simplebooklet thumbnail

of 0

Human rights violations in Burma

Burma was a British colony until 1948 when it declared its independence and became a demorcratic nation. 

In 1962, democracy ended for Burma as a military dictator Ne Win staged coup d'état. This would in turn lead to several human rights violations against the people of Burma. 

"New foreign investment has led the government to confiscate millions of acres to use for mega development projects (e.g. mining, dams, pipelines). Two 2012 farmland laws stripped Burma’s farmers of the right to property – the government owns all “private” land, and farmers who protest seizures face severe penalties. Private, military, and government enterprises have been allowed to forcibly relocate entire towns, and destroy homes, religious buildings, and land without providing compensation" (Wagley). 

 

 

 

"The Burmese government symbolically releases prisoners of conscience before international trips, using them as pawns, but it simultaneously continues to detain local activists and over 1,300 ethnic people, mainly Kachin and Rohingya men and boys. From June-September 2013 alone, 61 new activists were arrested, and as of the first week of October, around 130 people were awaiting trial for charges under the notorious 2012 Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession Law" (Wagley). 

"The Burmese military is notorious for its use of child soldiers. More than 5,000 children are currently serving in the military, not including those who were recruited as children but are now past their 18th birthdays. Poor and uneducated children are the most likely to be recruited, and recruiters have been known to use threats and force against them. Children who refuse can be shackled and fettered; many will never see their families again. Children who do manage to escape from the army are detained and treated as adult deserters"(Wagley).

"The government discriminatorily considers Rohingya to be illegal Bengali immigrants and rendered them stateless through the 1981 Citizenship Law. The government has long exercise anti-Rohingya policies, including restrictions on travel, employment, education, worship, construction of religious buildings, marriage, childbearing, etc. The government’s discriminatory policies have served to legitimize attacks and massacres against Rohingya, and since March 2013, against other Muslims throughout Burma. Muslims are targets of the '969 campaign,' which in the name of the Buddhist faith,promotes anti-Muslim hate and stigmatizes people who sell goods to Muslims" (Wagley).

 

"Crisis in Burma." Crisis in Burma. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2016.

Wagley, By Rachel. "TOP TEN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN BURMA 2013." U.S. Campaign for Burma. N.p., 10 Apr. 2014. Web. 27 Nov. 2016.