Art and Islam 


The Umayed Mosque, the Great mosque of Damascus is one of the larges and oldesr mosque in the world and it is considered the fourth holiest place in islam. Its ground plan is rectangular in shape and its couryard is enclosed with four exterior walls. since its completion, this mosque has served as a model for congregational mosque architecture in syria.

the Allah-verdi khan Bridge. siose Bridge is rankedas one of the most famous examples of safavid bridge design.The design consists of 33 arches and crosses the sayandeh River.At the start of the bridge is a large base plank.

a common feature of Islamic art is the covering of surfaces covered with geometric patterns.

The use of geometric figures is thought to reflect the language of the univere and help the beliver to refelct on life and the greatness of creation.


Geometry is seen to be spiritual because circles have no end they are infinite- so they remind muslims that allah is infinite.Complex geometric designs create the impression of the unending repetition, and this also helps a person get a idea of the inifite life of allah.




The use of patterns is part of the way that Islamic art represents nature and objects by their spiritual qualities, not their physical and material qualities.

The repeated geometric patterns often make use of plants motifs, and thes are called arabesques. Stylised arabic lettering is also common.

calligraphy is the most highly regarded and most fundamental element of islamic art. It is significant to the QUr'an, the book of god's revelations to the prophet Muhammad, was transmitted in arabic, and the inherent within the Arabic script is the potential for the developing a variety of ornamental forms.