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APES Biome Book
By: Ethan, Ryan, and Grace
Tundra
Location: North Pole
Biotic factors: mammals, insects, fungi, mosses, shrubs, fish
Abiotic factors: temperature, lack of sunlight, snow,
permafrost
Human intervention: Global Warming and urbanization
Plants: bearberry, arctic moss, diamond leaf willow
Animals: arctic wolves and polar bears
Adaptations: thick fur to keep warm and white fur to blend in
Productivity Rank: very low; about 150 g c/m^2/yr
Latitude Range: 60-70 degrees North
Growing season: 4 months during summer
Boreal Forest/ Taiga
Location: Canada Russia
Biotic factors: bears, foxes, squirrels, deer, coyotes
Abiotic factors: temperature, sunlight, high precipitation,
low nutrient soil
Human intervention: deforestation, urbanization
Plants: coniferous forest, evergreen trees
Animals: bears, wolves, elk, moose
Adaptations: hibernation and insulating fur
Productivity Rank: in the middle; about 750 g c/m^2/yr
Latitude Range: 50-60 degrees North
Growing season: 6 months during summer
Temperate Rainforest
Location: along West Coast of NA, southern Chile, Taiwan
Biotic factors: birch trees and redwood trees
Abiotic factors: soil, sunlight, rocks, air, water, hills, etc.
Human intervention: Deforestation and Urbanization
Plants: Flowers like Epiphytes, Bromeliads, and Orchids
Animals: chipmunks, fox, bear, and coyotes
Adaptations: changing seasons
Hibernation or migration
Productivity Rank: About 1350 g/c/m^2/year
Latitude Range: 40-60 degrees N
Growing Season: long growing season, 8 months
Temperate Seasonal Forest
Location: North America, Europe, and Asia
Biotic factors: trees, hawks, coyotes
Abiotic factors: rocks, climate, soil, sunlight, rain and
temperature
Human intervention: deforestation, urbanization
Plants: deciduous trees, maple and oak trees
Animals: deer, squirrel, rabbits, mice, birds
Adaptations: hibernation or migrate
Productivity Rank: in the middle; about 1250 g
c/m^2/yr
Latitude Range: 25-50 degrees North
Growing season: 12 month, very long
Woodland/Chapparal
Location: S. California and S. Africa
Biotic factors: bee issue, grazing
Abiotic factors: wildfire, drought, low nutrient soil
Human intervention: floods, urbanization
Plants: toyon, chamise, poison oak, scrub oak, yucca and
other shrubs, trees
Animals: deer, mule, jackrabbit, birds
Adaptations: water conservation
Productivity Rank: in the middle; about 600 g c/m^2/yr
Latitude Range: 30° to 50° N and 30° to 40° S
Growing season: 12 month, very long
Temperate Grassland/Cold Desert
Location: Africa, Eurasia, Plains of US
Biotic factors: producers, grasses
Abiotic factors: rain, harsh winters, wind, hot
summers
Human intervention: desertification
Plants:
Animals: horse, bison, camel, prairie dogs
Adaptations: water conservation, deep roots
Productivity Rank: low; about 500 g c/m^2/yr
Latitude Range: around 23.5 N and S (tropic of
Cancer and Capricorn)
Growing season: 3-5 months; short
Tropical Rainforest
Location: Central and South America, Africa
Biotic factors: All plants and animals in the biome
Abiotic factors: rocks, climate, soil, frequent precipitation, warm
and wet with little temp variation
Human intervention: deforestation/slash and burn effect
Animals: toucan, frogs, snakes, parrots-- have the most
biodiversity of all other terrestrial biome
Plants: Orchid, Rubber Tree
Adaptations: The leaves of forest trees have adapted to cope with
exceptionally high rainfall. Orchids have roots that enable them to
capture water and nutrients from the air.
Productivity Rank: high, 13th/2000 g c/m^2/year
Latitude Range: 20 degrees N and S of equator
Growing season: This is a land without winter, growing season
last year round.
Temperate Seasonal Forest/Savanna
Location: Central America
Biotic factors: grasses and deciduous trees
Abiotic factors: soil, sunlight, temperature,
moisture, wind
Human intervention: big game hunting
Plants: Baobab, Acacia Senegal, Elephant Grass
Animals: camels, ostrich
Adaptations: Formation of burrows and migratory
animals (birds)
Productivity Rank: 7th/650 g c/m^2/year
Latitude Range: 15 Degrees North-30 Degrees
South
Growing season: March-November (winter little
rainfall)
Subtropical Desert
Location: 30 Degrees North and 30 Degrees South
Biotic factors: saguaro cactus, kangaroo rats,
Abiotic factors: sunlight, precipitation, temperature,
climate, etc.
Human intervention: military exercises, removing fossil
waters from reservoirs
Plants: cacti, euphorbs, succulent plants, etc.
Animals: camels, ostrich
Adaptations: big ears, feathers(carry water), live with
little water
Productivity Rank: Near last; less than 500
g/C/m^2/year
Latitude Range: 20-40 degrees N and S of equator
Growing season: Fall and Spring (Winter no
rainfall)(summer too hot)