Westward Expansion by Isabella Shoup 

 

    Bison ........................................................................................................1

    Native Americans .....................................................................................2

    Great Plains ..............................................................................................3

    Transcontinental Railroad ........................................................................4

    Climate .....................................................................................................5

    Obsticales .................................................................................................6

    Farmers ....................................................................................................7

    Tools ........................................................................................................8

    Glossary ..................................................................................................9

   Index .......................................................................................................10

 Table of Contents

Bison 

    When the Transcontinental Railroad went across the Great Plains, the groups of Bison trampled over the rails tracks. Becase of this, the men or women workers of the railroad hired to shoot them when they trampled over the railroad. Because so many bison were killed, Native Americans lives were affected badly. You see, Native Americans were depending on the bison for them to hunt and kill for food.

 Native Americans 

     Talking about Native Americans, let's learn a bit more about them. Back then, Native Americans lived on very large, open areas on the Great Plains. But, Native Americans were forced on reservations, there was, of corse, not enough land that was open for the Native Americans to live and hunt on. But then, white settlers were wanting Native Americans to farm on their land. Unfortunately, the Native Americans didn't know how to farm the tough land. 

      Talking about Native Americans, let's learn a bit more about them. Native Americans lived in 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Great Plains 

     The Great Plains was very unique compard to other lands. You see, water on the Great Plains was very scarce to find, but it had very nice, rich soil to offer. Back then, people did not relize the land's potential, until later on. The Great Plains was known as the "Great American Desert" or "Great American Bread Basket".

 Transcontinental Railroad

    The Transcontinental Railroad was something alright. The goverment back then was wanting the railroad companies to do something important. They wanted them to put down as much railroad tracks as they could, since the United States were wanting more and more people to seetle in the West. After that, the railroad companies got land. The Railroad companies did some things with land. They owned a lot of acres of land. With all of this land,  they sold a lot of it to seetlers for them to pay for all of the tracks that were laid. They also advertised this land in Europe, which then helped more people come to the west. The railroad had an impact to both the United States and the Native Americans. It was positive for the United States because more people could come to west quicker and immigrants from far or near countries wanted to move to the west, all because of the railroad.

It was bad for the Native Americans because the railroad killed most of the bison. They were also forced off of their land that they owned and lost their way of life, also because of the railroad.

             Climate 

     The climate in the west had bad challenges for travelers and seetlers. Both the winter and the summer had bad things during their season, as does the unpredictable weather. The winter brought cold things like snow. When the snow was melting down, it produced floods which you already know is bad. Winter also brought tornados which were usually brought with storms.The very hot, dry summers brought things like droughts, swarms of many insects, and dust storms. Finally, the unpredictable weather. This weather include things like hail, tornados, early snow, and spring floods.  Hailstorms could destroy crops and then destoring tthe family capabillity to make a living.

  Obstacles  

     There were two major obstacles while traveling west without the train.  These two obstacles were the mountains and the rivers. The rocky mountain was hard to go around because of the winter snow ( which brought cold and rain) and spring rain (which had mud). To get to the west, you would have to cross multiple rivers. Because of this, some people and horses drowed. Of course it was hard to get a cross, but techology made it faster to cross.

     Farmers were one of the people who went west. The problem with the farmers land was that they had low availability of land and their soil was bad. Cowboys trampled over their land and the crops. They still planted crops, with the help of tools that they invented to farm with. When they were done growing, farmers sent out crops to manufacturing plants back east on the railroad. Manufacturing places were where the crops were made into food. Something like wheat into bread.

    Farmers 

 Tools for Farming 

    Before these tools were made people thought that the land on the Great Plains was not good enough to farm because the land was dry and flat. Because of this, the Great Plains was called " Great American Desert". But, when the technology like the steel plow, windmill, and the mechanical reaper were available, people started to farm the land. Each of these tools did something special to farm the land. The steel plow was neede to breack up hard packed soil, the windmill would bring up the scarce water from the ground, and the mechanical reaper would make pinking crops faster and efficient.

       Transcontinental - Crossing a continent

       Reservations - Land set aside by the U.S. government for the Native Americans

      Acres - A unit of land up to 4,840 yards

     Immigrant - Someone who moves to a new country

    Swarm - A large amount / group of something  

 Glossary

    Bison, 1, 2, 4.

    Food, 1, 2, 8.

   Railroad, 1, 4, 8.

   Seetlers, 2, 4, 5.

 

 Index