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Cell Growth and Division
      Prokaryotic organisms  bacteria        Cell grows to double its size      DNA is doubled      Divide using binary fi...
     Simple  and short because bacteria have a small genome      genome  all of the genetic material of an  organism      ...
                Larger than prokaryotic cells Contains organelles Has a much larger genome Genes organized into chromosome...
     Each  species has its own   of chromosomes       Somatic cells  body cells  are diploid  2N  meaning these have a ful...
1 pair of chromosomes  Chromatid  another name for a single chromosome        Somatic cells   46      Exist in 23 matched ...
Duplicated Chromosome  2 sister chromatids   Centromere  holds 2 sister chromatids together  Breakdown of chromosome struc...
Broken into 2 parts  Interphase  90  of the cell cycle        preparation for cell division  M phase  10  of the cell cycl...
G2 Phase  M Phase  G1 Phase         G1 phase  1st growth phase cell increases in size and volume        S phase  DNA is co...
Definition  nuclear cell division resulting in 2 identical daughter cells  genetic equivalent of the parent . Broken into ...
      Nucleoli disappear       Chromatin condenses into visible chromosomes       sister chromatids join at a centromere  ...
      Nuclear membrane disintegrates  which allows the microtubules to interact with the chromosomes       Spindle fibers ...
      Chromosomes move toward the metaphase plate     the equator of the cell       Centrioles are positioned at opposite ...
      Sister chromatids split and move toward poles of the cell       Chromosomes form a    V    shape because the kinetoc...
      Nonkinetochore microtubules help to further elongate the cell       Daughter nuclei begin to form at the two poles  ...
Animal Cells       Performed as cleavage       Cleavage furrow is formed near metaphase plate       Mitotic spindle breaks...
Plant Cells       A cell plate forms along midline       Vesicles  like vacuoles  line up in the center to create a new ce...
46 46  92 Interphase  Mitosis  PPMAT and cytokinesis 46  Product  2 identical daughter cells  same   of chromosomes as ori...
Prokaryotic Cells       Binary fission  Eukaryotic Cells       Cell cycle        Produces 2 identical daughter cells      ...