28 Seventh day Adventists accept the Bible as their only creed and hold certain fundamental beliefs to be the teaching of the Holy Scriptures Fundamental Beliefs 2015 EDITION
28  Seventh-day Adventists accept the Bible as their only creed  and hold certain fundamental beliefs to be the teaching o...
Seventh day Adventists accept the Bible as their only creed and hold certain fundamental beliefs to be the teaching of the Holy Scriptures These beliefs as set forth here constitute the church s understanding and expression of the teaching of Scripture Revision of these statements may be expected at a General Conference Session when the church is led by the Holy Spirit to a fuller understanding of Bible truth or finds better language in which to express the teachings of God s Holy Word
Seventh-day Adventists accept the Bible as their only creed and hold certain fundamental beliefs to be the teaching of the...
28 Fundamental Beliefs The Holy Scriptures Z1 The Holy Scriptures Old and New Testaments are the written Word of God given by divine inspiration The inspired authors spoke and wrote as they were moved by the Holy Spirit In this Word God has committed to humanity the knowledge necessary for salvation The Holy Scriptures are the supreme authoritative and the infallible revelation of His will They are the standard of character the test of experience the definitive revealer of doctrines and the trustworthy record of God s acts in history Ps 119 105 Prov 30 5 6 Isa 8 20 John 17 17 1 Thess 2 13 2 Tim 3 16 17 Heb 4 12 2 Peter 1 20 21 The Trinity Z2 There is one God Father Son and Holy Spirit a unity of three coeternal Persons God is immortal all powerful all knowing above all and ever present He is infinite and beyond human comprehension yet known through His self revelation God who is love is forever worthy of worship adoration and service by the whole creation Gen 1 26 Deut 6 4 Isa 6 8 Matt 28 19 John 3 16 2 Cor 1 21 22 13 14 Eph 4 4 6 1 Peter 1 2 The Father Z3 God the eternal Father is the Creator Source Sustainer and Sovereign of all creation He is just and holy merciful and gracious slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness The qualities and powers exhibited in the Son and the Holy Spirit are also those of the Father Gen 1 1 Deut 4 35 Ps 110 1 4 John 3 16 14 9 1 Cor 15 28 1 Tim 1 17 1 John 4 8 Rev 4 11 The Son Z4 God the eternal Son became incarnate in Jesus Christ Through Him all things were created the character of God is revealed the salvation of humanity is accomplished and the world is judged Forever truly God He became also truly human Jesus the Christ He was conceived of the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary He lived and experienced temptation as a human being but perfectly exemplified the righteousness and love of God By His miracles He manifested God s power and was attested as God s promised Messiah He suffered and died voluntarily on the cross for our sins and in our place was raised from the dead and ascended to heaven to minister in the heavenly sanctuary in our behalf He will come again in glory for the final deliverance of His people and the restoration of all things Isa 53 4 6 Dan 9 25 27 Luke 1 35 John 1 1 3 14 5 22 10 30 14 1 3 9 13 Rom 6 23 1 Cor 15 3 4 2 Cor 3 18 5 17 19 Phil 2 5 11 Col 1 15 19 Heb 2 918 8 1 2 3
28 Fundamental Beliefs The Holy Scriptures  Z1  The Holy Scriptures, Old and New Testaments, are the written Word of God, ...
