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ROBERT SALA RAMOS  EDITOR   EUDALD CARBONELL JOS   MAR  A BERM  DEZ DE CASTRO JUAN LUIS ARSUAGA  COORDINATORS   PLEISTOCEN...
Assistant Editors  Mar  a Gema Chac  n Navarro Marcos Terradillos Bernal Am  lia Bargall   Ferrerons Cristina Vega Maeso  ...
5  CONTENTS  Contents  PREFACE ..............................................................................................
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  6  Arrill...
CONTENTS  Cova Negra ........................................................................................................
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  8  Siega ...
preface
PREFACE  Our group has decided to update the information available about Spanish palaeohistory for the UISPP congress. We ...
12  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  up to...
1  north-western atlantic basins  NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  13
Site  Map numbering  As G  ndaras de Budi  o  1  Cova Eir  s  2  Monforte de Lemos ensemble  3  Valdara  4
NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  Arturo de Lombera-Hermida  ,  ,   , Xos   Pedro Rodr  guez  ,    The Paleolithic site of A...
16  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figur...
NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  Figure 2. Handaxes and cleavers recovered from the excavations of Emiliano Aguirre  Fotogr...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  18  Artur...
NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  Figure 1. Location of the Cova Eir  s site. Plan of the cave and the current archaeologica...
20  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figur...
NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  tics of the lithic assemblage on this level suggest that it is Mode 3. The faunal assembla...
22  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figur...
NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  dynamic on a steep slope towards the archaeological south. Moving inwards, this level merg...
24  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  6. Mo...
NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  mation now available prevents us from ruling out the possibility of older motifs. 7. Concl...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  26  Xos  ...
NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  Figure 1  Location of the sites at the Monforte Basin. The squares indicate the Mode 2    ...
28  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD   1-2 ...
NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  Figure 2  Lithic industry of the Monforte Basin  Mode 2 and Mode 3 . 1, Quartzite handaxe ...
30  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figur...
NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  Conclusions The Monforte de Lemos Basin plays a strategic role due to its geographical loc...
32  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figur...
NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  Loc.  Level  Material  Lab.ref.  Years 14C  Years cal. BP  Years cal. BC  Val 1  2  Human ...
2  cantabrian mountains and coastline  NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  35
Site  Map numbering  Site  Map numbering  Cueva de Aitzbitarte III and IV  5  Cueva del Mir  n  21  Antoli  ako Koba  6  S...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Jes  s Altuna , Koro Mariezkurrena , Joseba R  os    La Cueva de Aitzbitarte III and ...
38  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figur...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Figure 2a. Platelet engraved from Aurignacian level  Figure 2b. Platelet engraved. Dr...
40  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  sible...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Mikel Aguirre   Antoli  ako Koba  Gautegiz-Arteaga, Bizkaia   Antoli  a cave  Antoli ...
42  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figur...
Cultural att.  Aziliense  Lower Magd.  Upp. Solu. Upp. Solu. Gravettian  Gravettian  Evol. Aurig.  Ref. Level  Lanc  Upper...
44  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figur...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  as one conventional, staggered consistently between c. 25,800 and 27,700 BP  c. 31,00...
46  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD   1985...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  types  lateral, transversal, and double, four of them featuring Quina or Quina-like r...
48  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  a var...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Manuel R. Gonz  lez Morales   Los Azules cave  Cangas de On  s, Asturias   Location a...
50  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figur...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Lithic and bone industries  According to Fernandez-Tresguerres, the raw material mana...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  52  role ...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  chopping tools and a minimal presence of small    akes and cores. They are primitive ...
54  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  ping ...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  F. Bernaldo de Quiros   A. Neira Campos   J.M. Maillo Fern  ndez     El Castillo cave...
56  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Unit ...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  2010 . This interpretation is also supported by its marginal location in the cave and...
58  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  We al...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  4. Chronology One of the fundamental missions in our review of the cave was to de   n...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  60  edge ...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  and bones emphasizing an adult deer tibia fragment, three heads of the same animal sy...
62  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figur...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Zone  Level  Culture  Material  Procedure  Code  BP Date  Deviation  Indoor D  2    C...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  64  M   S...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Lab. Ref..  C BP  14  CalBP_CalPal 2007-HULU  68  range calBP   Level   Sector  Class...
66  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Anoth...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  The dominant species among the macro-mammals in the 17 Solutrean levels is deer    65...
68  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  from ...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  made of bone from the tibia of a deer, preserved complete  level 12 ceiling  Corch  n...
70  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  knapp...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Figure 4. Early Middle Magdalenian portable art  1-7  plaquettes engraved with anthro...
