Step 2: Teach Lesson
Write on the board or hold up a sign that says, “The Earth orbits the sun and the moon orbits the Earth.” Explain to the student that
this is what they will be learning about in this lesson.
Ask the student the following question: What are the characteristics of the earth and moon? Allow the student time to respond.
Discuss what they think the characteristics of the earth and moon are. Have them share and write them on the board(Ex: The Earth
and the Moon are spheres, they are heavenly bodies, both are in space, both rotate around something else etc.) Have the student
write the characteristics of the Earth and moon in their journals.
Ask the student the following question: How do the Earth and moon receive light? Allow the student time to respond.
Have the student discuss how they think the Earth and moon receive their light. Share their ideas.
Explain to the student that the Earth receives its light from the sun. The Earth rotates on its axis. It rotates one complete rotation in a
24 -hour period (1 day). The Earth also rotates around the sun. When the Earth rotates around the sun, it is called a revolution. It
takes the Earth 365 days (1 year) to complete one revolution around the sun.
Have student write these facts about the Earth in their journals.
Explain to the student that the moon receives its light from the sun. The moon reflects the sun’s light, like a mirror. The sun shines on
the moon, and its light reflects off the moon’s rocks and dust. The Earth’s moon makes one orbit around the Earth one time a month,
(every 28 days). The same side of the moon points toward Earth all the time. Have the student write these facts about the moon in