The Holy Spirit Z5 God the eternal Spirit was active with the Father and the Son in Creation incarnation and redemption He is as much a person as are the Father and the Son He inspired the writers of Scripture He filled Christ s life with power He draws and convicts human beings and those who respond He renews and transforms into the image of God Sent by the Father and the Son to be always with His children He extends spiritual gifts to the church empowers it to bear witness to Christ and in harmony with the Scriptures leads it into all truth Gen 1 1 2 2 Sam 23 2 Ps 51 11 Isa 61 1 Luke 1 35 4 18 John 14 16 18 26 15 26 16 7 13 Acts 1 8 5 3 10 38 Rom 5 5 1 Cor 12 7 11 2 Cor 3 18 2 Peter 1 21 Creation Z6 God has revealed in Scripture the authentic and historical account of His creative activity He created the universe and in a recent six day creation the Lord made the heavens and the earth the sea and all that is in them and rested on the seventh day Thus He established the Sabbath as a perpetual memorial of the work He performed and completed during six literal days that together with the Sabbath constituted the same unit of time that we call a week today The first man and woman were made in the image of God as the crowning work of Creation given dominion over the world and charged with responsibility to care for it When the world was finished it was very good declaring the glory of God Gen 1 2 5 11 Exod 20 8 11 Ps 19 1 6 33 6 9 104 Isa 45 12 18 Acts 17 24 Col 1 16 Heb 1 2 11 3 Rev 10 6 14 7 The Nature of Humanity Z7 Man and woman were made in the image of God with individuality the power and freedom to think and to do Though created free beings each is an indivisible unity of body mind and spirit dependent upon God for life and breath and all else When our first parents disobeyed God they denied their dependence upon Him and fell from their high position The image of God in them was marred and they became subject to death Their descendants share this fallen nature and its consequences They are born with weaknesses and tendencies to evil But God in Christ reconciled the world to Himself and by His Spirit restores in penitent mortals the image of their Maker Created for the glory of God they are called to love Him and one another and to care for their environment Gen 1 26 28 2 7 15 3 Ps 8 4 8 51 5 10 58 3 Jer 17 9 Acts 17 24 28 Rom 5 12 17 2 Cor 5 19 20 Eph 2 3 1 Thess 5 23 1 John 3 4 4 7 8 11 20 4
The Holy Spirit  Z5  God the eternal Spirit was active with the Father and the Son in Creation, incarnation, and redemptio...
The Great Controversy Z8 All humanity is now involved in a great controversy between Christ and Satan regarding the character of God His law and His sovereignty over the universe This conflict originated in heaven when a created being endowed with freedom of choice in self exaltation became Satan God s adversary and led into rebellion a portion of the angels He introduced the spirit of rebellion into this world when he led Adam and Eve into sin This human sin resulted in the distortion of the image of God in humanity the disordering of the created world and its eventual devastation at the time of the global flood as presented in the historical account of Genesis 1 11 Observed by the whole creation this world became the arena of the universal conflict out of which the God of love will ultimately be vindicated To assist His people in this controversy Christ sends the Holy Spirit and the loyal angels to guide protect and sustain them in the way of salvation Gen 3 6 8 Job 1 6 12 Isa 14 12 14 Ezek 28 12 18 Rom 1 19 32 3 4 5 12 21 8 19 22 1 Cor 4 9 Heb 1 14 1 Peter 5 8 2 Peter 3 6 Rev 12 4 9 The Life Death and Resurrection of Christ Z9 In Christ s life of perfect obedience to God s will His suffering death and resurrection God provided the only means of atonement for human sin so that those who by faith accept this atonement may have eternal life and the whole creation may better understand the infinite and holy love of the Creator This perfect atonement vindicates the righteousness of God s law and the graciousness of His character for it both condemns our sin and provides for our forgiveness The death of Christ is substitutionary and expiatory reconciling and transforming The bodily resurrection of Christ proclaims God s triumph over the forces of evil and for those who accept the atonement assures their final victory over sin and death It declares the Lordship of Jesus Christ before whom every knee in heaven and on earth will bow Gen 3 15 Ps 22 1 Isa 53 John 3 16 14 30 Rom 1 4 3 25 4 25 8 3 4 1 Cor 15 3 4 20 22 2 Cor 5 14 15 19 21 Phil 2 6 11 Col 2 15 1 Peter 2 21 22 1 John 2 2 4 10 The Experience of Salvation Z10 In infinite love and mercy God made Christ who knew no sin to be sin for us so that in Him we might be made the righteousness of God Led by the Holy Spirit we sense our need acknowledge our sinfulness repent of our transgressions and exercise faith in Jesus as Saviour and Lord Substitute and Example This saving faith comes through the divine power of the Word and is the gift of God s grace Through Christ we are justified adopted as God s sons and daughters and delivered from the lordship of sin Through the Spirit we are born again and sanctified the Spirit renews our minds writes God s law of love in our hearts and we are given the power to live a holy life Abiding in Him we become partakers of the divine nature and have the assurance of salvation now and in the judgment Gen 3 15 Isa 45 22 53 Jer 31 31 34 Ezek 33 11 36 25 27 Hab 2 4 Mark 9 23 24 John 3 3 8 16 16 8 Rom 3 21 26 8 1 4 14 17 5 6 10 10 17 12 2 2 Cor 5 17 21 Gal 1 4 3 13 14 26 4 4 7 Eph 2 4 10 Col 1 13 14 Titus 3 3 7 Heb 8 7 12 1 Peter 1 23 2 21 22 2 Peter 1 3 4 Rev 13 8 5
The Great Controversy  Z8  All humanity is now involved in a great controversy between Christ and Satan regarding the char...
