Look What Came From Korea

By : Emma 

        A shimmer of morning sunlight makes the enormous palace glow. With its vivid reds and greens, and explosion of colors, and its sloped roof makes it look like a mountain. This royal palace was once home to a great king but is now a popular tourist destination. When you go just a couple yards away, you enter a bustling city with people setting up at Namdaemun Market. The sweet scent of tteokbokki fills the air as customers start shopping. In this book you will learn both about traditional and modern Korea.

 

 

Lanterns for Buddha's birthday.

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Colorful Korea

 

 

 

 

                                 

           Korea is an amazing country! It is 85,000 square miles, about the size of the American state Utah. Korea is a rugged peninsula located between Japan and China. Korea is also surrounded by the Yellow Sea, East Sea, and a microenvironment of both seas mixed together. Also, Korea is at the same latitude as San Francisco but has an average temperature that can go to -5 degrees celsius.

          

A map of South Korea.

Great Geography

 

 

 

 

 

 

Great Geography (continued) 

          

          Arctic winds and lots of mountains make farming harder and because of this, Korean food is often very hearty. However, seaweed thrives in these conditions so many dishes have it in some form. Also, because Korea is a peninsula, all Korean meals have some sort of seafood whether it be fish or shellfish. Asia also has perfect conditions for rice growing so almost all Asian meals contain rice. In Korea, floodplains, caused by tidal changes, make ideal circumstances to improve their rice industry.

       

 

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Cold Plants

       In Korea, rice is a key part of a meal. Rice is often eaten at breakfast, lunch, and dinner unlike other countries which eat different things for each meal. Also foods such as soup, kimchi, seafood, meat, vegetables, and herbs and roots are also a big part of all the meals.

 

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A Rice Farm

Fantastic Food

         Unlike their American counterparts, Korean people eat with spoons and chopsticks. Chopsticks are also used to cook. When preparing meals longer and thinner chopsticks that can sustain heat will be used.

 

Chopsticks

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Fantastic Food (continued)

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         There are food that are usually eaten as a side. For example, Korean people eat dried sardines marinated in a sauce consisted of soy sauce. They even eat this for breakfast!

 

Fantastic Food (continued) 

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Korean Dried Sardines

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Korean Sides

          In rice producing valleys, villagers eat lots of bibimbap or a Korean dish consisting of rice topped with sautéed vegetables, chili paste, and beef or other meat, sometimes with the addition of a raw or fried egg. Another popular dish is Seolleongtang, a Korean broth tang (soup) made from ox bones (mostly leg bones), brisket and other cuts.

 

Fantastic Food (continued)

 

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Bibimbap

          In Korea, traditional clothes such as a Hanbok are often worn on festivals. But, only untill about the 20th century did people start to wear more western style clothes.

 

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Lanterns at a festival.

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Cool Clothes 

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Hanboks

         The Hanbok is a dress that is worn with a blouse. The dress is loose and flowy while hiding the movement of the wearer’s legs. This gives the appearance of gliding. The hanbok is created with satin or silk fabric and is stained with dyes made from flowers or fruits and vegetables.

 

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Fabric used for hanboks.

Cool Clothes (continued)

          The hanbok is worn by both men and women and are worn during weddings. As well as weddings, hanboks are worn during the first and 60th birthday. Now, since hanboks are not as popular designers are putting a modern twist on hanboks.

Cool Clothes (continued)

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A modern Korean hanbok.

         Korean inventors have been quite successful so far. For example, they created the touch screen mobile phone and nano 3d printing. The steam mop is another popular  invention. It was invented by HAAN in 2001 and the “kimchi fridge” was ranked as #1 most wanted household appliance. Also, the smart transport card was invented in 1995 in Seoul, Korea. Smart prosthetic skin can detect pressure, heat, and moisture. It contains sensors inside the rubber and in the future will connect to AI technology. Contrary to popular belief, Apple did not invent the portable MP3 player when they released the IPod. In 1997, Korean engineers released the very first portable MP3 player. Also, Apple didn’t invent the touch screen mobile phone either. The LG KE850 was the very first touch screen phone, not the iphone.

Interesting Inventions

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Nano 3d Printing

 

Nappa Cabbage Kimchi Recipe

Ingredients

Makes about 8 pounds (3.6 kg) of Kimchi

For salting cabbage:

  • 6 pounds nappa cabbage (3 to 4 heads of medium napa cabbage)

  • ½ cup Kosher salt

For making porridge:

  • 2 cups water

  • 2 tablespoons sweet rice flour (glutinous rice flour)

  • 2 tablespoons turbinado sugar (brown or white sugar)

Vegetables:

  • 2 cups radish matchsticks

  • 1 cup carrot matchsticks

  • 7 to 8 green onions, chopped

  • 1 cup chopped Asian chives (buchu), optional (substitute with 3 green onions, chopped)

  • 1 cup water dropwort (minari), optional

Seasonings and spices:

Equipment

  • Measuring Cups

  • Knife        

  • Cutting Board

 

  • Bowl

 

  • Saucepan

 

  • Mixing Spoon

 

  • Jar

 

Directions

Prepare and salt the cabbage:

  1. If the cabbage cores stick out too much, trim them off.

  2. To split a cabbage in half without shredding the densely packed leaves inside, first cut a short slit in the base of the cabbage, enough to get a grip on either half, and then gently pull the halves apart so the cabbage splits open.

  3. Cut a slit through the core of each half, 2 inches above the stem. You want the cabbage leaves to be loose but still attached to the core.