72  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Ma  l...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  rignacian, and exhumed three pseudomorphs  one of them complete  and the badly altere...
74  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figur...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Level  Techno-complex  Material Context  Lab. Ref.  Date  BP   Calibration range  cal...
76  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  de   ...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  There is no doubt that the most important level, the one that has attracted most atte...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  78  turne...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Level IX also contains quite a large number of Ursus spelaeus remains, but only a lit...
80  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  the p...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Levels IV and III, dated in the Azilian, clearly show the climate amelioration in the...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  82  Javie...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  IV  19,300  100 BP  III  Bone  OxA-19968  19,310  80 BP  III B  Bone  OxA-19246  20,8...
84  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  diffe...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  with a contribution of diffuse run-off and heavier    ow at the top. The characterist...
86  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  coast...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  sequences at other sites in Cantabrian Spain, like Covalejos and Labeko Koba. Finally...
88  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  in re...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Figure 2. Cross-section of the cave  than a monumental rubble cone brought in from an...
90  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  occur...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  drains the sinkhole    at the bottom of which lies the cave    and the ever-changing ...
92  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Lawre...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  The mouth of La Riera was completely filled with archeological deposits capped by a r...
94  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  ses a...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  counter-productive  taking of ever larger numbers of young individuals, as well as th...
96  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figur...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Stratum V. Sub-divided into several levels in the area not covered by the overhang. C...
98  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Strat...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  level forms a wedge changing to XIIIinf. The contact between these units is erosional...
100  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  incl...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  area outside the protection of a small rock shelter . Radiocarbon dating of the site ...
102  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  some...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Figure 2. Sample of the lithic industry.  are the same  as in the rest of the sequenc...
104  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  the ...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  could be dated in this level. Furthermore, the industries located in it are particula...
106  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  work...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  In contrast, precise information is available about the dip of the levels in the east...
108  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  As d...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  all understanding of Lezetxiki, some impressive malacological remains have been recov...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  110  Manu...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  times  for sheltering livestock, Cueva del Mir  n was identified as an archeological ...
112  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  French Badegoulian. It is with this period that the cave began to witness massive, lo...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  114  whea...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Figure 1. Frontal stratigraphic section of the deposit in Santimami  e and an analyti...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  116  of t...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  ucts, which means that lithic reduction tasks are scarcely represented at the site. T...
118  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  cles during this phase, the reappraisal of the Palaeolithic rock art by C. Gonz  lez ...
120  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  cord...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  hazel  are accompanied by testimonial evidence of strawberry tree, birch, heath, ash,...
122  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Marc...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Figure 1. Top  Development of the karstic system and location of the entrance and the...
124  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  tion...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Figure 2.Top  Interpretive geological cut of Osario Gallery. The geological features ...
126  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  plan...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  and other speci   c bone parts have appeared and also due to the reliable presence of...
128  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  teet...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  Ana Cristina Pinto Llona   25.000 years of Palaeolithic occupation at Sope  a  Asturi...
130  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  tle ...
CANTABRIAN MOUNTAINS AND COASTLINE.  stand up, and the sediment adjacent to the wall is loose enough. Therefore, dates on ...
132  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  wate...
3  ebro valley, pyrenees and pre-pyrenees  NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  133
Site  Map numbering  Abauntz  25  Arrillor  26  Atxoste  27  Cova del Parco  28  Roca dels Bous  29  Cova Gran de Santa Li...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Pilar Utrilla  , Carlos Mazo  , Rafael Domingo     The Abauntz cave  Arraitz, Nava...
136  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  BP . Identi   ed during the    rst campaigns  Utrilla, 1982 , Mazo used it to supp...
138  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  The ...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  horse or    gures, or Duruthy, where the symbolic value of the horse is evident  C...
140  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  period of    fty thousand years. The    rst of these were Neanderthals, Acheulean ...
142  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  fram...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  ers of this material, sometimes thicker and sometimes thinner, compose the deposit...
144  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  The ...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  precisely, in this particular context the human molar  AR-1740  of a young hominid...
146  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  5. Concluding remarks Systematic excavation carried out for 7 campaigns, between 1...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  148  Alfo...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  and a good selection of substrate elements  with a certain inheritance from lithic...
150  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  next...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Figure 2. Archaeological materials at the site in Atxoste  151
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  152  Javi...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  respond to rock falls    levels XV and XIV    being sterile from an archaeological...
154  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  was ...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  depths between    280    285 cm. based on the elongated scalene triangles document...