Growing in Christ Z11 By His death on the cross Jesus triumphed over the forces of evil He who subjugated the demonic spirits during His earthly ministry has broken their power and made certain their ultimate doom Jesus victory gives us victory over the evil forces that still seek to control us as we walk with Him in peace joy and assurance of His love Now the Holy Spirit dwells within us and empowers us Continually committed to Jesus as our Saviour and Lord we are set free from the burden of our past deeds No longer do we live in the darkness fear of evil powers ignorance and meaninglessness of our former way of life In this new freedom in Jesus we are called to grow into the likeness of His character communing with Him daily in prayer feeding on His Word meditating on it and on His providence singing His praises gathering together for worship and participating in the mission of the Church We are also called to follow Christ s example by compassionately ministering to the physical mental social emotional and spiritual needs of humanity As we give ourselves in loving service to those around us and in witnessing to His salvation His constant presence with us through the Spirit transforms every moment and every task into a spiritual experience 1 Chron 29 11 Ps 1 1 2 23 4 77 11 12 Matt 20 25 28 25 31 46 Luke 10 17 20 John 20 21 Rom 8 38 39 2 Cor 3 17 18 Gal 5 22 25 Eph 5 19 20 6 12 18 Phil 3 7 14 Col 1 13 14 2 6 14 15 1 Thess 5 16 18 23 Heb 10 25 James 1 27 2 Peter 2 9 3 18 1 John 4 4 The Church Z12 The church is the community of believers who confess Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour In continuity with the people of God in Old Testament times we are called out from the world and we join together for worship for fellowship for instruction in the Word for the celebration of the Lord s Supper for service to humanity and for the worldwide proclamation of the gospel The church derives its authority from Christ who is the incarnate Word revealed in the Scriptures The church is God s family adopted by Him as children its members live on the basis of the new covenant The church is the body of Christ a community of faith of which Christ Himself is the Head The church is the bride for whom Christ died that He might sanctify and cleanse her At His return in triumph He will present her to Himself a glorious church the faithful of all the ages the purchase of His blood not having spot or wrinkle but holy and without blemish Gen 12 1 3 Exod 19 3 7 Matt 16 13 20 18 18 28 19 20 Acts 2 38 42 7 38 1 Cor 1 2 Eph 1 22 23 2 19 22 3 8 11 5 23 27 Col 1 17 18 1 Peter 2 9 The Remnant and Its Mission Z13 The universal church is composed of all who truly believe in Christ but in the last days a time of widespread apostasy a remnant has been called out to keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus This remnant announces the arrival of the judgment hour proclaims salvation through Christ and heralds the approach of His second advent This proclamation is symbolized by the three angels of Revelation 14 it coincides with the work of judgment in heaven and results in a work of repentance and reform on earth Every believer is called to have a personal part in this worldwide witness Dan 7 9 14 Isa 1 9 11 11 Jer 23 3 Mic 2 12 2 Cor 5 10 1 Peter 1 16 19 4 17 2 Peter 3 10 14 Jude 3 14 Rev 12 17 14 6 12 18 1 4 6
Growing in Christ  Z11  By His death on the cross Jesus triumphed over the forces of evil. He who subjugated the demonic s...
