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Scientific Revolution

Galileo Galilei

 

Astronomy 

 

 

Major Developments/Philosophy/Ideas:

  • Some major developments were the Galileo telescope and the Copernician system.
  • His philosophy was to find a new conception of what constitutes natural philosophy and how natural philosophy ought to be pursued.
  • One idea he had was that all planets revolved around the Sun.

 

Quotes:

 

  • "You cannot teach a man anything; you can only help him find it within himself."
  • "All truths are easy to understand once they are discovered; the point is to discover them."
  • "I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use."

 


Published Materials:

 

  • Sidereus nuncius- ( Sidereal Messenger )
  • Lettere sulle macchie solari- ( Letters on sun spots )
  • Lettera a Madama Cristina-( Letters to the Grand Duchess Christina )
  • Il saggiatore- ( The Assayer )
  • Dialogo- ( Dialouge on the Two Chief Systems of the World 
  • Discorsi- ( Discourse on the Two New Sciences )

 

 

 

 

 

Francis Bacon

 

Experiments 

Major Developments/Philosophy/Ideas:

  • One major development that he did was promoting the scientific method that we still use today
  • His philosophy was to use inductive reasoning to improve the errors made by Aristotle, it's known as advancing the scientific method
  • He took up Aristotelian ideas that were based around arguing for an empirical, inductive approach, known as the scientific method.

 

Quotes:

 

  • "Hope is a good breakfeast,but it is a bad supper."
  • "Reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man."
  • "If a man will begin with certainties, he shall end in doubts; but if he will be content to begin with doubts he shall end in certainties."

 

Published Materials:

 

  • A Letter of Advice to Queen Elizabeth 
  • The Advancement of Learning 
  • On the Wisdom of the Ancients 
  • Novum Organum
  • The Great Saturation 
  • The History of Henry VII
  • Historia Ventorum 
  • Etc...

Isaac Newton

 

 

Sciences 

Major Developments/Philosophy/Ideas

 

  • Some major developments he discovered were Newton's Three Laws of Motion, Universal Gravitation, and Optics
  • His philosophy was a broad philosophy of science, which was that the action-at-a-distance implicit the idea of a force of function that encounter considerable resistance.
  • His ideas became the foundation for modern physics, even today.

 

Quotes:

 

  • "Tacts is the knack of making a point without making an enemy."
  • "I can calculate the motion of heavenly bodies, but not the madness of people."
  • "If I have seen further than others, it is by standing upon the shoulders of giants."

 

Published Materials:

 

  • The Principia: Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
  • Opticks 
  • The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended
  • The Laws of Gravitation
  • Etc....

William Harvey

 

 

Medicine 

Major Developments/Philosophy/Ideas:

 

  • Some major developments he did was that he was the first person to correctly describe the bloods circulation in the body, he also showed that arteries and veins form a complete circut
  • His philosophy was to further the the acceptance of experimentation for determining the works of nature , rather than putting excessive reliance in authority 
  • One idea Harvey had was that the center of the blood circulation did not come from the liver, like what most believed to be the center of blood circulation

 

Quotes:

 

  • "All we know is still infinitely less than all that remains unknown"
  • "There is a lust in man no charm can tame: Of loudly publishing his neighbor's shame: On eagles wings immortal scandals fly, while virtuous actions are born and die."
  • "I profess both to learn and to teach anatomy, not from books but from dissections; not from positions of philosophers but from the fabric of nature."

 

Published Materials

 

  • An Anatomical Disquistion On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals
  • Experiments Concerning Animal Gerneration

John Napier

 

 

 

Mathematician 

Major Developments/Philosophy/Idea

 

  • Some of his major developments would be him discovering logarithims, and also invented the "Napier's Bones"
  • His philosophy is that he devoted himself to the study of mathematics
  • One of his ideas were discussions of theorems in spherical trigonomotry.

Quotes:

 

  • "If language was given to men to conceal their thoughts, then gesture's purpose was to disclose them."
  • "We can land men on the moon, but, for all our mechanical and electronic wizardry, we cannot reproduce an artificial fore-finger that can feel as well as beckon."
  • "Doctrine does matter. But one must ever be reminded that to be right on doctrine does not mean one is right with the Lord."

Published Materials 

 

  •  A Plaine Discovery of the Whole Revelation of St. John
  • Mirifici logarithmorum canonis descriptio
  • De arte logistica
  • Etc...