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Chapter Eight English Language Arts  English Language Development Framework  Adopted by the California State Board of Educ...
Page  Chapter at a Glance  822  Purposes of Assessment  825  Assessment Cycles  829  Short-Cycle Formative Assessment  835...
Page  Chapter at a Glance  cont.   868  Validity  868  Reliability  869  Freedom from Bias  870  Technical Quality and For...
T h i s c h a p ter d esc r i b es th e sc o p e o f a ssessment a nd i ts sk i l l ed u se to su p p o r t stu d ent a c ...
p r esents a b r i ef o v er v i ew o f ma nd a ted sta tew i d e a ssessments a nd c o nc l u d es w i th a c o nsi d er ...
Figure 8.2. What is Formative Assessment  What is formative assessment  Formative assessment is a process teachers and stu...
Figure 8.3. Key Dimensions of Assessment for Learning and Assessment of Learning Assessment  A Process of R easoning from ...
As figure 8.3 illustrates, assessment for learning   comprising key practices of the formative a ssessment p r o c ess    ...
Figure 8.4. Assessment Cycles by Purpose  Source Adapted from Herman, Joan L., and Margaret Heritage. 2007. Moving from Pi...
Assessments w i th i n ea c h c y c l e f u nc ti o n b est w h en th ey a r e p a r t o f a c o mp r eh ensi v e, c o h e...
Cycle  Methods  Information  Uses Actions      S tu d ent w o r k a r ti f a c ts   e. g . , p o r tf o l i o , w r i ti n...
Short-Cycle Formative Assessment S h o r t- c y c l e f o r ma ti v th a t p r o v i d es f eed b a c k i ntend ed i nstr ...
W h a tev er th e so u r c e o f ev i d enc e, tea c h er s c o nstr u c t o r d ev i se w a y s to el i c i t r esp o nse...
English learners do not have to be proficient in oral English before they can learn to read in English   B u nc h , K i b ...
Snapshot 8 . 1. F ormativ e Assessment in G rade F iv e F i f th g r a d er s a r e w o r k i ng o n th e f o l l o w i ng...
Snapshot 8.1. Formative Assessment in Grade Five  cont.  Throughout this interaction, Ms. Hatwal makes notes in her ring-b...
Snapshot 8 . 3 . F ormativ e Assessment w ith Secondary EL N ew comers I n a sec o nd a r y d esi g na ted E ng l i sh L a...
Medium-Cycle Assessment a d c y su ev  Assessments th a t tea c h er s d ev el o p , o r th a t a r e i nc l u d ed i n c ...
Snapshot 8.4. End-of-Unit  Medium-Cycle  Assessment in Grade Seven  cont.  D u r i ng th e c o u r se o f th e u ni t, w i...
o f th e y ea r a nd w h o i s no t, w h i c h ma y mea n th a t a stu d ent i s i n need o f a d d i ti o na l su p p o r...
Snapshot 8.5. Interim  Medium-Cycle  Assessment in Grade One All incoming first graders in a school are assessed at the be...
on track f o r a c h i ev i ng end - o f - y ea r l ea r ni ng g o a l s, d i f f er enti a ted f o r E L s u si ng th e C...
    W h a t d i d my o u tg o i ng c l a ss o f stu d ents l ea r n  D i d th ey meet th e sta nd a r d s I w a s tea c h ...
Snapshot 8.6. Long-Cycle Assessment in Grade Eight  cont.  str u c tu r e o f tw o o r mo r e tex ts a nd a na l y z e h o...
T h e S ma r ter B a l a nc ed Assessment C o nso r ti u m o f f er s u ni v er sa l emb ed d ed o nl i ne to o l s th a t...
Assessment  C h a p ter 8   8 43  ord choice  S p c a c o g r  S p c a a r a r  , p u nc tu a ti o n a nd a ti o n a r e u...
I t i s p r ef er a b l e f o r tea c h er s to d esi g n r u b r i c s c o l l eg i a l l y a s a g r o u p r a th er th ...
as well as reflecting on the reasons selections were made, what they represent, and what they show a b o u t stu d ents   ...
th e p u r su i t o f th o se g o a l s, a nd sel f - mo ni to r i ng     a l l stu d ent i nv o l v ement i n th e a sses...
no t i mp l y th a t ex p l i c i t a ttenti o n to E ng l i sh l a ng u a g e d ev el o p ment sh o u l d no t o c c u r ...
