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Look What Came From Australia

By Andrew Shawn

Look What Came From Australia

     Have you experienced the beauty of  Awesome Australia’s nature? Seen for yourself Australia’s iconic Great Barrier Reef? Australia is known for having majestic nature and animals. Hopefully, the Land Down Under will forever retain its unbelievable nature.

     Australia was founded in 1901 after gaining independence from the declining British Empire. It is the 6th largest country in land size and houses about 24  million people. Read to find out all about Amazing Australia!

 

     

     The Great Barrier Reef is undoubtedly Australia’s best tourist destination and for a good reason too! The Great Barrier Reef is one of the seven wonders of the natural world and is so big that it can be seen from space! The Great Barrier Reef is composed of all living things! It is a huge tourist destination and every year, it makes Australia a lot of money. Its location is Northeast off the Australian coast in the Pacific Ocean. Many extremely unique species live there including beautiful kinds of coral and fish. It is over 1800 miles long and in all, covers an area of around 130,000 square miles!

 

Great Barrier Reef

    

     Australia is a federation that contains 6 states and 10 territories. Australia’s states are New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania, South Australia, Victoria, and West Australia. Australia has a Prime Minister that is appointed by Australia’s Governor General. Much like other places previously owned by the British, Australia has a parliament. In parliament, there are 2 houses which are  The House of Representatives and The Senate. There are 150 people in The House of Representatives and 76 people in The Senate. Anybody that is over 18 can vote. If you don’t vote you are fined. In Australia, there are two main political parties, the Australian Labor Party and the Liberal Party of Australia.

 

Australia's Parliament building

 

Government

      Australia’s currency is known as the Australian dollar. It is split into 100 cents. Australia has notes for 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 dollars. Australia has gone  through a vast history of changing currencies. In 1778 Australia was part of the British Empire. The citizens of Australia used the Spanish dollar. In 1901 Australia gained independence from England.They weren’t able to develop a currency so they used notes based on the British pound. In 1966 Australia got their current currency. 22 years later, Australian made notes out of polymer. Polymer is harder to counterfeit and lasts longer. It is made of thin plastic film.

Currency

A savage koala

     

      Australia is known for having extremely unique animals. So much that 80% of Australia’s animals can only be found there! Australia has no large predatory animals so, you won’t be eaten by a lion. Contrary to popular belief, Koalas aren’t bears! They are actually marsupials! Wombats are rodent like marsupials that can weigh up to 80 pounds! Monotremes are porcupine like mammals that actually lay eggs! Bandicoots are marsupials that are nocturnal! They have long legs, thin tails, and pointy noses. Cassowaries are large flightless birds. They are rapid runners and have clawed feet. Dugongs are animals that are related to manatees and look a bit derpy. Mostly, they are herbivores and they chow on underwater grasses. They tend to stick together and can live a whopping 70 years in the wild! All of those animals and many more are native to Australia.

 

Animals

Dugongs!

A cute wombat

Awwwww! Look at that Monotreme!

 

Early paintings in Australia were done by indigenous people. Therefore, they were mostly paintings, carvings, and rock art. Today, Australian art is mostly based off Postmodernism. Australia was originally a prison colony for the British. Because of this, Australia’s first buildings were poorly build boxy structures. After Australia gaining independence in 1901, architecture took a huge leap for the better. In 1950, Australia hosted the Summer Olympics. It was noted that Australia made a beautiful swimming arena. To this day, Australia’s government is extremely active in architecture. Due to this, Australia is filled with beautiful hospitals, universities, and homes.

Art and Architecture

Food in Australia is extremely unique and most foods can only be found there. Considering Australia is filled with exclusive animals, that fact makes perfect sense. Some examples of Australian food are witchetty grubs, Emus, damper, and Balmain bugs. Witchetty grubs are nutty tasting bugs that are very much enjoyed by Australia’s indigenous people. It is very hard to eat raw. Emu’s are animals native to Australia that some people eat. It is known to be good smoked, cold, or even as a pizza topping! Balmain Bugs are a species of slipper lobster that again, can only be found there. Only it’s tail is edible. Damper is a classic cheap Australian food. It is extremely easy to eat and very easy to make. In order to make it all you need are  soda bread and a campfire

Food

          

 

 

     In this chapter you will learn how to make Australia Meat Pie. It’s a favorite for many people living in Australia.

INGREDIENTS

 

  • 500 grams of minced beef.

  • 1 chopped onion,

  • 1 cup of water,

  • 2 beef bouillon cubes,

  • ¼ cup ketchup,

  • 2 tablespoons worcestershire sauce,

  • Pepper,

  • ½ tablespoons oregano,

  • 1 pinch nutmeg,

  • 3 tablespoons plain flour,

  • 2 puff pastry sheets

 

Directions

  1. Preheat oven to 430 degrees fahrenheit.

  2. Brown the meat and onion.

  3. Add 3/4 cup of the water, bouillon cubes, ketchup, Worcestershire sauce, pepper, oregano, and nutmeg.

  4. Boil and cover for 15 years.

  5. Blend the flour with ¼ cup water until it becomes a smooth paste.

  6. Add it to the meat mix.

  7. Let it cool.

  8. Grease a pie dish and line it with puff pastry.

  9. Add the cooled filling mixture.

  10. Brush the edges of pastry with milk or beaten egg.

  11. Put the pastry top on.

  12. Press down the edges with a fork.

  13. Trim edges and glaze the top with milk or beaten egg.

  14. Bake in a very hot oven. 430 degrees fahrenheit for 15 minutes.

  15. Cool it down to 355 degrees fahrenheit and bake for 25 minutes or until golden brown.

You have successfully made your Australian Meat Pie!If you want, you can serve it with fries, salad, or whatever you feel like! Enjoy your delicious snack!

