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Drug 

List 

Book 

 

 

 


 

By: Jeanne Nacar

A - Drugs


Classification: Antipsychotic
IFU: Schizophrenia/ Bipolar Disorder
Action: Unknown
Dosage: 5 mg ; 10 mg ; 15 mg ; 20 mg ; 30 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: nausea, vomiting, constipation, headache, dizziness, akathisia, anxiety, insomnia, restlessness
Interactions: Propoxyphene: May increase side effects such as dizziness, drowsiness, confusion, and difficulty concentrating.

Abilify (Aripiprazole)

AR-i-PIP-ra-zole

Classification: PPI (Proton-Pump Inhibitor)
IFU: GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease aka Acid Reflux)
Action: Blocks proton pump activity by inhibiting gastric hydrogen-potassium adenosine triphosphatase at secretory surface of gastric parietal cells, thereby blocking gastric acid secretion.
Dosage: 20 mg
Route: P.O. 
Adverse Reaction: headache, bloating, dry mouth, fever, rapid weight gain, nausea
Interactions: Cyclosporine: May inhibit cyclosporine metabolism. Use together cautiously. 

AcipHex (Rabeprazole)

ra-BEP-ra-zole

ActoPlus Met (Pioglitazone/Metformin)
PYE-oh-GLI-ta-zone/met-FOR-min

Classification: Biguanide/ Thiazolidinedione
IFU: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Action: Combines two antihyperglycemic agents with different mechanisms of action to improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes: pioglitazone hydrochloride, a member of the thiazolidinedione class, and metformin hydrochloride, a member of the biguanide class. Thiazolidinediones are insulin-sensitizing agents that act primarily by enhancing peripheral glucose utilization, whereas biguanides act primarily by decreasing endogenous hepatic glucose production.
Dosage: 500 mg-15 mg ; 850 mg-15 mg ; 1000 mg-30 mg ; 1000 mg-15 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: upper respiratory tract infection, edema, diarrhea, headache, weight gain  
Interactions: Ketoconazole: May increase the blood levels and effects of pioglitazone.

Classification: Thiazolidinedione
IFU: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Action: Lowers blood glucose levels by decreasing insulin resistance. Improves sensitivity of insulin in muscle and adipose tissue.
Dosage: 15 mg, 30 mg, 45 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: headache, edema, sinusitis, anemia, hypoglycemia with combination therapy, myalgia, upper respiratory tract infection, tooth disorder
Interactions: Ketoconazole: May inhibit pioglitazone metabolism. Monitor patient’s blood glucose levels more frequently. 

Actos (Pioglitazone) 

PYE-oh-GLI-ta-zone


Adderall XR 

(Dextroamphetamine/Amphetamine) 

DEX-troe-am-FET-a-meen/am-FET-a-meen

 

Classification: CNS Stimulant
IFU: ADHD
Action: Unknown
Dosage: 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg, 30 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: restlessness, tachycardia, dry mouth, impotence, weight loss, urticaria, increased libido
Interactions: Acetazolamide, antacids, sodium bicarbonate: Increased renal reabsorption. Watch for enhanced effect. 

Advair Diskus (Fluticasone/Salmeterol) 

floo-TIK-a-sone/sal-MEE-ter-ol

Classification: Beta-2 Agonist/ Corticosteroid
IFU: Asthma, COPD
Action: Unknown
Dosage: 100 mcg-50 mcg ; 250 mcg-50 mcg ; 500 mcg-50 mcg
Route: Nasal
Adverse Reaction: nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection, nasal congestion, back pain, sinusitis, dizziness, nausea, pneumonia, candidiasis, dysphonia
Interactions: None significant

Classification: Antiplatelet
IFU: Thrombotic Stroke Prevention
Action: Unknown
Dosage: 25 mg, 50 mg, 75 mg, 10 mg/2 ml
Route: P.O., I.V. 
Adverse Reaction: headache, flushing, nausea, rash
Interactions:Heparin: May increase risk of bleeding. Monitor patient closely.

Aggrenox (Aspirin/Dipyridamole) 

AS-pir-in/DYE-pir-ID-a-mole

Alphagan P (Brimonidine Tartrate) 

bri-MOE-ni-DEEN TAR-trate

Classification: Alpha-Agonist
IFU: Glaucoma
Action: A selective alpha-adrenergic agonist that reduces aqueous humor production and increases uveoscleral outflow.
Dosage: 1 drop
Route: Ophthalmic
Adverse Reaction: anxiety, hypertension, abnormal vision,nausea, muscle pain, pruritus, allergic reactions
Interactions:Nebivolol: May increase the risk of the side effects.

Classification: ACE Inhibitor
IFU: Hpertension
Action: Unknown
Dosage: 1.25 mg, 2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: headache, heart failure, epistaxis, nausea, impotence, decreased hemoglobin, elevated liver enzyme, hyperglycemia, arthralgia, dyspnea,hypersensitivity
Interactions:Diuretics: Excessive hypotension, especially at start of theraphy. Discontinue diuretic at least 3 days before therapy begins, increase sodium intake, or reduce starting dose of ramipril.

Altace (Ramipril) 

RAM-i-pril


Classification: Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Agonist
IFU: Insomnia
Action: Although drug interacts with one of three identified gamma-aminobutyric acid-benzodiazepine receptor complexes, it isn’t a benzodiazepine. It exhibits hypnotic activity but no muscle relaxant or anticonvulsant properties.
Dosage: 5 mg, 10 mg
Route: P.O
Adverse Reaction: daytime drowsiness, palpitations, sinusitis, nausea, myalagia, rash, back or chest pain
Interactions:CNS depressants: Excessive CNS depression. Use together cautiously.

Ambien (Zolpidem)

zole-PI-dem

Classification: Penicillin Antibiotic
IFU: Bacterial Infection
Action: An aminopenicillin that inhibits cell-wall synthesis during bacterial multiplication. Bacteria resist amoxicillin by producing penicillinases--enzymes that hydrolyze amoxicillin.
Dosage:  20  mg, 30 mg, 45 mg, 125 mg, 250 mg, 500 mg, 875 mg
Route: P.O
Adverse Reaction: lethargy, nausea, interstitial nephritis, anemia, hypersensitivity
Interactions:Allopurinol: Increased risk of rash. Monitor patient.

Amoxil (Amoxicillin)

am-OX-i-sil-in

AndroGel (Testosterone Topical)

tes-TOS-ter-one TOP-i-kal

Classification: Androgen
IFU: Hypogonadism
Action:  A hydroalcoholic formulation that dries quickly when applied to the skin surface. The skin serves as a reservoir for the sustained release of testosterone into the systemic circulation…
Dosage: 1 %, 1.62 %
Route: Transdermal
Adverse Reaction: edema, acne, site pain, injection site erythema, cough, dyspnea
Interactions: Coumadin: May cause you to bleed more easily.

Classification: Cholinesterase Inhibitor
IFU: Alzheimer’s Disease
Action: Inhibits the enzyme acetylcholinesterase in the CNS, increasing the level of acetylcholine. Drug may temporarily improve cognitive function in patients with Alzheimer;s disease.
Dosage: 5 mg, 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: headache, chest pain, cataract, nausea, urinary frequency, ecchymosis, weight loss, muscle cramps,dyspnea, pruritus, influenza
Interactions: Anticholinergics: Drug may interfere with anticholinergic activity. Monitor patient.

Aricept (Donepezil) 

doe-NEP-e-zil

Armour Thyroid (Desiccated Thyroid) 

DES-i-kay-ted THYE-roid

Classification: Thyroid 
IFU: Hypothyroidism
Action: Not clearly defined. Stimulates metabolism of all body tissues by accelerating the rate of cellular oxidation. 
Dosage: 15 mg, 30 mg, 60 mg, 65 mg, 90 mg, 120 mg, 130 mg, 180 mg, 240 mg, 300 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: nervousness, tachycardia, diarrhea, menstrual irregularities, weight loss, accelerated rate of bone maturation in infants and children, allergic skin reactions, heat intolerance
Interactions: Cholestyramine: Impaired thyroid absorption. Separate dose by 4 to 5 hours.

Classification: Inflammatory Bowel Disease
IFU: Ulcerative Colitis
Action: Unknown
Dosage: 250 mg, 400 mg, 500 mg, 4 g/60 ml
Route: P.O., P.R. 
Adverse Reaction: headache, abdominal pain, chest pain, increased BUN, elevated AST, arthralgia, wheezing, itching
Interactions: Lactulose: May impair release of delayed or extended-release products. Monitor patient closely. 

Asacol (Mesalamine)

me-SAL-a-meen

Classification: Corticosteroid
IFU: Asthma
Action: Potent, locally acting anti-inflammatory and immune modifier.
Dosage: 110 mcg, 220 mcg, 440 mcg
Route: Inhalation
Adverse Reaction: Body aches or pain, cold or flu-like symptoms, congestion, cough, dryness or soreness of the throat
Interactions: Ketoconazole: May  increase  levels.

Asmanex Twisthaler (Mometasone) 

moe-MET-a-sone

Classification: Histamine-1 (H1) Inhibitor
IFU: Respiratory Allergies
Action: Selectively antagonizes H1 and inhibits release of histamine and other mediators from cells (such as mast cells)involved in allergic response. Based on in vitro studies using human cell lines, inhibition of other mediators involved in allergic reactions (such as leukotrienes and platelet-aggregating factor) has also been demonstrated. Decreased Chemotaxis and activation of eosinophils has also been demonstrated.
Dosage: 137-mcg spray
Route: Nasal
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, transient eye burning or stinging, nausea, weight increase 
Interactions: CNS depressants: additional decreased alertness and impairment of CNS performance.

Astelin (Azelastine) 

AY-ze-LAS-teen

Classification: ARB
IFU: Hypertension
Action: Inhibits vasoconstrictive action of angiotensins II by blocking angiotensin II receptor on the surface of vascular smooth muscle and other tissue cells.
Dosage: 4 mg, 8 mg, 16 mg, 32 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, chest pain, pharyngitis, abdominal pain, albuminuria, arthralgia, coughing
Interactions: Potassium-sparing diuretics, potassium supplements: Risk of hyperkalemia. Monitor patient closely

Atacand (Candesartan Cilexetil) 

KAN-de-SAR-tan sye-LEX-e-til

Classification: Benzodiazepine
IFU: Anxiety
Action: Unknown. 
Dosage: 0.5 mg, 1 mg, 2 mg, 4 mg
Route: P.O., I.V., I.M.
Adverse Reaction: drowsiness, hypotension, visual disturbances, abdominal discomfort, elevated liver function test results
Interactions: CNS depressants: Increased CNS depression. Avoid concomitant use.

Ativan (Lorazepam) 

lor-A-ze-pam

Classification: Penicillin Combination Antibiotic

IFU: Bacterial Infection

Action: An aminopenicillin that prevents bacterial cell-wall synthesis during replication. Clavulanic acid increases amoxicillin effectiveness by inactivating beta lactamases, which destroy amoxicillin.

Dosage: 20  mg, 30 mg, 45 mg, 125 mg, 250 mg, 500 mg, 875 mg

Route: P.O.

Adverse Reaction: agitation, nausea, vaginitis, anemia, hypersensitivity

Interactions: Allopurinol: Increased risk of rash. Monitor patient.

Augmentin (Amoxicillin/Clavulanate) 

am-OKS-i-sil-in/KLAV-yoola-nate

Avalide 

(Irbesartan/Hydrochlorothiazide) 

ir-be-SAR-tan/HYE-droe-KLOR-oh-THYE-a-zide

Classification: ARB/Diuretic
IFU: Hypertension
Action: Combines the actions of irbesartan, an angiotensin II AT1 receptor blocker (ARB), and that of a thiazide diuretic, hydrochlorothiazide.
Dosage: 12.5 mg- 150 mg, 12.5 mg -300 mg, 300-25 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: headache, dizziness, fatigue, musculoskeletal pain.
Interactions:Quinapril: May increase the risk of side effects such as low blood pressure, kidney function impairment, and a condition called hyperkalemia (high blood potassium).

