STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE BY ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 1
STORY OF THE DOOR MR UTTERSON the lawyer was a man of a rugged countenance that was never lighted by a smile cold scanty and embarrassed in discourse backward in sentiment lean long dusty dreary and yet somehow lovable At friendly meetings and when the wine was to his taste something eminently human beaconed from his eye something indeed which never found its way into his talk but which spoke not only in these silent symbols of the afterdinner face but more often and loudly in the acts of his life He was austere with himself drank gin when he was alone to mortify a taste for vintages and though he enjoyed the theatre had not crossed the doors of one for twenty years But he had an approved tolerance for others sometimes wondering almost with envy at the high pressure of spirits involved in their misdeeds and in any extremity inclined to help rather than to reprove I incline to Cain s heresy he used to say quaintly I let my brother go to the devil in his own way In this character it was frequently his fortune to be the last reputable acquaintance and the last good influence in the lives of down going men And to such as these so long as they came about his chambers he never marked a shade of change in his demeanour No doubt the feat was easy to Mr Utterson for he was undemonstrative at the best and even his friendship seemed to be founded in a similar catholicity of good nature It is the STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 2
mark of a modest man to accept his friendly circle ready made from the hands of opportunity and that was the lawyer s way His friends were those of his own blood or those whom he had known the longest his affections like ivy were the growth of time they implied no aptness in the object Hence no doubt the bond that united him to Mr Richard Enfield his distant kinsman the well known man about town It was a nut to crack for many what these two could see in each other or what subject they could find in common It was reported by those who encountered them in their Sunday walks that they said nothing looked singularly dull and would hail with obvious relief the appearance of a friend For all that the two men put the greatest store by these excursions counted them the chief jewel of each week and not only set aside occasions of pleasure but even resisted the calls of business that they might enjoy them uninterrupted It chanced on one of these rambles that their way led them down a by street in a busy quarter of London The street was small and what is called quiet but it drove a thriving trade on the week days The inhabitants were all doing well it seemed and all emulously hoping to do better still and laying out the surplus of their gains in coquetry so that the shop fronts stood along that thoroughfare with an air of invitation like rows of smiling saleswomen Even on Sunday when it veiled its more florid charms and lay comparatively empty of passage the street shone out in contrast to its dingy neighbourhood like a fire in a forest and with its freshly painted shutters well polished brasses and general cleanliness and gaiety of note instantly caught and pleased the eye of the passenger STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 3
Two doors from one corner on the left hand going east the line was broken by the entry of a court and just at that point a certain sinister block of building thrust forward its gable on the street It was two stories high showed no window nothing but a door on the lower story and a blind forehead of discoloured wall on the upper and bore in every feature the marks of prolonged and sordid negligence The door which was equipped with neither bell nor knocker was blistered and distained Tramps slouched into the recess and struck matches on the panels children kept shop upon the steps the schoolboy had tried his knife on the mouldings and for close on a generation no one had appeared to drive away these random visitors or to repair their ravages Mr Enfield and the lawyer were on the other side of the by street but when they came abreast of the entry the former lifted up his cane and pointed Did you ever remark that door he asked and when his companion had replied in the affirmative It is connected in my mind added he with a very odd story Indeed said Mr Utterson with a slight change of voice and what was that Well it was this way returned Mr Enfield I was coming home from some place at the end of the world about three o clock of a black winter morning and my way lay through a part of town where there was literally nothing to be seen but lamps Street after street and all the folks asleep street after street all lighted up as if for a procession and all as empty as STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 4
a church till at last I got into that state of mind when a man listens and listens and begins to long for the sight of a policeman All at once I saw two figures one a little man who was stumping along eastward at a good walk and the other a girl of maybe eight or ten who was running as hard as she was able down a cross street Well sir the two ran into one another naturally enough at the corner and then came the horrible part of the thing for the man trampled calmly over the child s body and left her screaming on the ground It sounds nothing to hear but it was hellish to see It wasn t like a man it was like some damned Juggernaut I gave a view halloa took to my heels collared my gentleman and brought him back to where there was already quite a group about the screaming child He was perfectly cool and made no resistance but gave me one look so ugly that it brought out the sweat on me like running The people who had turned out were the girl s own family and pretty soon the doctor for whom she had been sent put in his appearance Well the child was not much the worse more frightened according to the Sawbones and there you might have supposed would be an end to it But there was one curious circumstance I had taken a loathing to my gentleman at first sight So had the child s family which was only natural But the doctor s case was what struck me He was the usual cut anddry apothecary of no particular age and colour with a strong Edinburgh accent and about as emotional as a bagpipe Well sir he was like the rest of us every time he looked at my prisoner I saw that Sawbones turn sick and white with the desire to kill him I knew what was in his mind just as he knew what was in mine and killing being out of the question we did the next best We told the man we could and would make such a scandal out of this as should make his name stink from one end of London to the other If he had any friends or STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 5
any credit we undertook that he should lose them And all the time as we were pitching it in red hot we were keeping the women off him as best we could for they were as wild as harpies I never saw a circle of such hateful faces and there was the man in the middle with a kind of black sneering coolness frightened too I could see that but carrying it off sir really like Satan If you choose to make capital out of this accident said he I am naturally helpless No gentleman but wishes to avoid a scene says he Name your figure Well we screwed him up to a hundred pounds for the child s family he would have clearly liked to stick out but there was something about the lot of us that meant mischief and at last he struck The next thing was to get the money and where do you think he carried us but to that place with the door whipped out a key went in and presently came back with the matter of ten pounds in gold and a cheque for the balance on Coutts s drawn payable to bearer and signed with a name that I can t mention though it s one of the points of my story but it was a name at least very well known and often printed The figure was stiff but the signature was good for more than that if it was only genuine I took the liberty of pointing out to my gentleman that the whole business looked apocryphal and that a man does not in real life walk into a cellar door at four in the morning and come out of it with another man s cheque for close upon a hundred pounds But he was quite easy and sneering Set your mind at rest says he I will stay with you till the banks open and cash the cheque myself So we all set off the doctor and the child s father and our friend and myself and passed the rest of the night in my chambers and next day when we had breakfasted went in a body to the bank I gave in the check myself and said I had every reason to believe it was a forgery Not a bit of it The cheque was genuine STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 6
Tut tut said Mr Utterson I see you feel as I do said Mr Enfield Yes it s a bad story For my man was a fellow that nobody could have to do with a really damnable man and the person that drew the cheque is the very pink of the proprieties celebrated too and what makes it worse one of your fellows who do what they call good Black mail I suppose an honest man paying through the nose for some of the capers of his youth Black Mail House is what I call that place with the door in consequence Though even that you know is far from explaining all he added and with the words fell into a vein of musing From this he was recalled by Mr Utterson asking rather suddenly And you don t know if the drawer of the cheque lives there A likely place isn t it returned Mr Enfield But I happen to have noticed his address he lives in some square or other And you never asked about the place with the door said Mr Utterson No sir I had a delicacy was the reply I feel very strongly about putting questions it partakes too much of the style of the day of judgment You start a question and it s like starting a stone You sit quietly on the top of a hill and away the stone goes starting others and presently some bland old bird the last you would have thought of is knocked on the STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 7
head in his own back garden and the family have to change their name No sir I make it a rule of mine the more it looks like Queer Street the less I ask A very good rule too said the lawyer But I have studied the place for myself continued Mr Enfield It seems scarcely a house There is no other door and nobody goes in or out of that one but once in a great while the gentleman of my adventure There are three windows looking on the court on the first floor none below the windows are always shut but they re clean And then there is a chimney which is generally smoking so somebody must live there And yet it s not so sure for the buildings are so packed together about that court that it s hard to say where one ends and another begins The pair walked on again for a while in silence and then Enfield said Mr Utterson that s a good rule of yours Yes I think it is returned Enfield But for all that continued the lawyer there s one point I want to ask I want to ask the name of that man who walked over the child Well said Mr Enfield I can t see what harm it would do It was a man of the name of Hyde STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 8
H m said Mr Utterson What sort of a man is he to see He is not easy to describe There is something wrong with his appearance something displeasing something downright detestable I never saw a man I so disliked and yet I scarce know why He must be deformed somewhere he gives a strong feeling of deformity although I couldn t specify the point He s an extraordinary looking man and yet I really can name nothing out of the way No sir I can make no hand of it I can t describe him And it s not want of memory for I declare I can see him this moment Mr Utterson again walked some way in silence and obviously under a weight of consideration You are sure he used a key he inquired at last My dear sir began Enfield surprised out of himself Yes I know said Utterson I know it must seem strange The fact is if I do not ask you the name of the other party it is because I know it already You see Richard your tale has gone home If you have been inexact in any point you had better correct it STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 9
I think you might have warned me returned the other with a touch of sullenness But I have been pedantically exact as you call it The fellow had a key and what s more he has it still I saw him use it not a week ago Mr Utterson sighed deeply but said never a word and the young man presently resumed Here is another lesson to say nothing said he I am ashamed of my long tongue Let us make a bargain never to refer to this again With all my heart said the lawyer I shake hands on that Richard STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 10
“Story of the Door”
1. Explain the 2
nd paragraph of the first chapter on page 1.