  4. Dunk the halves in a large basin of water to get them wet. Sprinkle the salt between the leaves by lifting up every leaf and getting salt in there. Use more salt closer to the stems, where the leaves are thicker.

  5. Let the cabbages rest for 2 hours. Turn over every 30 minutes, so they get well salted. From time to time you can ladle some of the salty water from the bottom of the basin over top of the cabbages if you want to.

  6. After 2 hours, wash the cabbage halves a few times under cold running water. Giving them a good washing, to remove the salt and any dirt. As you wash, split the halves into quarters along the slits you cut into earlier. Cut off the cores, and put them in a strainer over a basin so they can drain well.

 

While the cabbage is salting for 2 hours, and in between the times you’re turning it over, you can make the porridge:

  1. Combine the water and the sweet rice flour in a small pot. Mix well with a wooden spoon and let it cook over medium heat for about 10 minutes until it starts to bubble. Add the sugar and cook 1 more minute, stirring. Remove from the heat and let it cool off completely.

  2. Pour cooled porridge into a large mixing bowl. Add garlic, ginger, onion, fish sauce, fermented salted shrimp, and hot pepper flakes. Mix well with the wooden spoon until the mixture turns into a thin paste.

  3. Add the radish, carrot, and green onion, plus the Asian chives (or more green onions) and the water dropwort if you’re using them. Mix well.

Make kimchi:

  1. Spread some kimchi paste on each cabbage leaf. When every leaf in a quarter is covered with paste, wrap it around itself into a small packet, and put into your jar, plastic container, or onggi.

  2. Eat right away, or let it sit for a few days to ferment.

 

On fermentation:

  1. The kimchi will start fermenting a day or two at room temperature, depending on the temperature and humidity of your room. The warmer and more humid it is, the faster the kimchi will ferment. Once it starts to ferment it will smell and taste sour, and pressing on the top of the kimchi with a spoon will release bubbles from beneath.

  2. Once it starts to fermented, store in the refrigerator to use as needed. This slows down the fermentation process, which will make the kimchi more and more sour as time goes on.

         There are four types of Korean music, folk, vocal, religious, and ritual. Jeongak, Nongak, Shinawi, Goguryeo, Baekje, Silla, Joseon, Dhanjori, Danjor, and Danamul are all types of Korean traditional music. Jeongak is proper music and Nongak is farmers music. There are also more modern music too, like KPOP or Korean pop music.

 

A Korean Parade with Music

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Magnificent Music

          There are many beautiful instruments native to Korea. The Janggo is a drum that looks like an hourglass each side makes a different sound. The gayageum is a magnificent Korean string instrument that looks similar to the harp. In Korean music there are wind, percussion, and string.

 

Magnificent Music (continued)

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A Person Playing the Janggo.

         There are three different types of holidays in Korea. National, flag raising, and public holidays. Some holidays celebrated are Buddah's Birthday, Christmas, Foundation Day, Children’s Day, Constitution Day, Memorial Day, and Hangul Day. Hangul is the national language of Korea and also known as Korean. Because holidays are based of the lunar calendar, dates for holidays often change.

 

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Korean Indapendance Day Celebrations

Fun Holidays

          Chuseok is another prominent holiday. It is one of the most important holidays of the year. It is similar to Thanksgiving except that it is also a day where people commemorate all their ancestors that have died.

 

foods given to ancestors

Fun Holidays (continued)

         There are many enjoyable sports in Korea. Taekwondo is a form of martial arts that emphasizes kicking. It was invented in the 1940s and became an Olympic event in 2000. Taekwondo is a mixture of Karate and other Japanese martial arts because while in Japanese imperialist rule, Korean martial artists who studied in Japan and put their own twist on it and opened up schools in Korea called Kwans.

        

                Other sports include Ssierum which is very similar to wrestling. Korean people also invented many games. Yon is an interesting kite game made with bamboo sticks and special paper. Jal Tagi is a fascinating Korean form of rope walking and is often done while telling jokes.

 

 

 

Spectacular Sports and Games

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Jal Tagi

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How Do You Say...

Neh : Yes

Ahn-ee-oh : No

Jwe-song-ha-jimah : Please

Gam-sa-ham-ni-da : Thank you

Chon-man-eh-yo : You're Welcome

Ahn-nyoung -hee-ga-se-yo : Goodbye

Young-o-rul-hal-jool-asim-ni-ka? : Do you speak English?

 

Look What Doesn't Come From Korea

           Korea is obviously the best place to visit in the world! It’s food tastes great but is healthy too! It is a great travel destination for everyone of all ages. Whether it’s trying new clothes or listening to magnificent music, Korea has to be the most interesting out of all the countries.

 

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Bibliography

A Handbook of Korea : 951.9 HAN

This is Korea : 951.9 KOR

The land and people of Korea : 951.9SOL

Focus on Korea : 951.9KOR ( arts and culture )

Focus on Korea : 951.9KOR ( History )

korea.net/ ( official website )

http://www.pbs.org/hiddenkorea/history.htm( history )

http://www.pbs.org/hiddenkorea/food.htm( food )

https://migrationology.com/south-korean-food-dishes/( food )

http://www.pbs.org/hiddenkorea/geography.htm ( geography )

http://www.pbs.org/hiddenkorea/culture.htm ( culture )

http://www.pbs.org/hiddenkorea/religion.htm( religion )

https://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/AKR/AK_ENG_2_2.jsp( clothing )