Classification: ARB
IFU: Hypertension
Action: Produces antihypertensive effect by competitive antagonist activity at the angiotensin II receptor.
Dosage: 75 mg, 150 mg, 300 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: fatigue, chest pain, pharyngitis, diarrhea, urinary tract infection, musculoskeletal trauma or pain, upper respiratory tract infection, rash
Interactions: None significant

Avapro (Irbesartan)  

ir-be-SAR-tan

Classification: Quinolone Antibiotic

IFU: Bacterial Infection

Action: Interferes with action of enzymes necessary for bacterial replication. Inhibits topoisomerases I (DNA gyrase) and IV, thereby impairing processes of bacterial DNA replication, transcription, repair, and recombination.

Dosage: 400 mg

Route: P.O.

Adverse Reaction: dizziness, taste perversion, abnormal liver function test results

Interactions: Antacids didanosine, metal cations (such as aluminum, iron, magnesium, zinc), multivitamins, sucralfate: Metal cations chelate with moxifloxacin, resulting in decreased absorption and lower serum levels. Administer drug at least 4 hours before or 8 hours after containing metal cations.

Avelox (Moxifloxacin) 

moxi-FLOX-a-sin

Classification: 5 Apha Reductase Inhibitor
IFU: BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia)
Action: Inhibits the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT)
Dosage: 0.5 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Chest pain or discomfort, dilated neck veins, extreme fatigue, irregular breathing, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs, weight gain, wheezing
Interactions: Ciprofloxacin: May increase the blood levels of dutasteride.

Avodart (Dutasteride)

doo-TAS-ter-ide

B - Drugs


Bactrim, Septra 

(Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole) 

try- METH-oh-prim/SUL-fa-meth-OX-a-zole

Classification: Sulfa Antibiotic 
IFU: Bacterial Infection
Action: Sulfamethoxazole inhibits formation of dihydrofolic acid from PABA; trimethoprim inhibits dihydrofolate reductase formation. Both decrease bacterial folic acid synthesis; bactericidal.
Dosage: 40 mg, 80 mg, 160 mg, 200 mg, 400 mg, 800 mg, 5 ml-30 ml
Route: P.O., I.V. 
Adverse Reaction: headache, thrombophlebitis, nausea, hematuria, megaloblastic anemia, jaundice, arthralgia, pulmonary infiltrates, photosensitivity, hypersensitivity
Interactions: Cyclosporine: May decrease cyclosporine levels and increase nephrotoxicity risk. Avoid concomitant use.

Bactroban (Mupirocin)

mue-PIR-oh-sin

Classification: Topical Antibacterial
IFU: Skin infection
Action:  Unknown
Dosage: 2 %
Route: Topical, intranasal
Adverse Reaction: headache, rhinitis, taste perversion, upper respiratory tract congestion, burning
Interactions: None significant

Beconase AQ (Beclomethasone)

be-kloe-METH-a-sone

Classification: Corticosteroid
IFU: Allergic Rhinitis
Action: A corticosteroid that decreases nasal inflammation, mainly by stabilizing leukocyte lysosomal membranes.
Dosage: 42 mcg, 50 mcg, 84 mcg
Route: Nasal
Adverse Reaction: headache, mild transient nasal burning and stinging
Interactions: None significant

Becinar (Olmesartan)

OL-me-SAR-tan

Classification: ARB
IFU: Hypertension
Action: Blocks the vasoconstrictor effects of angiotensin II by selectively blocking the binding of angiotensin II to the AT1 receptor in vascular smooth muscle.
Dosage: 5 mg ; 20 mg ; 40 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Blood in the urine, body aches or pain, chills, cough or cough producing mucus, difficulty with breathing, ear congestion, fever, headache
Interactions: Enalapril: May increase the risk of side effects such as low blood pressure, kidney function impairment, and a condition called hyperkalemia (high blood potassium).

Becinar HCT 

(Olmesartan/Hydrochlorothiazide)

OL-me-SAR-tan/HYE-dro-KLOR-oh-THYE-a-zide


Classification: ARB/Diuretic
IFU: Hypertension
Action: Blocks the vasoconstrictor effects of angiotensin II by selectively blocking the binding of angiotensin II to the AT1 receptor in vascular smooth muscle.
Dosage: 20/12.5 mg, 40/12.5 mg,  40/25 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Bladder pain, bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet, bloody or cloudy urine, blurred vision, chest pain, flushed, dry skin, increased hunger
Interactions: Ziprasidone: May increase the risk of an irregular heart rhythm that may be serious.

BenzaClin 

(Clindamycin/Benzoyl Peroxide)

KLIN-da-MYE-sin/BEN-zoe-il per-OX-ide


Classification: Topical Antibiotic
IFU: Acne
Action: It contributes a nonspecific bactericidal mechanism (the formation of reactive oxygen species) to the combination therapy and thereby suppresses the emergence of drug resistance organisms.
Dosage: 1 %, 5 %
Route: Topical
Adverse Reaction: dry skin, severe skin redness, burning, itching or tingly feeling, skin peeling, irritation, stinging.
Interactions: Succinylcholine: May have additive effects.

Boniva (Ibandronate)

EYE-ban-DROE-nate


Classification: Bisphosphonate 
IFU: Osteoporosis
Action: Inhibits resorption of bone by inhibiting osteoclast activity.
Dosage: 2.5 mg ; 150 mg ; 3 mg/3 mL
Route: P.O., I.V.
Adverse Reaction: Bladder pain, bloody or cloudy urine, chest pain, cough producing mucus, difficult, burning, or painful urination, difficulty with breathing, fever or chills, frequent urge to urinate
Interactions: NSAIDs including aspirin: May increase risk of gastric irritation.

BuSpar (Buspirone)

byoo-SPYE-rone


Classification: Neurotransmitter Agonist/Antagonist
IFU: Anxiety
Action: Unknown
Dosage: 5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, tachycardia, blurred vision, dry mouth
Interactions: CNS depression: Increase CNS depression. Avoid concomitant use.

Byetta (Exenatide)

ex-EN-a-tide


Classification: GLP-1 receptor agonist
IFU: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Action: Enhances glucose-dependent insulin secretion by the pancreatic beta cells, suppresses inappropriately elevated glucagon secretion, and slows gastric emptying.
Dosage: 5 mcg, 10 mcg
Route: Subcutaneous
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, nausea, hypoglycemia, excessive sweating, decreased appetite
Interactions: Anti-infectives, hormonal contraceptives: Possible slowing of GI transit time.

Bystolic (Nebivolol)

ne-BIV-oh-lol


Classification: Beta-blocker
IFU: Hypertension
Action: Blocks stimulation of beta adrenergic receptor sites; selective for beta1 (myocardial) receptors in most patients. In some patients (poor metabolizers, higher blood levels may result in some beta2 [pulmonary, vascular, uterine] adrenergic)blockade.
Dosage: 2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, fatigue, headache
Interactions: Cimetidine: May increase blood levels.

C - Drugs


Caduet (Amlodipine/Atorvastatin)

am-LOE-di-peen/ a-TOR-va-sta-tin


Classification: CCB/HMG-COA Reductase
IFU: Hypertension/Hyperlipidemia
Action: Inhibits the transmembrane influx of calcium ions into vascular smooth muscle and cardiac muscle
Dosage: 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg, 40 mg, 80 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: cough, dizziness, hives, itching, skin rash, wheezing
Interactions: Fenofibrate: May increase the risk of side effects such as liver damage and a rare but serious condition called rhabdomyolysis that involves the breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue.

Catapres-TTS (Clonidine)

KLO- ni-deen


Classification: Alpha-Agonist
IFU: Hypertension
Action: Unknown
Dosage: 0.025 mg, 0.1 mg, 0.2 mg, 0.3 mg
Route: P.O., Transdermal
Adverse Reaction: drowsiness, orthostatic, hypotension, constipation, urine retention, weight gain, pruritus, loss of libido.
Interactions:CNS depressants: Enhanced CNS depression. Use together cautiously.

Celebrex (Celecoxib)

SEL-e-KOX-ib


Classification: COX-2 Inhibitor
IFU: Pain/Inflammation
Action: A selective NSAID that is thought to inhibit prostaglandin synthesis, primarily via inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-20. Its anti-inflammatory effects and analgesic and antipyretic properties are thought to be related to a decrease in prostaglandin synthesis.
Dosage:100 mg, 200 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, pharyngitis, abdominal pain, elevated BUN level, elevated liver enzyme levels, hyperchloremia, back pain, upper respiratory tract infection, peripheral edema
Interactions: ACE inhibitors: Diminished antihypertensive effects. Monitor patient’s blood pressure.

Celexa (Citalopram)

si-TAL-o-pram


Classification: SSRI (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor)
IFU: Depression
Action: A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor whose action is presumed to be linked to potentiation of serotonergic activity in the CNS resulting from inhibition of neuronal reuptake of serotonin.
Dosage: 20 mg, 40 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: tremor, tachycardia, rhinitis, dry mouth, amenorrhea, decreased and increased weight, arthralgia, coughing, rash, fever
Interactions:Carbamazepine: Ma increase citalopram clearance. Monitor patient for effects.

Cheratussin AC (Codeine/Guaifenesin)

KOE-deen/gwye-FEN-a-sin


Classification: Antitussive/ Expectorant
IFU: Cough Suppressant/ Expectorant
Action: thinning and increasing the volume of mucus. Suppressing the cough reflex in the brain, eventually reducing the frequency of cough.
Dosage: 10 mg-100 mg/5 mL ; 10 mg-300 mg ; 2.5 mg-75 mg/5 mL 
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
Interactions: Acetaminophen; Hydrocodone: Concomitant use of hydrocodone with other CNS depressants may lead to hypotension, profound sedation, coma, respiratory depression and death.

Cialis (Tadalafil)

ta-DAL-a-fil


Classification: PD-5 Inhibitor
IFU: Erectile Dysfunction
Action: Inhibits the cGMP specific phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) which is responsible for degradation of cGMP in the corpus cavernosum located around the penis. 
Dosage: 2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg, 25 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: chest pain, cold sweats, confusion, nausea, vomiting
Interactions: Isosorbide: May cause blood pressure to fall excessively, which can lead to cardiovascular collapse.

Cipro (Ciprofloxacin)

SIP-roe-FLOX-a-sin


Classification: Quinolone Antibiotic
IFU: Bacterial Infection
Action: Inhibits bacterial DNA synthesis, mainly by blocking DNA gyrase; bactericidal.
Dosage: 100 mg, 250 mg, 500 mg, 750 mg
Route: P.O., I.V. 
Adverse Reaction: headache, edema, nausea, crystalluria, eosinophilia, elevated liver enzyme levels, arthralgia, rash, hypersensitivity
Interactions: Antacids containing hydroxide or magnesium hydroxide, iron supplements, multivitamins containing iron or zinc, sucralfate: Decreased ciprofloxacin absorption. Separate administration by at least 2 hours.

Ciprodex (Ciprofloxacin/Dexamethason)

SIP-roe-FLOX-a-sin/dex-a-METH-a-sone


Classification: Quinolone/Corticosteroid
IFU: Bacterial External Ear Infection
Action: Ciprofloxacin functions as a bactericide by interfering with DNA gyrase, an enzyme with a key role in the synthesis of bacterial DNA. Dexamethasone is used in combination in order to aid in the reducing inflammatory responses that often accompany bacterial infection.
Dosage: 0.14 ml
Route: Auricular
Adverse Reaction: hypersensitivity, ear discomfort, rash, difficulty breathing, 
Interactions: None significant.

