This timeline follows the happy and sorrowful events that occurred throughout 1945-1999 that have now provided a catalyst for Canadians to strive for equality.
The Evolution of Canadian Aboriginals
Project by Jacob Mackenzie & Maysa
Compulsory Attendance in
There were major changes made
to the Indian Act to remove a
number of discriminatory rules,
including a ban on native
consumption of alcohol
Through something called
enfranchisement, First Nations
people could give up their Indian
status to vote in a federal election.
The federal franchise was first
extended to NONstatus Indians,
then in 1960, to full status Indians.
Right To Vote
Also known as the 'Assembly Of
First Nations" is a political
organization that represents approx.
900,000 first nations citizens
located in Canada. The AFN
advocates on issues such as
indigenous rights and land and
The white paper was a Canadian
Government Policy. Trudeau and
Chretien's paper proposed that they
should eliminate "Indian" as a
legal status, making First Nations
"equal" to Canadians. The paper
also included things such as
dismantling the Department of Indian
Affairs, repealing the Indian Act,
and destroying treaties between
First Nations and Canada. Trudeau
and Chretien saw the white paper
as a way to eliminate rising costs
of administering Indian Affairs and
treaty responsibilities. This had major
backlash. The indigenous people
thought this was another attempt
to assimilate their people into
After the ban on residential schools,
the Canadian Government
started funding schools called
"Band Schools" that brought back
Aboriginal Culture and beliefs.
In attempts to help Aboriginal
Children get back to their roots
and respect their culture.
Aboriginal Women gain the
right to Aboriginal Status even if
they married non-aboriginals.
Bill C-31 was a bill to amend
the Indian act. It was to propose
modifications to various sections
of the Indian Act. to restore Indian
status to those who had it taken
away due to discriminatory provisions,
and to allow bands to control their
own band membership as a step
towards self-government and to
address gender discrimination of the
Meech lake accord was an accord
that proposed two different parts.
Thefirst part involved a statemnt
saying Quebec was a distinct society.
The second part dealt with various
issues to increase provincial powers
in regards to the federal government.
Certain groups, like aboriginals argued that they were not involved in the negotiations and demanded that the accord be rejected. They wanted more rights and more recognition.
Meech Lake Accord
The Oka Crisis
The Oka Crisis was a 78-day standoff between a group of Mohawk people and the town of Oka Quebec. This dispute sprung from an attempt to expand a golf course onto a Mohawk burial ground. Once a police officer was killed, tensions were high and the army was called in.
The Royal Commision was made to address many issues of aboriginal status and rights. It was a study of the relationships between aboriginals and non-aboriginal people in Canada. This new relationship they would hope to establish would acknowledge and respect Aboriginal cultures and values.
This accord adddressed the issue of Aboriginal Self- government but provided a waiting period of three yearsbefore the concept would be recognized in law. It as well dealt with Aboriginal Representation in Parliament.