The story of the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

 Attacked By The Red Sun

 The Story of The Deadly Assault of our Major Naval Base Pearl Harbor

By: Aaron Chu-Carroll

Attacked by the Red Sun 

By: Aaron Chu-Carroll 

Dedicated to: Ms. Jones

     The date is December 7, 1941, WWII is in progress and we are inching torwards war with Japan and Germany. The Axis Powers are rising, the Great Depression just ended. As a result, our economy is extremely weak. Suddenly, FDR received a warning letter from Japan, revealing that Japan has sent spies to the major navy base Pearl Harbor, and they are watching...

 

 Introduction

Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party

     WWI had just ended, and Germany had to $33B for repairs in victorious countries, they also had to give up ⅛ of their European territory. This caused furious protests, and soon enough the rise of the German Nazi party, led by Adolf Hitler.

The Nazi Symbol: The Swatztika

     Cleverly, Hitler used the Germans’ indignant nature to rise in political power, after a bit of time, he became the Chancellor of Germany. National pride was Hitler’s fuel, it kept him running, gaining more and more followers.

 Left: Hitler's massive group of followers.

Right: Hitler as he just became Chancellor

     He kept rising until he controlled almost all of the German population. Finally, he decided to start war, he started in Austria, a small country southeast of Germany. Quickly, Hitler and the Germans start to become known in nearby areas, they were a rising threat to all of Europe. Eventually, France, Italy, and Great Britain signed the Munich agreement, ensuring that when Germany attacks Czechoslovakia, the three countries would not try to stop them or interfere with their armies. Next, Hitler makes the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression agreement with Tsar Joseph Stalin, ensuring that Germany and the Soviet Union will not attack each other or go to war. It also stated that The Soviet Union and Germany would split the conquered land.

Above: Tsar/dictator of The Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin

Below: A map of the territory earned and lost  in the Munich agreement

     Soon after, Germany and Russia attacked Poland from either side and Poland was split in two. Germany headed north and seized Norway and Denmark. Then, they headed east and overtook Belgium, France, The Netherlands, and Luxembourg.

Left: A map of the territory split by Germany and Russia

Right: A famous news article about Germany's attack on numerous nations

     Germany has control of almost all of Europe, except Great Britain. Winston Churchill, the Prime Minister of Great Britain says that “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat,” as a response, Hitler bombs  the major British supply ships. Meanwhile, The Axis powers, (mainly Italy, Japan, and Germany,) feared that the U.S. would join The Allied powers  soon, (mainly Great Britain, France, and The Soviet Union,) so they make the Tripartite Act, stating that if we entered the war, they would act as one nation.

The main target of the German bombings, the Regia Marina

British Prime Minister: Winston Churchill

     Foolishly, Germany goes against the Non-Aggression agreement with the Soviet Union and attacks them, they fail to conquer The Soviet Union’s great armies, and a major section of the German army is wiped. As a result, FDR gets mad about Germany’s betrayal, and gives permission to bomb any German or Japanese ships, due to complete distrust with either nation, in the western Atlantic.

The Soviet Union's "Red Army"

     Unwisely, Japan wants more land. As a result,  so they attack eastern China, and start a big war that resulted in the Japanese victorious, although losing a huge part of their army. Consequently, we engage in war with Japan along with the Allied powers, since China was a major trading post, and Japan might not allow trade with the Allied powers.

The Chinese land that Japan won

     

Finally, the Japanese Prime Minister resigns, leaving the old War Minister of Japan as the new Prime Minister, the War Minister wanted to start war with the U.S. and after months of research, spies, and radar tracking, he finally decided on  Pearl Harbor, a major naval base in Hawaii.

 

Japanese War Minister and Prime Minister: Fumimaro Konoe

Japanese Prime Minister: Hideki Tojo

    The first thing Konoe noticed, was that Pearl Harbor is not heavily guarded. Japan starts sending spies to Pearl Harbor, and alters the radar signal so that we cannot see enemy ships until they are very close. They then surprise us, instead of seizing southern Asia, they head towards Pearl Harbor.