Cleocin (Clindamycin)

klin-da-MYE-sin


Classification: Lincomycin Antibiotic 
IFU: Bacterial Infection
Action: Bacteriostatic or bactericidal based on drug level and susceptibility of organism; suppresses growth of susceptible organisms in sebaceous glands by blocking protein synthesis.
Dosage: 1 %, 2 %
Route: Topical, intravaginal
Adverse Reaction: GI upset, vaginitis, abnormal liver function test results, irritation
Interactions: Erythromycin: May antagonize clindamycin effect. Separate administration times.

Combivent (Ipratropium/Albuterol)

IP-ra-TRO-pee-um/al-BUE-ter-ol


Classification: Anticholinergic/ Beta-2 Agonist
IFU: Asthma
Action: Relaxes bronchial, uterine and vascular smooth muscle by stimulating beta-2 receptors.
Dosage: 1 mg, 2 mg, 4 mg, 8 mg, 90 mcg, 200 mcg, 400 mcg
Route: P.O., I.V, inhalation
Adverse Reaction: tremor, tachycardia, dry and irritated nose 
Interactions: CNS stimulants: Increase CNS stimulation. Avoid concomitant use.

Concerta (Methylphenidate)

METH-il-FEN-i-date


Classification: CNS Stimulant
IFU: ADHD
Action: Increases release of norepinephrine, which stimulates impulse transmission in respiratory system and CNS. Net effect is increased mental alertness.
Dosage: 10 mg, 20 mg, 30 mg, 40 mg, 50 mg, 60 mg
Route: P.O., Transdermal 
Adverse Reaction: restlessness, hypertension, blurred vision, rash, fever, 
Interactions: Anticonvulsants, phenylbutazone, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants, warfarin: Inhibited metabolism and increased effects of these drugs.

Coreg (Carvedilol)

KAR-ve-dil-ole


Classification: Beta-blocker
IFU: Hypertension
Action: Nonselective beta blocker with alpha-1 blocking activity
Dosage: 3.125 mg, 6.25 mg, 12.5 mg, 25 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, bradycardia, abnormal vision, diarrhea, purpura, increased serum alkaline phosphatase, ALT, and AST levels, dehydration, arthralgia, bronchitis, allergy
Interactions: Calcium channel blockers: Can cause isolated conduction disturbances. Monitor patient’s heart rhythm and blood pressure.

Cosopt (Dorzolamide/Timolol)

dor-ZOLE-a-mide/TY-moe-lol 


Classification: Beta-blocker/ Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor 
IFU: Glaucoma
Action: Decreases elevated intraocular pressure, whether or not associated with glaucoma, by reducing aqueous humor secretion.
Dosage: 2 drops
Route: Ophthalmic
Adverse Reaction: blurred vision, itching of the eye, coughing, dizziness, increased blood pressure, back pain
Interactions: Aspirin: This can cause ringing in your ears, headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, confusion, hallucinations, rapid breathing, fever, seizure (convulsions), or coma.

Coumadin (Warfarin)

WAR-far-in


Classification: Vitamin K Antagonist
IFU: Anticoagulation
Action: Inhibits vitamin K-dependent activation of clotting factors II, VII, IX, X, formed in the liver.
Dosage: 1 mg, 2 mg, 2.5 mg, 3 mg, 4 mg, 5 mg, 6 mg, 7.5 mg, 10 mg
Route: P.O., I.V.
Adverse Reaction: headache, nausea, hematuria, jaundice, dermatitis, necrosis, fever, vomiting, cramps
Interactions: Acetaminophen: May increase bleeding with long-term therapy (more than 2 weeks) at high doses (more than 2g/day) of acetaminophen.

Cozaar (Losartan)

loe-SAR-tan


Classification: ARB
IFU: Hypertension
Action: An angiotensin II receptor agonist that inhibits the vasoconstricting and aldosterone-secreting effects of angiotensin II.
Dosage: 25 mg, 50 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, insomnia, sinusitis, dyspepsia, muscle cramps, cough, upper respiratory infection.
Interactions: Potassium-sparing diuretics, potassium supplements: Possible hyperkalemia.

Crestor (Rosuvastatin)

roe-SOO-va-sta-tin


Classification: HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor
IFU: Hyperlipidemia
Action: A rate-limiting enzyme that converts 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A to mevalonate, a precursor of cholesterol.
Dosage: 5-40 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: body aches, congestion, cough, difficulty moving, sore throat, headache.
Interactions: Fenofibrate: Can increase risk of side effects such as liver damage and rhabdomyolysis.

Cymbalta (Duloxetine)

du-LOX-e-teen


Classification: SNRI (Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor)
IFU: Depression
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 40-120 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: body aches, cough, difficulty having bowel movement, dry mouth, ear congestion, frequent urination.
Interactions: Zolpidem: May increase side effects such as dizziness, drowsiness, confusion, and difficulty concentration.

D - Drugs


Deltasone (Prednisone)

PRED-ni-sone


Classification: Corticosteroid
IFU: Severe inflammation, immunosuppression
Action: Decreases inflammation, mainly by stabilizing leukocyte lysosomal membranes; suppresses immune response; stimulates bone marrow; and influences protein, fat, and carbohydrate metabolism.
Dosage: 1 mg, 2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg, 50 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: euphoria, insomnia, vertigo, headache, seizures, heart failure, arrhythmias, pancreatitis, hypokalemia, muscle weakness.
Interactions: NSAIDS: Increased risk of GI distress and bleeding.

Depakote ER (Divalproex Sodium)

dye-val-PRO-ex


Classification: Neurologic
IFU: Seizure, bipolar, migraine
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 250 mg/5 ml, 100-500 mg
Route: P.O., I.V.
Adverse Reaction: sedation, headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, diarrhea, thrombocytopenia, pancreatitis.
Interactions: Aspirin: May cause valproic acid toxicity.

Desyrel (Trazodone)

dye-val-PRO-ex


Classification: Antidepressant
IFU: Depression, insomnia
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 50 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg, 300 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: drowsiness, dizziness, fatigue, confusion, hypertension, tachycardia, shortness of breath, anemia.
Interactions: Antihypertensives: Increased hypotensive effect of trazodone. Antihypertensive dosage may need to be decreased.

Detrol LA (Tolterodine)

tol-TER-oh-deen


Classification: Urinary antispasmodic
IFU: Incontinence
Action: A competitive muscarinic receptor antagonist. Both urinary bladder contraction and salivation are mediated via cholinergic muscarinic receptors.
Dosage: 4 mg, 2 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dry mouth, headache, dizziness, hypertension, chest pain, abdominal pain, constipation.
Interactions: Fluoxetine: Increased tolterodine levels. Avoid concomitant use.

DiaBeta, Micronase (Glyburide)

GLYE-bue-ride


Classification: Sulfonylurea
IFU: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 1.25 mg, 1.5 mg, 2.5 mg, 3 mg, 5 mg, 6 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: blurred vision, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, hepatitis, hypoglycemia.
Interactions: Beta blockers: Prolonged hypoglycemic effect and masked symptoms of hypoglycemia activity. Monitor blood glucose levels.

Differin (Adapalene)

a-DAP-a-leen


Classification: Retinoid
IFU: Acne Vulgaris
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 0.1%, 0.3%
Route: Topical
Adverse Reaction: burning sensation, stinging, dryness, peeling, itching, and redness of skin.
Interactions: Isotretinoin: May increase skin irritation.

Diflucan (Fluconazole)

floo-KOE-na-zole


Classification: Antifungal
IFU: Fungal Infection
Action: Inhibits fungal cytochrome P-450 (responsible for fungal sterol synthesis) and weakens fungal cell walls.
Dosage: 50 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg, 200 mg
Route: P.O., I.V
Adverse Reaction: headache, dizziness, nausea, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, anaphylaxis.
Interactions: Cyclosporine: Possible increased plasma levels of cyclosporine. Monitor serum, cyclosporine, and phenytoin.

Dilantin (Phenytoin)

FEN-i-toyn


Classification: Antifungal
IFU: Fungal Infection
Action: Inhibits fungal cytochrome P-450 (responsible for fungal sterol synthesis) and weakens fungal cell walls.
Dosage: 50 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg, 200 mg
Route: P.O., I.V
Adverse Reaction: headache, dizziness, nausea, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, anaphylaxis.
Interactions: Cyclosporine: Possible increased plasma levels of cyclosporine. Monitor serum, cyclosporine, and phenytoin.

Diovan (Valsartan)

val-SAR-tan


Classification: ARB
IFU: Hypertension
Action: Blocks the binding of angiotensin II to receptor sites in vascular smooth muscle and the adrenal gland, which inhibits the pressor effects of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system.
Dosage:  80 mg, 160 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, headache, neutropenia, nausea, abdominal pain.
Interactions: Diuretics: Risk of excessive hypotension. Assess fluid status before starting concomitant therapy.

Diovan HCT 

(Valsartan/Hydrochlorothiazide)

val-SAR-tan/HYE-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide-


Classification: ARB/Diuretic
IFU: Hypertension
Action:  Blocks the binding of angiotensin II to receptor sites in vascular smooth muscle and the adrenal gland to relax the blood vessels. Helps the kidneys eliminate fluid and sodium from the body.
Dosage: 160/12.5 mg, 320/25 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: cold or flu-like symptoms, difficulty swallowing, sore throat, unusual tiredness or weakness.
Interactions: Quinapril: May increase risk of side effects such as low blood pressure, kidney function impairment, and hyperkalemia.

Dyazide, Maxzide 

(Triamterene/Hydrochlorothiazide)

trye-AM-ter-een/HYE-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide


Classification: K-sparring/Thiazide Diuretic
IFU: Hypertension/edema
Action:  Unknown.
Dosage: 50-75 mg, 25-37.5 mg, 25-50 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: nausea, diarrhea, constipation, blurred vision, dry mouth, or skin rash.
Interactions: Candesartan: Using triamterene together with candesartan may increase potassium levels in the blood and may develop into hyperkalemia.

E - Drugs


Effexor (Venlafaxine)

VEN-la-fax-een


Classification: SNRI (Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor)
IFU: Depression
Action:  Blocks reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin into neurons in the CNS.
Dosage: 27.5 mg, 37.5 mg, 50 mg, 75 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: headache, somnolence, dizziness, nervousness, insomnia, asthenia, nausea, constipation, dry mouth.
Interactions: MAO inhibitors: May cause a syndrome similar to neuroleptic malignant syndrome (myoclonus, hyperthermia, seizures, and death). Avoid concomitant use.

Elavil (Amitriptyline)

a-mee-TRIP-ti-leen


Classification: TCA (Tricyclic antidepressants)
IFU: Depression
Action:  Unknown.
Dosage: 50 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg, 300 mg, (P.O.); 20 mg, 30 mg,
Route: P.O., I.M.
Adverse Reaction: coma, seizures, MI, CVA, arrhythmias, heart block, hypotension, dry mouth, thrombocytopenia.
Interactions: Epinephrine, norepinephrine: Increased hypertensive effect. Use with caution.

Enablex (Darifenacin)

dar-e-FEN-e-sin


Classification: Urinary antispasmodic
IFU: Overactive bladder
Action:  Reduces leaking of urine, feelings of needing to urinate right away, and frequent trips to the bathroom.
Dosage: 7.5 mg, 15 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: bladder pain, bloody or cloudy urine, difficult, burning, or painful urination, frequent urge to urine, lower back or side pain.
Interactions: Ketoconazole: May significantly increase the blood levels of darifenacin. This can increase side effects such as nausea, dry mouth, abdominal pain, constipation, and heartburn.

Evista (Raloxifene)

ra-LOX-i-feen


Classification: Selective estrogen receptor modulator
IFU: Osteoporosis
Action:  Reduces resorption of bone and decreases overall bone turnover, These effects on bone are manifested as reductions in serum and urine levels of bone turnover markers and increases bone mineral density.
Dosage: 60 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: sinusitis, infection, flu syndrome, hot flashes, depression, insomnia, chest pain, weight gain, fever.
Interactions: Cholestyramine: Causes significant reduction in absorption of raloxifene. Avoid concomitant use.

