simplebooklet thumbnail

of 0

CONTENT TABE

What is a tattoo (pag-3)

Advantages fot having a tattoo (pag-4)


Disadvantages for having a tattoo (pag-5)


What is Ink Master (pag -8)


Study article (pag 6-7)

Tattooing has long been a way of ceremonial rites and passages in most
cultures throughout the world. From Africa's scarification process to the
Celt's inking griffins and monsters that were later found on their
corpses, tattoos are worn to mark special events, to pay honor or
respect, and even to unite body to body with ash remains that are later
inked under the skin.
Tattoos tell a story and can be written in any language. From symbols
depicting cultural images to words and font designs, if you dare to
dream it, a tattooist can likely create it and tell your tale on a living
canvas.

What is a tattoo?

History of Tattoos


Tattoos are permanent markings in the skin made throught ink injecting
needles. Once ink is deposited into the second layer of skin known as
the dermis, the wound scabs over and the skin heals to expose a design
under the new layer.

  • They could make you healthier. One study in the American
    Journal of Human Biology suggests that people with other
    tattoos have a better immune response to new tattoos than
    people who are getting first-time tattoos.

They get your feel-good chemicals going. The rush of
adrenaline and the released endorphins brought on by your
body’s chemical response to pain can produce a delightful
natural head and body high.

ADVANTAGES FOR HAVING A TATTOO

Tattoos can improve your chances of being hired. According
to a study presented Wednesday at the British Sociological
Association,192 people with managerial experience were
recruited to rate images of people both with and without
tattoos. In the results, the managers believe tattooed
employees could attract a young clientele, making businesses
hip and relevant and cool daddy-o, as the kids say.

They could improve your self-image for weeks after you
get them. According to one study, the effect lasted longer on
men, but that's likely because some women started to worry
what other people think of their tattoo.

Disadvantages of having a tattoo

It makes you come across as a wannabe: Society still believes
that most people, who get tattoos, are either outlaws, or
rebellious people by nature. Those bound by tradition, culture
and values don’t like it if their kids get a tattoo.

It’s permanent: If you are getting your boyfriend’s or girlfriend’s
name inked on your body, are you sure that person will still
remain in your life years later, without making you regret your
decision? Tattoos stick permanently on your body, and it is
human nature to dislike some things later on in life, which we
like right now.

It’s risky: Unless you are getting it done from a really skilled
person, in a really reputed parlor, tattoos are risky. Some people
are allergic to the ink, while others can get an infection like
hepatitis because of infected needles or equipment being used
in low-cost parlors.

Article

Prevalence of tattoos is around 10-26% in men and 10-22% in women, and can involve negative effects such as: regret, removal attempts, physical and biological changes of the skin and association with some viral diseases including hepatitis B, C and HIV infection.

is to determine the prevalence, characteristics and factors associated with tattoos in recruiters joining the military.The practice of tattooing was common among the peoples who inhabited the Pacific Islands. The primitive peoples of these regions used to strike a piece of leather with bones containing ink, thus creating many different images. The act of striking was called "tau" in their language, giving rise to the word "tattoo". They have been found in mummies in ancient Egypt and the practice can be traced to early periods of colonization and migration across the sea, where people (especially Captain Cook) made several trips to the South Pacific.

Thousands of people around the world wear tattoos and the reasons for doing so may vary as much as life projects. One of the main reasons, which also accounts for removal, is to have a lover's (boyfriend, girlfriend, husband, wife, etc.) name permanently etched into one's skin . Relationships begin and end but the name remains on the skin.

In Brazil, tattoos were introduced by a Danish immigrant, via Lucky Tattoo, in 1959. He came from a family of tattoo artists and was a precursor to the art of tattooing until his death in 1983. In the 90s, some tattoo parlors opened, using appropriate tools and following the rules on aseptic care and disposable materials.

The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence, characteristics and factors associated with tattoos in recruiters joining the military.

A study, were  military recruiters, who were previously scheduled for health exams. Approximately 70 recruiters were examined every day, from 7th July to 15th August 2010, at the Pelotas Army Batallion. They were asked about their habits, such as smoking, education and family income, by duly trained interviewers. Later, they were examined by dermatologists, who documented the presence or absence of tattoos, as well as their sizes, colors, designs and patterns, and whether they needed a parent's consent to get a tattoo, revealed that there was a prevalence of 10.82% when the male population reached 18, a similar finding to the 13.5% for young men in this age group discovered by Busaniche in 2006, thus contrasting considerably with the results uncovered by Luca Cegolon in 2005, in which the prevalence was 6.3% for young people in this same age group. In France, a survey on viral hepatitis held in rural areas found a prevalence rate of 5.8%, though it was regarding an older population than that of our study sample. In 2007, in the state of Ceará, Cristiane Bezerra et al. reported a prevalence rate for tattoos of approximately 10.4%, among a population of 119 patients with serum positivity for hepatitis C, which was very similar to our sample with an older population, demonstrating the relevance of the issue.