2. Why does Mr. Enfield call that building Black-Mail House?
3. What ironic or coincidental thing happens on page 9?
SEARCH FOR MR HYDE THAT evening Mr Utterson came home to his bachelor house in sombre spirits and sat down to dinner without relish It was his custom of a Sunday when this meal was over to sit close by the fire a volume of some dry divinity on his reading desk until the clock of the neighbouring church rang out the hour of twelve when he would go soberly and gratefully to bed On this night however as soon as the cloth was taken away he took up a candle and went into his business room There he opened his safe took from the most private part of it a document endorsed on the envelope as Dr Jekyll s Will and sat down with a clouded brow to study its contents The will was holograph for Mr Utterson though he took charge of it now that it was made had refused to lend the least assistance in the making of it it provided not only that in case of the decease of Henry Jekyll M D D C L L L D F R S etc all his possessions were to pass into the hands of his friend and benefactor Edward Hyde but that in case of Dr Jekyll s disappearance or unexplained absence for any period exceeding three calendar months the said Edward Hyde should step into the said Henry Jekyll s shoes without further delay and free from any burthen or obligation beyond the payment of a few small sums to the members of the doctor s household This document had long been the lawyer s eyesore It offended him both as a lawyer and as a lover of the sane and customary sides of life to whom the fanciful was the immodest And hitherto it was his ignorance of Mr Hyde that had swelled his indignation now by a sudden turn it was his knowledge It was already bad enough when the name was but a name of which he could learn no more It was worse when it began to be clothed upon with detestable attributes and out of the shifting STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 11
insubstantial mists that had so long baffled his eye there leaped up the sudden definite presentment of a fiend I thought it was madness he said as he replaced the obnoxious paper in the safe and now I begin to fear it is disgrace With that he blew out his candle put on a great coat and set forth in the direction of Cavendish Square that citadel of medicine where his friend the great Dr Lanyon had his house and received his crowding patients If any one knows it will be Lanyon he had thought The solemn butler knew and welcomed him he was subjected to no stage of delay but ushered direct from the door to the dining room where Dr Lanyon sat alone over his wine This was a hearty healthy dapper red faced gentleman with a shock of hair prematurely white and a boisterous and decided manner At sight of Mr Utterson he sprang up from his chair and welcomed him with both hands The geniality as was the way of the man was somewhat theatrical to the eye but it reposed on genuine feeling For these two were old friends old mates both at school and college both thorough respecters of themselves and of each other and what does not always follow men who thoroughly enjoyed each other s company STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 12
After a little rambling talk the lawyer led up to the subject which so disagreeably preoccupied his mind I suppose Lanyon said he you and I must be the two oldest friends that Henry Jekyll has I wish the friends were younger chuckled Dr Lanyon But I suppose we are And what of that I see little of him now Indeed said Utterson I thought you had a bond of common interest We had was the reply But it is more than ten years since Henry Jekyll became too fanciful for me He began to go wrong wrong in mind and though of course I continue to take an interest in him for old sake s sake as they say I see and I have seen devilish little of the man Such unscientific balderdash added the doctor flushing suddenly purple would have estranged Damon and Pythias This little spirit of temper was somewhat of a relief to Mr Utterson They have only differed on some point of science he thought and being a man of no scientific passions except in the matter of conveyancing he even added It is nothing worse than that He gave his friend a few seconds to recover his composure and then approached the question he had come to put Did you ever come across a protege of his one Hyde he asked STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 13
Hyde repeated Lanyon No Never heard of him Since my time That was the amount of information that the lawyer carried back with him to the great dark bed on which he tossed to and fro until the small hours of the morning began to grow large It was a night of little ease to his toiling mind toiling in mere darkness and besieged by questions Six o clock struck on the bells of the church that was so conveniently near to Mr Utterson s dwelling and still he was digging at the problem Hitherto it had touched him on the intellectual side alone but now his imagination also was engaged or rather enslaved and as he lay and tossed in the gross darkness of the night and the curtained room Mr Enfield s tale went by before his mind in a scroll of lighted pictures He would be aware of the great field of lamps of a nocturnal city then of the figure of a man walking swiftly then of a child running from the doctor s and then these met and that human Juggernaut trod the child down and passed on regardless of her screams Or else he would see a room in a rich house where his friend lay asleep dreaming and smiling at his dreams and then the door of that room would be opened the curtains of the bed plucked apart the sleeper recalled and lo there would stand by his side a figure to whom power was given and even at that dead hour he must rise and do its bidding The figure in these two phases haunted the lawyer all night and if at any time he dozed over it was but to see it glide more stealthily through sleeping houses or move the more swiftly and still the more swiftly even to dizziness through wider labyrinths of lamplighted city and at every street corner crush a child and leave her screaming And still the figure had no face by which he might know it even in his STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 14
dreams it had no face or one that baffled him and melted before his eyes and thus it was that there sprang up and grew apace in the lawyer s mind a singularly strong almost an inordinate curiosity to behold the features of the real Mr Hyde If he could but once set eyes on him he thought the mystery would lighten and perhaps roll altogether away as was the habit of mysterious things when well examined He might see a reason for his friend s strange preference or bondage call it which you please and even for the startling clause of the will At least it would be a face worth seeing the face of a man who was without bowels of mercy a face which had but to show itself to raise up in the mind of the unimpressionable Enfield a spirit of enduring hatred From that time forward Mr Utterson began to haunt the door in the by street of shops In the morning before office hours at noon when business was plenty and time scarce at night under the face of the fogged city moon by all lights and at all hours of solitude or concourse the lawyer was to be found on his chosen post If he be Mr Hyde he had thought I shall be Mr Seek And at last his patience was rewarded It was a fine dry night frost in the air the streets as clean as a ballroom floor the lamps unshaken by any wind drawing a regular pattern of light and shadow By ten o clock when the shops were closed the by street was very solitary and in spite of the low growl of London from all round very silent Small sounds carried far domestic sounds out of the houses were clearly audible on either side of the roadway and the rumour of the approach of any passenger preceded him by a long time Mr Utterson had STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 15
been some minutes at his post when he was aware of an odd light footstep drawing near In the course of his nightly patrols he had long grown accustomed to the quaint effect with which the footfalls of a single person while he is still a great way off suddenly spring out distinct from the vast hum and clatter of the city Yet his attention had never before been so sharply and decisively arrested and it was with a strong superstitious prevision of success that he withdrew into the entry of the court The steps drew swiftly nearer and swelled out suddenly louder as they turned the end of the street The lawyer looking forth from the entry could soon see what manner of man he had to deal with He was small and very plainly dressed and the look of him even at that distance went somehow strongly against the watcher s inclination But he made straight for the door crossing the roadway to save time and as he came he drew a key from his pocket like one approaching home Mr Utterson stepped out and touched him on the shoulder as he passed Mr Hyde I think Mr Hyde shrank back with a hissing intake of the breath But his fear was only momentary and though he did not look the lawyer in the face he answered coolly enough That is my name What do you want STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 16
I see you are going in returned the lawyer I am an old friend of Dr Jekyll s Mr Utterson of Gaunt Street you must have heard my name and meeting you so conveniently I thought you might admit me You will not find Dr Jekyll he is from home replied Mr Hyde blowing in the key And then suddenly but still without looking up How did you know me he asked On your side said Mr Utterson will you do me a favour With pleasure replied the other What shall it be Will you let me see your face asked the lawyer Mr Hyde appeared to hesitate and then as if upon some sudden reflection fronted about with an air of defiance and the pair stared at each other pretty fixedly for a few seconds Now I shall know you again said Mr Utterson It may be useful Yes returned Mr Hyde it is as well we have met and a propos you should have my address And he gave a number of a street in Soho Good God thought Mr Utterson can he too have been thinking of the will But he kept his feelings to himself and only grunted in acknowledgment of the address STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 17
And now said the other how did you know me By description was the reply Whose description We have common friends said Mr Utterson Common friends echoed Mr Hyde a little hoarsely Who are they Jekyll for instance said the lawyer He never told you cried Mr Hyde with a flush of anger I did not think you would have lied Come said Mr Utterson that is not fitting language The other snarled aloud into a savage laugh and the next moment with extraordinary quickness he had unlocked the door and disappeared into the house The lawyer stood awhile when Mr Hyde had left him the picture of disquietude Then he began slowly to mount the street pausing every step or two and putting his hand to his STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 18
brow like a man in mental perplexity The problem he was thus debating as he walked was one of a class that is rarely solved Mr Hyde was pale and dwarfish he gave an impression of deformity without any nameable malformation he had a displeasing smile he had borne himself to the lawyer with a sort of murderous mixture of timidity and boldness and he spoke with a husky whispering and somewhat broken voice all these were points against him but not all of these together could explain the hitherto unknown disgust loathing and fear with which Mr Utterson regarded him There must be something else said the perplexed gentleman There is something more if I could find a name for it God bless me the man seems hardly human Something troglodytic shall we say or can it be the old story of Dr Fell or is it the mere radiance of a foul soul that thus transpires through and transfigures its clay continent The last I think for O my poor old Harry Jekyll if ever I read Satan s signature upon a face it is on that of your new friend Round the corner from the by street there was a square of ancient handsome houses now for the most part decayed from their high estate and let in flats and chambers to all sorts and conditions of men map engravers architects shady lawyers and the agents of obscure enterprises One house however second from the corner was still occupied entire and at the door of this which wore a great air of wealth and comfort though it was now plunged in darkness except for the fan light Mr Utterson stopped and knocked A well dressed elderly servant opened the door Is Dr Jekyll at home Poole asked the lawyer STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 19
I will see Mr Utterson said Poole admitting the visitor as he spoke into a large low roofed comfortable hall paved with flags warmed after the fashion of a country house by a bright open fire and furnished with costly cabinets of oak Will you wait here by the fire sir or shall I give you a light in the dining room Here thank you said the lawyer and he drew near and leaned on the tall fender This hall in which he was now left alone was a pet fancy of his friend the doctor s and Utterson himself was wont to speak of it as the pleasantest room in London But to night there was a shudder in his blood the face of Hyde sat heavy on his memory he felt what was rare with him a nausea and distaste of life and in the gloom of his spirits he seemed to read a menace in the flickering of the firelight on the polished cabinets and the uneasy starting of the shadow on the roof He was ashamed of his relief when Poole presently returned to announce that Dr Jekyll was gone out I saw Mr Hyde go in by the old dissecting room door Poole he said Is that right when Dr Jekyll is from home Quite right Mr Utterson sir replied the servant Mr Hyde has a key Your master seems to repose a great deal of trust in that young man Poole resumed the other musingly STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 20
Yes sir he do indeed said Poole We have all orders to obey him I do not think I ever met Mr Hyde asked Utterson O dear no sir He never dines here replied the butler Indeed we see very little of him on this side of the house he mostly comes and goes by the laboratory Well good night Poole Good night Mr Utterson And the lawyer set out homeward with a very heavy heart Poor Harry Jekyll he thought my mind misgives me he is in deep waters He was wild when he was young a long while ago to be sure but in the law of God there is no statute of limitations Ay it must be that the ghost of some old sin the cancer of some concealed disgrace punishment coming PEDE CLAUDO years after memory has forgotten and selflove condoned the fault And the lawyer scared by the thought brooded a while on his own past groping in all the corners of memory lest by chance some Jack in the Box of an old iniquity should leap to light there His past was fairly blameless few men could read the rolls of their life with less apprehension yet he was humbled to the dust by the many ill things he had done and raised up again into a sober and fearful gratitude by the many that he had come so near to doing yet avoided And then by a return on his former subject he conceived a spark of hope This Master Hyde if he were studied thought he must have secrets of his own black secrets by the look of him secrets compared to which poor Jekyll s worst would STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 21
be like sunshine Things cannot continue as they are It turns me cold to think of this creature stealing like a thief to Harry s bedside poor Harry what a wakening And the danger of it for if this Hyde suspects the existence of the will he may grow impatient to inherit Ay I must put my shoulder to the wheel if Jekyll will but let me he added if Jekyll will only let me For once more he saw before his mind s eye as clear as a transparency the strange clauses of the will STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 22
“Search for Mr. Hyde”
1. Explain Jekyll’s will.
2. Who are Damon and Pythias and why does Lanyon mention them?
3. Notice how polite the characters are with each other. This was written in 1886, during what is called the Victorian period. The Victorian period is a time when most economic classes had pretty strict rules of etiquette. How has Mr. Hyde in this chapter gone against some rules of society? (You’ll have to read between the lines a little.)
4. Dr. Fell refers to a nursery rhyme that goes as follows:
"I do not like thee, Doctor Fell,
The reason why - I cannot tell;
But this I know, and know full well,
I do not like thee, Doctor Fell."
5. How is the picture to the left not very accurate?
DR JEKYLL WAS QUITE AT EASE A FORTNIGHT later by excellent good fortune the doctor gave one of his pleasant dinners to some five or six old cronies all intelligent reputable men and all judges of good wine and Mr Utterson so contrived that he remained behind after the others had departed This was no new arrangement but a thing that had befallen many scores of times Where Utterson was liked he was liked well Hosts loved to detain the dry lawyer when the lighthearted and the loose tongued had already their foot on the threshold they liked to sit a while in his unobtrusive company practising for solitude sobering their minds in the man s rich silence after the expense and strain of gaiety To this rule Dr Jekyll was no exception and as he now sat on the opposite side of the fire a large well made smooth faced man of fifty with something of a slyish cast perhaps but every mark of capacity and kindness you could see by his looks that he cherished for Mr Utterson a sincere and warm affection I have been wanting to speak to you Jekyll began the latter You know that will of yours A close observer might have gathered that the topic was distasteful but the doctor carried it off gaily My poor Utterson said he you are unfortunate in such a client I never saw a man so distressed as you were by my will unless it were that hide bound pedant Lanyon at what he called my scientific heresies Oh I know he s a good fellow you needn t frown an excellent fellow and I always mean to see more of him but a hide bound pedant for all that an ignorant blatant pedant I was never more disappointed in any man than Lanyon STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 23
You know I never approved of it pursued Utterson ruthlessly disregarding the fresh topic My will Yes certainly I know that said the doctor a trifle sharply You have told me so Well I tell you so again continued the lawyer I have been learning something of young Hyde The large handsome face of Dr Jekyll grew pale to the very lips and there came a blackness about his eyes I do not care to hear more said he This is a matter I thought we had agreed to drop What I heard was abominable said Utterson It can make no change You do not understand my position returned the doctor with a certain incoherency of manner I am painfully situated Utterson my position is a very strange a very strange one It is one of those affairs that cannot be mended by talking Jekyll said Utterson you know me I am a man to be trusted Make a clean breast of this in confidence and I make no doubt I can get you out of it STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 24
My good Utterson said the doctor this is very good of you this is downright good of you and I cannot find words to thank you in I believe you fully I would trust you before any man alive ay before myself if I could make the choice but indeed it isn t what you fancy it is not so bad as that and just to put your good heart at rest I will tell you one thing the moment I choose I can be rid of Mr Hyde I give you my hand upon that and I thank you again and again and I will just add one little word Utterson that I m sure you ll take in good part this is a private matter and I beg of you to let it sleep Utterson reflected a little looking in the fire I have no doubt you are perfectly right he said at last getting to his feet Well but since we have touched upon this business and for the last time I hope continued the doctor there is one point I should like you to understand I have really a very great interest in poor Hyde I know you have seen him he told me so and I fear he was rude But I do sincerely take a great a very great interest in that young man and if I am taken away Utterson I wish you to promise me that you will bear with him and get his rights for him I think you would if you knew all and it would be a weight off my mind if you would promise I can t pretend that I shall ever like him said the lawyer STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 25
I don t ask that pleaded Jekyll laying his hand upon the other s arm I only ask for justice I only ask you to help him for my sake when I am no longer here Utterson heaved an irrepressible sigh Well said he I promise STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 26
“Dr. Jekyll Was Quite at Ease”
1. What is a “hide-bound pedant”? Make an educated guess, based on the reading, about the reason Lanyon and Jekyll do not respect each other very much. See page 13, as well.
2. What does Jekyll say about his relationship with Mr. Hyde that sort of puts Utterson’s mind at ease, at least a little.