F - Drugs


Flexeril (Cyclobenzaprine)

sye-kloe-BEN-za-preen


Classification: Muscle relaxant
IFU: Skeletal Muscle relaxant
Action:  Unknown.
Dosage: 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: drowsiness, dizziness, seizures, arrhythmias, dry mouth, headache.
Interactions: CNS depressants: Increased CNS depression. Avoid concomitant use.

Flonase (Fluticasone)

floo-TIK-a-sone


Classification: Muscle relaxant
IFU: Skeletal Muscle relaxant
Action:  Unknown.
Dosage: 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: drowsiness, dizziness, seizures, arrhythmias, dry mouth, headache.
Interactions: CNS depressants: Increased CNS depression. Avoid concomitant use.

Flonase (Fluticasone)

floo-TIK-a-sone


Classification: Corticosteroid
IFU: Allergic rhinitis
Action:  Unknown.
Dosage: 50 mcg/metered spray (9-g, 16-g bottles)
Route: Nasal
Adverse Reaction: headache, nasal burning, blood in nasal mucus, pharyngitis, nasal irritation.
Interactions: None significant.

Flovent HFA (Fluticasone)

floo-TIK-a-sone


Classification: Corticosteroid
IFU: Allergic rhinitis
Action:  Synthetic glucocorticosteroid with potent anti-inflammatory activity. Inflammation is an important component in the pathogenesis of asthma. Glucocorticosteroids inhibit many cell types and mediator production or secretion involved in the asthmatic response. These anti-inflammatory actions of fluticasone may contribute to its efficacy in asthma.
Dosage: 44 mcg, 50 mcg, 100 mcg, 110 mcg, 220 mcg, 250 mcg, 500 mc
Route: Inhalation
Adverse Reaction: headache, pharyngitis, oral candidiasis, upper respiratory tract infection.
Interactions: Ketoconazole: Increased mean fluticasone levels. Use care when giving fluticasone with long-term ketoconazole and other known cytochrome P-450 3A4 inhibitors.

Flomax (Tamsulosin)

tan-soo-LOE-sin


Classification: Alpha-blocker
IFU: BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia)
Action:  Selectively blocks alpha receptors in the prostate, leading to relaxation of smooth muscles in the bladder neck and prostate, improving urine flow and reduction in symptoms of BPH.
Dosage: 0.4 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, headache, rhinitis, infection, diarrhea.
Interactions: Alpha blockers: May interact with tamsulosin. Avoid concomitant use.

Focalin XR (Dexmethylphenidate)

dex-METH-il-FEN-i-date


Classification: CNS stimulant
IFU: ADHD
Action:  Stimulates the central nervous system. Thought to block the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine into the presynaptic neuron and increase the release of these monoamines into the extraneuronal space.
Dosage: 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg, 30 mg, 40 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat, blurred vision, vision changes.
Interactions: Tramadol: May rarely cause seizures. Interaction may be more likely if you are elderly.

Fosamax Plus D 

(Alendronate w/ Vitamin D)

a-LEN-dro-nate-and-vit-uh-min-dee


Classification: Bisphosphonate/supplement
IFU: Osteoporosis
Action:  Inhibits osteoclast activity. Alendronate shows preferential localization to the sites of bone resorption, specifically under osteoclast.
Dosage: 70 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: chest pain, discomfort, burning, difficulty with swallowing, heartburn, muscle or bone pain.
Interactions: Doxercalciferol: Blood calcium and phosphorus levels must be closely monitored during therapy with cholecalciferol and doxercalciferol, especially early in treatment during dosage adjustments.

G - Drugs


Geodon (Ziprasidone)

zi-PRAY-si-done


Classification: Antipsychotic
IFU: Schizophrenia, bipolar I disorder
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 20 mg, 80 mg, 100 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: cough, difficulty speaking, drooling, fear, nervousness, fever.
Interactions: Adenosine: Can increase the risk of an irregular heart rhythm.

Gianvi (Drospirenone/Ethinyl Estradiol)

dro-SPY-re-nown-ETH-in-il-ESS-tra-dy-ol


Classification: Monophasic oral contraceptive
IFU: Oral contraceptive
Action: Suppression of gonadotropins, which inhibits ovulation and alters the cervical mucus and the endometrium.
Dosage: drospirenone 3 mg, ethinyl estradiol 0.02 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: breast pain, headache, non-menstrual vaginal bleeding, nausea, irregular menstrual periods.
Interactions: Carbamazepine: May reduce blood levels and effects of ethinyl estradiol. If used with low-dose oral contraceptives, you may have an increased risk of breakthrough bleeding and unintended pregnancy.

Glucophage (Metformin)

met-FOR-min


Classification: Biguanide
IFU: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Action: Decreases hepatic glucose production and intestinal absorption of glucose and improves insulin sensitivity (increases peripheral glucose uptake and utilization.
Dosage: 500 mg, 850 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal bloating, flatulence, lactic acidosis.
Interactions: Cationic drugs: Have potential to compete for common renal tubular transport systems, which may increase metformin plasma levels. Monitor patient’s blood glucose level.

Glucotrol (Glipizide)

GLIP-i-zide


Classification: Sulfonylurea
IFU: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 5 mg, 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction:  dizziness, headache, nausea, thrombocytopenia, hypoglycemia.
Interactions: Beta blockers: Prolonged hypoglycemic effect and masked symptoms of hypoglycemia. Use together cautiously.

GlycoLax (Polyethylene Glycol 3350)

pol-ee-ETH-il-een-GLYE-kol


Classification: Osmotic laxative
IFU: Constipation, irregular bowel movements
Action: Retains water in the stool, resulting in softer stools and more frequent bowel movements.
Dosage: 17 g (dissolved in 4 to 8 ounces of beverage)
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: cramps, gas, more frequent bowel movements, nausea, stomach pain, or bloating.
Interactions: Albuterol: Can cause an irregular heart rhythm that may be serious and potentially life-threatening.

H - Drugs

Humalog (Insulin Lispro)

IN-soo-lin-LISS-pro


Classification:  Insulin
IFU: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Action: Increases glucose transport across muscle and fat cell membranes to reduce blood glucose level. Promotes conversion of glucose to its storage form, glycogen; triggers amino acid uptake and conversion to protein in muscle cells and inhibits protein degradation; stimulation triglyceride formation and inhibits release of free fatty acids from adipose tissue; and stimulates lipoprotein lipase activity, which converts circulating lipoproteins to fatty acids.
Dosage: 100 units/ml
Route: S.C.
Adverse Reaction: hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, hypersensitivity reactions, anaphylaxis.
Interactions: Beta blockers: Prolonged hypoglycemic effect. Monitor blood glucose carefully.

Humulin (Insulin NPH)

IN-soo-lin-N-P-H


Classification:  Insulin
IFU: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Action: Increases glucose transport across muscle and fat cell membranes to reduce blood glucose level. Promotes conversion of glucose to its storage form, glycogen; triggers amino acid uptake and conversion to protein in muscle cells and inhibits protein degradation; stimulation triglyceride formation and inhibits release of free fatty acids from adipose tissue; and stimulates lipoprotein lipase activity, which converts circulating lipoproteins to fatty acids.
Dosage: 100 units/ml
Route: S.C.
Adverse Reaction: hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, hypersensitivity reactions, anaphylaxis.
Interactions: Oral contraceptives: May decrease glucose tolerance in diabetic patients. Monitor blood glucose levels and adjust insulin dosage carefully.

Hyzaar (Losartan/Hydrochlorothiazide)

Ioe-SAR-tan/HYE-droe-KLOR-oh-THYE-a-zide


Classification:  ARB/diuretic
IFU: Hypertension
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 12-50 mg, 12.5-100 mg, 25-100 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: black stools, cough, fever, lower back or side pain, fainting, pounding heartbeat, stomach pain, skin rash.
Interactions: Quinapril: May increase risk of low blood pressure, kidney function impairments, and hyperkalemia.

I - Drugs

Imitrex (Sumatriptan)

SOO-ma-TRIP-tan


Classification: Serotonin 5-HT1 receptor agonist
IFU: Migraine/headache
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: Tablets: 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg; Injection: 6 mg/0.5 ml (12 mg/ml) in 0.5-ml prefilled syringes and vials; Nasal solution: 5 mg/0.1 ml, 20 mg/0.1 ml
Route: P.O., S.C., intranasal
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, vertigo, atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, MI.
Interactions: MAO Inhibitors: Increased sumatriptan effects. Avoid use within 2 weeks of MAO inhibitor therapy.

J - Drugs

Januvia (Sitagliptin)

SI-ta-glip-tin


Classification: DPP-4 inhibitor
IFU: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Action: Regulates the levels of insulin your body produces after eating.
Dosage: 50 mg, 100 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Anxiety, blurred vision, chills, confusion, tachycardia, headache, nausea.
Interactions: Bexarotene: May increase risk of pancreatitis.

K - Drugs

Kariva (Desogestrel/Ethinyl Estradiol)

des-oh-JESS-trel/EH-thih-nill-ess-tra-DYE-ole


Classification: Monophasic oral contraceptive
IFU: Oral contraceptive
Action: Prevents ovulation and causes changes in cervical mucus and uterine lining, making it harder for sperm to reach the uterus and harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus.
Dosage: Desogestrel 0.15 mg, Ethinyl estradiol 0.02 mg, 0.01 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Abdominal pain, irregular menstrual periods, anxiety, change in vision, chills, constipation, cough.
Interactions: Carbamazepine: May reduce blood levels and effect of desogestrel. If using low-dose oral contraceptives, may have an increased risk of breakthrough bleeding and unintended pregnancy.

Keflex (Cephalexin)

sef-a-LEX-in


Classification: Cephalosporin antibiotic
IFU: Bacteria infection
Action: A first-generation cephalosporin that inhibits cell-wall synthesis, promoting osmotic instability; usually bactericidal.
Dosage: 250 mg, 500 mg, 1 g
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, headache, fatigue, agitation, nausea, anorexia, diarrhea, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia.
Interactions: Aminoglycosides: Increased risk of nephrotoxicity. Don’t use together.

Keppra (Levetiracetam)

LEE-ve-tye-RA-se-tam


Classification: Antiepileptic
IFU: Seizure
Action: May act by inhibiting simultaneous neuronal firing that leads to seizure activity.
Dosage: 250 mg, 500 mg, 750 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: asthenia, headache, somnolence, leukopenia, neutropenia.
Interactions: Antihistamines: May lead to severe sedation. Avoid concomitant use.

Klonopin (Clonazepam)

kloe-NAZ-e-pam


Classification: Benzodiazepine
IFU: Anxiety
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 0.5 mg, 1 mg, 1.5 mg, 20 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: body aches, chills, cough, difficulty breathing, dizziness, irritability, loss of voice.
Interactions: Hydrocodone: Can lead to serious side effects including respiratory distress, coma, and even death.

L - Drugs

Lamictal (Lamotrigine)

la-MOE-tri-jeen


Classification: Antiepileptic
IFU: Seizure, bipolar, migraine
Action: Inhibits voltage-sensitive sodium channels, leading to stabilization of neuronal membranes.
Dosage: 25 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: blurred vision, changes in vision, clumsiness or unsteadiness, double vision, poor coordination, skin rash.
Interactions: Propoxyphene: May increase side effects such as dizziness, drowsiness, confusion, and difficulty concentrating.

Lanoxin (Digoxin)

di-JOX-in


Classification: Cardiac glycoside
IFU: Arrhythmia/myocardial infarction
Action: Helps make the heart beat stronger and with a more regular rhythm.
Dosage: 250 ug in 1 mL
Route: P.O., I.V.
Adverse Reaction: Dizziness, fainting, fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat, slow heartbeat.
Interactions: Adenosine: Can increase the risk of an irregular heart rhythm that may be serious.