Significantly, our sample revealed that 44 (20.66%) had two tattoos and 28 (13.15%) had more than two tattoos. Polychromatic tattoos are more difficult to remove and in our sample, 26 (12.26%) had a two-color tattoo, 11 (5.19%) a three color- tattoo, and 18 (8.03%) had tattoos with 4 or more colors. Likewise, larger tattoos are harder to remove. In this sample, approximately half had tattoos of over 10 cm.

With respect to the age of the first tattoo, 20 (9.62%) individuals were tattooed when they were 14 or younger. The highest percentage was 81 (38.94%) for those aged 17. Importantly, 66 (30.99%) did not ask for permission from a parent to get a tattoo.

Two states in Brazil, São Paulo and Alagoas, have laws that prohibit both body piercing and tattooing on minors, even with the permission of those responsible. However, in Santa Catarina, the law does not authorize piercings or tattoos on individuals aged 16, even with the parents' consent; those aged 16-18 years can have piercings or tattoos only with the permission of a legal guardian. Our results showed that 87 (41.85%) of recruiters had tattoos aged 16 years or younger, and 66 (30.99%) got them without consent.


The most common location was the upper limbs with 133 (65.2%), a number similar to that found by S. A. Nishioka, 2002, whose study also revealed the main tattoo designs. In a sample, 41 (19.71%) individuals had "names", 18 (8.65%) "tribal" and 16 (7.69%) "Japanese writing", in contrast to Nishioka's findings, where the "sun" was most prevalent, followed by names and initials.

There were showed that 21.22% of the tattooed individuals were/are smokers, while 7.8% had never smoked. This relationship was significant and, in accordance with the findings of Busaniche et al. from 2006, revealing a strong relationship between smoking and tattoos within a context of risky behavior. In 2010, Luca Cegolon et al. found similar results when they analyzed the behavior of 4277 young Italians with tattoos and piercings.

There were found a positive association between low educational levels and tattoos. Having studied for 8 years or less was associated with tattooing, at a proportion of 14.47%, when compared with the 6.93% for those who had studied for over 8 years (p = 0.00). In 2006, Busaniche J. N. et al. found similar data , demonstrating a relationship between the number of adolescents who repeated a year at school and tattoos: 31.5% versus 8.3% (in those who did not repeat), p < 0.001.

Regrets over getting tattoos range from 14-26%, depending on the gender, age and number of tattoos. Our sample has a high percentage of complex tattoos; 25.47% with more than one color and 49.3% within an area of up to 10 cm. These factors can aggravate future regrets.

The correlation between having a tattoo and serum positivity for hepatitis B, C and HIV (blood transfusion transmitted diseases - TTDs) has been demonstrated and proved to be a risky behavior, which led the Ministry of Health to exclude individuals tattooed in the last 12 months as potential blood donors (Resolution 1353, November 2011). Other studies conducted by Nishioka described a strong association between having a tattoo and TTDs. In order to reduce the costs of materials and laboratory testing, it would be advisable to exclude those tattooed individuals as potential donors. These findings corroborate Busaniche and Cegolon, who suggested that "having a tattoo is associated with risk factors for TTDs", not only the act of getting a tattoo in itself, but also the risky behaviors toward TTDs evidCegolonenced among tattooed individuals and those who intended to get a tattoo.

In conclusion, the young age group analyzed, with the high prevalence, complexity of tattoo pattern (size, colors and number of tattoos) and association with risky behaviors, have revealed worrying tendencies, showing a change in behavior in society, which may involve future complications upon removal. From a legal perspective, many adolescents have their bodies tattooed without permission from those responsible, which is also worrisome.

What is INK MASTER

Musician Dave Navarro and tattoo artists Chris Núñez and Oliver Peck are the show's primary judges; Dave and Chris have appeared in all episodes to date; however Oliver missed two episodes of season nine as he was having surgery after a heart attack. Some episodes incorporate a fourth guest judge, usually a well-known tattoo artist who has knowledge or reputation in the style of tattoo (such as New School, Traditional, Japanese, Portrait, Black and Gray, etc.) chosen for the week's elimination challenge.