THE CAREW MURDER CASE NEARLY a year later in the month of October 18 London was startled by a crime of singular ferocity and rendered all the more notable by the high position of the victim The details were few and startling A maid servant living alone in a house not far from the river had gone up stairs to bed about eleven Although a fog rolled over the city in the small hours the early part of the night was cloudless and the lane which the maid s window overlooked was brilliantly lit by the full moon It seems she was romantically given for she sat down upon her box which stood immediately under the window and fell into a dream of musing Never she used to say with streaming tears when she narrated that experience never had she felt more at peace with all men or thought more kindly of the world And as she so sat she became aware of an aged and beautiful gentleman with white hair drawing near along the lane and advancing to meet him another and very small gentleman to whom at first she paid less attention When they had come within speech which was just under the maid s eyes the older man bowed and accosted the other with a very pretty manner of politeness It did not seem as if the subject of his address were of great importance indeed from his pointing it sometimes appeared as if he were only inquiring his way but the moon shone on his face as he spoke and the girl was pleased to watch it it seemed to breathe such an innocent and old world kindness of disposition yet with something high too as of a wellfounded self content Presently her eye wandered to the other and she was surprised to recognise in him a certain Mr Hyde who had once visited her master and for whom she had conceived a dislike He had in his hand a heavy cane with which he was trifling but he STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 27
answered never a word and seemed to listen with an ill contained impatience And then all of a sudden he broke out in a great flame of anger stamping with his foot brandishing the cane and carrying on as the maid described it like a madman The old gentleman took a step back with the air of one very much surprised and a trifle hurt and at that Mr Hyde broke out of all bounds and clubbed him to the earth And next moment with ape like fury he was trampling his victim under foot and hailing down a storm of blows under which the bones were audibly shattered and the body jumped upon the roadway At the horror of these sights and sounds the maid fainted It was two o clock when she came to herself and called for the police The murderer was gone long ago but there lay his victim in the middle of the lane incredibly mangled The stick with which the deed had been done although it was of some rare and very tough and heavy wood had broken in the middle under the stress of this insensate cruelty and one splintered half had rolled in the neighbouring gutter the other without doubt had been carried away by the murderer A purse and a gold watch were found upon the victim but no cards or papers except a sealed and stamped envelope which he had been probably carrying to the post and which bore the name and address of Mr Utterson This was brought to the lawyer the next morning before he was out of bed and he had no sooner seen it and been told the circumstances than he shot out a solemn lip I shall say nothing till I have seen the body said he this may be very serious Have the kindness to wait while I dress And with the same grave countenance he hurried through his breakfast STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 28
and drove to the police station whither the body had been carried As soon as he came into the cell he nodded Yes said he I recognise him I am sorry to say that this is Sir Danvers Carew Good God sir exclaimed the officer is it possible And the next moment his eye lighted up with professional ambition This will make a deal of noise he said And perhaps you can help us to the man And he briefly narrated what the maid had seen and showed the broken stick Mr Utterson had already quailed at the name of Hyde but when the stick was laid before him he could doubt no longer broken and battered as it was he recognised it for one that he had himself presented many years before to Henry Jekyll Is this Mr Hyde a person of small stature he inquired Particularly small and particularly wicked looking is what the maid calls him said the officer Mr Utterson reflected and then raising his head If you will come with me in my cab he said I think I can take you to his house STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 29
It was by this time about nine in the morning and the first fog of the season A great chocolate coloured pall lowered over heaven but the wind was continually charging and routing these embattled vapours so that as the cab crawled from street to street Mr Utterson beheld a marvellous number of degrees and hues of twilight for here it would be dark like the back end of evening and there would be a glow of a rich lurid brown like the light of some strange conflagration and here for a moment the fog would be quite broken up and a haggard shaft of daylight would glance in between the swirling wreaths The dismal quarter of Soho seen under these changing glimpses with its muddy ways and slatternly passengers and its lamps which had never been extinguished or had been kindled afresh to combat this mournful re invasion of darkness seemed in the lawyer s eyes like a district of some city in a nightmare The thoughts of his mind besides were of the gloomiest dye and when he glanced at the companion of his drive he was conscious of some touch of that terror of the law and the law s officers which may at times assail the most honest As the cab drew up before the address indicated the fog lifted a little and showed him a dingy street a gin palace a low French eating house a shop for the retail of penny numbers and twopenny salads many ragged children huddled in the doorways and many women of different nationalities passing out key in hand to have a morning glass and the next moment the fog settled down again upon that part as brown as umber and cut him off from his blackguardly surroundings This was the home of Henry Jekyll s favourite of a man who was heir to a quarter of a million sterling STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 30
An ivory faced and silvery haired old woman opened the door She had an evil face smoothed by hypocrisy but her manners were excellent Yes she said this was Mr Hyde s but he was not at home he had been in that night very late but had gone away again in less than an hour there was nothing strange in that his habits were very irregular and he was often absent for instance it was nearly two months since she had seen him till yesterday Very well then we wish to see his rooms said the lawyer and when the woman began to declare it was impossible I had better tell you who this person is he added This is Inspector Newcomen of Scotland Yard A flash of odious joy appeared upon the woman s face Ah said she he is in trouble What has he done Mr Utterson and the inspector exchanged glances He don t seem a very popular character observed the latter And now my good woman just let me and this gentleman have a look about us In the whole extent of the house which but for the old woman remained otherwise empty Mr Hyde had only used a couple of rooms but these were furnished with luxury and good taste A closet was filled with wine the plate was of silver the napery elegant a good picture hung upon the walls a gift as Utterson supposed from Henry Jekyll who was much of a connoisseur and the carpets were of many plies and agreeable in colour At this STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 31
moment however the rooms bore every mark of having been recently and hurriedly ransacked clothes lay about the floor with their pockets inside out lock fast drawers stood open and on the hearth there lay a pile of grey ashes as though many papers had been burned From these embers the inspector disinterred the butt end of a green cheque book which had resisted the action of the fire the other half of the stick was found behind the door and as this clinched his suspicions the officer declared himself delighted A visit to the bank where several thousand pounds were found to be lying to the murderer s credit completed his gratification You may depend upon it sir he told Mr Utterson I have him in my hand He must have lost his head or he never would have left the stick or above all burned the chequebook Why money s life to the man We have nothing to do but wait for him at the bank and get out the handbills This last however was not so easy of accomplishment for Mr Hyde had numbered few familiars even the master of the servant maid had only seen him twice his family could nowhere be traced he had never been photographed and the few who could describe him differed widely as common observers will Only on one point were they agreed and that was the haunting sense of unexpressed deformity with which the fugitive impressed his beholders STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 32
"The Carew Murder Case"
What is all of the evidence that Hyde is guilty of killing Carew?
Hyde apparently burned his checkbook, but he still has a bank account with several thousand pounds in it. Why is this good news for Utterson and the police?
The narrator tells us this: “when he [Utterson] glanced at the companion of his drive [the police officer], he was conscious of some touch of that terror of the law and the law's officers, which may at times assail the most honest.” Have you ever felt this “terror”? What is the point of the author bringing this up?
INCIDENT OF THE LETTER IT was late in the afternoon when Mr Utterson found his way to Dr Jekyll s door where he was at once admitted by Poole and carried down by the kitchen offices and across a yard which had once been a garden to the building which was indifferently known as the laboratory or the dissecting rooms The doctor had bought the house from the heirs of a celebrated surgeon and his own tastes being rather chemical than anatomical had changed the destination of the block at the bottom of the garden It was the first time that the lawyer had been received in that part of his friend s quarters and he eyed the dingy windowless structure with curiosity and gazed round with a distasteful sense of strangeness as he crossed the theatre once crowded with eager students and now lying gaunt and silent the tables laden with chemical apparatus the floor strewn with crates and littered with packing straw and the light falling dimly through the foggy cupola At the further end a flight of stairs mounted to a door covered with red baize and through this Mr Utterson was at last received into the doctor s cabinet It was a large room fitted round with glass presses furnished among other things with a cheval glass and a business table and looking out upon the court by three dusty windows barred with iron A fire burned in the grate a lamp was set lighted on the chimney shelf for even in the houses the fog began to lie thickly and there close up to the warmth sat Dr Jekyll looking deadly sick He did not rise to meet his visitor but held out a cold hand and bade him welcome in a changed voice STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 33
And now said Mr Utterson as soon as Poole had left them you have heard the news The doctor shuddered They were crying it in the square he said I heard them in my dining room One word said the lawyer Carew was my client but so are you and I want to know what I am doing You have not been mad enough to hide this fellow Utterson I swear to God cried the doctor I swear to God I will never set eyes on him again I bind my honour to you that I am done with him in this world It is all at an end And indeed he does not want my help you do not know him as I do he is safe he is quite safe mark my words he will never more be heard of The lawyer listened gloomily he did not like his friend s feverish manner You seem pretty sure of him said he and for your sake I hope you may be right If it came to a trial your name might appear I am quite sure of him replied Jekyll I have grounds for certainty that I cannot share with any one But there is one thing on which you may advise me I have I have received a letter and I am at a loss whether I should show it to the police I should like to leave it in your hands Utterson you would judge wisely I am sure I have so great a trust in you You fear I suppose that it might lead to his detection asked the lawyer STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 34
No said the other I cannot say that I care what becomes of Hyde I am quite done with him I was thinking of my own character which this hateful business has rather exposed Utterson ruminated a while he was surprised at his friend s selfishness and yet relieved by it Well said he at last let me see the letter The letter was written in an odd upright hand and signed Edward Hyde and it signified briefly enough that the writer s benefactor Dr Jekyll whom he had long so unworthily repaid for a thousand generosities need labour under no alarm for his safety as he had means of escape on which he placed a sure dependence The lawyer liked this letter well enough it put a better colour on the intimacy than he had looked for and he blamed himself for some of his past suspicions Have you the envelope he asked I burned it replied Jekyll before I thought what I was about But it bore no postmark The note was handed in Shall I keep this and sleep upon it asked Utterson I wish you to judge for me entirely was the reply I have lost confidence in myself STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 35
Well I shall consider returned the lawyer And now one word more it was Hyde who dictated the terms in your will about that disappearance The doctor seemed seized with a qualm of faintness he shut his mouth tight and nodded I knew it said Utterson He meant to murder you You have had a fine escape I have had what is far more to the purpose returned the doctor solemnly I have had a lesson O God Utterson what a lesson I have had And he covered his face for a moment with his hands On his way out the lawyer stopped and had a word or two with Poole By the by said he there was a letter handed in to day what was the messenger like But Poole was positive nothing had come except by post and only circulars by that he added This news sent off the visitor with his fears renewed Plainly the letter had come by the laboratory door possibly indeed it had been written in the cabinet and if that were so it must be differently judged and handled with the more caution The newsboys as he went were crying themselves hoarse along the footways Special edition Shocking murder of an M P That was the funeral oration of one friend and client and he could not help a certain apprehension lest the good name of another should be sucked down in the eddy of the STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 36
scandal It was at least a ticklish decision that he had to make and self reliant as he was by habit he began to cherish a longing for advice It was not to be had directly but perhaps he thought it might be fished for Presently after he sat on one side of his own hearth with Mr Guest his head clerk upon the other and midway between at a nicely calculated distance from the fire a bottle of a particular old wine that had long dwelt unsunned in the foundations of his house The fog still slept on the wing above the drowned city where the lamps glimmered like carbuncles and through the muffle and smother of these fallen clouds the procession of the town s life was still rolling in through the great arteries with a sound as of a mighty wind But the room was gay with firelight In the bottle the acids were long ago resolved the imperial dye had softened with time As the colour grows richer in stained windows and the glow of hot autumn afternoons on hillside vineyards was ready to be set free and to disperse the fogs of London Insensibly the lawyer melted There was no man from whom he kept fewer secrets than Mr Guest and he was not always sure that he kept as many as he meant Guest had often been on business to the doctor s he knew Poole he could scarce have failed to hear of Mr Hyde s familiarity about the house he might draw conclusions was it not as well then that he should see a letter which put that mystery to rights and above all since Guest being a great student and critic of handwriting would consider the step natural and obliging The clerk besides was a man of counsel he would scarce read so strange a document without dropping a remark and by that remark Mr Utterson might shape his future course This is a sad business about Sir Danvers he said STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 37
Yes sir indeed It has elicited a great deal of public feeling returned Guest The man of course was mad I should like to hear your views on that replied Utterson I have a document here in his handwriting it is between ourselves for I scarce know what to do about it it is an ugly business at the best But there it is quite in your way a murderer s autograph Guest s eyes brightened and he sat down at once and studied it with passion No sir he said not mad but it is an odd hand And by all accounts a very odd writer added the lawyer Just then the servant entered with a note Is that from Dr Jekyll sir inquired the clerk I thought I knew the writing Anything private Mr Utterson Only an invitation to dinner Why Do you want to see it One moment I thank you sir and the clerk laid the two sheets of paper alongside and sedulously compared their contents Thank you sir he said at last returning both it s a very interesting autograph STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 38
There was a pause during which Mr Utterson struggled with himself Why did you compare them Guest he inquired suddenly Well sir returned the clerk there s a rather singular resemblance the two hands are in many points identical only differently sloped Rather quaint said Utterson It is as you say rather quaint returned Guest I wouldn t speak of this note you know said the master No sir said the clerk I understand But no sooner was Mr Utterson alone that night than he locked the note into his safe where it reposed from that time forward What he thought Henry Jekyll forge for a murderer And his blood ran cold in his veins STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 39
“Incident of the Letter”
Explain how is it possible for Utterson to be surprised
and relieved by Dr. Jekyll’s selfishness? What does Utterson think Jekyll has done for Hyde because of the two documents/notes/letters?