Lantus (Insulin Glargine)

IN-su-lin-GLAR-gine


Classification: Insulin
IFU: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Action: Regulates glucose metabolism. Stimulates peripheral glucose reuptake.
Dosage: 100 [iU] in 1 mL
Route: S.C.
Adverse Reaction: anxiety, behavior change similar to being drunk, blurred vision, cold sweats, difficulty thinking, dizziness.
Interactions: Gatifloxacin: Can affect blood glucose levels. Should not be used in patients with diabetes.

Lasix (Furosemide)

fur-OH-se-mide


Classification: Loop diuretic
IFU: Hypertension/edema
Action: Works by blocking the absorption of sodium chloride and water from the filtered fluid in the kidney tubules, causing a profound increase in the output of urine.
Dosage: 10 mg/mL, 20 mg, 40 mg, 40 mg/5mL 80 mg
Route: P.O., I.V., I.M.
Adverse Reaction: fever, chills, wheezing
Interactions: Droperidol: Can increase risk of irregular heart rhythm, which may be serious and potentially life-threatening.

Lescol XL (Fluvastatin)

FLOO-va-sta-tin


Classification: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor
IFU: Hyperlipidemia
Action: Converts HMG-CoA to mevalonate, a precursor of sterols, including cholesterol.
Dosage: 20 mg, 40 mg, 80 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: chills, diarrhea, fever, general feeling of discomfort, joint pain, loss of appetite, nausea, sweating, vomiting.
Interactions: Clofibrate: Can increase the risk of liver damage and rhabdomyolysis.

Levaquin (Levofloxacin)

LEE-voe-FLOX-a-sin


Classification: Quinolone antibiotic
IFU: Bacterial infection
Action: Inhibits bacterial topoisomerase IV and DNA gyrase (enzymes required for DNA replication, transcription, repair, and recombination).
Dosage: 250 mg, 500 mg, 750 mg
Route: P.O., I.V.
Adverse Reaction: diarrhea, blisters, confusion, fever, pain, inflammation.
Interactions: Tramadol: May rarely cause seizures.

Levitra (Vardenafil)

var-DEN-a-fil


Classification: PDE-5 inhibitor
IFU: Erectile dysfunction
Action: Relaxes muscles found in the walls of blood vessels and increases blood flow to particular areas of the body.
Dosage: 10 mg, 20 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: blindness, chest pain, chills, confusion, dizziness, fainting.
Interactions: Citalopram: Can increase the risk of an irregular heart rhythm.

Lexapro (Escitalopram)

ES-sye-TAL-oh-pram


Classification: SSRI (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor)
IFU: Depression
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 10 mg, 20 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Coma, confusion, dizziness, headache, increased thirst, muscle pain.
Interactions: Phenylpropanolamine: May increase side effects such as jitteriness, nervousness, anxiety, restlessness, and racing thought.

Lipitor (Atorvastatin)

a-tore-va-stat-in


Classification: HMG coA reductase
IFU: Cholesterol
Action: Inhibits 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-Coa) reductase, an enzyme which is responsible for catalyzing an early step in the synthesis of cholesterol.
Dosage: 10 mg, 20 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Abdominal cramps, constipation, diarrhea, flatus, heartburn, memory loss, weakness.
Interactions: Advicor. Metabolized by the hepatic CYP3A4 enzyme system. Cholesterol Lowering effect may be additive with bile and sequestrants.

Loestrin Fe24 

(Norethindrone/Ethinyl Estradiol)

nor-eth-IN-drone/ETH-in-il ess-tra-DYE-ole


Classification: Beta-blocker
IFU: Contraception
Action: Oral contraceptives inhibit ovulation through negative feedback mechanism directed at the hypothalamus. May prevent transport of the ovum through the fallopian tube.
Dosage: 20 mcg, 75 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: vomiting, pain, cramps.
Interactions: Beta-blockers: increased levels of beta blockers dosage adjustments may be necessary.

Lopressor (Metoprolol Succinate)

Me-TOE-pro-lol suk-si-nate


Classification: Beta-blocker
IFU: Heat circulation
Action: Inhibits ovulation through a negative feedback mechanism directed at the hypothalamus. Prevents transport of the ovum through the fallopian tubes.
Dosage: 35 mcg, 50 mcg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: depression, very slow heartbeats, light-headed feeling, shortness of breath, dizziness, tired feeling.
Interactions: Beta blockers: Increased levels of beta blockers. Dosage adjustments may be necessary.

Lovaza (Omega-3-Acid Ethyl Esters)

oh-MAY-ga-3-AS-id ETH-il ES-ters


Classification: Lipid-regulating agent
IFU: Cholesterol, Fish oil
Action: Helps lower the body’s production of triglycerides.
Dosage: 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Fever, chills, body aches, flu symptom; chest pain, uneven heartbeats, back pain, unusual or unpleasant taste in your mouth, upset stomach, belching, mild skin rash.
Interactions: Aspirin: May increase risk of side effects.

Lovenox (Enoxaparin)

ee-nox-AP-a-rin


Classification: Anticoagulant
IFU: Deep vein thrombosis
Action: Prevents deep vein thrombosis after abdominal surgery, or knee replacement surgeries.
Dosage: 5 mg, 30 mg
Route: P.O., I.V.
Adverse Reaction: Nausea, Diarrhea, fever, swelling in your hands or feet, mild pain, irritation, redness, swelling.
Interactions: Urokinase. increase the risk of bleeding, including severe and sometimes fatal hemorrhage.

Lumigan, Latisse (Bimatoprost)

bih-MAT-o-prost


Classification: Prostaglandins
IFU: Open-angle glaucoma
Action: Eye drops. Reduces pressure in the eye by increasing the amount of fluid that drains from the eye.
Dosage: 1 drop
Route: Uveoscleral
Adverse Reaction: Body aches, cough, difficulty with breathing, ear congestion, redness of the white part of the eye, runny nose, sneezing, sore throat, unusual tiredness.
Interactions: None significant.

Lunesta (Eszopiclone)

es-ZOE-pi-klone


Classification: Nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic agent
IFU: Insomnia
Action: Affects chemicals in your brain that may be unbalanced in people with insomnia.
Dosage: 1 mg, 2 mg, 3 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Cough or hoarseness, fever or chills, lower back or side pain, painful or difficult urination, sleepiness or unusual drowsiness.
Interactions: Abstral: Cause nervous system depression that can lead to serious side effects including respiratory distress, coma, and even death.

Lyrica (Pregabalin)

pre-GAB-a-lin


Classification: Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Analogs
IFU: Pain, Fibromyalgia
Action: Slowing down impulses in the brain that cause seizures.
Dosage: 100 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Accidental injury, bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet, blurred vision, burning, tingling.
Interactions: Balacet: May increase the side effects along with dizziness, confusion, and difficulty concentrating. May experience impairment in thinking, judgement, etc.

M - Drugs

Medrol, Solumedrol 

(Methylprednisolone)

METH-il-pred-NIS-oh-lone


Classification: Steroid
IFU: Arthritis, lupus, psoriasis, ulcerative colitis
Action: Steroid that prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation.
Dosage: 40 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Headache, mild muscle pain or weakness, stomach discomfort and bloating.
Interactions: Adalimumab: Increase the risk of serious and potentially life-threatening infections.

Mevacor (Lovastatin)

LOE-va-sta-tin


Classification: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors
IFU: High blood Pressure
Action: High cholesterol in certain patient.
Dosage: 10 mg, 20 mg, 40 mg, 60 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Bladder pain, bloody or cloudy urine, chest tightness, Headache, joint pain, lower back or side pain, muscle aching.
Interactions: Boceprevir: Not recommended. May significantly increase the blood levels of lovastatin. 

Micardis (Telmisartan)

TEL-mi-SAR-tan


Classification: Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonist
IFU: High blood pressure, reduce the risk of stroke, heart attack, or death
Action: Keeps blood vessels from narrowing, which lowers blood pressure and improves blood flow.
Dosage: 20 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Abdominal or stomach pain, back pain, bloating or gas, changes in appetite, coughing, diarrhea, dry mouth, ear pain.
Interactions: Accupril. Using quinapril together with telmisartan may increase the risk of side effects such as low blood pressure, kidney function impairment, and a condition called hyperkalemia (high blood potassium). 

Micardis HCT 

(Telmisartan/Hydrochlorothiazide)

TEL-mi-SAR-tan/HYE-droe-KLOR-oh-THYE-a-zide


Classification: Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonist
IFU: High blood pressure
Action: The angiotensin II receptor blocker works by relaxing the blood vessels.
Dosage: 12.5 mg,  40mg, 80 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, etc.
Interactions: Aliskiren: Using aliskiren together with telmisartan may increase the risk of serious side effects such as kidney problems, low blood pressure, and high potassium levels in the blood. 

Microzide, Esidrex (Hydrochlorothiazide)

HYE-droe-KLOR-oh-THYE-a-zide


Classification: Prescription Diuretic
IFU: Fluid retention (edema)
Action: Helps prevent your body from absorbing too much salt, which can cause fluid retention.
Dosage: 12.5 mg, 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, 50 mg/5 mL
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Cramping, feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings, hair loss or thinning of the hair, inability to have or keep an erection.
Interactions: Cisapride: Increase the risk of an irregular heart rhythm that may be very serious. 

Mirapex (Pramipexole)

pram-i-PEX-ole


Classification: Dopamine Agonist
IFU: Parkinson's disease, Restless syndrome
Action: Has some of the same effects as a chemical called dopamine, which occurs naturally in your body.
Dosage: 0.125 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Constipation, dryness of the mouth, Headache, heartburn, indigestion, or acid stomach.
Interactions: Sodium oxybate: Using sodium oxybate together with pramipexole may increase side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, confusion, depression, low blood pressure, slow or shallow breathing, and impairment in thinking, judgment, and motor coordination. 

Mobic (Meloxicam)

mel-OKS-i-kam


Classification: Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID)
IFU: Inflammation by rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis
Action: Reduces hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body.
Dosage: 7.5 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Diarrhea, gas, heartburn, indigestion.
Interactions: Ardeparin: Combining these medications can increase the risk of bleeding complications. 

Motrin (Ibuprofen)

EYE-bue-PROE-fen


Classification: Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID)
IFU: Manage moderate pain, fever and inflammation
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 2 mg, 5 mg, 7 mg,1 0 mg, 14 mg, 21 mg, 28 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Abdominal pain, acid or sour stomach, belching Bloating, cloudy urine, pale skin, passing gas, nausea.
Interactions: Artane: increase the side effects of trihexyphenidyl

N - Drugs

Namenda (Memantine)

meh-MAN-teen


Classification: NMDA receptor antagonists
IFU: Alzheimer’s disease
Action: Reduces the actions of chemicals in the brain that may contribute to the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease.
Dosage: 2 mg, 5 mg, 7 mg,1 0 mg, 14 mg, 21 mg, 28 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Confusion, anxiety, back pain, bladder pain, diarrhea, fear, dry mouth.
Interactions: Artane: This can cause dryness of the mouth, large pupils, drowsiness, dizziness, difficulty urinating, constipation, nervousness, upset stomach, and decreased sweating.

Naprosyn (Naproxen)

na-PROX-en


Classification: Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID)
IFU: Arthritis, osteoarthritis 
Action: Reduces hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body.
Dosage: 250 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Belching, bruising, difficult or labored breathing, feeling of indigestion, headache, itching skin, large.
Interactions: Aubagio, Teriflunomide: May cause liver damage, and taking it with other medications that can also affect the liver such as naproxen may increase that risk. You should avoid or limit the use of alcohol while being treated with these medications.

Nasaort AQ (Triamcinolone)

TRYE-am-SIN-oh-lone


Classification: Corticosteroid 
IFU: Skin conditions, ulcerative colitis, arthritis 
Action: It prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation.
Dosage: 250 mg, 375 mg, 500 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Belching, bruising, difficult or labored breathing, feeling of indigestion, headache, itching skin, large.
Interactions: None significant.

