During 1972 in Burundi, Tutsi-led government forces and other collaborating Tutsi killed an estimated 100,000-200,000 Hutu, as well as other Tutsi who attempted to stop the violence. This is known as the Burundi genocide. Burundi is located in the Great Lakes region of Africa and is the southern neighbor of Rwanda, and like Rwanda, has tragically suffered from a genocide. Which was just followed by a long civil war.
Tensions in the 1960s between the Hutu and Tutsi increased because they both wanted independence as well as control. In 1966, a Tutsi army led by Michel Micombero seized power and quickly began to exclude Hutu involvement in the government. in government. However, the cause of the 1972 genocide was not just a matter of the politics or Tutsi attempting to kill all Hutu but was also affected by the conflict between Tutsi struggling to control the government. The Tutsi, represented by Micombero, was moving to increase its power at the expense of other Tutsi, and as a result the oppressed Hutu could see the power of the government weakening. Tensions rose and violence began all over Burundi. But the Tutsi's were determined, and they turned to killing to get their way. In the end hundreds of thousands of Hutu and other Tutsi had felt the blow.
But years later the violence still had not ceased. In 1988, about 25,000 Hutu were killed in Burundi. Then in 1994 the Rwanda genocide took place where more Tutsi and Hutu were killed. By the 2000s it is said that over 300,000 people have lost their lives in this civil war. Tensions are still high between the Hutu and Tutsi, even today.
Chapter 5: Burundi Genocide
The Holocaust happened in Germany and Europe. The Burundi genocide happened in Burundi.
The Nazis in the Holocaust killed mainly Jews but also others such as the disabled, homosexuals, gypsies, and many others. In contrast, in the Burundi genocide, the Tutsi focused on killing strictly Hutu's and opposing Tutsi.
The Holocaust rounded up about 11 million deaths, while the Burundi genocide only had about 100,000-200,000.
The Holocaust took place in the late 1930's and early to mid 1940's. The Burundi genocide took place in 1972, and ther was a civil war that followed and lasted for decades.
The Nazi's focused on killing specific groups of people because they believed they were superior and the other groups were inferior. The Tutsi mainly began killing the Hutu based more on political reasons than anything else.
Both genocides were horrifying not only to the people involved but also to the ones who witnessed them. People should learn from their past to not repeat the same mistake. Maybe if the Tutsi had thought about the effect of the Holocaust then they wouldn't have done what they did.
Chapter 6: Burundi Genocide vs The Holocaust