REMARKABLE INCIDENT OF DR LANYON TIME ran on thousands of pounds were offered in reward for the death of Sir Danvers was resented as a public injury but Mr Hyde had disappeared out of the ken of the police as though he had never existed Much of his past was unearthed indeed and all disreputable tales came out of the man s cruelty at once so callous and violent of his vile life of his strange associates of the hatred that seemed to have surrounded his career but of his present whereabouts not a whisper From the time he had left the house in Soho on the morning of the murder he was simply blotted out and gradually as time drew on Mr Utterson began to recover from the hotness of his alarm and to grow more at quiet with himself The death of Sir Danvers was to his way of thinking more than paid for by the disappearance of Mr Hyde Now that that evil influence had been withdrawn a new life began for Dr Jekyll He came out of his seclusion renewed relations with his friends became once more their familiar guest and entertainer and whilst he had always been known for charities he was now no less distinguished for religion He was busy he was much in the open air he did good his face seemed to open and brighten as if with an inward consciousness of service and for more than two months the doctor was at peace On the 8th of January Utterson had dined at the doctor s with a small party Lanyon had been there and the face of the host had looked from one to the other as in the old days when the trio were inseparable friends On the 12th and again on the 14th the door was shut against the lawyer The doctor was confined to the house Poole said and saw no one On STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 40
the 15th he tried again and was again refused and having now been used for the last two months to see his friend almost daily he found this return of solitude to weigh upon his spirits The fifth night he had in Guest to dine with him and the sixth he betook himself to Dr Lanyon s There at least he was not denied admittance but when he came in he was shocked at the change which had taken place in the doctor s appearance He had his death warrant written legibly upon his face The rosy man had grown pale his flesh had fallen away he was visibly balder and older and yet it was not so much these tokens of a swift physical decay that arrested the lawyer s notice as a look in the eye and quality of manner that seemed to testify to some deep seated terror of the mind It was unlikely that the doctor should fear death and yet that was what Utterson was tempted to suspect Yes he thought he is a doctor he must know his own state and that his days are counted and the knowledge is more than he can bear And yet when Utterson remarked on his ill looks it was with an air of greatness that Lanyon declared himself a doomed man I have had a shock he said and I shall never recover It is a question of weeks Well life has been pleasant I liked it yes sir I used to like it I sometimes think if we knew all we should be more glad to get away Jekyll is ill too observed Utterson Have you seen him STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 41
But Lanyon s face changed and he held up a trembling hand I wish to see or hear no more of Dr Jekyll he said in a loud unsteady voice I am quite done with that person and I beg that you will spare me any allusion to one whom I regard as dead Tut tut said Mr Utterson and then after a considerable pause Can t I do anything he inquired We are three very old friends Lanyon we shall not live to make others Nothing can be done returned Lanyon ask himself He will not see me said the lawyer I am not surprised at that was the reply Some day Utterson after I am dead you may perhaps come to learn the right and wrong of this I cannot tell you And in the meantime if you can sit and talk with me of other things for God s sake stay and do so but if you cannot keep clear of this accursed topic then in God s name go for I cannot bear it As soon as he got home Utterson sat down and wrote to Jekyll complaining of his exclusion from the house and asking the cause of this unhappy break with Lanyon and the next day brought him a long answer often very pathetically worded and sometimes darkly mysterious in drift The quarrel with Lanyon was incurable I do not blame our old friend Jekyll wrote but I share his view that we must never meet I mean from henceforth to lead a life of extreme seclusion you must not be surprised nor must you doubt my friendship if my door is often shut even to you You must suffer me to go my own dark way I have STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 42
brought on myself a punishment and a danger that I cannot name If I am the chief of sinners I am the chief of sufferers also I could not think that this earth contained a place for sufferings and terrors so unmanning and you can do but one thing Utterson to lighten this destiny and that is to respect my silence Utterson was amazed the dark influence of Hyde had been withdrawn the doctor had returned to his old tasks and amities a week ago the prospect had smiled with every promise of a cheerful and an honoured age and now in a moment friendship and peace of mind and the whole tenor of his life were wrecked So great and unprepared a change pointed to madness but in view of Lanyon s manner and words there must lie for it some deeper ground A week afterwards Dr Lanyon took to his bed and in something less than a fortnight he was dead The night after the funeral at which he had been sadly affected Utterson locked the door of his business room and sitting there by the light of a melancholy candle drew out and set before him an envelope addressed by the hand and sealed with the seal of his dead friend PRIVATE for the hands of G J Utterson ALONE and in case of his predecease to be destroyed unread so it was emphatically superscribed and the lawyer dreaded to behold the contents I have buried one friend to day he thought what if this should cost me another And then he condemned the fear as a disloyalty and broke the seal Within there was another enclosure likewise sealed and marked upon the cover as not to be opened till the death or disappearance of Dr Henry Jekyll Utterson could not trust his eyes Yes it was disappearance here again as in the mad will which he had long ago restored to its author here again were the idea of a disappearance and the name of Henry Jekyll bracketed But in the will that idea had sprung from the sinister suggestion of the man Hyde it was set there STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 43
with a purpose all too plain and horrible Written by the hand of Lanyon what should it mean A great curiosity came on the trustee to disregard the prohibition and dive at once to the bottom of these mysteries but professional honour and faith to his dead friend were stringent obligations and the packet slept in the inmost corner of his private safe It is one thing to mortify curiosity another to conquer it and it may be doubted if from that day forth Utterson desired the society of his surviving friend with the same eagerness He thought of him kindly but his thoughts were disquieted and fearful He went to call indeed but he was perhaps relieved to be denied admittance perhaps in his heart he preferred to speak with Poole upon the doorstep and surrounded by the air and sounds of the open city rather than to be admitted into that house of voluntary bondage and to sit and speak with its inscrutable recluse Poole had indeed no very pleasant news to communicate The doctor it appeared now more than ever confined himself to the cabinet over the laboratory where he would sometimes even sleep he was out of spirits he had grown very silent he did not read it seemed as if he had something on his mind Utterson became so used to the unvarying character of these reports that he fell off little by little in the frequency of his visits STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 44
"The Incident of Dr. Lanyon"
What is a fortnight?
What is in the letter from Lanyon that resembles Jekyll’s will?
INCIDENT AT THE WINDOW IT chanced on Sunday when Mr Utterson was on his usual walk with Mr Enfield that their way lay once again through the by street and that when they came in front of the door both stopped to gaze on it Well said Enfield that story s at an end at least We shall never see more of Mr Hyde I hope not said Utterson Did I ever tell you that I once saw him and shared your feeling of repulsion It was impossible to do the one without the other returned Enfield And by the way what an ass you must have thought me not to know that this was a back way to Dr Jekyll s It was partly your own fault that I found it out even when I did So you found it out did you said Utterson But if that be so we may step into the court and take a look at the windows To tell you the truth I am uneasy about poor Jekyll and even outside I feel as if the presence of a friend might do him good The court was very cool and a little damp and full of premature twilight although the sky high up overhead was still bright with sunset The middle one of the three windows was STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 45
half way open and sitting close beside it taking the air with an infinite sadness of mien like some disconsolate prisoner Utterson saw Dr Jekyll What Jekyll he cried I trust you are better I am very low Utterson replied the doctor drearily very low It will not last long thank God You stay too much indoors said the lawyer You should be out whipping up the circulation like Mr Enfield and me This is my cousin Mr Enfield Dr Jekyll Come now get your hat and take a quick turn with us You are very good sighed the other I should like to very much but no no no it is quite impossible I dare not But indeed Utterson I am very glad to see you this is really a great pleasure I would ask you and Mr Enfield up but the place is really not fit Why then said the lawyer good naturedly the best thing we can do is to stay down here and speak with you from where we are That is just what I was about to venture to propose returned the doctor with a smile But the words were hardly uttered before the smile was struck out of his face and succeeded by an expression of such abject terror and despair as froze the very blood of the two STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 46
gentlemen below They saw it but for a glimpse for the window was instantly thrust down but that glimpse had been sufficient and they turned and left the court without a word In silence too they traversed the by street and it was not until they had come into a neighbouring thoroughfare where even upon a Sunday there were still some stirrings of life that Mr Utterson at last turned and looked at his companion They were both pale and there was an answering horror in their eyes God forgive us God forgive us said Mr Utterson But Mr Enfield only nodded his head very seriously and walked on once more in silence STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 47
THE LAST NIGHT MR UTTERSON was sitting by his fireside one evening after dinner when he was surprised to receive a visit from Poole Bless me Poole what brings you here he cried and then taking a second look at him What ails you he added is the doctor ill Mr Utterson said the man there is something wrong Take a seat and here is a glass of wine for you said the lawyer Now take your time and tell me plainly what you want You know the doctor s ways sir replied Poole and how he shuts himself up Well he s shut up again in the cabinet and I don t like it sir I wish I may die if I like it Mr Utterson sir I m afraid Now my good man said the lawyer be explicit What are you afraid of I ve been afraid for about a week returned Poole doggedly disregarding the question and I can bear it no more STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 48
The man s appearance amply bore out his words his manner was altered for the worse and except for the moment when he had first announced his terror he had not once looked the lawyer in the face Even now he sat with the glass of wine untasted on his knee and his eyes directed to a corner of the floor I can bear it no more he repeated Come said the lawyer I see you have some good reason Poole I see there is something seriously amiss Try to tell me what it is I think there s been foul play said Poole hoarsely Foul play cried the lawyer a good deal frightened and rather inclined to be irritated in consequence What foul play What does the man mean I daren t say sir was the answer but will you come along with me and see for yourself Mr Utterson s only answer was to rise and get his hat and great coat but he observed with wonder the greatness of the relief that appeared upon the butler s face and perhaps with no less that the wine was still untasted when he set it down to follow It was a wild cold seasonable night of March with a pale moon lying on her back as though the wind had tilted her and a flying wrack of the most diaphanous and lawny texture STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 49
The wind made talking difficult and flecked the blood into the face It seemed to have swept the streets unusually bare of passengers besides for Mr Utterson thought he had never seen that part of London so deserted He could have wished it otherwise never in his life had he been conscious of so sharp a wish to see and touch his fellow creatures for struggle as he might there was borne in upon his mind a crushing anticipation of calamity The square when they got there was all full of wind and dust and the thin trees in the garden were lashing themselves along the railing Poole who had kept all the way a pace or two ahead now pulled up in the middle of the pavement and in spite of the biting weather took off his hat and mopped his brow with a red pocket handkerchief But for all the hurry of his coming these were not the dews of exertion that he wiped away but the moisture of some strangling anguish for his face was white and his voice when he spoke harsh and broken Well sir he said here we are and God grant there be nothing wrong Amen Poole said the lawyer Thereupon the servant knocked in a very guarded manner the door was opened on the chain and a voice asked from within Is that you Poole It s all right said Poole Open the door The hall when they entered it was brightly lighted up the fire was built high and about the hearth the whole of the servants men and women stood huddled together like a flock of sheep At the sight of Mr Utterson the STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 50
housemaid broke into hysterical whimpering and the cook crying out Bless God it s Mr Utterson ran forward as if to take him in her arms What what Are you all here said the lawyer peevishly Very irregular very unseemly your master would be far from pleased They re all afraid said Poole Blank silence followed no one protesting only the maid lifted up her voice and now wept loudly Hold your tongue Poole said to her with a ferocity of accent that testified to his own jangled nerves and indeed when the girl had so suddenly raised the note of her lamentation they had all started and turned toward the inner door with faces of dreadful expectation And now continued the butler addressing the knife boy reach me a candle and we ll get this through hands at once And then he begged Mr Utterson to follow him and led the way to the back garden Now sir said he you come as gently as you can I want you to hear and I don t want you to be heard And see here sir if by any chance he was to ask you in don t go STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 51
Mr Utterson s nerves at this unlooked for termination gave a jerk that nearly threw him from his balance but he re collected his courage and followed the butler into the laboratory building and through the surgical theatre with its lumber of crates and bottles to the foot of the stair Here Poole motioned him to stand on one side and listen while he himself setting down the candle and making a great and obvious call on his resolution mounted the steps and knocked with a somewhat uncertain hand on the red baize of the cabinet door Mr Utterson sir asking to see you he called and even as he did so once more violently signed to the lawyer to give ear A voice answered from within Tell him I cannot see any one it said complainingly Thank you sir said Poole with a note of something like triumph in his voice and taking up his candle he led Mr Utterson back across the yard and into the great kitchen where the fire was out and the beetles were leaping on the floor Sir he said looking Mr Utterson in the eyes was that my master s voice It seems much changed replied the lawyer very pale but giving look for look STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 52