Nasonex (Mometasone Furoate)

moe-MET-a-sone FUR-oh-ate


Classification: Corticosteroid 
IFU: Nasal Polyps 
Action: Reducing inflammatory reactions in the nasal airway in response to allergens and irritants in the air.
Dosage: 250 mcg, 370 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Bloody mucus or unexplained nosebleeds, chills, cold or flu-like symptoms, cough or hoarseness, fever.
Interactions: Boceprevir: May increase the absorption of mometasone nasal into the bloodstream.

Neurontin (Gabapentin)

GA-ba-PEN-tin


Classification: Anticonvulsant 
IFU: Nerve Pain 
Action: Affects chemicals and nerves in the body that are involved in the cause of seizures and some types of pain.
Dosage: 100 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Clumsiness or unsteadiness, anxiety, concentration problems and change in school performance, crying, depression.
Interactions: Sodium oxybate: May increase side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, confusion, depression, low blood pressure, slow or shallow breathing, and impairment in thinking, judgment, and motor coordination.

Nexium (Esomeprazole)

ee-so-MEP-ra-zol


Classification: Proton Pump Inhibitor 
IFU: Gastroesophageal reflux disease 
Action: Decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach.
Dosage: 20 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, confusion; fast or uneven heart rate, jerking muscle movements, jittery feeling, diarrhea that is watery or bloody, muscle cramps.
Interactions: Esomeprazole: May reduce the effectiveness of clopidogrel in preventing heart attack or stroke.

Niaspan (Niacin)

NYE-a-sin


Classification: Nicotinic Acids 
IFU: Cholesterol 
Action: owers cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood.
Dosage: 2 mg, 3 mg, 6 mg, 8 mg, 13 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Dizziness or faintness, dryness of the skin, fever, frequent urination, joint pain, muscle aching or cramping, side.
Interactions: Simvastatin: May increase the risk of a rare but serious condition called rhabdomyolysis that involves the breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue.

Norvasc (Amlodipine Besylate)

am-LOE-di-peen bez-uh-late


Classification: Calcium Channel Blocker 
IFU:  Treat chest pain (angina), coronary artery disease, high blood pressure 
Action: (Widens) blood vessels and improves blood flow.
Dosage: 2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Fatigue, palpitations, and flushing. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects.
Interactions: Rifabutin: May significantly reduce the blood levels of amLODIPine, which may make the medication ineffective or less effective in treating your condition.

Novolog (Insulin Aspart)

IN-su-lin AS-part


Classification: Fast-acting insulin 
IFU: Diabetes Mellitus 
Action: Hormone that works by lowering levels of glucose in the blood.
Dosage: 0.5 to 1 unit/kg/day
Route: Injection
Adverse Reaction: Anxious feeling, convulsions (seizures), depression, difficulty with thinking, dizziness or lightheadedness, drowsiness.
Interactions: Gatifloxacin: Can affect blood glucose levels and should not be used in patients with diabetes.

NuvaRing (Etonogestrel/Ethinyl Estradiol)

et-oh-noe-JES-trel  ETH-in-il es-tra-DYE-ole


Classification: Contraceptive 
IFU: Preventing pregnancy 
Action: Prevents the release of an egg during your menstrual cycle.
Dosage: 0.015 mg-0.120 mg/24 hours
Route: Topical
Adverse Reaction: hives, difficult breathing, swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Interactions: Amprenavir: Using these medications together may cause ethinyl estradiol to be less effective.

O - Drugs

Omnicef (Cefdinir)

SEF-dih-neer


Classification: Cephalosporin. Oral suspension
IFU: Used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria. 
Action: Fights bacteria in your body.
Dosage: 300 mg, 600 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: Diarrhea
Interactions: Cholera Vaccine: Reduce the activity of the vaccine.

Ortho-Tri-Cyclen Lo 

(Ethinyl Estradiol/Norgestimate)

ETH-i-nil-ES-tra-DYE ol and nor-JES-ti-mate


Classification: Combination Oral Contraceptive
IFU:  Prevent pregnancy 
Action: Prevents ovulation. Makes it harder for sperm to reach the uterus and harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus.
Dosage: 25 mcg, 35 mcg-0.25 mg 
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: bloating, loss of interest or pleasure, pain during sexual intercourse, thick, white curd-like vaginal discharge without odor or with mild odor
Interactions: Bexarotene: Decrease the effectiveness of norgestimate.

Oxycontin (Oxycodone)

oxi-KOE-done


Classification: Opioid pain medication. Narcotic.
IFU:  Treat moderate to severe pain. 
Action: Oxycodone extended-release is used for around-the-clock treatment of pain.
Dosage: 5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mL, 20 mg/mL, 30 mg, 40 mg 
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: constipation, drowsiness, nausea, pruritus, and vomiting, asthenia, diaphoresis, and xerostomia.
Interactions: Abiraterone: Increase the blood levels of oxycodone.

P - Drugs

Patanol (Olapatadine)

OH-loe-PAT-a-deen


Classification: Antihistamine
IFU:  Allergic conjunctivitis 
Action: Reduces the natural chemical histamine in the body.
Dosage: 0.1% ; 0.2% ; 0.7% 
Route: Topical
Adverse Reaction: mild burning, stinging, irritation, itching, redness, or dryness of the eyes; blurred vision.
Interactions: Oxycodone: Avoid interactions. Increase side effects. Less effective.

Paxil (Paroxetine)

pa-ROX-a-teen


Classification: Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
IFU:  Depression
Action: Paroxetine affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with depression, anxiety, or other disorders.
Dosage: 12.5 mg ; 25 mg ; 37.5 mg ; 10 mg ; 20 mg ; 30 mg ; 40 mg ; 10 mg/5 mL 
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: asthenia, constipation, diarrhea, dizziness, drowsiness, ejaculatory disorder, erectile dysfunction, insomnia.
Interactions: Atomoxetine: Significantly increase the blood levels of atomoxetine.

Penicillin VK (Penicillin)

PEN-i-SIL-in


Classification: Penicillin antibiotic
IFU:  Treating infections caused by certain bacteria
Action: Commonly used to treat different types of gram positive and gram negative bacterial infections. It works by interfering with the formation of the bacteria's cell wall while it is growing. This weakens the cell wall and kills the bacteria.
Dosage: 250 mg 
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: diarrhea (mild), Headache, sore mouth or tongue, vaginal itching and discharge, white patches in the mouth and/or on the tongue.
Interactions: Mathotrexate: Medications like penicillin V potassium, especially when given at high dosages for serious infections, can sometimes increase the blood levels and effects of methotrexate.

Pepcid (Famotidine)

fam-OH-ti-deen


Classification: Histamine H2 Receptor Antagonist
IFU:  Inhibits stomach acid production. Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Action: Decreases the amount of acid the stomach produces.
Dosage: 20 mg ; 40 mg ; 20 mg/50 mL 
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: bleeding gums, blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin, general feeling of tiredness or weakness, high fever, Itching.
Interactions: Dasatinib: May interfere with the absorption into the bloodstream, which may make the medication less effective in treating your cancer.

Phenergan (Promethazine)

proe-meth-a-zeen


Classification: Tricyclic
IFU:  Allergy, prevent motion sickness
Action: Blocks the action of acetylcholine (anticholinergic effect), and this may explain its benefit in reducing the nausea of motion sickness.
Dosage: 25 mg; 12.5 mg 
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction:  dizziness, drowsiness, anxiety, blurred vision, dry mouth, stuffy nose, ringing in your ears, weight gain.
Interactions: Bupropion: Combining these medications may increase the risk of seizures, which may occur rarely with either medication.

Plavix (Clopidogrel)

kloe-PID-oh-grel 


Classification: P2Y12 inhibitorsTricyclic
IFU:  Heart Attacks
Action: Prevents platelets in your blood from sticking together and forming a blood clot.
Dosage: 25 mg; 12.5 mg 
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: chest pain, collection of blood under the skin, deep, dark purple cruise, itching, pain, redness, or swelling.
Interactions: Aspirin: May cause unusual bleeding, severe abdominal pain, weakness, and the appearance of black stools.

Premarin (Conjugated Estrogens)

KON-joo-gay-ted ES-troe-jenz


Classification: Estrogen
IFU: Vasomotor Symptoms
Action: Reduce moderate to severe hot flashes.
Dosage:  0.3 mg, 0.625 mg, 0.9 mcg, 1.25 mg, 2.5 mg 
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction:  burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings.
Interactions: Carbamazepine, fosphenytoin, phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifampin: Decrease effectiveness of estrogen therapy. 

Prevacid (Lansoprazole)

lan-SOE-pra-zol


Classification: Proton Pump Inhibitors
IFU: Stomach and Intestinal Ulcers
Action: Decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach.
Dosage: 15 mg, 30mg 
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: nausea, stomach pain, diarrhea, constipation; or, headache.
Interactions: Dasatinib: Not recommended. Lansoprazole may interfere with the absorption of dasatinib into the bloodstream, which may make the medication less effective in treating your cancer. 

Prilosec (Omeprazole)

oh-MEP-ra-zol


Classification: Proton Pump Inhibitors
IFU: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Action: Decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach.
Dosage: 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: fever, cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat, stomach pain, gas, nausea, vomiting.
Interactions: Citalopram: May increase the blood levels of citalopram and increase the risk of certain side effects, including an irregular heart rhythm that may be serious or life-threatening. 

Proair, Proventil, Ventolin HFA 

(Omeprazole)

al-BYOO-ter-all


Classification: Bronchodilators
IFU: Prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm
Action: Relaxes muscles in the airways and increases airflow to the lungs.
Dosage: 90 mcg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: nervousness, shaking (tremor), palpitations, headache, mouth/throat dryness or irritation, cough, hoarseness, and sore throat.
Interactions: Salmeterol: May increase cardiovascular side effects such as elevations in heart rate and blood pressure or irregular heart rhythm. 

Prometrium (Progesterone)

proe-JESS-te -one


Classification: Proton Pump Inhibitors
IFU: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Action: Decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach.
Dosage: 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: fever, cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat, stomach pain, gas, nausea, vomiting.
Interactions: Citalopram: May increase the blood levels of citalopram and increase the risk of certain side effects, including an irregular heart rhythm that may be serious or life-threatening. 

Propecia (Finasteride)

proe-JESS-te -one 

Classification: Type II 5-Alpha Reductase
IFU: Male pattern hair loss
Action:  Propecia prevents the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in the body.
Dosage: 1 mg, 5 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: chills, cold sweats, confusion, dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up from a lying or sitting position.
Interactions: Diltiazem: May increase the blood levels and effects of finasteride. 

Protonix (Pantoprazole)

pan-TOE-pra-zole


Classification: Oral Suspension. Antiulcer Agents
IFU: Used to treat erosive esophagitis and other conditions involving excess stomach acid.
Action: A proton pump inhibitor that decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach..
Dosage: 20 mg, 40 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: belching, bloated or full feeling, excess air or gas in the stomach or intestines, passing gas, trouble sleeping.
Interactions: Erlotinib: Using erlotinib together with pantoprazole is generally not recommended. Pantoprazole may interfere with the absorption of erlotinib into the bloodstream, which may make the medication less effective in treating your cancer. 

Provigil (Modafinil)

Moe-DAF-i-nil


Classification: Eurogic
IFU: Narcolepsy, shift work sleep disorder, and excessive daytime sleepiness.
Action: It is thought to work by altering the natural chemicals (neurotransmitters) in the brain.
Dosage: 400 mg/day
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: fever, sore throat, headache, and vomiting with a severe blistering, peeling, and red skin rash, bruising, severe tingling, numbness, pain, muscle weakness, easy bruising or bleeding.
Interactions: Ambien: May reduce the blood levels of zolpidem, which may make the medication less effective in treating your insomnia. 

