Integumentary system

•The integumentary system is an organ system consisting of the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands. The skin is only a few millimeters thick yet is by far the largest organ in the body.


•acne and warts; chronic skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis; and more serious diseases like skin cancer.
•Cause for acne Acne occurs when the pores on your skin become blocked with oil, dead skin, or bacteria. Each pore on your skin is the opening to a follicle. The follicle is made up of a hair and a sebaceous (oil) gland. The oil gland releases sebum (oil), which travels up the hair, out of the pore, and onto your skin.
•Symptoms for acne are Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
•Blackheads (open plugged pores — the oil turns brown when it is exposed to air)
•Small red, tender bumps (papules)
•Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips
•Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin (nodules)
•Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin (cystic lesions)
•Treatments for acne may very because of many diferent products one common one is proactive.


  • Osteoporosis: This is a disease in which the bones become fragile and prone to fracture.
  • Leukemia: This is a cancer of the white blood cells.
  • Osteopenia, osteitis deformans, and osteomalacia: Similar to osteoporosis, these are other types of bone loss.

Function: The adult human skeletal system consists of 206 bones, as well as a network of tendons, ligaments and cartilage that connects them. The skeletal system performs vital functions — support, movement, protection, blood cell production, calcium storage and endocrine regulation — that enable us to survive.

The framework of the body, consisting of bones and other connective tissues, which protects and supports the body tissues and internal organs. The human skeleton contains 206 bones, six of which are the tiny bones of the middle ear (three in each ear) that function in hearing.

syptoms: many patients with slow-growing types of leukemias don't have symptoms. Rapidly growing types of leukemia may cause symptoms that include fatigue, weight loss, frequent infections, and easy bleeding or bruising.

Trestments: Chemotherapy is the major form of

treatment for leukemia. This drug treatment uses chemicals to kill leukemia cells.

Depending on the type of leukemia you have, you may receive a single drug or a combination of drugs. These drugs may come in a pill form, or they may be injected directly into a vein.


Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is a very common congenital disorder that affects the posture, balance and motor functions. Muscle tone is lost during pregnancy or during child birth. Physical tasks become difficult because of this disorder.

syptoms: Symptoms include exaggerated reflexes, floppy or rigid limbs, and involuntary motions. These appear by early childhood.


Aerobic activity for 20-30 minutes 5 days a week improves cardiovascular heatlh. If injured, pursuing an activity that avoids the injured muscle group or joint can help maintain physical function while recovering.

The main function of the muscular system is movement. Muscles are the only tissue in the body that has the ability to contract and therefore move the other parts of the body. Related to the function of movement is the muscular system's second function: the maintenance of posture and body position.

The muscular system is an organ system consisting of skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscles. It permits movement of the body, maintains posture, and circulates blood throughout the body.



Brain and nervous system problems are common. These neurological disorders include multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, and stroke, and can affect memory and ability to perform daily activities.

syptoms of alzimers: mental decline, difficulty thinking and understanding, confusion in the evening hours, delusion, disorientation, forgetfulness, making things up, mental confusion, difficulty concentrating, inability to create new memories, inability to do simple math, or inability to recognize common things.

treatments: No cure exists, but medications and management strategies may temporarily improve symptoms.

some medications are donpezi, memantine

The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts.

the network of nerve cells and fibers that transmits nerve impulses between parts of the body.