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Isabella Tyler, Lillian Fletcher, Trinity Wade, Greg Flores

Introduction..................................................3

Centre............................................................4


Maelinn.........................................................13


CliffBeach......................................................22


San Flores......................................................32


Maps...............................................................38


Feature Concepts...........................................44


Table of Contents


Geography is the study of physical features of the Earth and its atmosphere, and how humans affect and are affected by these features. It is a field of study that aims to understand the Earth and its human and natural characteristics. Geographers also tend to study maps, place names, human activity, distributions of populations and resources, land use, industries, etc. In an alternate world called Elysium, the geographers attempt to document everything about it, ranging from how the original supercontinent split up, to which resources each human settlement has. This book explains and speaks about anything from Elysium's continents’ interactions with each other to the civilizations and their resources. 

When the world’s supercontinent started to break apart, it was because of shifting tectonic plates. As time fast-forwarded, the supercontinent eventually ended up as six separate continents, with a few large human populations in each of them. Eventually, some groups of people from those populations migrated to different areas of their continents and started up new settlements. As the settlements became more industrially advanced, more outposts and trading centers popped up as well. 

Elysium is divided up the way it is, civilization-wise, because small groups from the main settlements travelled out into their continent and spread out to create their own nations. As time progressed, the nations sent out adventurous groups of explorers to board ships and go explore out of their continents for an array of reasons differing for each nation, some being the want to increase trading and others for scientific research.

Elysium differs from the real world because the continents on Earth are more conjoined, whereas there is a very clear divide between each continent on Elysium. The similarities, however, are that the continents on Earth are big and vast too, and they tend to be distributed throughout the entire planet, not just in one small section. Both the Earth and Elysium’s continents also lack many jagged edges and are rounded for the most part because of the constant weathering throughout the years. 


Introduction

Centre

 Centre is a settlement of Griffe. Its name comes from the French word for
“center” because it is located in the center of two rivers. Its absolute reflection is at about 7.5N and 8.5E.

Centre is positioned in a rainforest and is flanked by two rivers. If someone were to walk north from it, they’d encounter a large lake as well. Centre’s site is hidden inside the dense rainforest, making it difficult to locate. The rainforest gives the settlement lots of animals and vegetation, not to mention wood. It’s situation is near the two rivers previously mentioned, which supply Centre with a reliable water source and a way to trade and possibly, in the future, to acquire electricity. 

Nature provides many animals for the settlement’s people to hunt, as they are hunter-gatherers. There are also edible plants that they can harvest.The people of Centre use animal furs as clothing, although they don’t need to use heavy furs often due to the hot, humid, and unchanging climate. Centre’s citizens build their houses with wood and even leaves (as windows) to provide shelter from deadly predators, bugs, and the weather, especially rain. For recreation, the people can smash up berries and plants to paint with, they can climb trees, take a hike, explore, go swimming in the rivers, etc. Enemy people or animal predators scare and worry the people of Centre, and so do forest fires because of all the flammable materials lying around. 

Overall, Centre is in a tropical wet climate in a rainforest with hot and humid temperatures, not to mention lots of rain. The people living there have an abundance of supplies, and have successfully managed to adapt to the troublesome environment. 


In the continent, the root language was Indo-Beachien, and the culture hearth was CliffBeach. The nostratic language is unknown. When people from CliffBeach moved to find new homes, they eventually started to add words to their vocabulary to adjust to their new environments. As time progressed, some of the settlements’ dialects continued to change, and others mostly stopped changing. 

The root language, Indo-Beachien, was created on the western side of Griffe, near the cliffs and ocean. Indo-Beachien’s words for sun, eat, happy, animal, mom, dad, and danger are saon, eaota, haopy, oaniaol, maoma, doado, and daonjoa respectively. The sound shifts to make the settlement Centre's words similar yet different than Indo-Beachien’s are that instead of using a bunch of “o” and “a”s, its language has more “u”s, like in the words suhn (sun), eut (eat), hapu (happy), animuhl (animal), mun (mom), dun (dad), and dahnge (danger). If someone were to use backward reconstruction, they'd still definitely see the similarities between the two. There will not be much language divergence in Centre's language in the future because it is not isolated from the others. Its language is a romantic language, because it is similar to Portuguese and that is a romantic language as well. 

Centre's language is unique from the others because of its distinctive “u” sounds and the words that the people in it have created to describe their environment. Mosquitoes, humid, ferns, monkeys, and rain describe the language’s unique features.The words for these in the language are moshos, huhmd, feruh, mukz, and raih respectively. Really the only change in the language is the rate, which is a bit faster than Indo-Beachien’s, and the sound shifts. These developments mimic real world examples by slowly changing and differentiating from the hearth the longer they are away, just like actual languages. 