Prozac (Fluoxetine)

loo-OX e-teen


Classification: Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI), Antidepressant
IFU: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Action: Depression or obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Dosage: 20 mg, 40 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: fsleep problems (insomnia), strange dreams, headache, dizziness, vision changes, tremors.
Interactions:  Zyprexa: to treat manic depression caused by bipolar disorder. This combination is also used to treat depression after at least 2 other medications have been tried without successful treatment of symptoms. 

Pulmicort Respules (Budesonide)

bue-DES-oh-nide


Classification: Steroid
IFU: Moderate Crohn’s disease 
Action: Steroid that reduces inflammation in the body.
Dosage: 0.25 mg/2mL, 0.5 mg/2mL, 1mg/2mL, 3mg, 9mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: headache, nausea, stomach pain, gas, bloating, constipation, feeling tired, joint pain, acne, cold symptoms.
Interactions: Adalimumab: May increase the risk of serious and potentially life-threatening infections. 

R - Drugs

Relpax (Eletriptan)

EL-e-TRIP-tan


Classification: Serotonin Receptor Agonist
IFU:  Migraine Headaches 
Action: Headache medicine that narrows blood vessels around the brain. Reduces substances in the body that can cause headache pain.
Dosage: 20 mg, 40mg, 80 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, weakness, tired feeling.
Interactions: Fentanyl: Increases the risk of a rare but serious condition called the serotonin syndrome, which include symptoms such as confusion, hallucination, seizure, extreme changes in blood pressure, increased heart rate, fever, excessive sweating, shivering or shaking, blurred vision. 

Requip (Ropinirole)

roe-PIN-i-ROLE


Classification: Dopamine antagonist
IFU: Parkinson’s disease 
Action: Treats Parkinson disease and restless leg syndrome.
Dosage: 2 mg, 6 mg, 12 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: constipation, dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, headache, increased sweating, lightheadedness, loss of appetite.
Interactions: Benzodiazepines: May increase the risk of ropinirole side effects

Restasis (Cyclosporine)

YE-kloe-SPOR-een


Classification: Calcineurin
IFU: Ocular inflammation 
Action:  Used to prevent organ rejection in people who have received a liver, kidney, or heart transplant.
Dosage: 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: chest pain, chills, cough, back pain, loss of appetite.
Interactions: Tramadol: May rarely cause seizures, and combining it with other medications that also causes seizures such as cyclosporine may increase that risk. 

Rhinocort AQ (Budesonide)

bue-DES-oh-nide


Classification: Corticosteroid
IFU: Asthma 
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 2 sprays
Route: Nasal
Adverse Reaction: nervousness, nasal irritation, epistaxis, colds, cough or hoarseness, bruising easily, fever, flu-like symptoms.
Interactions: None significant. 

Risperdal (Risperidone)

ris-PER-i-done


Classification: Antipsychotic
IFU: Schizophrenia & Bipolar I Disorder 
Action: Blocks dopamine and serotonin receptors.
Dosage: 1 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: nausea, rash, dry skin, difficult speak or swallowing, agitation, changes in vision including blurred vision.
Interactions: Levodopa: Antagonized effects. Avoid concomitant use. 

S - Drugs

Seroquel (Quetiapine Fumarate)

kwe-TYE-a-peen fyoo-muh-reyt


Classification: Antipsychotic
IFU:  Schizophrenia & Biopolar I Disorder 
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 25 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: ear pain, anorexia, dry mouth.
Interactions: CNS depressants: Increased CNS effects. Use cautiously. 

Singulair (Montelukast)

mon-te-LOO-kast


Classification: Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist
IFU: Asthma 
Action: Causes inhibition of airway cysteinyl leukotriene receptors.
Dosage: 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: cough, fever, rash, blood nose, abdominal or stomach pain, joint pain, pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones, tightness of the chest, trouble with swallowing.
Interactions: Phenobarbital, Rifampin: May decrease bioavailability of montelukast because of induction of hepatic metabolism. Monitor patient. 

Skelaxin (Metaxalone)

me-TAX-a-lone


Classification: Muscle Relaxant
IFU:  Musculoskeletal Pain 
Action: Skeletal muscle relaxation, probably as a result of CNS depression.
Dosage: 800 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, abdominal or stomach pain, back or leg pains, dark urine.
Interactions: CNS depressants:  Increase CNS depression

Soma (Carisoprodol)

kar-eye-soe-PROE-dole


Classification: Muscle Relaxant
IFU:  Skeletal Muscle Relaxant 
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 350 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: rash, fever, nausea, chest pain, cold sweats, confusion, convulsions, loss of bladder control.
Interactions: CNS depressants: Increased CNS depression. Avoid concomitant use. 

Spiriva Handihaler (Tiotropium)

ty-oh-TRO-pee-um


Classification: Anticholinergic
IFU: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) 
Action:  Inhibits smooth-muscle muscarinic M3-receptors, leading to bronchodilation.
Dosage: 18 mcg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction:  angina, paresthesia, stomatitis, arm/back/jaw pain, chest pain or discomfort, chest tightness or heaviness.
Interactions: Nortriptyline: Risk increases when used with other medications. 

Straterra (Atomoxetine)

a-toe-MOX-e-teen


Classification: Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor
IFU: Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) 
Action: Selectively inhibits the presynaptic transporter of norepinephrine.
Dosage: 10 mg, 18 mg, 25 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction:  suicidal thoughts, dizziness, fatigue, hives or welts, irregular heartbeat, itching, redness of the skin, skin rash, fainting, convulsions.
Interactions: Concurrent use with MAO inhibitors may result in serious, potentially fatal reactions. 

Sular (Nisoldipine)

nye-ZOL-di-peen


Classification: Calcium Channel Blockers (CCB)
IFU: Hypertension 
Action: Prevents calcium ions from entering vascular smooth-muscle cells, thereby causing dilation of arterioles, which then decreases peripheral vascular resistance.
Dosage: 20 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: headache, rash, nausea, bloating or swelling of the face/arms/hands/lower legs/feet, rapid weight gain.
Interactions: High-fat meal: Increased peak drug level. Monitor blood pressure. 

Symbicort (Budesonide/Formoterol)

bue-DES-oh-nide/for-MOH-te-rol


Classification: Corticosteroid/Beta-2 Agonist
IFU: Asthma 
Action: Treatment of asthma in patients > 12 years of age where combination therapy is indicated.
Dosage: 80 mcg/4.5 mcg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: chills, fever, headache, body aches or pain, difficulty with breathing, ear congestion, loss of voice, muscle aches.
Interactions: Carvedilol: May reduce the benefits of both medications, since they have opposing effects in the body. 

Synthroid (Levothyroxine Sodium)

LEE-voe-thye-ROX-een so-dee-um


Classification: Thyroid
IFU: Hypothyroidism 
Action: Not completely defined.
Dosage: 25 mcg, 50 mcg, 75 mcg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction:  hair loss, weight loss, vomiting, diarrhea, sweating, sensitivity to heat, mental/mood changes, tiredness, headache.
Interactions: Some products that may interact with this drug include: "blood thinners" (such as warfarin), digoxin, sucroferric oxyhydroxide. 

T - Drugs

Tenormin (Atenolol)

a-TEN-oh-lol


Classification: Beta-blocker
IFU: Hypertension 
Action: Selectively blocks beta-adrenergic receptors.
Dosage: 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg
Route: P.O., I.V.
Adverse Reaction: nausea, fatigue, leg pain, blurred vision, cold hands or feet, confusion, difficult or labored breathing, shortness of breath.
Interactions: Reserpine: May cause hypotension. Use with caution. 

Tessalon Perles (Benzonatate)

ben-ZOE-na-tate


Classification: Antitussive
IFU: Cough 
Action: Chemical relative of tetracaine that suppresses the cough reflex by direct action on the cough center in the medulla and through an anesthetic action on stretch receptors of vagal afferent fibers in the respiratory passages, lungs, and pleura.
Dosage: 100 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: chills, headache, sedation, bronchospasm, laryngospasm, and cardiovascular collapse.
Interactions: None significant. 

Topamax (Topiramate)

toe-PYRE-a-mate


Classification: Antiepileptic
IFU: Migraine/Headaches 
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 25 mg, 100 mg, 200 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: agitation, palpitations, anemia, confusion, dizziness, drowsiness, eye redness, increased eye pressure.
Interactions: Carbamazepine: Decreased topiramate levels. Monitor patient. 

Toprol XL (Metoprolol Succinate)

me-TOE-pro-lol sus-si-nate


Classification: Beta-blocker
IFU: Hypertension 
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 50 mg, 100 mg, 200 mg
Route: P.O., I.V.
Adverse Reaction: fatigue, rash, depression, blurred vision, chest pain or discomfort, confusion, shortness of breath, slow or irregular heartbeat.
Interactions: Propafenone: May increase metoprolol serum levels. Monitor vital signs. 

Travatan (Travoprost)

TRA-voe-prost


Classification: Prostaglandin Analogue
IFU: Glaucoma 
Action: Lowers pressure in the eye by increasing fluid drainage from the eye.
Dosage: 0.004%
Route: Ophthalmic
Adverse Reaction: itching eye, eye pain, redness of the eye, redness/swelling/ itching of the eyelid.
Interactions: Bimatoprost: Combining these medications may interfere with the pressure-lowering effect of travoprost ophthalmic in the eye. 

Tri-Sprintec 

(Norgestimate/Ethinyl Estradiol)

nor-JES-ti-mate/ETH-i-nil ES-tra-DYE-ol


Classification: Triphasic Oral Contraceptive
IFU: Oral Contraceptive 
Action: Preventing pregnancy.
Dosage: 25 mcg, 35 mcg-0.25 mcg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: chills, cough, anxiety, abdominal or stomach pain, change in vision, changes in skin color, clay-colored stools.
Interactions: Carbamazepine: May reduce the blood levels and effects of ethinyl estradiol. 

Tricor (Fenofibrate)

FEN-oh-FYE-brate


Classification: Fibrate
IFU: Hyperlipidemia 
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 67 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, headache, sinusitis, chills, fever, muscle aches and pain, nausea or vomiting.
Interactions: Alcohol use: May elevate triglyceride levels. Discourage concomitant use. 

Triesence, Trivaris (Triamcinolone)

trye-am-SIN-oh-lone


Classification: Corticosteroid
IFU: Ocular inflammation 
Action: Prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation.
Dosage: 40 mg/mL, 10 mg/mL
Route: I.M. & I.A.
Adverse Reaction: vomiting, skin rash, sweating, aggression, agitation, blurred vision, weight gain, shortness of breath, mood changes.
Interactions: Bupropion: May rarely cause seizures, and combining it with other medications that can cause seizures. 

Trileptal (Oxcarbazepine)

ox-kar-BAY-zeh-peen


Classification: Antiepileptic
IFU: Partial Seizure 
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 150 mg, 300 mg, 600 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: fatigue, insomnia, edema, change in vision, change in walking or balance, clumsiness or unsteadiness, crying, double vision, mental depression.
Interactions: Alcohol: Increased CNS depression. Discourage concomitant use. 

TriNessa (Norgestimate/Ethinyl Estradiol)

nor-JES-ti-mate/ETH-i-nil ES-tra-DYE-ol


Classification: Triphasic Oral Contraceptive
IFU: Oral Contraceptive 
Action: Preventing pregnancy.
Dosage: 25 mcg, 35 mcg-0.25 mcg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: chills, cough, anxiety.
Interactions: Carbamazepine: May reduce the blood levels and effects of ethinyl estradiol. 

Tussionex (Chlorpheniramine/Hydrocodone)

KLOR-fen-IR-a-meen/hye-droe-KOE-don


Classification: Antihistamine/Antitussive
IFU:  Upper Respiratory System 
Action: Reduces the natural chemical histamine in the body.
Dosage: 4 mg- 5 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: sleepiness, nausea, fear, sedation, drowsiness, mental clouding, lethargy, impairment of mental performance, anxiety.
Interactions: Alprazolam: Using narcotic pain or cough medications together with other medications that also cause central nervous system depression can lead to serious side effects including respiratory distress, coma, and even death. 