Changed Well yes I think so said the butler Have I been twenty years in this man s house to be deceived about his voice No sir master s made away with he was made away with eight days ago when we heard him cry out upon the name of God and who s in there instead of him and why it stays there is a thing that cries to Heaven Mr Utterson This is a very strange tale Poole this is rather a wild tale my man said Mr Utterson biting his finger Suppose it were as you suppose supposing Dr Jekyll to have been well murdered what could induce the murderer to stay That won t hold water it doesn t commend itself to reason Well Mr Utterson you are a hard man to satisfy but I ll do it yet said Poole All this last week you must know him or it or whatever it is that lives in that cabinet has been crying night and day for some sort of medicine and cannot get it to his mind It was sometimes his way the master s that is to write his orders on a sheet of paper and throw it on the stair We ve had nothing else this week back nothing but papers and a closed door and the very meals left there to be smuggled in when nobody was looking Well sir every day ay and twice and thrice in the same day there have been orders and complaints and I have been sent flying to all the wholesale chemists in town Every time I brought the stuff back there would be another paper telling me to return it because it was not pure and another order to a different firm This drug is wanted bitter bad sir whatever for Have you any of these papers asked Mr Utterson STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 53
Poole felt in his pocket and handed out a crumpled note which the lawyer bending nearer to the candle carefully examined Its contents ran thus Dr Jekyll presents his compliments to Messrs Maw He assures them that their last sample is impure and quite useless for his present purpose In the year 18 Dr J purchased a somewhat large quantity from Messrs M He now begs them to search with the most sedulous care and should any of the same quality be left to forward it to him at once Expense is no consideration The importance of this to Dr J can hardly be exaggerated So far the letter had run composedly enough but here with a sudden splutter of the pen the writer s emotion had broken loose For God s sake he had added find me some of the old This is a strange note said Mr Utterson and then sharply How do you come to have it open The man at Maw s was main angry sir and he threw it back to me like so much dirt returned Poole This is unquestionably the doctor s hand do you know resumed the lawyer I thought it looked like it said the servant rather sulkily and then with another voice But what matters hand of write he said I ve seen him Seen him repeated Mr Utterson Well STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 54
That s it said Poole It was this way I came suddenly into the theatre from the garden It seems he had slipped out to look for this drug or whatever it is for the cabinet door was open and there he was at the far end of the room digging among the crates He looked up when I came in gave a kind of cry and whipped up stairs into the cabinet It was but for one minute that I saw him but the hair stood upon my head like quills Sir if that was my master why had he a mask upon his face If it was my master why did he cry out like a rat and run from me I have served him long enough And then The man paused and passed his hand over his face These are all very strange circumstances said Mr Utterson but I think I begin to see daylight Your master Poole is plainly seized with one of those maladies that both torture and deform the sufferer hence for aught I know the alteration of his voice hence the mask and the avoidance of his friends hence his eagerness to find this drug by means of which the poor soul retains some hope of ultimate recovery God grant that he be not deceived There is my explanation it is sad enough Poole ay and appalling to consider but it is plain and natural hangs well together and delivers us from all exorbitant alarms Sir said the butler turning to a sort of mottled pallor that thing was not my master and there s the truth My master here he looked round him and began to whisper is a tall fine build of a man and this was more of a dwarf Utterson attempted to protest O sir cried Poole do you think I do not know my master after twenty years Do you think I do not know where his head comes to in the cabinet door where I saw him every morning of my STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 55
life No Sir that thing in the mask was never Dr Jekyll God knows what it was but it was never Dr Jekyll and it is the belief of my heart that there was murder done Poole replied the lawyer if you say that it will become my duty to make certain Much as I desire to spare your master s feelings much as I am puzzled by this note which seems to prove him to be still alive I shall consider it my duty to break in that door Ah Mr Utterson that s talking cried the butler And now comes the second question resumed Utterson Who is going to do it Why you and me was the undaunted reply That s very well said returned the lawyer and whatever comes of it I shall make it my business to see you are no loser There is an axe in the theatre continued Poole and you might take the kitchen poker for yourself The lawyer took that rude but weighty instrument into his hand and balanced it Do you know Poole he said looking up that you and I are about to place ourselves in a position of some peril STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 56
You may say so sir indeed returned the butler It is well then that we should be frank said the other We both think more than we have said let us make a clean breast This masked figure that you saw did you recognise it Well sir it went so quick and the creature was so doubled up that I could hardly swear to that was the answer But if you mean was it Mr Hyde why yes I think it was You see it was much of the same bigness and it had the same quick light way with it and then who else could have got in by the laboratory door You have not forgot sir that at the time of the murder he had still the key with him But that s not all I don t know Mr Utterson if ever you met this Mr Hyde Yes said the lawyer I once spoke with him Then you must know as well as the rest of us that there was something queer about that gentleman something that gave a man a turn I don t know rightly how to say it sir beyond this that you felt it in your marrow kind of cold and thin I own I felt something of what you describe said Mr Utterson Quite so sir returned Poole Well when that masked thing like a monkey jumped from among the chemicals and whipped into the cabinet it went down my spine like ice Oh STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 57
I know it s not evidence Mr Utterson I m book learned enough for that but a man has his feelings and I give you my Bible word it was Mr Hyde Ay ay said the lawyer My fears incline to the same point Evil I fear founded evil was sure to come of that connection Ay truly I believe you I believe poor Harry is killed and I believe his murderer for what purpose God alone can tell is still lurking in his victim s room Well let our name be vengeance Call Bradshaw The footman came at the summons very white and nervous Pull yourself together Bradshaw said the lawyer This suspense I know is telling upon all of you but it is now our intention to make an end of it Poole here and I are going to force our way into the cabinet If all is well my shoulders are broad enough to bear the blame Meanwhile lest anything should really be amiss or any malefactor seek to escape by the back you and the boy must go round the corner with a pair of good sticks and take your post at the laboratory door We give you ten minutes to get to your stations As Bradshaw left the lawyer looked at his watch And now Poole let us get to ours he said and taking the poker under his arm led the way into the yard The scud had banked over the moon and it was now quite dark The wind which only broke in puffs and draughts into that deep well of building tossed the light of the candle to and fro about their steps until they came into the shelter of the theatre where they sat down silently to wait London STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 58
hummed solemnly all around but nearer at hand the stillness was only broken by the sounds of a footfall moving to and fro along the cabinet floor So it will walk all day sir whispered Poole ay and the better part of the night Only when a new sample comes from the chemist there s a bit of a break Ah it s an ill conscience that s such an enemy to rest Ah sir there s blood foully shed in every step of it But hark again a little closer put your heart in your ears Mr Utterson and tell me is that the doctor s foot The steps fell lightly and oddly with a certain swing for all they went so slowly it was different indeed from the heavy creaking tread of Henry Jekyll Utterson sighed Is there never anything else he asked Poole nodded Once he said Once I heard it weeping Weeping how that said the lawyer conscious of a sudden chill of horror Weeping like a woman or a lost soul said the butler I came away with that upon my heart that I could have wept too But now the ten minutes drew to an end Poole disinterred the axe from under a stack of packing straw the candle was set upon the nearest table to light them to the attack and they STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 59
drew near with bated breath to where that patient foot was still going up and down up and down in the quiet of the night Jekyll cried Utterson with a loud voice I demand to see you He paused a moment but there came no reply I give you fair warning our suspicions are aroused and I must and shall see you he resumed if not by fair means then by foul if not of your consent then by brute force Utterson said the voice for God s sake have mercy Ah that s not Jekyll s voice it s Hyde s cried Utterson Down with the door Poole Poole swung the axe over his shoulder the blow shook the building and the red baize door leaped against the lock and hinges A dismal screech as of mere animal terror rang from the cabinet Up went the axe again and again the panels crashed and the frame bounded four times the blow fell but the wood was tough and the fittings were of excellent workmanship and it was not until the fifth that the lock burst in sunder and the wreck of the door fell inwards on the carpet The besiegers appalled by their own riot and the stillness that had succeeded stood back a little and peered in There lay the cabinet before their eyes in the quiet lamplight a good fire glowing and chattering on the hearth the kettle singing its thin strain a drawer or two open papers neatly set forth on the business table and nearer the fire the things laid STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 60
out for tea the quietest room you would have said and but for the glazed presses full of chemicals the most commonplace that night in London Right in the midst there lay the body of a man sorely contorted and still twitching They drew near on tiptoe turned it on its back and beheld the face of Edward Hyde He was dressed in clothes far too large for him clothes of the doctor s bigness the cords of his face still moved with a semblance of life but life was quite gone and by the crushed phial in the hand and the strong smell of kernels that hung upon the air Utterson knew that he was looking on the body of a self destroyer We have come too late he said sternly whether to save or punish Hyde is gone to his account and it only remains for us to find the body of your master The far greater proportion of the building was occupied by the theatre which filled almost the whole ground story and was lighted from above and by the cabinet which formed an upper story at one end and looked upon the court A corridor joined the theatre to the door on the by street and with this the cabinet communicated separately by a second flight of stairs There were besides a few dark closets and a spacious cellar All these they now thoroughly examined Each closet needed but a glance for all were empty and all by the dust that fell from their doors had stood long unopened The cellar indeed was filled with crazy lumber mostly dating from the times of the surgeon who was Jekyll s predecessor but even as they opened the door they were advertised of the uselessness of further search by the STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 61
fall of a perfect mat of cobweb which had for years sealed up the entrance Nowhere was there any trace of Henry Jekyll dead or alive Poole stamped on the flags of the corridor He must be buried here he said hearkening to the sound Or he may have fled said Utterson and he turned to examine the door in the bystreet It was locked and lying near by on the flags they found the key already stained with rust This does not look like use observed the lawyer Use echoed Poole Do you not see sir it is broken much as if a man had stamped on it Ay continued Utterson and the fractures too are rusty The two men looked at each other with a scare This is beyond me Poole said the lawyer Let us go back to the cabinet They mounted the stair in silence and still with an occasional awe struck glance at the dead body proceeded more thoroughly to examine the contents of the cabinet At one table STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 62
there were traces of chemical work various measured heaps of some white salt being laid on glass saucers as though for an experiment in which the unhappy man had been prevented That is the same drug that I was always bringing him said Poole and even as he spoke the kettle with a startling noise boiled over This brought them to the fireside where the easy chair was drawn cosily up and the tea things stood ready to the sitter s elbow the very sugar in the cup There were several books on a shelf one lay beside the tea things open and Utterson was amazed to find it a copy of a pious work for which Jekyll had several times expressed a great esteem annotated in his own hand with startling blasphemies Next in the course of their review of the chamber the searchers came to the cheval glass into whose depths they looked with an involuntary horror But it was so turned as to show them nothing but the rosy glow playing on the roof the fire sparkling in a hundred repetitions along the glazed front of the presses and their own pale and fearful countenances stooping to look in This glass have seen some strange things sir whispered Poole STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 63
And surely none stranger than itself echoed the lawyer in the same tones For what did Jekyll he caught himself up at the word with a start and then conquering the weakness what could Jekyll want with it he said You may say that said Poole Next they turned to the business table On the desk among the neat array of papers a large envelope was uppermost and bore in the doctor s hand the name of Mr Utterson The lawyer unsealed it and several enclosures fell to the floor The first was a will drawn in the same eccentric terms as the one which he had returned six months before to serve as a testament in case of death and as a deed of gift in case of disappearance but in place of the name of Edward Hyde the lawyer with indescribable amazement read the name of Gabriel John Utterson He looked at Poole and then back at the paper and last of all at the dead malefactor stretched upon the carpet My head goes round he said He has been all these days in possession he had no cause to like me he must have raged to see himself displaced and he has not destroyed this document He caught up the next paper it was a brief note in the doctor s hand and dated at the top O Poole the lawyer cried he was alive and here this day He cannot have been disposed of in so short a space he must be still alive he must have fled And then why fled STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 64
and how and in that case can we venture to declare this suicide Oh we must be careful I foresee that we may yet involve your master in some dire catastrophe Why don t you read it sir asked Poole Because I fear replied the lawyer solemnly God grant I have no cause for it And with that he brought the paper to his eyes and read as follows MY DEAR UTTERSON When this shall fall into your hands I shall have disappeared under what circumstances I have not the penetration to foresee but my instinct and all the circumstances of my nameless situation tell me that the end is sure and must be early Go then and first read the narrative which Lanyon warned me he was to place in your hands and if you care to hear more turn to the confession of Your unworthy and unhappy friend HENRY JEKYLL There was a third enclosure asked Utterson Here sir said Poole and gave into his hands a considerable packet sealed in several places STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 65
The lawyer put it in his pocket I would say nothing of this paper If your master has fled or is dead we may at least save his credit It is now ten I must go home and read these documents in quiet but I shall be back before midnight when we shall send for the police They went out locking the door of the theatre behind them and Utterson once more leaving the servants gathered about the fire in the hall trudged back to his office to read the two narratives in which this mystery was now to be explained STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 66
“The Last Night”
What has been going on that has worried Poole and the other servants?