Recipe

 

 

Directions

  1. Preheat oven to 430 degrees fahrenheit.

  2. Brown the meat and onion.

  3. Add 3/4 cup of the water, bouillon cubes, ketchup, Worcestershire sauce, pepper, oregano, and nutmeg.

  4. Boil and cover for 15 years.

  5. Blend the flour with ¼ cup water until it becomes a smooth paste.

  6. Add it to the meat mix.

  7. Let it cool.

  8. Grease a pie dish and line it with puff pastry.

  9. Add the cooled filling mixture.

  10. Brush the edges of pastry with milk or beaten egg.

  11. Put the pastry top on.

  12. Press down the edges with a fork.

  13. Trim edges and glaze the top with milk or beaten egg.

  14. Bake in a very hot oven. 430 degrees fahrenheit for 15 minutes.

  15. Cool it down to 355 degrees fahrenheit and bake for 25 minutes or until golden brown.

You have successfully made your Australian Meat Pie!If you want, you can serve it with fries, salad, or whatever you feel like! Enjoy your delicious snack!

Recipe Two

A Rugby player is getting tackled

     

     Australia is gifted with tons of great sport players. Australia is mostly known for cricket. Cricket is a sport similar to baseball. In cricket, two batsmen stand in front of three fence shaped objects. The Batsmen face the bowler and they try to hit the ball as far as they can. Australia is also known for rugby, surfing, golf, and even skiing! Rugby is a sport that is very similar to American Football. In rugby the ball isn’t allowed to leave the player's hands! The only exception is when a  player passes backwards. Once the defense manages to tackle a player, the player must let go of the ball.

 

Sports

     Apart from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia has a lot of other nature landmarks. The Pinnacles are beautiful limestone formations that were created about 30,000 years ago! It was created when the ocean left seashells on the shore. It appears to rise out of the sand. Shark Bay is a huge landmark that is home to many threatened species. It has a “W” shaped coastline and tons of rocky limestone, sand dunes, and cliffs. Historians say that this is where the Europeans first landed when they came to Australia. Uluru is a plateau sacred to the Anangu indigenous group. It is 348 meters high  with a 9.4 kilometer circumference. The Anangu people request that people don’t climb it.  

 

Nature

 

     Australia has an extremely diverse culture with many religions. Australia is known for its aboriginal heritage and has many indigenous tribes. Australia stands for respectfulness, equal work, and freedom of speech. In a way, Australia supports many of the same things as America does. Australia’s national language is English so you don’t need to learn another language in order to go there! Australia also endorses equality under law, equality of men and women, and equality of opportunity. Australia’s unemployment rate is around 5.6 percent. Australia is mainly Christian with 64% of Australia’s population being Christian. Australia’s culture is very diverse because of it’s influences from other countries and it’s aboriginal people.

Culture

 

     Australia. It’s one of the most beautiful countries in the world. From its nature to it’s food. Australia continues to have extremely unique things. Hopefull, the Land Down Under will preserve it’s unimaginable features.

 

  1. Endorses: declare one's public approval or support of.

  2. Aboriginal:  inhabiting or existing in a land from the earliest times or from before the arrival of colonists

  3. Postmodernism: a late-20th-century style and concept in the arts, architecture, and criticism that represents a departure from modernism and has at its heart a general distrust of grand theories and ideologies as well as a problematical relationship with any notion of “art.”

  4. Undoubtedly: without a doubt

  5. Vast: of very great extent or quantity

  6. Contrary: opposite in nature, direction, or meaning

  7. Exception: a person or thing that is excluded from a general statement or does not follow a rule

  8. Unimaginable: difficult or impossible to imagine or comprehend.

  9. Formations: the action of forming or process of being formed

  10. Unemployment: the number or proportion of unemployed people.





Glossary

 



http://www.australia.com/en-us/things-to-do/nature-and-wildlife.html Nature

http://travel.cnn.com/sydney/visit/10-natural-wonders-australia-834214/ Nature

http://www.australia.com/en-us/facts/australias-animals.html animals

http://www.activewild.com/australian-animals-list/ Animals

http://www.australia.com/en-us/places/great-barrier-reef.html Great Barrier Reef

http://www.greatbarrierreef.org/about-the-reef/ Great Barrier Reef

http://worldbookonline.swb.orc.scoolaid.net/student/article?id=ar038416&st=australia#tab=homepage  History

http://worldbookonline.swb.orc.scoolaid.net/student/article?id=ar038413&st=australia#tab=homepage Government

http://worldbookonline.swb.orc.scoolaid.net/student/article?id=ar751032&st=australia#tab=homepage Art and Architecture

http://worldbookonline.swb.orc.scoolaid.net/student/article?id=ar755848&st=australia#tab=homepage Currency

http://worldbookonline.swb.orc.scoolaid.net/student/article?id=ar755848&st=australia#tab=homepage General                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

http://www.australia.com/en/things-to-do/australian-sport.html Sports

https://www.reference.com/food/australians-eat-8594cb76d16c3a09 Foods

http://www.food.com/recipe/australian-meat-pie-21726 recipe                                                                                                                                                          



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