Unity in the Body of Christ Z14 The church is one body with many members called from every nation kindred tongue and people In Christ we are a new creation distinctions of race culture learning and nationality and differences between high and low rich and poor male and female must not be divisive among us We are all equal in Christ who by one Spirit has bonded us into one fellowship with Him and with one another we are to serve and be served without partiality or reservation Through the revelation of Jesus Christ in the Scriptures we share the same faith and hope and reach out in one witness to all This unity has its source in the oneness of the triune God who has adopted us as His children Ps 133 1 Matt 28 19 20 John 17 20 23 Acts 17 26 27 Rom 12 4 5 1 Cor 12 12 14 2 Cor 5 16 17 Gal 3 27 29 Eph 2 13 16 4 3 6 11 16 Col 3 10 15 Baptism Z15 By baptism we confess our faith in the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ and testify of our death to sin and of our purpose to walk in newness of life Thus we acknowledge Christ as Lord and Saviour become His people and are received as members by His church Baptism is a symbol of our union with Christ the forgiveness of our sins and our reception of the Holy Spirit It is by immersion in water and is contingent on an affirmation of faith in Jesus and evidence of repentance of sin It follows instruction in the Holy Scriptures and acceptance of their teachings Matt 28 19 20 Acts 2 38 16 30 33 22 16 Rom 6 1 6 Gal 3 27 Col 2 12 13 The Lord s Supper Z16 The Lord s Supper is a participation in the emblems of the body and blood of Jesus as an expression of faith in Him our Lord and Saviour In this experience of communion Christ is present to meet and strengthen His people As we partake we joyfully proclaim the Lord s death until He comes again Preparation for the Supper includes self examination repentance and confession The Master ordained the service of foot washing to signify renewed cleansing to express a willingness to serve one another in Christlike humility and to unite our hearts in love The communion service is open to all believing Christians Matt 26 17 30 John 6 48 63 13 1 17 1 Cor 10 16 17 11 23 30 Rev 3 20 7
Unity in the Body of Christ  Z14  The church is one body with many members, called from every nation, kindred, tongue, and...
Spiritual Gifts and Ministries Z17 God bestows upon all members of His church in every age spiritual gifts that each member is to employ in loving ministry for the common good of the church and of humanity Given by the agency of the Holy Spirit who apportions to each member as He wills the gifts provide all abilities and ministries needed by the church to fulfill its divinely ordained functions According to the Scriptures these gifts include such ministries as faith healing prophecy proclamation teaching administration reconciliation compassion and self sacrificing service and charity for the help and encouragement of people Some members are called of God and endowed by the Spirit for functions recognized by the church in pastoral evangelistic and teaching ministries particularly needed to equip the members for service to build up the church to spiritual maturity and to foster unity of the faith and knowledge of God When members employ these spiritual gifts as faithful stewards of God s varied grace the church is protected from the destructive influence of false doctrine grows with a growth that is from God and is built up in faith and love Acts 6 1 7 Rom 12 4 8 1 Cor 12 7 11 27 28 Eph 4 8 11 16 1 Tim 3 1 13 1 Peter 4 10 11 The Gift of Prophecy Z18 The Scriptures testify that one of the gifts of the Holy Spirit is prophecy This gift is an identifying mark of the remnant church and we believe it was manifested in the ministry of Ellen G White Her writings speak with prophetic authority and provide comfort guidance instruction and correction to the church They also make clear that the Bible is the standard by which all teaching and experience must be tested Num 12 6 2 Chron 20 20 Amos 3 7 Joel 2 28 29 Acts 2 14 21 2 Tim 3 16 17 Heb 1 1 3 Rev 12 17 19 10 22 8 9 The Law of God Z19 The great principles of God s law are embodied in the Ten Commandments and exemplified in the life of Christ They express God s love will and purposes concerning human conduct and relationships and are binding upon all people in every age These precepts are the basis of God s covenant with His people and the standard in God s judgment Through the agency of the Holy Spirit they point out sin and awaken a sense of need for a Saviour Salvation is all of grace and not of works and its fruit is obedience to the Commandments This obedience develops Christian character and results in a sense of well being It is evidence of our love for the Lord and our concern for our fellow human beings The obedience of faith demonstrates the power of Christ to transform lives and therefore strengthens Christian witness Exod 20 1 17 Deut 28 114 Ps 19 7 14 40 7 8 Matt 5 17 20 22 36 40 John 14 15 15 7 10 Rom 8 3 4 Eph 2 8 10 Heb 8 8 10 1 John 2 3 5 3 Rev 12 17 14 12 8
Spiritual Gifts and Ministries  Z17  God bestows upon all members of His church in every age spiritual gifts that each mem...