How has the will they find changed?
DR LANYON S NARRATIVE ON the ninth of January now four days ago I received by the evening delivery a registered envelope addressed in the hand of my colleague and old school companion Henry Jekyll I was a good deal surprised by this for we were by no means in the habit of correspondence I had seen the man dined with him indeed the night before and I could imagine nothing in our intercourse that should justify formality of registration The contents increased my wonder for this is how the letter ran 10th December 18 DEAR LANYON You are one of my oldest friends and although we may have differed at times on scientific questions I cannot remember at least on my side any break in our affection There was never a day when if you had said to me Jekyll my life my honour my reason depend upon you I would not have sacrificed my left hand to help you Lanyon my life my honour my reason are all at your mercy if you fail me to night I am lost You might suppose after this preface that I am going to ask you for something dishonourable to grant Judge for yourself I want you to postpone all other engagements for to night ay even if you were summoned to the bedside of an emperor to take a cab unless your carriage should be actually at the door and with this letter in your hand for consultation to drive straight to my STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 67
house Poole my butler has his orders you will find him waiting your arrival with a locksmith The door of my cabinet is then to be forced and you are to go in alone to open the glazed press letter E on the left hand breaking the lock if it be shut and to draw out with all its contents as they stand the fourth drawer from the top or which is the same thing the third from the bottom In my extreme distress of wind I have a morbid fear of misdirecting you but even if I am in error you may know the right drawer by its contents some powders a phial and a paper book This drawer I beg of you to carry back with you to Cavendish Square exactly as it stands That is the first part of the service now for the second You should be back if you set out at once on the receipt of this long before midnight but I will leave you that amount of margin not only in the fear of one of those obstacles that can neither be prevented nor foreseen but because an hour when your servants are in bed is to be preferred for what will then remain to do At midnight then I have to ask you to be alone in your consulting room to admit with your own hand into the house a man who will present himself in my name and to place in his hands the drawer that you will have brought with you from my cabinet Then you will have played your part and earned my gratitude completely Five minutes afterwards if you insist upon an explanation you will have understood that these arrangements are of capital importance and that by the neglect of one of them fantastic as they must appear you might have charged your conscience with my death or the shipwreck of my reason Confident as I am that you will not trifle with this appeal my heart sinks and my hand trembles at the bare thought of such a possibility Think of me at this hour in a strange STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 68
place labouring under a blackness of distress that no fancy can exaggerate and yet well aware that if you will but punctually serve me my troubles will roll away like a story that is told Serve me my dear Lanyon and save Your friend H J P S I had already sealed this up when a fresh terror struck upon my soul It is possible that the postoffice may fail me and this letter not come into your hands until to morrow morning In that case dear Lanyon do my errand when it shall be most convenient for you in the course of the day and once more expect my messenger at midnight It may then already be too late and if that night passes without event you will know that you have seen the last of Henry Jekyll Upon the reading of this letter I made sure my colleague was insane but till that was proved beyond the possibility of doubt I felt bound to do as he requested The less I understood of this farrago the less I was in a position to judge of its importance and an appeal so worded could not be set aside without a grave responsibility I rose accordingly from table got into a hansom and drove straight to Jekyll s house The butler was awaiting my arrival he had received by the same post as mine a registered letter of instruction and had sent at once for a locksmith and a carpenter The tradesmen came while we were yet STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 69
speaking and we moved in a body to old Dr Denman s surgical theatre from which as you are doubtless aware Jekyll s private cabinet is most conveniently entered The door was very strong the lock excellent the carpenter avowed he would have great trouble and have to do much damage if force were to be used and the locksmith was near despair But this last was a handy fellow and after two hours work the door stood open The press marked E was unlocked and I took out the drawer had it filled up with straw and tied in a sheet and returned with it to Cavendish Square Here I proceeded to examine its contents The powders were neatly enough made up but not with the nicety of the dispensing chemist so that it was plain they were of Jekyll s private manufacture and when I opened one of the wrappers I found what seemed to me a simple crystalline salt of a white colour The phial to which I next turned my attention might have been about half full of a blood red liquor which was highly pungent to the sense of smell and seemed to me to contain phosphorus and some volatile ether At the other ingredients I could make no guess The book was an ordinary version book and contained little but a series of dates These covered a period of many years but I observed that the entries ceased nearly a year ago and quite abruptly Here and there a brief remark was appended to a date usually no more than a single word double occurring perhaps six times in a total of several hundred entries and once very early in the list and followed by several marks of exclamation total failure All this though it whetted my curiosity told me little that was definite Here were a phial of some tincture a paper of some salt and the record of a series of experiments that had led like too many of Jekyll s investigations to no end of practical usefulness How could the presence of these articles in my house affect either STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 70
the honour the sanity or the life of my flighty colleague If his messenger could go to one place why could he not go to another And even granting some impediment why was this gentleman to be received by me in secret The more I reflected the more convinced I grew that I was dealing with a case of cerebral disease and though I dismissed my servants to bed I loaded an old revolver that I might be found in some posture of self defence Twelve o clock had scarce rung out over London ere the knocker sounded very gently on the door I went myself at the summons and found a small man crouching against the pillars of the portico Are you come from Dr Jekyll I asked He told me yes by a constrained gesture and when I had bidden him enter he did not obey me without a searching backward glance into the darkness of the square There was a policeman not far off advancing with his bull s eye open and at the sight I thought my visitor started and made greater haste These particulars struck me I confess disagreeably and as I followed him into the bright light of the consulting room I kept my hand ready on my weapon Here at last I had a chance of clearly seeing him I had never set eyes on him before so much was certain He was small as I have said I was struck besides with the shocking expression of his face with his remarkable combination of great muscular activity and great apparent debility of STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 71
constitution and last but not least with the odd subjective disturbance caused by his neighbourhood This bore some resemblance to incipient rigour and was accompanied by a marked sinking of the pulse At the time I set it down to some idiosyncratic personal distaste and merely wondered at the acuteness of the symptoms but I have since had reason to believe the cause to lie much deeper in the nature of man and to turn on some nobler hinge than the principle of hatred This person who had thus from the first moment of his entrance struck in me what I can only describe as a disgustful curiosity was dressed in a fashion that would have made an ordinary person laughable his clothes that is to say although they were of rich and sober fabric were enormously too large for him in every measurement the trousers hanging on his legs and rolled up to keep them from the ground the waist of the coat below his haunches and the collar sprawling wide upon his shoulders Strange to relate this ludicrous accoutrement was far from moving me to laughter Rather as there was something abnormal and misbegotten in the very essence of the creature that now faced me something seizing surprising and revolting this fresh disparity seemed but to fit in with and to reinforce it so that to my interest in the man s nature and character there was added a curiosity as to his origin his life his fortune and status in the world These observations though they have taken so great a space to be set down in were yet the work of a few seconds My visitor was indeed on fire with sombre excitement STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 72
Have you got it he cried Have you got it And so lively was his impatience that he even laid his hand upon my arm and sought to shake me I put him back conscious at his touch of a certain icy pang along my blood Come sir said I You forget that I have not yet the pleasure of your acquaintance Be seated if you please And I showed him an example and sat down myself in my customary seat and with as fair an imitation of my ordinary manner to a patient as the lateness of the hour the nature of my pre occupations and the horror I had of my visitor would suffer me to muster I beg your pardon Dr Lanyon he replied civilly enough What you say is very well founded and my impatience has shown its heels to my politeness I come here at the instance of your colleague Dr Henry Jekyll on a piece of business of some moment and I understood He paused and put his hand to his throat and I could see in spite of his collected manner that he was wrestling against the approaches of the hysteria I understood a drawer But here I took pity on my visitor s suspense and some perhaps on my own growing curiosity There it is sir said I pointing to the drawer where it lay on the floor behind a table and still covered with the sheet STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 73
He sprang to it and then paused and laid his hand upon his heart I could hear his teeth grate with the convulsive action of his jaws and his face was so ghastly to see that I grew alarmed both for his life and reason Compose yourself said I He turned a dreadful smile to me and as if with the decision of despair plucked away the sheet At sight of the contents he uttered one loud sob of such immense relief that I sat petrified And the next moment in a voice that was already fairly well under control Have you a graduated glass he asked I rose from my place with something of an effort and gave him what he asked He thanked me with a smiling nod measured out a few minims of the red tincture and added one of the powders The mixture which was at first of a reddish hue began in proportion as the crystals melted to brighten in colour to effervesce audibly and to throw off small fumes of vapour Suddenly and at the same moment the ebullition ceased and the compound changed to a dark purple which faded again more slowly to a watery green My visitor who had watched these metamorphoses with a keen eye smiled set down the glass upon the table and then turned and looked upon me with an air of scrutiny STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 74
And now said he to settle what remains Will you be wise will you be guided will you suffer me to take this glass in my hand and to go forth from your house without further parley or has the greed of curiosity too much command of you Think before you answer for it shall be done as you decide As you decide you shall be left as you were before and neither richer nor wiser unless the sense of service rendered to a man in mortal distress may be counted as a kind of riches of the soul Or if you shall so prefer to choose a new province of knowledge and new avenues to fame and power shall be laid open to you here in this room upon the instant and your sight shall be blasted by a prodigy to stagger the unbelief of Satan Sir said I affecting a coolness that I was far from truly possessing you speak enigmas and you will perhaps not wonder that I hear you with no very strong impression of belief But I have gone too far in the way of inexplicable services to pause before I see the end It is well replied my visitor Lanyon you remember your vows what follows is under the seal of our profession And now you who have so long been bound to the most narrow and material views you who have denied the virtue of transcendental medicine you who have derided your superiors behold He put the glass to his lips and drank at one gulp A cry followed he reeled staggered clutched at the table and held on staring with injected eyes gasping with open mouth and as I looked there came I thought a change he seemed to swell his face became suddenly STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 75
black and the features seemed to melt and alter and the next moment I had sprung to my feet and leaped back against the wall my arm raised to shield me from that prodigy my mind submerged in terror O God I screamed and O God again and again for there before my eyes pale and shaken and half fainting and groping before him with his hands like a man restored from death there stood Henry Jekyll What he told me in the next hour I cannot bring my mind to set on paper I saw what I saw I heard what I heard and my soul sickened at it and yet now when that sight has faded from my eyes I ask myself if I believe it and I cannot answer My life is shaken to its roots sleep has left me the deadliest terror sits by me at all hours of the day and night I feel that my days are numbered and that I must die and yet I shall die incredulous As for the moral turpitude that man unveiled to me even with tears of penitence I cannot even in memory dwell on it without a start of horror I will say but one thing Utterson and that if you can bring your mind to credit it will be more than enough The creature who crept into my house that night was on Jekyll s own confession known by the name of Hyde and hunted for in every corner of the land as the murderer of Carew HASTIE LANYON STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 76
STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 77
“Dr. Lanyon’s Narrative”
1. Where exactly in this chapter did you realize that that guy who goes to Lanyon's house is Mr. Hyde? What made you realize that?