To obtain culture development, Centre has had to take their settlement’s geography into consideration. They have had to adapt to the dense forests, which ended up with specific models of houses being built, unique animal traps being created, tools to cut through foliage getting invented, etc. Nearly everything they did has been modified to fit their new environment. 

The religion Centre has is monotheistic. There is no name for it, because the settlement of Centre strongly believes that their religion is the only religion there is, and it does not need a specific name if there are no others to differentiate it from. They believe that if it had a name, it would be considered equal to all the other “fake” religions, which it is not.

One year, there was a drought, and suddenly an ancient god appeared in a fast-drying river to some of the well-respected men of Centre, telling them how to get the rain to come back. Two temples for the god were immediately constructed, sacrifices were made, the rain finally returned, and, in addition, the settlement’s food supply was more plentiful than ever. From then on, they worshipped the god and had great faith in him. 

The ultimate goal for Centre’s religion is to maintain a great faith in their god and follow him without hesitation.Centre's people must pray to him before every meal, and every important activity of the day. If they are faithful and follow the guidelines, Centre’s people believe that the god will reward them for their devotion. 

There are no taboos except to not insult the god in any way. This is forbidden because even the smallest insults of any kind are considered immensely disrespectful to someone so powerful and could end up upsetting the god and that could hurt Centre as a whole.

A holy site to Centre is any river they come across.There is a temple set up at both of the rivers the people visit regularly, so that when they go to the river, they can pray to their god and even make sacrifices to him.

There is not a holy book, because all religion-based activities are led verbally by the leader, which gives them no reason to use a book. 

The only clothing requirement is that you must wear a specific beaded necklace to symbolize that you follow Centre’s religion. However, you only receive a beaded necklace after you have devotedly followed the religion for a year or more. All other clothing is permitted. 




Centre’s life expectancy is approximately 40 to 45 years old. Natural checks such a flooding from the two rivers surrounding half of the settlement, disease carried by all the mosquitoes and insects in the tropical wet climate, and mines collapsing as citizens strive to collect natural resources all lower the average age of the settlement. Because of this, children in the settlement are considered an adult at 16.

The government of Centre is a liberal monarchy. The ruler, or chief, as he is commonly called, has a council of trusted nobles to help advise his decisions when necessary, so therefore the government is not, in fact, an absolute monarchy. The libertarian philosophy of the government means that the government mostly lets Centre’s citizens figure things out on their own, but if it is needed the government will intervene. The citizens of Centre are either born and raised there, or, if a foreigner wants to become a citizen, they will need to have their reasons for wanting to join reviewed by the chief and his counsel. If the reasons are deemed acceptable, the foreigner must live in Centre and abide by the laws. However, they are not allowed to buy land or start businesses at the time, and must rent their temporary homes and fend for themselves because they are on probation at that time. After a year of following Centre’s laws and customs, they will be verified as an official citizen if the council deems it to be so.

The responsibilities all adult citizens must have are pretty simple and straightforward, but essentially they have to follow the law, be a part of Centre’s religion, and generally be a productive member of society. Adult citizen rights are to be able to buy their own land, start their own businesses, etc. 

Centre’s natural resources, natural gas, titanium, and diamonds, were discovered when some of Centre’s residents decided to attempt mining. It was successful, and they discovered that those three resources were abundant. The resources are all found underground. There are many uses for natural gas, as it is a source of energy, and it can be used to fuel cooking, heating, and electricity generating. Titanium is used for helping construct and build things, and diamonds are used for the same things. All three natural resources can also be used in trading for quite a large amount of money or other needed materials as well. The government regulates everything and makes sure everything is flowing normally, but does not often get very involved in the citizens’ businesses. They do, however, demand a tax if resources are being shipped in and out of the settlement or if the citizens are borrowing machinery from the government and such. The outpost was set up relatively near the ocean and it is a cluster village. The government’s involvement in the resource and outpost development was by urging the citizens to pursue mining and sending out a group to start up the outpost.






Cente can now produce alloys, dental implants and joint replacement parts (for the medical field) with its abundance of titanium. It can also make parts of ships that are exposed to saltwater with titanium because of its resistance to seawater, and jewelry as well. Diamonds can be put in tools to make cutting, drilling polishing, etc. easier and it can be used for jewelry as well, and natural gas is used as a source of energy for many things. The production of items with titanium and diamond are mechanized. Centre has an agglomeration of natural gas businesses since all of them are buying up land next to each other in hope of bringing customers their way instead of their competitor's. The industrial belt is at Centre's outpost, Diamonden, where all the region’s goods are produced.