The Sabbath Z20 The gracious Creator after the six days of Creation rested on the seventh day and instituted the Sabbath for all people as a memorial of Creation The fourth commandment of God s unchangeable law requires the observance of this seventh day Sabbath as the day of rest worship and ministry in harmony with the teaching and practice of Jesus the Lord of the Sabbath The Sabbath is a day of delightful communion with God and one another It is a symbol of our redemption in Christ a sign of our sanctification a token of our allegiance and a foretaste of our eternal future in God s kingdom The Sabbath is God s perpetual sign of His eternal covenant between Him and His people Joyful observance of this holy time from evening to evening sunset to sunset is a celebration of God s creative and redemptive acts Gen 2 1 3 Exod 20 8 11 31 13 17 Lev 23 32 Deut 5 12 15 Isa 56 5 6 58 13 14 Ezek 20 12 20 Matt 12 1 12 Mark 1 32 Luke 4 16 Heb 4 1 11 Stewardship Z21 We are God s stewards entrusted by Him with time and opportunities abilities and possessions and the blessings of the earth and its resources We are responsible to Him for their proper use We acknowledge God s ownership by faithful service to Him and our fellow human beings and by returning tithe and giving offerings for the proclamation of His gospel and the support and growth of His church Stewardship is a privilege given to us by God for nurture in love and the victory over selfishness and covetousness Stewards rejoice in the blessings that come to others as a result of their faithfulness Gen 1 26 28 2 15 1 Chron 29 14 Haggai 1 3 11 Mal 3 8 12 Matt 23 23 Rom 15 26 27 1 Cor 9 9 14 2 Cor 8 1 15 9 7 Christian Behavior Z22 We are called to be a godly people who think feel and act in harmony with biblical principles in all aspects of personal and social life For the Spirit to recreate in us the character of our Lord we involve ourselves only in those things that will produce Christlike purity health and joy in our lives This means that our amusement and entertainment should meet the highest standards of Christian taste and beauty While recognizing cultural differences our dress is to be simple modest and neat befitting those whose true beauty does not consist of outward adornment but in the imperishable ornament of a gentle and quiet spirit It also means that because our bodies are the temples of the Holy Spirit we are to care for them intelligently Along with adequate exercise and rest we are to adopt the most healthful diet possible and abstain from the unclean foods identified in the Scriptures Since alcoholic beverages tobacco and the irresponsible use of drugs and narcotics are harmful to our bodies we are to abstain from them as well Instead we are to engage in whatever brings our thoughts and bodies into the discipline of Christ who desires our wholesomeness joy and goodness Gen 7 2 Exod 20 15 Lev 11 1 47 Ps 106 3 Rom 12 1 2 1 Cor 6 19 20 10 31 2 Cor 6 14 7 1 10 5 Eph 5 1 21 Phil 2 4 4 8 1 Tim 2 9 10 Titus 2 11 12 1 Peter 3 1 4 1 John 2 6 3 John 2 9
The Sabbath  Z20  The gracious Creator, after the six days of Creation, rested on the seventh day and instituted the Sabba...
Marriage and the Family Z23 Marriage was divinely established in Eden and affirmed by Jesus to be a lifelong union between a man and a woman in loving companionship For the Christian a marriage commitment is to God as well as to the spouse and should be entered into only between a man and a woman who share a common faith Mutual love honor respect and responsibility are the fabric of this relationship which is to reflect the love sanctity closeness and permanence of the relationship between Christ and His church Regarding divorce Jesus taught that the person who divorces a spouse except for fornication and marries another commits adultery Although some family relationships may fall short of the ideal a man and a woman who fully commit themselves to each other in Christ through marriage may achieve loving unity through the guidance of the Spirit and the nurture of the church God blesses the family and intends that its members shall assist each other toward complete maturity Increasing family closeness is one of the earmarks of the final gospel message Parents are to bring up their children to love and obey the Lord By their example and their words they are to teach them that Christ is a loving tender and caring guide who wants them to become members of His body the family of God which embraces both single and married persons Gen 2 18 25 Exod 20 12 Deut 6 5 9 Prov 22 6 Mal 4 5 6 Matt 5 31 32 19 3 9 12 Mark 10 11 12 John 2 1 11 1 Cor 7 7 10 11 2 Cor 6 14 Eph 5 21 33 6 1 4 