2. What does Utterson learn in Lanyon’s narrative?
HENRY JEKYLL FULL STATEMENT OF THE CASE S I WAS born in the year 18 to a large fortune endowed besides with excellent parts inclined by nature to industry fond of the respect of the wise and good among my fellowmen and thus as might have been supposed with every guarantee of an honourable and distinguished future And indeed the worst of my faults was a certain impatient gaiety of disposition such as has made the happiness of many but such as I found it hard to reconcile with my imperious desire to carry my head high and wear a more than commonly grave countenance before the public Hence it came about that I concealed my pleasures and that when I reached years of reflection and began to look round me and take stock of my progress and position in the world I stood already committed to a profound duplicity of life Many a man would have even blazoned such irregularities as I was guilty of but from the high views that I had set before me I regarded and hid them with an almost morbid sense of shame It was thus rather the exacting nature of my aspirations than any particular degradation in my faults that made me what I was and with even a deeper trench than in the majority of men severed in me those provinces of good and ill which divide and compound man s dual nature In this case I was driven to reflect deeply and inveterately on that hard law of life which lies at the root of religion and is one of the most plentiful springs of distress Though so profound a double dealer I was in no sense a hypocrite both sides of me were in dead earnest I was no more myself when I laid aside restraint and plunged in shame than when I laboured in the eye of day at the furtherance of knowledge or the relief of sorrow and suffering And it chanced that the direction of my scientific studies which led wholly toward the mystic and STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 78
the transcendental re acted and shed a strong light on this consciousness of the perennial war among my members With every day and from both sides of my intelligence the moral and the intellectual I thus drew steadily nearer to that truth by whose partial discovery I have been doomed to such a dreadful shipwreck that man is not truly one but truly two I say two because the state of my own knowledge does not pass beyond that point Others will follow others will outstrip me on the same lines and I hazard the guess that man will be ultimately known for a mere polity of multifarious incongruous and independent denizens I for my part from the nature of my life advanced infallibly in one direction and in one direction only It was on the moral side and in my own person that I learned to recognise the thorough and primitive duality of man I saw that of the two natures that contended in the field of my consciousness even if I could rightly be said to be either it was only because I was radically both and from an early date even before the course of my scientific discoveries had begun to suggest the most naked possibility of such a miracle I had learned to dwell with pleasure as a beloved day dream on the thought of the separation of these elements If each I told myself could but be housed in separate identities life would be relieved of all that was unbearable the unjust delivered from the aspirations might go his way and remorse of his more upright twin and the just could walk steadfastly and securely on his upward path doing the good things in which he found his pleasure and no longer exposed to disgrace and penitence by the hands of this extraneous evil It was the curse of mankind that these incongruous fagots were thus bound together that in the agonised womb of consciousness these polar twins should be continuously struggling How then were they dissociated STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 79
I was so far in my reflections when as I have said a side light began to shine upon the subject from the laboratory table I began to perceive more deeply than it has ever yet been stated the trembling immateriality the mist like transience of this seemingly so solid body in which we walk attired Certain agents I found to have the power to shake and to pluck back that fleshly vestment even as a wind might toss the curtains of a pavilion For two good reasons I will not enter deeply into this scientific branch of my confession First because I have been made to learn that the doom and burthen of our life is bound for ever on man s shoulders and when the attempt is made to cast it off it but returns upon us with more unfamiliar and more awful pressure Second because as my narrative will make alas too evident my discoveries were incomplete Enough then that I not only recognised my natural body for the mere aura and effulgence of certain of the powers that made up my spirit but managed to compound a drug by which these powers should be dethroned from their supremacy and a second form and countenance substituted none the less natural to me because they were the expression and bore the stamp of lower elements in my soul I hesitated long before I put this theory to the test of practice I knew well that I risked death for any drug that so potently controlled and shook the very fortress of identity might by the least scruple of an overdose or at the least inopportunity in the moment of exhibition utterly blot out that immaterial tabernacle which I looked to it to change But the temptation of a discovery so singular and profound at last overcame the suggestions of alarm I had long since prepared my tincture I purchased at once from a firm of wholesale chemists a large quantity of a particular salt which I knew from my experiments to be the last ingredient required and late one accursed night I compounded the elements watched them boil and STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 80
smoke together in the glass and when the ebullition had subsided with a strong glow of courage drank off the potion The most racking pangs succeeded a grinding in the bones deadly nausea and a horror of the spirit that cannot be exceeded at the hour of birth or death Then these agonies began swiftly to subside and I came to myself as if out of a great sickness There was something strange in my sensations something indescribably new and from its very novelty incredibly sweet I felt younger lighter happier in body within I was conscious of a heady recklessness a current of disordered sensual images running like a mill race in my fancy a solution of the bonds of obligation an unknown but not an innocent freedom of the soul I knew myself at the first breath of this new life to be more wicked tenfold more wicked sold a slave to my original evil and the thought in that moment braced and delighted me like wine I stretched out my hands exulting in the freshness of these sensations and in the act I was suddenly aware that I had lost in stature There was no mirror at that date in my room that which stands beside me as I write was brought there later on and for the very purpose of these transformations The night however was far gone into the morning the morning black as it was was nearly ripe for the conception of the day the inmates of my house were locked in the most rigorous hours of slumber and I determined flushed as I was with hope and triumph to venture in my new shape as far as to my bedroom I crossed the yard wherein the constellations looked down upon me I could have thought with wonder the first creature of that sort that their unsleeping vigilance had yet disclosed to them I stole through the corridors a stranger in STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 81
my own house and coming to my room I saw for the first time the appearance of Edward Hyde I must here speak by theory alone saying not that which I know but that which I suppose to be most probable The evil side of my nature to which I had now transferred the stamping efficacy was less robust and less developed than the good which I had just deposed Again in the course of my life which had been after all nine tenths a life of effort virtue and control it had been much less exercised and much less exhausted And hence as I think it came about that Edward Hyde was so much smaller slighter and younger than Henry Jekyll Even as good shone upon the countenance of the one evil was written broadly and plainly on the face of the other Evil besides which I must still believe to be the lethal side of man had left on that body an imprint of deformity and decay And yet when I looked upon that ugly idol in the glass I was conscious of no repugnance rather of a leap of welcome This too was myself It seemed natural and human In my eyes it bore a livelier image of the spirit it seemed more express and single than the imperfect and divided countenance I had been hitherto accustomed to call mine And in so far I was doubtless right I have observed that when I wore the semblance of Edward Hyde none could come near to me at first without a visible misgiving of the flesh This as I take it was because all human beings as we meet them are commingled out of good and evil and Edward Hyde alone in the ranks of mankind was pure evil I lingered but a moment at the mirror the second and conclusive experiment had yet to be attempted it yet remained to be seen if I had lost my identity beyond redemption and STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 82
must flee before daylight from a house that was no longer mine and hurrying back to my cabinet I once more prepared and drank the cup once more suffered the pangs of dissolution and came to myself once more with the character the stature and the face of Henry Jekyll That night I had come to the fatal cross roads Had I approached my discovery in a more noble spirit had I risked the experiment while under the empire of generous or pious aspirations all must have been otherwise and from these agonies of death and birth I had come forth an angel instead of a fiend The drug had no discriminating action it was neither diabolical nor divine it but shook the doors of the prison house of my disposition and like the captives of Philippi that which stood within ran forth At that time my virtue slumbered my evil kept awake by ambition was alert and swift to seize the occasion and the thing that was projected was Edward Hyde Hence although I had now two characters as well as two appearances one was wholly evil and the other was still the old Henry Jekyll that incongruous compound of whose reformation and improvement I had already learned to despair The movement was thus wholly toward the worse Even at that time I had not yet conquered my aversion to the dryness of a life of study I would still be merrily disposed at times and as my pleasures were to say the least undignified and I was not only well known and highly considered but growing toward the elderly man this incoherency of my life was daily growing more unwelcome It was on this side that my new power tempted me until I fell in slavery I had but to drink the cup to doff at once the body of the noted professor and to assume like a thick cloak that of Edward STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 83
Hyde I smiled at the notion it seemed to me at the time to be humorous and I made my preparations with the most studious care I took and furnished that house in Soho to which Hyde was tracked by the police and engaged as housekeeper a creature whom I well knew to be silent and unscrupulous On the other side I announced to my servants that a Mr Hyde whom I described was to have full liberty and power about my house in the square and to parry mishaps I even called and made myself a familiar object in my second character I next drew up that will to which you so much objected so that if anything befell me in the person of Dr Jekyll I could enter on that of Edward Hyde without pecuniary loss And thus fortified as I supposed on every side I began to profit by the strange immunities of my position Men have before hired bravos to transact their crimes while their own person and reputation sat under shelter I was the first that ever did so for his pleasures I was the first that could thus plod in the public eye with a load of genial respectability and in a moment like a schoolboy strip off these lendings and spring headlong into the sea of liberty But for me in my impenetrable mantle the safety was complete Think of it I did not even exist Let me but escape into my laboratory door give me but a second or two to mix and swallow the draught that I had always standing ready and whatever he had done Edward Hyde would pass away like the stain of breath upon a mirror and there in his stead quietly at home trimming the midnight lamp in his study a man who could afford to laugh at suspicion would be Henry Jekyll STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 84
The pleasures which I made haste to seek in my disguise were as I have said undignified I would scarce use a harder term But in the hands of Edward Hyde they soon began to turn toward the monstrous When I would come back from these excursions I was often plunged into a kind of wonder at my vicarious depravity This familiar that I called out of my own soul and sent forth alone to do his good pleasure was a being inherently malign and villainous his every act and thought centred on self drinking pleasure with bestial avidity from any degree of torture to another relentless like a man of stone Henry Jekyll stood at times aghast before the acts of Edward Hyde but the situation was apart from ordinary laws and insidiously relaxed the grasp of conscience It was Hyde after all and Hyde alone that was guilty Jekyll was no worse he woke again to his good qualities seemingly unimpaired he would even make haste where it was possible to undo the evil done by Hyde And thus his conscience slumbered Into the details of the infamy at which I thus connived for even now I can scarce grant that I committed it I have no design of entering I mean but to point out the warnings and the successive steps with which my chastisement approached I met with one accident which as it brought on no consequence I shall no more than mention An act of cruelty to a child aroused against me the anger of a passer by whom I recognised the other day in the person of your kinsman the doctor and the child s family joined him there were moments when I feared for my life and at last in order to pacify their too just resentment Edward Hyde had to bring them to the door and pay them in a cheque drawn in the name of Henry Jekyll But this danger was easily eliminated from the future by opening an account at another bank in STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 85
the name of Edward Hyde himself and when by sloping my own hand backward I had supplied my double with a signature I thought I sat beyond the reach of fate Some two months before the murder of Sir Danvers I had been out for one of my adventures had returned at a late hour and woke the next day in bed with somewhat odd sensations It was in vain I looked about me in vain I saw the decent furniture and tall proportions of my room in the square in vain that I recognised the pattern of the bedcurtains and the design of the mahogany frame something still kept insisting that I was not where I was that I had not wakened where I seemed to be but in the little room in Soho where I was accustomed to sleep in the body of Edward Hyde I smiled to myself and in my psychological way began lazily to inquire into the elements of this illusion occasionally even as I did so dropping back into a comfortable morning doze I was still so engaged when in one of my more wakeful moments my eyes fell upon my hand Now the hand of Henry Jekyll as you have often remarked was professional in shape and size it was large firm white and comely But the hand which I now saw clearly enough in the yellow light of a midLondon morning lying half shut on the bed clothes was lean corded knuckly of a dusky pallor and thickly shaded with a swart growth of hair It was the hand of Edward Hyde I must have stared upon it for near half a minute sunk as I was in the mere stupidity of wonder before terror woke up in my breast as sudden and startling as the crash of cymbals and bounding from my bed I rushed to the mirror At the sight that met my eyes my blood was changed into something exquisitely thin and icy Yes I had gone to bed Henry Jekyll I had awakened Edward Hyde How was this to be explained I asked myself and then with STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 86
another bound of terror how was it to be remedied It was well on in the morning the servants were up all my drugs were in the cabinet a long journey down two pairs of stairs through the back passage across the open court and through the anatomical theatre from where I was then standing horror struck It might indeed be possible to cover my face but of what use was that when I was unable to conceal the alteration in my stature And then with an overpowering sweetness of relief it came back upon my mind that the servants were already used to the coming and going of my second self I had soon dressed as well as I was able in clothes of my own size had soon passed through the house where Bradshaw stared and drew back at seeing Mr Hyde at such an hour and in such a strange array and ten minutes later Dr Jekyll had returned to his own shape and was sitting down with a darkened brow to make a feint of breakfasting Small indeed was my appetite This inexplicable incident this reversal of my previous experience seemed like the Babylonian finger on the wall to be spelling out the letters of my judgment and I began to reflect more seriously than ever before on the issues and possibilities of my double existence That part of me which I had the power of projecting had lately been much exercised and nourished it had seemed to me of late as though the body of Edward Hyde had grown in stature as though when I wore that form I were conscious of a more generous tide of blood and I began to spy a danger that if this were much prolonged the balance of my nature might be permanently overthrown the power of voluntary change be forfeited and the character of Edward Hyde become irrevocably mine The power of the drug had not been always equally displayed Once very early in my career it had totally failed me since then I had been obliged on more than one occasion to double and once with STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 87