This has impacted where the region on the Demographic Transition is by determining the state of the birth rates, death rates, life span, etc. The region is in Stage 3.

Five real world places in Stage 3 as well are Botswana, Colombia, India, Jamaica, and Mexico. Jamaica’s population pyramid is most like my Centre's because the rates in the late teens to late thirties (working age) is higher than anywhere else. This makes sense related to the region because they work hard to produce materials that can only be obtained by mining, which requires fit people, and usually those people are in the younger age categories.

The impact this stage has on real world social systems is both birth and death rates decreasing, and that is usually because of improved economic conditions. The people in the real world used in the different types of industries when they were first developed would most likely be younger men looking to make a living. The people in the alternate world that work in the industries would also be young men at around 19 to 35 years old looking to start a career. Social life changed for real world societies by, with the improved conditions and bigger abundance of goods, trading and profiting off of other societies to benefit both of them mutually. The same happened to Centre, where they expanded their trading within the towns to other settlements.





Centre is a Stage Four country with an upside down triangle for its population pyramid. The birth rates are lower than they were before, but are still in the process of slowly decreasing. People in Centre now mostly die from old age, as the medical field is getting better and better. At this point in time, women are in the workplace, but if they have children it is harder to maintain their job, as most workplaces in Centre don’t offer maternity leave since there are quite a bit of young and able-minded immigrants pouring in, and the workplaces would rather have new skilled people working in their job slots than paying mothers to care for their children instead of doing the required work. The population is pretty stable, so there is not a huge reason for mothers to have to raise children with their full attention. However, some women do, in fact, leave their children at daycares and then go to work, so it is possible to balance parenting and working.

Centre has been through the Third Agricultural Revolution, and therefore has technology-manipulated seeds and an abundance of food, some of which they sell to other countries. They have also advanced in technology both for agriculture, science, and just for everyday life. Their quaternary industry is becoming stronger and stronger, and money is becoming a bigger deal, hence the sudden number burst of banks, insurance, and other industries that weren’t as common before when the country was still in Stage Three. Tourism is also rising, as people from all over the world want to look at what Centre has to offer, whether it be for business or just for the fun of it. 

Centre’s population density is large, partly because many immigrants travel there in hopes of gaining jobs in quinary or quaternary services, and with them come their families.

 The new urbanization occurring in Centre impacts the cities by filling them with people, businesses, and stores for tourism. The cities look much more put together and busy. 

 The areas deindustrializing in Centre are areas that were slower to catch up on technological advancements and still rely heavily on labor intensive services.  Technopoles are centers of high-tech manufacturing and information-based industry. Centre’s technopoles are located near Centre’s big universities and by the places that produce the most up-to-date technology. Centre is involved in a supranational organization called WHIP (Worldwide Health Inspection Protection), and a real world organization resembling WHO (World Health Organization).



Maelinn

One of Griffe's settlement's name is Maelinn. It is named this because the person who first claimed the land, her middle name was Mae. Maelinn’s absolute location is 11 degrees east for longitude and 24 degrees north for latitude. Maelinn’s physical characteristics are that it is on a plain and is near a river. This location is beneficial because the higher elevation can allow the people residing there to see better and danger coming in their direction quickly, such as enemies. Having a river is extremely helpful for food, water, trade, etc. Maelinn also has a close proximity to other settlements. Food for Maelinniens would be animals like antelope, bison, and birds. The climate of the settlement is tropical wet, and it experiences heavy rainfall during the wet seasons and periods of drought during the dry seasons. During their seasons, they need clothing that is durable against water and heat.

In Maelinn, there are large trees with sturdy leaves for shelter. The people of Maelinn also hide and take protection in the trees from animals like gorillas, lions, cheetahs, etc that they are unable or not willing to take on. For recreation, there are settlements nearby, a river, and a plain for ceremonies and performances that they can visit. Maelinn is different from most locations because of its landscape and the big variation in seasons. They are culturally unique, because there are many ways for them to express themselves, and grow as a civilization. 

On Griffe, Cliff Beach was the hearth for the other groups of people that diverged from it. Because of this, each different settlement had some words in common but they were so far apart and lived in such different conditions that they eventually created new words and sounds. For example, in the settlement of Maelinn, they are right next to a river. So, they have words for travelling down a river, fish, and other words needed when in close proximity to a body of water. Settlements on the continent that have a common root language would be all of them except San Flores. The root would be Indo-Beachien, which is similar to nostratic hunter gathers. Indo-beachien would have developed around all the area next to and on the cliffs. Indo-beachien words for sun, eat, happy, animal, mom, dad, and danger would be saon, eaota, haopy, oaniaol, maoma, doado, and daonjoa . When Maelinn's civilization relocated, they had to come up with new words. As the time went on, the basic words mentioned previously would sound more like sone, eurat, haypu, nimala, muthdra, dodra, and angerda. Also as time progresses, sound shifts and dialect changes occur as the language is passed down. Maelinn's language would be classified a romance language because it is similar to Portuguese.