Christ s Ministry in the Heavenly Sanctuary Z24 There is a sanctuary in heaven the true tabernacle that the Lord set up and not humans In it Christ ministers on our behalf making available to believers the benefits of His atoning sacrifice offered once for all on the cross At His ascension He was inaugurated as our great High Priest and began His intercessory ministry which was typified by the work of the high priest in the holy place of the earthly sanctuary In 1844 at the end of the prophetic period of 2300 days He entered the second and last phase of His atoning ministry which was typified by the work of the high priest in the most holy place of the earthly sanctuary It is a work of investigative judgment which is part of the ultimate disposition of all sin typified by the cleansing of the ancient Hebrew sanctuary on the Day of Atonement In that typical service the sanctuary was cleansed with the blood of animal sacrifices but the heavenly things are purified with the perfect sacrifice of the blood of Jesus The investigative judgment reveals to heavenly intelligences who among the dead are asleep in Christ and therefore in Him are deemed worthy to have part in the first resurrection It also makes manifest who among the living are abiding in Christ keeping the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus and in Him therefore are ready for translation into His everlasting kingdom This judgment vindicates the justice of God in saving those who believe in Jesus It declares that those who have remained loyal to God shall receive the kingdom The completion of this ministry of Christ will mark the close of human probation before the Second Advent Lev 16 Num 14 34 Ezek 4 6 Dan 7 9 27 8 13 14 9 24 27 Heb 1 3 2 16 17 4 14 16 8 1 5 9 11 28 10 1922 Rev 8 3 5 11 19 14 6 7 20 12 14 12 22 11 12 10
Marriage and the Family  Z23  Marriage was divinely established in Eden and affirmed by Jesus to be a lifelong union betwe...
The Second Coming of Christ Z25 The second coming of Christ is the blessed hope of the church the grand climax of the gospel The Saviour s coming will be literal personal visible and worldwide When He returns the righteous dead will be resurrected and together with the righteous living will be glorified and taken to heaven but the unrighteous will die The almost complete fulfillment of most lines of prophecy together with the present condition of the world indicates that Christ s coming is near The time of that event has not been revealed and we are therefore exhorted to be ready at all times Matt 24 Mark 13 Luke 21 John 14 1 3 Acts 1 9 11 1 Cor 15 51 54 1 Thess 4 13 18 5 1 6 2 Thess 1 7 10 2 8 2 Tim 3 1 5 Titus 2 13 Heb 9 28 Rev 1 7 14 14 20 19 11 21 Death and Resurrection Z26 The wages of sin is death But God who alone is immortal will grant eternal life to His redeemed Until that day death is an unconscious state for all people When Christ who is our life appears the resurrected righteous and the living righteous will be glorified and caught up to meet their Lord The second resurrection the resurrection of the unrighteous will take place a thousand years later Job 19 25 27 Ps 146 3 4 Eccl 9 5 6 10 Dan 12 2 13 Isa 25 8 John 5 28 29 11 11 14 Rom 6 23 16 1 Cor 15 51 54 Col 3 4 1 Thess 4 13 17 1 Tim 6 15 Rev 20 1 10 The Millennium and the End of Sin Z27 The millennium is the thousand year reign of Christ with His saints in heaven between the first and second resurrections During this time the wicked dead will be judged the earth will be utterly desolate without living human inhabitants but occupied by Satan and his angels At its close Christ with His saints and the Holy City will descend from heaven to earth The unrighteous dead will then be resurrected and with Satan and his angels will surround the city but fire from God will consume them and cleanse the earth The universe will thus be freed of sin and sinners forever Jer 4 23 26 Ezek 28 18 19 Mal 4 1 1 Cor 6 2 3 Rev 20 21 1 5 The New Earth Z28 On the new earth in which righteousness dwells God will provide an eternal home for the redeemed and a perfect environment for everlasting life love joy and learning in His presence For here God Himself will dwell with His people and suffering and death will have passed away The great controversy will be ended and sin will be no more All things animate and inanimate will declare that God is love and He shall reign forever Amen Isa 35 65 17 25 Matt 5 5 2 Peter 3 13 Rev 11 15 21 1 7 22 1 5 Copyright 2015 General Conference of Seventh day Adventists www adventist org 11
The Second Coming of Christ  Z25  The second coming of Christ is the blessed hope of the church, the grand climax of the g...