had to face, the Battle of Lexington and Concord started. First the British attacked Lexington and then they moved on towards Concord. After the Continental Congress put General George Washington in charge. The fight took place on Breeds hill but the Fight was for control over Bunker Hill. The British won because they captured the hill. After the British took over Bunker Hill they realized in the fight they lost so many soldiers and Bunker Hill was the most important thing. A few years later, at the Battle of Saratoga the Americans won. Today it is known as the turning point of the war.

 

In the later years of the war, most of the fighting took place in the south. In 1780 General Charles Cornwallis led the British to a victory in South Carolina. In 1781, American and French Military trapped General Cornwallis  in Yorktown Virginia. Cornwallis surrendered and the Revolutionary war ended! After years of fighting the Americans had the right of freedom.

 

The Battle of Saratoga

The Battle of Lexington and Concord

Glossary

  • Benjamin Franklin- He was one of the founding fathers of our country. One of the five men who drafted the Declaration of Independence.
  •  Colonists- People who lived in the 13 colonies. 
  • American Revolution- One of the biggest wars in the American History.
  • George Washington- General for the British in the French and Indian war, first President of the United States.
  • Natives- The first people who lived in America.
  • Government- People who run the country.
  •  Legislatures- A part of the government who make the laws.
  • Crispus Attucks- An African American slave who fought against the British for freedom.
  • Boston Harbor- A body of water used for importing goods.
  • The First Continental Congress- A meeting that was held to discuss the laws of the British.
  • The Declaration of Independence- A letter of complaints and reasons the colonies shouldn't be under British rule.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

American Revolution- 3, 15

 

Benjaman Franklin- 3, 4

Boston- 9, 11

 

Colonists-3, 4, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15

Continental Congress- 11, 12, 13

Crispus Attucks- 5, 17


Declaration of Independance-13, 14

 

Government- 7, 11, 13

George Washington- 5, 6, 15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Index