 Five words that are unique to Maelinn after the sound shifts are fiashion, meaning fishing, woshan, which means travelling down a river, drahad, which means dry season, hanhad, which means wet season, and malabod, which means people from another civilization. People in Maelinn have a higher speed of speaking. They speak faster because they have to when they are fishing and hunting to catch their prey. Over time, languages in the real world have major sound shifts like dialect and syntax, and even almost change a world completely and add new words. This is because of their surroundings, needs, and time.





Maelinn's religion is called Tridane, and it is an animistic religion. One day, a woman who was the wife of the tribe leader went to the stream to fetch water. She started to think and talk to herself about her very controlling and unkind husband. Then, she noticed water and tree spirits forming all around, telling her to sit and listen to what to do. They spoke about trust, nature, kindness, fairness, love, leaders, and peace. When she heard all this she went to preach to her people. When they all understood, they put their trust in nature and the husband was demoted as their leader. Nature was the real leader, but she preached what it had to say, making her the prophet.

The ultimate goal was to put all trust in nature and let it decide the people's destiny. They did this by following their holy principles. Some of the main principles of Tridane are to trust in nature, love one each other, have kindness, and be peaceful with one another. Rules to follow are to be kind, loving, and peaceful to others. It is also required to trust and listen to nature and the prophet. It is a taboo to have one leader in charge of everything. There can be organizers or people with certain tasks, but they cannot be all male or female. It is forbidden to hurt fellow people, animals, or nature. A holy site for Tridane is the stream the woman was at when nature spoke to her. That includes the trees, plants and other things that were around her. A man-made religious structure is that of a hill where they go to preach and listen, similar to an natural ampitheatre. The only thing that most resembles a “holy book” in Tridane would be the one holy sentence, or line, that everyone has to know that states their basic beliefs. This sentence was told to the woman by the stream by the water and tree spirits. “One shall not harm their fellow individuals, creatures, or nature, and shall trust and follow nature and the prophet. Their is no hierarchy, and proceed with what makes you happy."

The life expectancy for the Maelinn settlement is 50-60 years old. It is so high because they have many resources and frequently communicate with the neighboring settlements. This allows the gain of information on ideas, and inventions, especially in healing and medicine, to occur. That is something important to Maelinn because of their religion, Tridane. The insight that is gained is passed on from generation to generation. 

One comes of age in Maelinn when they turn 17. This is because in their religion the woman who heard what was to be preached was 17 at the time. Maelinn is a direct democracy, and this works because it is a smaller community. It is required  as an adult citizen to vote and do other necessary things in the society to keep it progressing. 

To become a citize, one would have to be born in Maelinn or have worked for a year. Everyone is required to work in some shape or form when they are 16. Adult citizens are required to work at their jobs and produce items or ideas for the better of society (they can't just keep it all to themselves). They also have to follow the religion and heed Maelinn's rules.

 The resources in Maelinn were discovered by exploration. Another big thing in the society is that to ever get anywhere and succeed it is important to be able to take risks, which is exactly what happened. They took groups of people and discovered new things by exploration and, again, communication with other settlements. The resources are located in many different places. Some are near caves, some near the river where the main town is located, and some in the forest area. For example, the cocoa and rubber they have are found on trees in the forest area. A lot of the resources are used as food: beans, corn, rice, sorghum, cocoa, and the fish from the river or lake. Others are used to discover oil, rubber, and coal.

 The government takes votes from everyone who is a citizen and it was decided that everyone works and when they collect or create things from different resources, they then have to share them and sell with the rest of Maelinn. They also voted on how/what their resources can be used for. 

Maelinn's outpost is set up is near the main crops, beans, corn, and sorghum. Rice, another important crop to Maelinn, is farmed by the main settlement, along with the coal and fishing. The outpost is also close enough to the oil, rubber and cocoa to take care of that.

 Maelinn's village type is linear for the main settlement and cluster for the outpost. They take votes and volunteers on who wants to scout the land and find a good place to settle as a small group. Then, people go to the outpost who want to work those jobs and live there. Three to ten people in the outpost, usually young at the ages 16-30, walks to the main village every week to three to report and get food that they cannot manufacture at the outpost.