infinite risk of death to treble the amount and these rare uncertainties had cast hitherto the sole shadow on my contentment Now however and in the light of that morning s accident I was led to remark that whereas in the beginning the difficulty had been to throw off the body of Jekyll it had of late gradually but decidedly transferred itself to the other side All things therefore seemed to point to this that I was slowly losing hold of my original and better self and becoming slowly incorporated with my second and worse Between these two I now felt I had to choose My two natures had memory in common but all other faculties were most unequally shared between them Jekyll who was composite now with the most sensitive apprehensions now with a greedy gusto projected and shared in the pleasures and adventures of Hyde but Hyde was indifferent to Jekyll or but remembered him as the mountain bandit remembers the cavern in which he conceals himself from pursuit Jekyll had more than a father s interest Hyde had more than a son s indifference To cast in my lot with Jekyll was to die to those appetites which I had long secretly indulged and had of late begun to pamper To cast it in with Hyde was to die to a thousand interests and aspirations and to become at a blow and for ever despised and friendless The bargain might appear unequal but there was still another consideration in the scales for while Jekyll would suffer smartingly in the fires of abstinence Hyde would be not even conscious of all that he had lost Strange as my circumstances were the terms of this debate are as old and commonplace as man much the same inducements and alarms cast the die for any tempted and trembling sinner and it fell out with me as it falls with so vast a majority of my fellows that I chose the better part and was found wanting in the strength to keep to it STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 88
Yes I preferred the elderly and discontented doctor surrounded by friends and cherishing honest hopes and bade a resolute farewell to the liberty the comparative youth the light step leaping impulses and secret pleasures that I had enjoyed in the disguise of Hyde I made this choice perhaps with some unconscious reservation for I neither gave up the house in Soho nor destroyed the clothes of Edward Hyde which still lay ready in my cabinet For two months however I was true to my determination for two months I led a life of such severity as I had never before attained to and enjoyed the compensations of an approving conscience But time began at last to obliterate the freshness of my alarm the praises of conscience began to grow into a thing of course I began to be tortured with throes and longings as of Hyde struggling after freedom and at last in an hour of moral weakness I once again compounded and swallowed the transforming draught I do not suppose that when a drunkard reasons with himself upon his vice he is once out of five hundred times affected by the dangers that he runs through his brutish physical insensibility neither had I long as I had considered my position made enough allowance for the complete moral insensibility and insensate readiness to evil which were the leading characters of Edward Hyde Yet it was by these that I was punished My devil had been long caged he came out roaring I was conscious even when I took the draught of a more unbridled a more furious propensity to ill It must have been this I suppose that stirred in my soul that tempest of impatience with which I listened to the civilities of my unhappy victim I declare at least before God no man morally sane could have been guilty of that crime upon so pitiful a provocation and that I struck in no more reasonable spirit than that in which a sick child may break a plaything But I had voluntarily stripped myself of all those STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 89
balancing instincts by which even the worst of us continues to walk with some degree of steadiness among temptations and in my case to be tempted however slightly was to fall Instantly the spirit of hell awoke in me and raged With a transport of glee I mauled the unresisting body tasting delight from every blow and it was not till weariness had begun to succeed that I was suddenly in the top fit of my delirium struck through the heart by a cold thrill of terror A mist dispersed I saw my life to be forfeit and fled from the scene of these excesses at once glorying and trembling my lust of evil gratified and stimulated my love of life screwed to the topmost peg I ran to the house in Soho and to make assurance doubly sure destroyed my papers thence I set out through the lamplit streets in the same divided ecstasy of mind gloating on my crime light headedly devising others in the future and yet still hastening and still hearkening in my wake for the steps of the avenger Hyde had a song upon his lips as he compounded the draught and as he drank it pledged the dead man The pangs of transformation had not done tearing him before Henry Jekyll with streaming tears of gratitude and remorse had fallen upon his knees and lifted his clasped hands to God The veil of self indulgence was rent from head to foot I saw my life as a whole I followed it up from the days of childhood when I had walked with my father s hand and through the selfdenying toils of my professional life to arrive again and again with the same sense of unreality at the damned horrors of the evening I could have screamed aloud I sought with tears and prayers to smother down the crowd of hideous images and sounds with which my memory swarmed against me and still between the petitions the ugly face of my iniquity stared into my soul As the acuteness of this remorse began to die away it was succeeded by a sense of joy The problem of my conduct was solved Hyde was thenceforth impossible STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 90
whether I would or not I was now confined to the better part of my existence and oh how I rejoiced to think it with what willing humility I embraced anew the restrictions of natural life with what sincere renunciation I locked the door by which I had so often gone and come and ground the key under my heel The next day came the news that the murder had been overlooked that the guilt of Hyde was patent to the world and that the victim was a man high in public estimation It was not only a crime it had been a tragic folly I think I was glad to know it I think I was glad to have my better impulses thus buttressed and guarded by the terrors of the scaffold Jekyll was now my city of refuge let but Hyde peep out an instant and the hands of all men would be raised to take and slay him I resolved in my future conduct to redeem the past and I can say with honesty that my resolve was fruitful of some good You know yourself how earnestly in the last months of last year I laboured to relieve suffering you know that much was done for others and that the days passed quietly almost happily for myself Nor can I truly say that I wearied of this beneficent and innocent life I think instead that I daily enjoyed it more completely but I was still cursed with my duality of purpose and as the first edge of my penitence wore off the lower side of me so long indulged so recently chained down began to growl for licence Not that I dreamed of resuscitating Hyde the bare idea of that would startle me to frenzy no it was in my own person that I was once more tempted to trifle with my conscience and it was as an ordinary secret sinner that I at last fell before the assaults of temptation STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 91
There comes an end to all things the most capacious measure is filled at last and this brief condescension to evil finally destroyed the balance of my soul And yet I was not alarmed the fall seemed natural like a return to the old days before I had made discovery It was a fine clear January day wet under foot where the frost had melted but cloudless overhead and the Regent s Park was full of winter chirrupings and sweet with spring odours I sat in the sun on a bench the animal within me licking the chops of memory the spiritual side a little drowsed promising subsequent penitence but not yet moved to begin After all I reflected I was like my neighbours and then I smiled comparing myself with other men comparing my active goodwill with the lazy cruelty of their neglect And at the very moment of that vain glorious thought a qualm came over me a horrid nausea and the most deadly shuddering These passed away and left me faint and then as in its turn the faintness subsided I began to be aware of a change in the temper of my thoughts a greater boldness a contempt of danger a solution of the bonds of obligation I looked down my clothes hung formlessly on my shrunken limbs the hand that lay on my knee was corded and hairy I was once more Edward Hyde A moment before I had been safe of all men s respect wealthy beloved the cloth laying for me in the dining room at home and now I was the common quarry of mankind hunted houseless a known murderer thrall to the gallows My reason wavered but it did not fail me utterly I have more than once observed that in my second character my faculties seemed sharpened to a point and my spirits more tensely elastic thus it came about that where Jekyll perhaps might have succumbed Hyde rose to the importance of the moment My drugs were in one of the presses of my cabinet how was I to reach them That was the problem that crushing my temples in my hands I set STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 92
myself to solve The laboratory door I had closed If I sought to enter by the house my own servants would consign me to the gallows I saw I must employ another hand and thought of Lanyon How was he to be reached how persuaded Supposing that I escaped capture in the streets how was I to make my way into his presence and how should I an unknown and displeasing visitor prevail on the famous physician to rifle the study of his colleague Dr Jekyll Then I remembered that of my original character one part remained to me I could write my own hand and once I had conceived that kindling spark the way that I must follow became lighted up from end to end Thereupon I arranged my clothes as best I could and summoning a passing hansom drove to an hotel in Portland Street the name of which I chanced to remember At my appearance which was indeed comical enough however tragic a fate these garments covered the driver could not conceal his mirth I gnashed my teeth upon him with a gust of devilish fury and the smile withered from his face happily for him yet more happily for myself for in another instant I had certainly dragged him from his perch At the inn as I entered I looked about me with so black a countenance as made the attendants tremble not a look did they exchange in my presence but obsequiously took my orders led me to a private room and brought me wherewithal to write Hyde in danger of his life was a creature new to me shaken with inordinate anger strung to the pitch of murder lusting to inflict pain Yet the creature was astute mastered his fury with a great effort of the will composed his two important letters one to Lanyon and one to Poole and that he might receive actual evidence of their being posted sent them out with directions that they should be registered STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 93
Thenceforward he sat all day over the fire in the private room gnawing his nails there he dined sitting alone with his fears the waiter visibly quailing before his eye and thence when the night was fully come he set forth in the corner of a closed cab and was driven to and fro about the streets of the city He I say I cannot say I That child of Hell had nothing human nothing lived in him but fear and hatred And when at last thinking the driver had begun to grow suspicious he discharged the cab and ventured on foot attired in his misfitting clothes an object marked out for observation into the midst of the nocturnal passengers these two base passions raged within him like a tempest He walked fast hunted by his fears chattering to himself skulking through the less frequented thoroughfares counting the minutes that still divided him from midnight Once a woman spoke to him offering I think a box of lights He smote her in the face and she fled When I came to myself at Lanyon s the horror of my old friend perhaps affected me somewhat I do not know it was at least but a drop in the sea to the abhorrence with which I looked back upon these hours A change had come over me It was no longer the fear of the gallows it was the horror of being Hyde that racked me I received Lanyon s condemnation partly in a dream it was partly in a dream that I came home to my own house and got into bed I slept after the prostration of the day with a stringent and profound slumber which not even the nightmares that wrung me could avail to break I awoke in the morning shaken weakened but refreshed I still hated and feared the thought of the brute that slept within me and I had not of course forgotten the appalling dangers of the day before but I was once more at home in my own house and close to my drugs and gratitude for my escape shone so strong in my soul that it almost rivalled the brightness of hope STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 94
I was stepping leisurely across the court after breakfast drinking the chill of the air with pleasure when I was seized again with those indescribable sensations that heralded the change and I had but the time to gain the shelter of my cabinet before I was once again raging and freezing with the passions of Hyde It took on this occasion a double dose to recall me to myself and alas Six hours after as I sat looking sadly in the fire the pangs returned and the drug had to be re administered In short from that day forth it seemed only by a great effort as of gymnastics and only under the immediate stimulation of the drug that I was able to wear the countenance of Jekyll At all hours of the day and night I would be taken with the premonitory shudder above all if I slept or even dozed for a moment in my chair it was always as Hyde that I awakened Under the strain of this continually impending doom and by the sleeplessness to which I now condemned myself ay even beyond what I had thought possible to man I became in my own person a creature eaten up and emptied by fever languidly weak both in body and mind and solely occupied by one thought the horror of my other self But when I slept or when the virtue of the medicine wore off I would leap almost without transition for the pangs of transformation grew daily less marked into the possession of a fancy brimming with images of terror a soul boiling with causeless hatreds and a body that seemed not strong enough to contain the raging energies of life The powers of Hyde seemed to have grown with the sickliness of Jekyll And certainly the hate that now divided them was equal on each side With Jekyll it was a thing of vital instinct He had now seen the full deformity of that creature that shared with him some of the phenomena of consciousness and was co heir with him to death and beyond these links of community which in themselves made the most poignant part of his distress he thought of Hyde for all his energy of life as of something not only hellish but inorganic This was the STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 95
shocking thing that the slime of the pit seemed to utter cries and voices that the amorphous dust gesticulated and sinned that what was dead and had no shape should usurp the offices of life And this again that that insurgent horror was knit to him closer than a wife closer than an eye lay caged in his flesh where he heard it mutter and felt it struggle to be born and at every hour of weakness and in the confidence of slumber prevailed against him and deposed him out of life The hatred of Hyde for Jekyll was of a different order His terror of the gallows drove him continually to commit temporary suicide and return to his subordinate station of a part instead of a person but he loathed the necessity he loathed the despondency into which Jekyll was now fallen and he resented the dislike with which he was himself regarded Hence the ape like tricks that he would play me scrawling in my own hand blasphemies on the pages of my books burning the letters and destroying the portrait of my father and indeed had it not been for his fear of death he would long ago have ruined himself in order to involve me in the ruin But his love of life is wonderful I go further I who sicken and freeze at the mere thought of him when I recall the abjection and passion of this attachment and when I know how he fears my power to cut him off by suicide I find it in my heart to pity him It is useless and the time awfully fails me to prolong this description no one has ever suffered such torments let that suffice and yet even to these habit brought no not alleviation but a certain callousness of soul a certain acquiescence of despair and my punishment might have gone on for years but for the last calamity which has now fallen and which has finally severed me from my own face and nature My provision of the salt which had never been renewed since the date of the first experiment began to run low I sent out STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 96
for a fresh supply and mixed the draught the ebullition followed and the first change of colour not the second I drank it and it was without efficiency You will learn from Poole how I have had London ransacked it was in vain and I am now persuaded that my first supply was impure and that it was that unknown impurity which lent efficacy to the draught About a week has passed and I am now finishing this statement under the influence of the last of the old powders This then is the last time short of a miracle that Henry Jekyll can think his own thoughts or see his own face now how sadly altered in the glass Nor must I delay too long to bring my writing to an end for if my narrative has hitherto escaped destruction it has been by a combination of great prudence and great good luck Should the throes of change take me in the act of writing it Hyde will tear it in pieces but if some time shall have elapsed after I have laid it by his wonderful selfishness and Circumscription to the moment will probably save it once again from the action of his ape like spite And indeed the doom that is closing on us both has already changed and crushed him Half an hour from now when I shall again and for ever re indue that hated personality I know how I shall sit shuddering and weeping in my chair or continue with the most strained and fear struck ecstasy of listening to pace up and down this room my last earthly refuge and give ear to every sound of menace Will Hyde die upon the scaffold or will he find courage to release himself at the last moment God knows I am careless this is my true hour of death and what is to follow concerns another than myself Here then as I lay down the pen and proceed to seal up my confession I bring the life of that unhappy Henry Jekyll to an end STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE Stevenson 97