1. What is lymphedema? Lymphedema is an abnormal swelling of fluid in the skin leading
the tissue to swell up in the arm or leg
2. What causes lymphedema? Either people are born with abnormalities in the lymphatic
system or it can it occur on its own or it's caused by other diseases or conditions.
3. How many stages are there to lymphedema? There are stages from 0 to 3
4. What are the stages? Stage 0 (non-visible, latency), stage 1 (spontaneously reversible),
stage 2 (spontaneously irreversible), and stage 3 (lymphostatic elephantiasis)
5. What are the signs or symptoms of lymphedema? Signs and symptoms include: a full or
heavy sensation in the limb(s), tightness of the skin or tissue, decreased flexibility in the
hand/wrist/foot/ankle, difficult fitting into clothing in one specific area, or
1. Who diagnosis lymphedema? A physician or other qualified healthcare provider.
Lymphedema can not be diagnosed by non-physician practitioner using the title of a
certified lymphologist because they are not qualified for it.
2. Why is it important for early diagnosis and treatment? Early diagnosis and treatment
gives you the better chances of lymphedema very successful
3. How is lymphedema diagnosed? Family history, medical history, physical examination
4. What is the pitting edema test? Is a gentle pressure and does not leave an indentation
on the swollen area. It's a sign of stage 1 lymphedema. When the tissue is swollen but
5. What is the stemmer sign test? Sign is a thickened fold of skin at the base of the second
toe that can be gently pinched and lifted.
1. Where does lymphedema generally occur? Lymphedema generally occurs in the arm or
2. What other system is the lymphatic system a part of? The lymphatic system is a part of
the immune system
3. What is the lymphatic system and what does it do? The lymphatic system keeps your
body healthy. It produces lymph to collect unwanted toxins in your body and gets rid of it.
4. Whats is the difference between primary and secondary lymphedema? Primary is when
it can occur on its own
5. What are some risk factors that might occur developing lymphedema? Secondary is
when it can be caused by another disease or condition