Maelinn can produce a thick chocolate-like drink that is bitter like dark chocolate, and frothy on the top. The chocolate is produced hand-made by trained individuals.There is a corn mill next to the production area of the cocoa beans. This is one of the things that is mechanized to pound the corn by using a complicated but efficient pulley system. This is because you have to add corn puree to the ground cocoa beans to make the base for the drink. Maelinn's industrial belt is in the south eastern stretch of land. Since industrialization has begun, the number of children born has declined because women now have jobs to work at. Also with increasing knowledge comes increasing life expectancy. This has started to put Maelinn into Stage Three of the demographic transition, where an industrial revolution starts to occur. 

States in the real world that are also in the same stage of the demographic transition as Maelinn are Morocco, China, Brazil, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Brazil in 2002 is similar to what Maelinn's DTM would look like because it has a slowing birth rate and a small death rate, and a high quantity of people in the ages 15 to 30.

The way this stage impacts real world social systems is that now women are understanding their bodies and have ways to not get pregnant and are more encouraged to work, and because of this the birth rate starts to decline. This means it is not only men in the work force anymore too. This stage also has a lower early death rate because they are being introduced to medicines and ways to not get sick. Everyone over the age of 7 can work in these industries after they have been trained for a year, like an internship, on the proper ways to do their jobs.

 Social life has changed in ways that women are more respected and valued not only because they can bear children, but because they can add to the society in other ways. In Maelinn, the women have started to work and produce the chocolate alongside the men. The mechanized product, the corn mill, is mostly run by men, women, and children.

Maelinn's population pyramid is an upside down triangle. It has a higher percentage of females than males but only by 4%. The highest percentage of people overall are from the ages 40 to about 65. Maelinn is in the Stage Four of the demographic transition. The TFR for the population is sustainable because while right now there is a smaller number of childbearing aged women, they are encouraged to have more than 1 or 2 children. This is because the foundation of the exploration for Maelinn is based off of young people. Now, most people die of old age, as there is a large number of older people and better medicine that prolongs the life span. 

It is highly important in Maelinn's society that all genders are equal, whether that be in the workplace, the home, or in exploration. Women are encouraged to have children and work. This can easily be done because of paid maternity and paternity leave, and when that is over there are many jobs where people are trained to help maintain the house and children while parents are at work.

Maelinn's pie charts affect the population density in that there are a lot of people where the fishing and agriculture areas are. The new urbanization affects the way Maelinn's cities look in that they are focused and centralized where the big cities and marketplaces are. Deindustrializing areas are the areas of nurseries and childcare-like places, since now individual people work for individual families as babysitters or nannies. 

Technopoles in Maelinn are located by the river and oil manufacturing, and are working on ways to improve technology in those areas for more advanced fishing, water energy, and mining oil from the earth. 

Some supra-national organizations Maelinn is a part of is GEPA. GEPA is the Griffe Environmental Protection Agency. Its main focus is on the continent of Griffe and it works to protect  the environment and reduce/eliminate the pollution and wastes. Another supranational organization Maelinn has joined is GCPP, also known as the Griffe Continental Peace Protection (Association). It focuses on keeping the peace and promoting it in other countries as well as Griffe's. Lastly, Maelinn is a part of WHIP. WHIP is a Worldwide Health Inspection Protection (Agency).

CliffBeach

One of Griffe's settlements is called CliffBeach because it is settled on a cliff, right next to the beach and ocean. The absolute location of CliffBeach is 30 degrees north and 15 degrees west. At the edge of the cliff, the terrain is somewhat rocky and the further someone were to walk from the cliffs’ edges, the more forested it gets and eventually the will reach a small mountain. 

CliffBeach's beaches are rocky, but the ocean is calm for the most part. CliffBeach is also located at the start of a river, which supplies the CliffBeachien people with cleaner and fresher water. CliffBeach also has the highest elevation, which is considered very helpful when trying to spot danger. The climate in CliffBeach is typically tropical wet though, at night the sea breeze enters and cools down the rocky surfaces.

Cliffbeachien culture is centered largely around sea life. They eat a lot of seafood and produce a lot of fish and other aquatic creatures. The CliffBeachiens have stone homes, and their main fear is of hurricanes and the cliff breaking off. The CliffBeachiens' work revolves around making nets, spears, and canoe-like boats to help them with their fishing.



