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Addison Cooper

Miss Armstrong

11/29/17


Australia

Australia has a large population of immigrants, which gives the country a wide variety when it comes to language. The main language of the country is English, but they do not have a specific chosen language. The Australian “version” of English comes from the early British settlers, but the people have added and changed the accent and new vocabulary not used by British people. Australia had native people much like America. The native people spoke their own languages. These people aren’t around anymore, but some of their languages are actually taught in school. Italian and Arabic are the least spoken languages in Australia. The country has one of the oldest settler populations, but the British had the biggest influence on the language of the island. Australian language is important because it further contributes to their cultural diversity (Sawe).

Language

Australian food has been heavily influenced by many cultures. In the early days of Australia’s settlement, there was a lot of originality and uniqueness in the way food was cooked and what the people ate. There are a lot of fruits that are exclusive to the island that aren’t  in America. Australia could also be credited with the creation of the pumpkin pie. Somebody who was trying to make apple pie didn’t have any more apples, so pumkin pie was created. The recipe spread to other countries like wildfire. Soon after WW2 was over, Australia saw a huge increase in migrants and refugees. The majority of the new people were Middle Eastern  and African. Because of these new residents, new food came along, as well as a sensitivity to all peoples’ religious diet restrictions. The adaptation to other cultures is very important to Australia’s cuisine. This does not mean someone can’t eat like the original settlers. There are specialty meat shops with emu, crocodile, and kangaroos. Australia has changed drastically from where it started and that change is very important to their lifestyle and cultural awareness, and they seem to have more cultural awareness than people in the United States. Australian food has done more for the country than just taste good (Santich).

Food

Australia is almost identical to America as far as the way it was settled. A very long time ago, Australia had people on it who were native to that land. Australia was believed to have had 31 people groups containing 500 languages. The country was full of song, art, and tradition. In 1770, the British sent settlers who were all convicts to settle on the island since Great Britain was losing the American colonies. More settlers came to the island for the English, exploration began, and the settlers found out they were on the island with New Holland. Eventually all of the colonists settled toward the coast, so they pushed the native people out of that area and either forced them to the middle of the island, or enslaved them. Between 1860 and 1890 more immigrants came from Great Britain, and the new land had major economical success. By the year 1901, Australia became it’s own united country. The steel industry arose in 1915 and later on in 1980 car production came to Australia allowing most of the people to live very comfortable lives. In 1998 Australia became a republic and had their citizens vote on whether or not they wanted a presidential figure, but 55% of the citizens voted no. Australia’s creation and development was very important because it still affects their culture today(“Australia: History”).

Settlement

Works Cited




Santich, Barbera. “Australian Food and Drink.” Australia.gov, Wakefield Press, 7 Apr. 2015,       www.australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/austn-food-and-drink.



Sawe, Benjamin Elisha. “What Languages Are Spoken in Australia?” World Atlas , World Atlas, 25 Apr. 2017, http://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-languages-are-spoken-in-australia.html



The common wealth. “Australia: History .” The Common Wealth, thecommonwealth.org/our-member-countries/australia/history

Addison Cooper

Miss Armstrong

11/29/17