Tylenol #2 (Acetaminophen/Codeine)

a-SEET-a-MIN-o-fen/KOE-deen


Classification: Opioid Combination
IFU: Analgesic
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 160 mg, 325 mg, 500 mg
Route: P.O., P.R.
Adverse Reaction: rash, urticaria, jaundice, difficult or trouble breathing, pale or blue lips/fingernails/skin, shortness of breath.
Interactions: Watercress: May inhibit oxidative metabolism of acetaminophen. Discourage concomitant use 

U - Drugs

Ultram (Tramadol)

TRAM-a-dol


Classification: Opioid
IFU: Analgesic
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 50 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, vertigo, malaise, bloating, blood in the urine, darkened urine, convulsions, loss of memory, recurrent fever, severe cramping.
Interactions: Quinidine: Increased levels of tramadol. Monitor patient closely.

Uroxatral (Alfuzosin)

AL-fa ad-ren-ER-jik


Classification:  Alpha-Blocker
IFU: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Action: Selectively inhibits alpha1-adrenergic receptors in lower urinary tract, relaxing smooth muscle in bladder neck and prostate.
Dosage: 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: sinusitis, priapism, pain, chest pain, cold sweat, chills, Rash, pruritus, urticaria, angioedema, toxic epidermal necrolysis.
Interactions: Any food: Increased alfuzosin absorption.

V - Drugs

Vagifem (Estradiol)

ess-tra-DYE-ole


Classification: Estrogen
IFU: Vulvovaginal Atrophy
Action: Used to treat symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes, and vaginal dryness, burning, and irritation.
Dosage: 25 mcg, 2 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: headache, leukorrhea, vaginitis, back pain, itching or pain of the vagina or genital area, weight gain, diarrhea.
Interactions: Thalidomide: May increase the risk of dangerous blood clots.

Valium (Diazepam)

dye-AZ-e-pam


Classification:  Benzodiazepine
IFU: Anxiety
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg
Route: P.O., I.V., I.M., P.R.
Adverse Reaction: shakiness and unsteady walk, unsteadiness/trembling or other problems with muscle control or coordination, diplopia, hypotension, incontinence.
Interactions: Phenobarbital: Increased effects of both drugs. Use together cautiously.

Vasotec (Enalapril)

e-NAL-a-pri


Classification: ACE Inhibitor
IFU: Hypertension
Action: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors block the conversion of angiotensin I to the vasoconstrictor angiotensin II.
Dosage: 2.5 mg, 5 mg
Route: P.O. & I.V.
Adverse Reaction: dizziness, vertigo, cough, blurred vision, confusion, sweating, unusual sweating or tiredness.
Interactions: Excessive hypotension may occur with concurrent use of diuretics.

Vesicare (Solifenacin)

sol-i-FEN-a-sin


Classification:  Urinary Antispasmodic
IFU: Overactive Bladder
Action: Antagonizes muscarinic receptors, reducing urinary bladder smooth-muscle contractions.
Dosage: 5 mg, 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: dry eyes, dry throat, asthenia, bladder pain, bloody or cloudy urine, fever, painful urination, decrease in urine volume.
Interactions: Anticholinergics: Increased frequency or severity of adverse reactions.

Viagra (Sildenafil)

sil-DEN-a-fil


Classification:  PDE-5 Inhibitor
IFU: Erectile Dysfunction
Action: Inhibits PDE5, enhancing the effects of nitric oxide released during sexual stimulation.
Dosage: 10 mg, 20 mg
Route: P.O., I.V.
Adverse Reaction: anxiety, insomnia, seizures, bladder pain, dizziness, cloudy or bloody urine, indigestion, pain on urination, stomach upset.
Interactions: Enzyme inducers, Rifampin: Reduced sildenafil blood level.

Vibramycin (Doxycycline Hyclate)

DOX-i-SYE-kleen hi-kul-ate


Classification:  Tetracycline
IFU: Bacterial Infection
Action: Inhibits bacterial protein synthesis at the level of the 30S bacterial ribosome.
Dosage: 20 mg, 50 mg
Route: P.O., I.V.
Adverse Reaction: vomiting, esophagitis, pancreatitis.
Interactions: May increase effect of warfarin, may decrease effectiveness of estrogen-containing oral contraceptive.

Vicodin (Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen)

hye-droe-KOE-done/a-SEET-a-MIN-oh-fen


Classification:  Opioid combination
IFU: Analgesic
Action: Relieves moderate to severe pain.
Dosage: 10 mg, 400 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: bleeding gums, dizziness, lightheadedness.
Interactions: Zolpidem: Using narcotic pain or cough medications together with other medications that also cause central nervous system depression can lead to serious side effects including respiratory distress, coma, and even death.

Vigamox (Moxifloxacin)

MOX-i-FLOX-a-sin


Classification: Quinolone Antibiotic
IFU: Bacterial Conjunctivitis
Action: Treats different types of bacterial infections of the skin, sinuses, lungs, or stomach.
Dosage: 400 mg
Route: I.V.
Adverse Reaction: blisters, bone pain, abdominal or stomach cramps, seizures, headaches, dizziness, QT prolongation, anemia, increased mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH).
Interactions: Anisindione: May cause bleeding more easily.

Vytorin (Ezetimibe/Simvastatin)

ez-ET-i-mibe/SIM-va-stat-in


Classification:  HMG-CoA/Cholesterol absorption inhibitor
IFU: Hypertriglyceridemia
Action: Reduces blood levels of “bad” cholesterol and triglycerides, while increasing levels of “good” cholesterol.
Dosage: 10 mg, 40 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: bloating, fever, hives, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, back pain, arthralgia, viral infection.
Interactions: Amprenavir: May significantly increase the blood levels of simvastatin.

Vynase (Lisdexamfetamine)

lis-dex-am-FET-a-meen


Classification: CNS Stimulant
IFU: Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Action: Rapidly absorbed and converted to dextroamphetamine, which is responsible for CNS activity.
Dosage: 20 mg, 30 mg, 40 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: palpitations, labile affect, somnolence, dyspnea, oropharyngeal pain, Urinary tract infection, increased blood pressure.
Interactions: Chlorpromazine: Inhibited stimulant effect.

W - Drugs

Wellbutrin XL (Bupropion)

byoo-PRO-pee-on


Classification:  Antidepressant
IFU: Depression
Action: Treat major depressive disorder and seasonal affective disorder.
Dosage: 174 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: anxiety, dry mouth, shaking, insomnia, nausea, pharyngitis, weight loss, constipation, dizziness, headache, and xerostomia.
Interactions: Aripiprazole: May increase the risk of seizures, which may occur rarely with either medication.

X - Drugs

Xalatan (Latanoprost)

la-TAN-oh-pros


Classification:  Prostaglandin Analogue
IFU: Glaucoma
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 0.005%
Route: Ophthalmic
Adverse Reaction: blurred vision, eye irritation, darkening of eyelid skin color, increase in brown color in colored part of eye.
Interactions:  Bimatoprost: May result in an increase of intraocular pressure if you have glaucoma.

Xanax (Alprazolam)

al-PRAY-zoe-lam


Classification: Benzodiazepine
IFU: Anxiety
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 1 mg/ml
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: ataxia, cognitive dysfunction, constipation, depression, difficulty in micturition, drowsiness, dysarthria, fatigue.
Interactions: Theophylline: Increased sedative effect.

Xopenex HFA (Levabuterol)

leh-val-BYOO-ter-all


Classification:  Beta-2 Agonist
IFU: Bronchospasm/Asthma
Action: R-enantiomer of racemic albuterol.
Dosage: 45 mcg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: anxiety, nervousness, dyspepsia, rhinitis, fast heartbeat, hypertension, tachycardia, leg cramps, pain, flu syndrome, accidental injury, asthenia, fever.
Interactions: May decrease serum digoxin levels.

Z - Drugs

Zantac (Ranitidine)

ra-NI-ti-deen


Classification:  H2 Blocker
IFU: Gastroesophageal reflux disease aka Acid Reflux (GERD)
Action: Reduces gastric acid secretion and increases gastric mucus and bicarbonate projection, creating a protective coating on gastric mucosa.
Dosage: 150 mg, 300 mg
Route: P.O., I.V., & I.M.
Adverse Reaction: diarrhea, agitation, rash, injection site pain.
Interactions: Loperamide: Ranitidine may significantly increase the blood levels of loperamide. This can lead to serious and potentially fatal complications such as irregular heart rhythm and cardiac arrest, especially if you use more than the recommended doses of loperamide.

Zestoretic (LisinoprilHydrochlorothiazide)

Iye-SIN-oh-pril/HYE-droe-KLOR-oh-THYE-a-zide


Classification:  Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARB)/Diuretic
IFU: Hypertension
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 12.5 mg - 20 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: blurred vision, chills, cough.
Interactions: Spironolactone: May increase the levels of potassium in your blood, especially if you are dehydrated or have kidney disease, diabetes, heart failure, or if you are an older adult.

Zestril, Prinivil (Lisinopril)

Iyse-IN-oh-pril


Classification:  ACE Inhibitor
IFU: Hypertension
Action: Inhibits conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II (a potent vasoconstrictor), decreasing systemic vascular resistance, blood pressure, preload, and afterload.
Dosage: 2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: myalgia, fatigue, asthenia, dizziness, hypotension, hyperkalemia, increased blood urea nitrogen, and increased serum creatinine.
Interactions: Thiazides: Hypokalemia.

Zetia (Ezetimibe)

ez-ET-i-mibe


Classification:  Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitor
IFU: Hyperlipidemia
Action: Unknown.
Dosage: 10 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: bloating, fever, constipation, upper respiratory tract infection, sinusitis, arthralgia, pain in extremity, fatigue, influenza.
Interactions:  Effects may be decreased by cholestyramine or other bile acid sequestrants.

Zithromax (Azithromycin)

a-ZITH-roe-MYE-sin


Classification:  Macrolide Antibiotic
IFU:Bacterial Infection
Action: Bactericidal and bacteriostatic.
Dosage: 100 mg/5 ml
Route: P.O., I.V,=.
Adverse Reaction: chest pain, fatigue, vaginitis, diarrhea, loose stools, nausea, abdominal pain.
Interactions: Warfarin: Increased International Normalized Ratio

Zocor (Simvastatin)

sim-vuh-stat-n


Classification:  HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor
IFU: Hyperlipidemia
Action: Inhibits hepatic enzyme HMG-CoA reductase, interrupting cholesterol synthesis and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) consumption.
Dosage: 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: flatulence, dyspepsia, constipation.
Interactions: Digoxin: Slightly increased digoxin blood level.

Zoloft (Sertraline)

sur-truh-leen


Classification:  Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI)
IFU: Depression
Action: Inhibits neuronal uptake of serotonin in CNS, potentiating serotonin activity.
Dosage: 20 mg/ml, 25 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: chest pain, rash, rhinitis.
Interactions: Cimetidine: Increased sertraline blood level and effects.

Zyloprim (Allopurinol)

al-uh-pyoo r-uh-nawl


Classification:  Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitor
IFU: Gout
Action: Reduces the production of uric acid .
Dosage: 100 mg, 300 mg, 500 mg
Route: P.O.
Adverse Reaction: rash, joint stiffness or swelling.
Interactions: Enalapril: May increase the risk of severe allergic reactions and infections.

Zyprexa (Olanzapine)

oh-LANZ-a-peen


Classification:  Antipsychotic
IFU: Schizophrenia & Bipolar I Disease
Action: Antagonizes dopamine and serotonin type 2 in the CNS.
Dosage: 5 mg, 10 mg
Route: P.O., I.M.
Adverse Reaction: seizures, delirium, sedation.
Interactions: Effects may be decreased by concurrent carbamazepine, omeprazole, or rifampin.