All of the settlements except San Flores originated from the root family Indo-Beachien, which started in CliffBeach. Indo-Beachien is very much alike to the nostratic hunters and gatherers. All the settlements developed from this common root.The hunter-gatherers had all originated upon the cliffs and beaches of the western side of Griffe. Indo-Beachien has a distinct sound shift of ‘ao’ long vowel sounds. The original language is quite slow. All of the settlement's languages are in the romantic language family. Below is a translation of Indo-Beachien:

Sun: Saon, Eat: Eaota , Happy: Haopy, Animal: Oaniaol, Mom: Maoma, Dad: Doado, Danger: Daonjoa

CliffBeach is the language hearth. Cliff-Beachien is unique, though, as it has its own writing system of symbols. Cliff-Beachien is spoken at a faster rate and uses more ‘oo’ and ‘oh’ sounds than ‘ao’. Being so close to the sea, Cliff-Beachien has words that relate directly to what its settlers deal with. Here are some words for the language that have been created:

Sun: Sonno, Eat: Eoto, Happy: Happo, Animal: Onomol, Mom: Mamo, Dad: Doda, Danger: Dongo, Shark: Shorko, Avalanche: Rocko Follo, Fishing: Fisho Hunto, Rocks: Rockos, Hard rain: Roonrai, Soft rain: Rainroo, Hurricane: Hoorocoon, Girl: Gole, Boy: Boye, The: I, Is: Seo, Are: Se






The name of CliffBeach's religion is Osheenatic. The tribe is monotheistic, believing in the water god Aoogea. The ultimate goal of the Cliff-Beachiens believing in Osheenatic is to live a kind and humble life in order to go live in Aoogea’s water kingdom when death reaches them. 

The main guideline of Osheenatic is that the Earth is gracious enough to supply the people with what is needed to survive, so therefore they should be gracious back to return the favor. The Earth is not claimed by man so it would be a taboo to claim something for yourself. When someone is greedy of the Earth’s materials, Aoogea will take away all the sources from the community.

 The only taboo in Osheenatic is to recognize and accept that the Earth's materials do not belong to the humans. People of the Osheenatic religion believe the whole Earth to be a sacred site, but especially bodies of water.  There are no manmade religious structures but if someone wishes to let their worries out they should go to the bay and try to speak about it in hopes of them reaching Aoogea.

 There is no holy book and no social hierarchy in the religion. Osheenatic believes everyone to be equal no matter what. Seashell necklaces are worn on Groosha, the holiday of kindness. Otherwise, there are no other clothing requirements. 

The inspiration for Osheenatic was Buddhism. The initial response to Osheenatic was skeptical but when results started occurring the people’s beliefs grew with it until it was fully believed in.

One night, a lone fishermen went out to sea in search of food for the village. The Earth was dried and food was sparse. People became even more greedy when supply was low and they cared more about their own survival than anything else. When the fisherman was in his boat, a sudden wave engulfed him. He was surprised to find the he could then breathe under the water. After the shock had settled, the fisherman looked to see a human-shaped form but made of water. They carried all the fish in their belly as if they were protecting them. “I am Aoogea, Protector of this Earth, and I am here to tell you to change your ways. The tribe has been selfish and devouring the Earth’s sources with greed. In order for me to bring life back to full prosperity you must have the people change their ways. You must respect each other and the Earth or you will feel my wrath. When the people start being kind I will replenish the Earth and let the people back in my kingdom when they pass away. The only way for this to work is for all of you to work in harmony. You must all be kind to each other or else you will suffer. Be sure to inform the tribe of my message,  but do not come back saying yourself to be a prophet. Everyone is equal, even if I talked to only you.” said Aoogea. As soon as the being said their last words the fisherman was sent back to surface. He paddled back to the shore as fast as he could to spread the word. When the fisherman first announced of what he saw the people were skeptical. Even though they were initially disbelieving, they were even more desperate for hope so they followed his orders. When the whole village was at last working in harmony, the Earth truly replenished itself and that day became known as Groosha. Now the people follow Aoogea’s words by heart for survival and true happiness.

Cliffbeach is prone to deadly hurricanes because of its warm waters and location. The government has been trying to work out a safety code for when a hurricane is coming. Although Cliffbeach has some lethal factors, life expectancy is around 40s and early 50s. Citizens of Cliffbeach become adults at age 18 but the the suffrage age is 16. To be considered a citizen of Cliffbeach, the person must be able to read and write in the native language, Cliffbeachien. Citizens are also expected to vote and in some way benefit and give to the community.

 A lot of these factors are because of the direct democracy Cliffbeach is run by. The government has liberal and libertarian views on most of the matters at hand.

The main resources found on Cliffbeach soil are bauxite, nickel, and silver. These resources were discovered when the beaches were exploring along the river. The explorers were digging around when they came across the resources. After they found them, they quickly set up camp and created the new settlement, Cliffriver. The government chose to send about 300 people to the new colony and provided funding for the mineral excavations. The Cliff-Beachiens planned on using the resources for tools such as fishing spears. Cliffriver is a walled settlement to protect their resources and people. It is located just outside the river and where the minerals were found in order to have maximum security. The government plans on distributing new tools to all the fisherman and hunters. 