156  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  EC s...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Figure 4. Upper Magdalenian settlements Lithic and bone industry at Cova del Parco...
158  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  whic...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Rafael Mora  ,  , Jorge Mart  nezMoreno , Xavier Roda Gilabert  ,   , Ignacio de l...
160  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Figure 2. A  N10  s excavated hearths distribution. Vertical projection, E-W    up...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  162  inst...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  paper , 385m A.S.L., and in a lateral valley of the Noguera-Pallaresa river where ...
164  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Mousterian. Although, an important component of scrapers, denticulates and notches...
166  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Joel Casanova i Mart    , Rafael Mora Torcal  ,  , Xavier Roda Gilabert  ,   , Jor...
168  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  esta...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Mousterian in this area. Metamorphic and siliceous rocks proliferate in the enviro...
170  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  All ...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Pilar Utrilla Miranda , Vicente Baldellou Martinez  , Manuel Bea Martinez , Lourde...
172  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Figure 2. Frieze  s calque    panels VI and VII   . Below, detail of the listing h...
174  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  the hundreds of hands represented in the Cantabrian Coast caves    mostly at Casti...
176  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  sure...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  wise, with some doubts, it might come from the Magdalenian with typological echoes...
178  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Jordi Rosell Ard  vol ,   Antoni Canals Salom   ,    Las Fuentes de San Crist  bal...
180  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  per Paleolithic transition. Likewise the lower levels, F-G in P1-P2 and the correl...
182  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  cavi...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  tending the stratigraphic context of the site to the 1987 campaign. In the same ye...
184  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  one but this includes large stone fragments and boulders. Its structure is respons...
186  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  earl...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Figure 3. Gabasa  scrapersand Mousterian point  no. 10  from levels a c  1-4 , d  ...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  188  mate...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Figure 1. Top  Stratigraphic section and ecological features of Kanpanoste. Bottom...
190  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  clas...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Figure 2. Selection of prehistoric materials of Kanpanoste  de A. Cava .  191
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  192  ment...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Y  4.673.241 and those of Forcas II are X  280.242  Y  4.673.709, and the height i...
194  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  scal...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Figure 2. Evolution of the geometrics in the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition of Fo...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  196  Jord...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Bn  BN1G BN1GC  Quartzite 52 Hornfels  17  6,5  41  BN1GE  5,2  53 6,7   BP  BN2G ...
198  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  dihedral edges of upright or convex delineation have been con   gured. Adding conc...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  200  deer...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Figure 1. Martinarri stratigraphic sections  costra  crust .  a herbaceous layer c...
202  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  reto...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Figure 2. Selection of prehistoric materials from Martinarri.  203
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  204  and ...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Figure 1. Mendandia stratigraphic section.  touches, 4 geometric items, 1 microbur...
206  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  mois...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Figure 2. Selection of prehistoric materials in Mendandia.  207
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  208  herd...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Figure 1. Location of the Montsant Valley, in the NE of the Iberian Peninsula.  th...
210  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  main...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  tiate it. Thickness between 10 and 20 cm  covered 8 m2 and was also concentrated i...
212  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Cult...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  It is also important to highlight the presence of two conical shaped basins    lle...
214  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  impo...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  2.15  of the elements have been retouched and endscrapers and backed elements pred...
216  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  No r...
EBRO VALLEY, PYRENEES AND PRE-PYRENEES  Approximately 50 pieces were recovered, with side scrapers and denticulate tools p...
4  mediterranean basins. north of the ebro river  NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  219
Site  Map numbering  Site  Abric Roman    41  La Cansaladeta  42  La Cativera  43  Cinglera del Capell    44  Reclau Viver...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. NORTH OF THE EBRO RIVER.  Josep Vallverd   ,  , Ethel Allu   ,  , Amelia Bargall   ,  , Isabel C  ce...
222  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. NORTH OF THE EBRO RIVER.  2. Stratigraphy and chronology The Sedimentary Geology of the talus scree ...
224  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. NORTH OF THE EBRO RIVER.  The upper chronostratigraphic horizon of the sequence is the most recent t...
226  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  as d...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. NORTH OF THE EBRO RIVER.  fore the predominant category in all archaeological levels of the site. Ho...
228  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. NORTH OF THE EBRO RIVER.  bivores in all levels, some carnivore remains have also been recovered  Ta...
230  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  new ...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. NORTH OF THE EBRO RIVER.  tion of distinct activity areas is a guide for estimating the site structu...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  232  Jose...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. NORTH OF THE EBRO RIVER.  Figure 1. A. Location of La Cansaladeta site  on the centre , on the top o...