by: Panhchaka Meng;
Media student preparing for Joint Degrees in Journalism and Media;
De Montfort University
Issue on Friday, the 10th of March, 2017 on Wix.com paltform at Leicester International College, UK
Gravitational Waves (cont.)
In addition to Galilei's and Newton's theories, the new theories helped scientists of the 20th century easily explore the mysteries in the space until they were able to send a large number of space crafts to find the evidence for concluded
theories. Although the calculation was useful, Lorentz did not manage to conclude his hypothesis and write up formula to explain the relativity of light, mass of colliding matters and their power of collision. In the beginning of the 20th,
Einstein concluded all hypothesis and write up the Special Relativity.
4. Einstein's Special Relativity
By the early of 20th century (1900s), scientists knew that gravitational waves were a universal phenomenon.
However, no scientists could prove their existence because no contemporary theories had been taken out from the previous hypothesis about gravitational waves yet. Therefore, Einstein continued the work of Lorentz until he found
relation between energy(E), mass (m) and speed of light.
Now that the two scientists pioneered the human ambitious to reveal the secret of the sky, two contemporary scientists found the conclusion to the sky mystery— Gravitational Waves.
3. Lorentz Transformation
It could be considered as useless to predict a phenomenon
using mathematical calculation in the modern era when
scientists used sophisticated tools to prove the facts. However,
without Lorentz's calculation using those tools did not make
any sense because seeing was not understanding, especially when the objects, particles, were millions of light years away.
Therefore, the calculation, called Lorentz Transformation, explain the phenomenon experienced through scientists' eyes.
As Gravitational Waves occur when two massive galactic
matters such as neutron stars or black holes collide into each other, emission of light can be detected. This detection
of light was not fully stated by Newton. Therefore, Lorentz
Transformation lets scientists accurately learn about
Gravitational Waves. Lorentz himself found two other
theories of Gravitational Waves: time dilation and Doppler
effect, using the calculation.
Hendrik A. Lorentz (1853-1928) is a Dutch physician.
His specialisation was on electromagnetic theories
which he inspired from Maxwell.
Even though his work from which
he won Nobel Prize in 1902 did
not directly conclude on gravitational waves,
it contributed to
Einstein's hypothesis for his special relativity theory.
©The Nobel Foundation, Stockholm