Japan's expected route

     Starting at 6:30 am, a two-wave attack is launched, the first wave is a round of fighter planes, and dive bombers were launched. Next, small submarines rapid-fire torpedoes, quickly sinking huge battleships. Machine guns are loaded, taking down about half of the planes from wave one.

A famous painting of the devastating effects of wave 1

     Suddenly, wave two comes and wipes out the largest destroyer, The Destroyer, U.S. soldiers desperately enter small fighter planes. People are pointlessly throwing rocks and shooting small handguns straight up. Eventually, the attack ends, its was about a 3-hour attack, ending at 9:30. Afterwards, 2300 American soldiers lay dead, 1200 more injured.

 

The Destroyer before and after

    Soon after the attack, surviving Japanese planes fly to The Philippines, and bomb them too. Surviving American and Filipino soldiers were sent to camps similar to the German concentration camps, where people were beat for small amounts of food, and they were forced to do work for the Japanese army.

Japan's attack on the Philipines

     President Franklin D. Roosevelt hears, the day after it, he makes an extremely famous speech, and his opening was one of the most famous quotes ever, “yesterday, December 7th, 1941 -- a date which will live in infamy -- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.” We publicly announce to Japan and our country that we are officially entering WWII, (on the side of the Allied powers), and our first target would be Japan.

Franklin D. Roosevelt making his famous speech: "Day of Infamy"

     Four years later, August 6, 1945, we launch the largest bomb known today, as revenge for Pearl Harbor.

The Pearl Harbor Memorial

Albert Einstein, discoverer of the atomic b0mb

     Next, American bomber plane Enola Gay dropped a five-ton atomic bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. People in few miles vicinity were completely disintegrated, the only thing left was their blood stains on the ground, 80,000 lay dead.

The Enola Gay

The aftermath of the Nagasaki bombing

The aftermath of the Hiroshima bombing

     Three days later,another bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki, killing nearly 40,000 more people. After another few days, Japan finally announces it’s surrender, winning us the war.

      On May 7, 1945, Germany finally surrendered to the Allied powers, causing us to win WWII. In the years after WWII, Japan and Germany were so embarrassed, that if you ever drew a swastika, or yelled “Sieg Hell,” you would be immediately thrown in jail. France, Japan, and Germany, all had to pay for repairs in victorious countries. Today, it is still known as the most deadly attack to ever occur on American soil.

 

An overall map of the Axis powers

A diagram of the atomic bomb

A diagram of the 2 waves

A timeline of events leading up to The Day of Infamy

The 

Memorial 

The plagues inscribed with the names of all the soldiers, sailors, and citizens who died

  • Chancellor: President of Germany
  • Indignant: Angry due to what is what as perceived as unfair treatment
  • Tsar: King of Russia
  • Axis Powers: The team of nations who started the war including Italy, Germany, and Japan
  • Allied Powers: The team of nations who won the war including The U.S.A.  Russia, and Great Britain
  • Concentration Camps: Brutal German camps where you were beat to do work
  • Infamy: Fame
  • Enola Gay: The American bomber plane that dropped the A-Bomb
  • Sieg Hell: Hitler's "line"

Glossary 

About the Author

     Aaron Chu-Carroll lives with his family in a small town in NY. He likes to play guitar and football with his friends. He was born on April 10 2003 and was born in New Jersey. He is in sixth grade and enjoys learning. He wrote this book because he wanted to know more about this attack.

     WWII was in progress, and the Axis powers were inching towards war with the U.S. Germany, Italy, and Japan agreed to team up on us. As a result, we didn’t enter the war. However, this soon caused massive protests, and eventually, violent protests, because people knew that we could save many lives. However, in our weak state of being, Japan attacked...