CliffBeach has been going through the Stage Three industrial phase of their demographic transition. The Cliff-Beachiens have been mass-producing nets for fishing and factories for cleaning the fish. The Cliffriver outpost has been building rice farms along the river. It is also possible to find cocoa beans in the forest.

The rice farms use hydraulic power from the river to sort and clean the rice. All the other resources are made by hand but using an advanced assembly line. Agglomeration happens mostly around the seaside when people are trying to sell their nets, and also in the cocoa trade. The industrial belt runs through the western to northeastern parts of CliffBeach.

To some more developed countries, it is hard to imagine countries who are just starting Stage Three on the demographic transition model. Most countries in Africa are in the lower stages, but countries like Kenya and South Africa are in Stage Three of the demographic transition model. Other places include India, Botswana, Colombia, Mexico, Jamaica, and the United Arab Emirates. Another country is Morocco, which is most like CliffBeach in terms of the demographic transition model. They are similar because of their lower death and birth rates. Morocco is also like CliffBeach because of their almost identical locations.

Though Stage Three can be a good thing when developing a country, it can also be very bad. A beneficial factor of being in Stage Three is that more women going into the workforce. A con, however, is that most countries turn to child labor as a way to find cheap laborers. Stage Three also means lower death rates and higher life expectancy, which is a positive thing. In CliffBeach, the industrial period will not default into child labor, but the children are allowed to help with lower level tasks if they want to. Everyone from the age of 16 and up are highly encouraged to enter into the workforce and give back to their community. 

Social life in the real world became more intertwined when they entered into Stage Three of the demographic transition model. Families started realizing that they don’t need to have as many kids to help run the business when child fatality rates start declining. CliffBeach’s communities have become closer than ever from entering Stage Three. The revival of their old values happened and the CliffBeachiens wanted to work together towards a common goal.


CliffBeach is making big strides into becoming a core country and leaving Stage Three behind. One of the biggest things the government has been trying to do to move the country out of Stage Three is making the “One Pregnancy Policy." The One Pregnancy Policy states that families are allowed one childbearing pregnancy. This allows for families to keep all babies born in the one pregnancy so that if an unusual situation occurs, like twins being born, the family is allowed to keep both babies. If the unfortunate event such as a stillborn or a miscarriage happens, the family to be pregnant once again. In CliffBeach, the death rate has started to slow and now people mostly die from old age. This could be seen as a problem because of the rate of independents being born to the amount of dependents because it is not equal and could cause future problems. CliffBeach does not see fit to deal with this until a big issues occurs, but government officials are forming ideas to deal with the older dependents just in case.

In CliffBeach, they strive to have zero gender roles whatsoever. Most women are indeed in the workforce and they are still able to advance in their careers. CliffBeach does their very best to let women continue in their careers not based on family size, but sheer skill alone. Many workplaces have daycares on site so that the women can drop off their children there when going into work.

CliffBeach is part of multiple supranational organizations. They are in the Griffe Environmental Protection Agency (GEPA). GEPA is very close to what the Global Wildlife Conservation (GWC) is in the real world. The second supranational organization they are in is the Worldwide Health Inspection Protection (WHIP). If WHIP had to be compared to another supranational it would be WHO (Worldwide Health Organization). The last supranational that CliffBeach is apart of is the Griffe Continental Peace Protection (GCPP). The GCPP has the same ideals of that of the United Nations (UN).

Agriculture in CliffBeach is based on systems of irrigation and field work. CliffBeach's agriculture is based on those of water based crops and are loosely reflected on Asian and Mediterranean farming. Irrigation and canal systems allow for easy access while laborious fieldwork helps make sure everything is natural and gives work to those who love farming.

The photos above represents CliffBeach's largest and most profitable industry, fishing and seafood. CliffBeach is known for their key part in supplying the world with sea-related products. They have teams of fishermen and people who work in the fish factories.




San Flores

San Flores is a settlement in Griffe. Its name comes from Greg Flores’ last name. Its absolute location is 10S 22W. 

The reasoning behind the location of San Flores is because of the  proximity it has to the ocean and the jungle nearby. The food eaten at San Flores is a mixture of animals from the jungle and berries. The people in San Flores use grasses, coconuts, animal furs, and leathers for clothing. Little clothing is actually needed due to the humid temperatures. Their homes are grass huts. 

For recreation, the citizens of San Flores swim in the ocean and sometimes adventure through the jungle. The things they have to worry about are the animals that live in the jungle, as there are a large amount of predators there.



