Moving to the West

        by Izzy Bubar

Table of contents 

 

Why Move West?...............................................................................1

 

 

Moving West.......................................................................................2

 

 

Obstacles While Traveling..................................................................3

 

 

The Great Plains..................................................................................4

 

 

Surviving in the Great American Desert.............................................5

 

 

How the Railroad Effected the Bison..................................................6

 

 

The Native Americans.........................................................................7

 

 

Good Things About the Railroad.......................................................8

   Pioneers moved west for gold, land, fur, jobs, and adventure. People moved west to have freedom of religion and to escape racism too. The Homestead Act was a law that gave pioneers 160 acres if they worked on the land for 5 years.

 Why move West?

    Pioneers traveled west with covered wagons. They traveled by wagons on trails. These trails were created by the Native Americans. Some pioneers traveled by train, if they had enough money. This railroad was called the transcontinental railroad.  

Moving West

The trails led pioneers through the mountains. The Rocky Mountains were big and hard to go around with wagons. It was very cold during winter and muddy during the springtime. Rivers were dangerous because sometimes people and horses would drown. 

 

   Obstacles While Traveling  

There was not a lot of water on The Great Plains. It was difficult to grow crops.  The soil was hard and dry.  The weather, during the summer, was hot and sometimes there would be dust storms and even swarms of insects. Early winter snows would cause spring floods when the snow would melt.

The Great Plains

Surviving in the Great American Desert

Farmers used different things to help them grow crops in the hard and dry dirt. They used the steel plow to break up the hard earth. The mechanical reaper was used to harvest the crops they grew. The windmill would help the farmers and bring water to the surface.

Many bison were killed because of the railroads being built. Men were hired to kill them because the buffalo would trample the railroad tracks. There were so many buffalo being killed that it was bad for the Native Americans. The Native Americans used the buffalo for a lot of things. They ate the meat, used the furs to stay warm and bones to make weapons and tools.

How the Railroad Effected the Bison

The people that came to the west took land away from the Native Americans. The Native Americans fought the settlers to keep their land.  After many wars fought over land, the Native Americans who were left in the west were made to live on reservations. There was not enough land on these reservations to hunt or live on.

The Native Americans

Good Things About the Railroad

The railroad helped farmers get their crops to the market to sell. Towns were built close to the railroad tracks. This made people want to move west. The railroad made it easier to get other things like corn, cattle and hogs so farmers could make more money.