Arctic tundra is located in the northern hemisphere, (around the north pole) and extending south to taiga biomes. It has a short growing season (spring).
Over 1,700 types of plants have adapted to live in the Tundra's cold, dry climate.
They Include: shrubs, sedges, reindeer mosses, liverworts, grasses, a large variety of flower, and lichens.
Animals Include: lemmings, voles, caribou, arctic hares and squirrels, arctic foxes, wolves, polar bears, mosquitoes, flies, moths, grasshoppers, blackflie, arctic bumblebees, cod, flatfish, salmon, trout, ravens, snow buntings, falcons, loons, sandpipers, terns, some types of gulls, some kinds of owls, and various birds native to snowy regions
Snow(some precipitation), ice, permafrost, poor soil, strong winds, sunlight, rocks.
Winter temperature is -34° C (-30° F), but the average summer temperature is 3-12° C (37-54° F).
Rainfall differs in different arctic regions. Yearly precipitation is around 15 to 25 cm (6 to 10 inches).
Soil is very poor, forms slowly, layer of permafrost. Soil is very low in nutrients and minerals.