San Flores is a country with a direct Democratic government. The life expectancy of San Flores is 30-40 years. There are many dangers from mosquitoes to large animals from the nearby jungle, and hurricanes due to the close proximity of the ocean. 

Citizens become legal adults at the age of 18. Their responsibilities as adults are the requirement to vote and pay taxes to support the city. 

The country's resources were discovered when oil started leaking from the ground and people started to dig in the surrounding area. The gold and tin were discovered in a cave within huge pockets on the cave walls. The oil reserves started on the sands of the beach and extended into the lightly forested area of the jungle. The ores were located in a cave not too far away from the main settlement. Oil is used as a source of light, since torches can be dipped in it and then lit. Gold is used as a source of money. Jobs that the government need to be done are be paid in gold. Oil is passed out so that settlers are able to make torches so that they can have a source of light. 

A walled settlement was produced near the cave so that the gold and tin were able to be protected, because that was the government's way of paying its people. The government's involvement with the settlement was that soldiers were used to protecting the city and maintaining order inside the village walls. Housing is built by the government and paid by the gold and tin mined. Miners live in the homes in exchange for their services to the government. 

What San Flores’ industrial belt created are industrial metals. Some examples are tin and aluminium. They are mined and melted down with blast forges. San Flores’ mining district has an agglomeration of mining and smelting companies. The industrial belt is located just to the north of San Flores a couple miles south of the mining village. The industrial belt has made a huge impact on the demographic transition because with all the metal produced, lots of it could be traded to get valuable materials like medicine to lower child mortality rates and keep the population steady with a lower death rate. Also with mining and factory working jobs, many people at the child-bearing age start looking for jobs and having kids when they settle down with their new jobs. This starts to widen the lower middle section of the pyramid.

Real world places that are in the same stage as San Flores are India, Mexico, Jamaica, Colombia, and Botswana. All five of these places have a high amount of children, young adults, and middle aged people. They are all able to produce materials for trading and their own uses. Botswana is the closest to San Flores because San Flores’ industrial belt is an important mining based. Botswana also has a heavy mining industry. Many of the poor young men and women work in the factories. Many people who worked in factory jobs were immigrants who had very little money and didn't have the connections to get higher paying jobs.Therefore, the poorer people in San Flores or any surrounding cities who just moved from other settlements would be working there due to very little ties to the city. Socal life changed because people brought over their culture. For example, Irish people brought over Irish traditions which ended up resulting in the formation of Irish sections of the city being very segregated from everyone else. The same thing happened with the Chinese, French, and Italian. So, San Flores’ industrial belt affects the city's social life because when people move near the industrial belt for jobs, they bring their culture with them. People with the same culture will stick together and form their own little bubbles of their cultural identity. 


San Flores is in Stage Four of the demographic transition model. Its population pyramid is an upside down triangle due to San Flores' low death and birth rate. The population is stabilized. San Flores' birth rates are low because women have entered the workforce and some of them either can't afford to hire nannies or don't want the hassle dealing with day care, or they are just wary of the implications of raising a child while trying to juggle work. Women in the workplace are now equals to males, working and getting paid the same. Death rates are low because, as the country advances, the quality of medicine and living conditions improve, and that allows life for most people's life spans to be more prolonged than before. Presently, people mostly die from old age or heart disease-- things that are destined to happen eventually and even the best medicine can't hold off forever.

San Flores is a core country, the population is large, and it has a significant GDP due to all the able people working with technology on their sides. It gets work done faster and more efficiently. The jobs that are most available in San Flores are at large global international corporations. Some examples are computer companies, real estate, and other billion dollar companies. 

Lots of areas in San Flores have begun to become more populated, with cities popping up more frequently than ever. Metroplexes have started to become more common too due to the surrounding cities becoming larger as well, some even becoming primate or world cities. Many of the areas where there is only one source of income, like if they are big on coal mining or if there's one huge factory supplying the whole town with jobs, are becoming ghost towns due to the shift to favoring out-of-country businesses.




Maps

Tectonic Plates Shifting to create Elysium Map

Griffe Land Use Map

Griffe Longitude and Latitude/Elevation Map

Griffe Infrastructure Map

Elysium World Map

Griffe Dot/Population Density Map

1 Dot = 2,000 People

Elysium Region Map

Griffe Boundaries

Griffe Linguistic Diffusion Map

Elysium Coriolis Effect Map

Centre Main Settlement Von Thunen Model

Centre Outpost Von Thunen Model

Maelinn Main Settlement Von Thunen Model

San Flores Main Settlement Von Thunen Model

Maelinn Outpost Von Thunen Model

Feature Concepts

San Flores

Centre