Snapshot 8 . 8 . T eacher F eedback in G rade O ne Kathleen, a first grader, is preparing to read aloud to her teacher. Be...
Snapshot 8 . 9 . Peer F eedback in G rade T hree I n a th i r d - g r a d e c l a ss stu d ents a r e f o c u si ng o n S ...
standards for literacy in science  WHST.9   10.6 , they are to display their information    flexibly and dynamically.    S...
    How can I use information about my students    English language proficiency levels on different C A E L D S ta nd a r ...
Figure 8.7. Language Analysis Framework for Writing L ang uag e Analysis F ramew ork for W Content K now ledg e and R eg i...
T ea c h er s u se su c h a f r a mew o r k   a d j u sted a p p r o p r i a tel y f o r g r a d e l ev el o r sp a n  , S...
Figure 8.8. Student Annotated Writing Sample Using the CA ELD Standards Susana   s Text  Annotations Content and register ...
U si ng a l a ng u a g e a na l y si s f r a mew o r k f o r w r i ti ng a l so g u i d es d i sc u ssi o ns a b o u t w r...
Assessing ELD Progress in Oral Language O r a l l a ng u a g e u se i s a c r i ti c a l c o mp o nent o f E ng l i sh l a...
Figure 8.9. Grade Seven Collaborative Conversations Observation Notes Collaborativ e Conv ersations O bserv ation N otes E...
The tool provided in figure 8.9 is used to complement the more informal minute-by-minute o b ser v a ti o ns tea c h er s ...
Universal Screening  Medium Cycle  Universal screening is a critical first step in identifying students who may be at risk...
  see sec ti o n o n tec h ni c a l q u a l i ty i n th i s c h a p ter   , u se mu l ti p l e ty p es o f a ssessments   ...
performance is determined and goals are established for learning for a specific period. The student   s a c a d emi c p er...
a nd c o nstr u c ted r esp o nse   stu d ents w r i te a sh o r t tex t o r l o ng essa y i n r esp o nse to a p r o mp t...
Assessment  Chapter 8   863  Source K   12 Center at Educational Testing Service. 2014.    The Smarter Balanced Assessment...
Computer Adaptive Tests C o mp u ter - a d a p ti v e tests   C AT   ta i l o r a n a ssessment to i nd i v i d u a l stu ...
Assessments for Students with Significant Cognitive Disabilities The CCSS for ELA Literacy are for every student, includin...
English Language Proficiency Assessments The English Language Proficiency Assessments for California  ELPAC , which will b...
Figure 8.11. ELPAC Conceptual Model  Source California Department of Education. 2013b. Memorandum    California English La...
T h i s sec ti o n el a b o r a tes th e i ntend ed p u r p o se o f a ssessment. I t i s p a r ti c u l a r l y i mp o r ...
sta ti sti c a l i nd i c es. P u b l i sh er s    ma nu a l s sh o u l d p r o v i d e i nf o r ma ti o n a b o u t th e ...
Figure 8.12. Key Points in Technical Quality of Assessments  Long- and Medium-Cycle Assessments T echnical Q uality  K ey ...
An i mp o r ta nt p o i nt a b o u t v a l i d i ty i n f o r ma ti v e a ssessment c o nc er ns th e c o nseq u enc es o ...
Figure 8.13. Key Points in Technical Quality of Assessments  Short-Cycle Formative Assessment     Evidence gathered by the...
Works Cited Abedi, Jamal. 2002.    Assessing and Accommodations of English Language Learners  Issues, Concerns and Recomme...
B u nc h , G eo r g e C . , Ama nd a K i b l er , a nd S u sa n P i menta l . 2 0 1 2 .     R ea l i z i ng O p p o r tu n...
Gibbons, Pauline. 2009. English Learners, Academic Literacy, and Thinking  Learning in the Challenge Zone. Portsmouth, NH ...
Jenkins, Joseph R. 2003. Candidate Measures for Screening At-Risk Students. Paper presented at the National Research Cente...
O r g a ni sa ti o n f o r E c o no mi c C o - o p er a ti o n a nd D ev el o p ment   O E C D   . 2 0 0 5 . Formative Ass...
            . 2 0 0 5 b . Will Commercialization Enable or Destroy Formative Assessment    O r i g i na l ti tl e  F o r m...