Ink Master is an American reality competition television series airing on Spike which premiered on January 17, 2012. The show features tattoo artists who compete in various challenges assessing their tattoo and other related artistic skills. They are judged by renowned tattoo artists and enthusiasts, with one or more contestants being eliminated each episode. The last contestant standing each season receives a $100,000 prize and the title of Ink Master. The show is produced by Original Media which also produced the reality show Miami Ink.

Spin offs

Ink Master: Redemption

Spin-off series Ink Master: Redemption premiered in September 2015. The spin-off features canvases who are unhappy with the tattoo they received during the competition. After discussing their tattoo with Navarro, the canvases are given the chance to confront the artist who did the original piece. The artist is offered the chance for redemption by being able to consult with the canvas on a new tattoo .

Ink Master: Angels

In June 2017, Spike announced a new spin off series titled Ink Master: Angels. The premise follows four female contestants from the eighth season of Ink Master - season winner Ryan Ashley, Kelly Doty, Nikki Simpson and Gia Rose - as they travel around the United States to face other artists in tattoo challenges with a spot on season ten of Ink Master on the line.

REFERENCES

https://www.liveabout.com/what-is-a-tattoo-3189418

http://www.cosmopolitan.com/style-beauty/a3468595/7-secret-advantages-of-having-tattoos/

http://www.magforwomen.com/6-disadvantages-of-having-a-tattoo/

Mariwalla K, Dover JS. The use of lasers for decorative tattoo removal. Skin Therapy Lett. 2006;11:8-11.

Lise ML, Cataldo Neto A, Gauer GJ, Dias HZ, Pickering VL. Tattooing: profile and discourse of individuals with marks in the body. An Bras Dermatol. 2010;85:631-8.

Gouveia VV, Medeiros ED, Mendes LAC, Vione KC, Athayde RAA. Correlatos valorativos de atitudes frente á tatuagem. Psicol Soc. 2010;22:476-85. 

Bernstein EF. Laser tattoo removal. Semin Plast Surg. 2007;21:175-92. 

Cegolon L, Baldo V, Xodo C, Mazzoleni F, Mastrangelo G; VAHP Working Group. Tattoo Removal in the typical adolescent. BMC Res Notes. 2011;4:209. 

Busaniche JN, Eymann AM, Mulli V,Paz MC, Catsicaris C . Asociación entre adolescents tatuados y conductas de riesgo. Arch Argent Pediatr 2006;104:309-15. 

Pérez AL. A identidade á flor da pele. Etnografia da prática da tatuagem na contemporaniedade. MANA. 2006;12:179-206.

Nalpas B, Zylberberg H, Dubois F, Presles MA, Gillant JC, Lienard M, et al. Prevalence des Infections par le virus hepatotrope en milieu rural. Gastroenterologie Clin Biol. 2000;24:536-40.

Bezerra CS, Lima JMC, Vilar JL, Moreira JLB, Frota CC. Viral Hepatitis C in a leading brazilian Hospital: Epidemiological factors and genotyping. Braz J Microbiol. 2007;38:656-61.

Nishioka Sde A, Gyorkos TW, Joseph L, Collet JP, Maclean JD. Tattooing and risk for transfusion-transmitted diseases: the role of the type, number and design of the tattoos, and the conditions in which they were performed. Epidemiol Infect. 2002;128:63-71. 

Cegolon L, Miatto E, Bortolotto M, Benetton M, Mazzoleni F, Mastrangelo G, et al. Body piercing and tattoo: awareness of health related risksamong 4,277 Italian secondary school adolescents. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:73. 

Roy E, Haley N, Leclerc P, Boivin JF, Cédras L, Vincelette J. Risk factors for hepatitis C vírus infection among street youths. CMAJ. 2001;165:557-60. 

Nishioka Sde A, Gyorkos TW, MacLean JD. Tattoos and transfusion- transmited disease risk: implications for the screening of blood donors in Brazil. Braz J Infect Dis. 2002;6:172-80. 

Armstrong ML, Roberts AE, Koch JR, Saunders JC, Owen DC, Anderson RR. Motivation for contemporary tattoo removal: a shift in identity. Arch Dermatol. 2008;144:879-84.

Sacks T. Laser and intense Pulsed Light - Induction and treatment of allergic reactions related to tattoos. An Bras Dermatol. 2004;79:709-14. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ink_Master