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To the right is the Uruguay flag. The lines represent the first 9 departments of Uruguay. The first flag was created in 1828 and had 9 light blue stripes. The sun which is The Sun of May represents a new nation in the world.

Uruguay

This is where Uruguay is in South America. It's name comes from the Uruguay river which means river of painted birds. It starts in Brazil and ends in Rio de la Plata (more info about Rio de la Plata on the third page). Uruguay is the least corrupt country in Latin America.

This is a picture of Montevideo the capital city of Uruguay. It is the largest city on Rio de la Plata. It is one of the major ports of South America. It is also the governmental, financial, and commercial center of Uruguay. The industries produce textiles, dairy items, wine, and packaged meats.

Down below is an Empanada. An empanada is a stuffed bread or pastry baked or fried in many countries in South Europe, Latin America, and parts of Southeast Asia. The name empanada comes from the Galician, Portuguese and Spanish verb empanar, meaning to wrap or coat in bread. April 8th is national Empanada day.

Here is some basic information about Uruguay. Uruguay's capital city is Montevideo which holds 80% of the population of Uruguay. The overall population is 3,456,750 people. The total size is 68,037 squared miles. It's exact location is 32.5228° S, 55.7658° W. The government is democratic and the people in the political parties and if the people are 18 years and older they can vote. The legislative branch makes all the laws there too.

Basic Information

Up above is Rio de la Plata the widest estuary in the world.A estuary is the tidal mouth of a large river. An estuary is where the tide meets the stream.

Below is the Quebrada de los Cuervos Spanish for crows ravine. It is the largest canyon in Uruguay and it is home to 130 different species of birds and plants otherwise found in Brazil.

The picture above is Uruguay's Pampas. The pampas is located just below Buenos Aires, between 34° and 30° south latitude, and 57° and 63° west latitude. The average temperature of the Pampas is 18 degrees celsius.

To the right is the Rio de la Plata. The estuary's mouth is about 120 miles wide and the total length is approximately 170 miles long. It is very important economically because the things there are the most important resources. It is the main fishing ground for the region and the hydroelectric plants power up the nearby cities. 


In the middle is Uruguay's Pampas. It means treeless plain in south america. It covers 300,000 square miles from the Atlantic Ocean to the Andes Mountain. It is used for grazing however overgrazing is becoming a big problem. It is considered one of the most endangered habitats in the world.


On the bottom is the Quebrada de los Cuervos. It is the first landscape to be protected by the National Protected Area System. It is very popular to visit and is home to many animals. Since you have to pay the money goes to the government.

Landforms

The climate in Uruguay can be separated into two different groups cfa and cfb. Cfa is the place you would go to vacation very nice and usually sunny. Montevideo the capital of Uruguay is actually a cfa place. Cfb  is a more colder and rainier place Some of the cfb are Rocha, Punta del Este, Cerro Pelado, and  La Paloma. Rain is distributed evenly in the year. The average temperature in June (the coldest month) is about 59 degrees fahrenheit. In January (the warmest month) the temperature is about 77 degrees fahrenheit. It averages 41 inches adjusted from 38 inches. There is usually about 120 to 128 sunny days per year.

Climate

Human Features

Very close to Plaza Independencia is Teatro Solís in Montevideo. It is a premier performance place. It first opened in 1856 and completely renovated the past decade or so. Spanish-language tours are free on Wednesdays, UR$20 other days; English- and Portuguese-language tours cost UR$50.

Casapueblo is a gallery/villa made by Carlos Páez Vilaró. Visitors can tour 5 rooms and watch a film about where the artist goes and about his life. There is a bar where you can see an amazing view, there is also a restaurant and a hotel.

This is La Mano En La Arena a giant concrete/iron hand. It won first place in a monumental art contest in 1982 and it has been a Punta fixture since. Tons of people are attracted to it to take pictures or to jump off the hand.

Until 1997 gold was not mined in Uruguay although the potential for finding it existed and a gold mine named El Arenal in Riviera where a $30 million investment created a mine that was expected to last for six years.  This start-off created a sustained growth in the mining industry that is still ongoing.

Prices for amethyst vary according to stone colour, hardness and size. A kilogram (2lb 2oz) of amethysts is worth between $1 and $8 in Uruguay but can fetch as much as $150 in China.

The name jasper means speckled stone in Greek. It is formed from Quartz the most common type of mineral. It can be found in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Egypt, India, Madagascar, Russia, Kazakhstan, the United States, and Uruguay.

Industry

Natural Resources

Uruguay was voted #1 for agricultural land in Latin America  crop in the former Spanish colonies and #12 for arable land globally.

Uruguay's mines don't have any fossil fuels but do have gold. Along with basalt, dolomite, feldspar, gypsum, limestone, marl, quartz, agate amethyst, and sand.

One of Uruguay's natural resources is fish. In 2000, the total catch was 116,588 tons. Fish exports in 2000 amounted to $110.2.

Agriculture

In Uruguay's industry corn/maize is one of the main products. The production of corn/maize was corn 242,500 tons in 1999.

1 of the things Uruguay produces is rice. To the right is a rice plant. Production of rice in 1999 was 1.3 million tons in 1999.

1 last thing that Uruguay produces is cattle. With a population of only 3.4 million, Uruguay is now known for its premium English Breed of cattle that roam uninhibited in one of the best preserved pastures in the world.

 The biggest festival is the Carnival. It will begin next year on February 12th to February 13th. Uruguay's official language is spanish. Most of the people living in Uruguay are Christians. A little over 40% of people say that they don’t have a religious identity. They celebrate Christmas, New Years, Constitution Day (Jura de la Constitucion July 18th), and National Independence Day (August 25).

This is how Uruguayan people celebrate New Year's Eve by shooting fireworks into the night sky.

Culture

The christmas trees that Uruguayans use are the same to the ones in America except for 1 thing. They have candles as well as lights.

The people of Uruguay celebrate National Independence day as a reminder of their freedom from Brazil.